book review to kill a mockingbird

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  • 1.BOOK REVIEW 1 By Nur Ashikin Mohd SaayPage 1

2. TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD MY OWN COPYo Author: Harper Leeo Author: Harper LeeoPublishers Name:oPublishers Name:Mandarin PaperbacksJ. B. Lippincott & Co.oPublished Year:oPublished Date:1989July 11, 1960oCountry:oCountry:United StatesUnited StatesoPages:oPages: 296 (first309 (paperback)edition, hardback) Page 2 3. SYNOPSIS Growing up in a small Southern town, Jem and Scout Finch think they know their family and neighbors: There's Boo Radley, the neighborhood recluse, whom the children attempt to lure out of hiding; cranky old Mrs. Dubose is secretly addicted to morphine; their odd playmate, Dill Harris, comes to stay with his aunt next door each summer; and then there's Atticus, their father, and their hero. Their life is shattered by rumors of a black man accused of raping a white woman. In 1930s Alabama, her accusation all but proves his guilt. Yet lawyer Atticus questions the charge and defends the accused man in a town steeped in prejudice. Through the eyes of the children, as they try to understand the reactions of the townspeople and make sense of the crumbling world around them, the irrationality of racism is laid bare.Page 3 4. GENREPage 4 5. GENRE: COMING-OF-AGE oTo Kill a Mockingbird is not just Scouts coming-of-age story. It is also about Jems and Dills. But mostly we hear about Scout. oOver the course of the novel she learns to act in a more adult way, even a more ladylike way, and to see the people around her as actual human beings. oAnd the novel is also about growing up moregenerally,askinganimportantquestion: Is it possible to become an adult, to join adult community and still keep a childs sensitivity to injustice?Page 5 6. GENRE: SOUTHERN GOTHIC oAnd now for the fun stuff. To Kill a Mockingbird has a haunted house (the Radley Place), a ghost (Boo), inexplicable evil (Bob Ewell) and terrifying nightmares encounters (the midnight raid on the Radley Place and Bob Ewell again). oThat makes it gothic. oIt is set in a South still haunted by its rascist past. oThat, gives us the Southern Gothic. oBut dont worry. The books also got ham costumesandpublicpantslessness,sothepotential horror of the novel is offset by its humor.Page 6 7. THEMESPage 7 8. THEME: PREJUDICE Prejudice is a strong word. InMaycombCounty,TomRobinson is charged with the rape of Mayella Ewell. Atticus and the children believes wholeheartedly of Toms innocence. Theresthowever,of letthetownsfolktheirprejudicetowards the black folks blind them. In the end, even after presenting unquestionable evidences, Atticus got a guilty verdict from the allwhite jury.Page 8 9. THEME: COURAGE Miss Duboses courage in battling her morphine addiction. Atticuss courage to stand up for what he believes in. Moral courage is having the guts to do what is right, and not what is expected of you, even though it might anger those around you. Page 9 10. THEME: COMPASSION Atticus as a compassionate father. "Jem, see if you can stand in Bob Ewell's shoes for a minute, I destroyed his last shred of credibility at the trial, if he had any to begin with. The man had to have some kind of comeback, he always does. So if spittin' on my face and threatening me saved Mayella one extra beating, that's something I would gladly take. He had to take it out on someone and I'd ratheritbeme,thenthathouseholdofchildren out there, do you understand?"Page 10 11. CHARACTERSPage 11 12. CHARACTERS ATTICUS FINCH A white Maycomb attorney Father of Scout and Jem Wise and caring Teach Scout and Jem to treat others equally Have strong moral compass Decides to defend Tom RobinsonPage 12 13. CHARACTERS JEAN-LOUISE SCOUT FINCH oNarrator and protagonist oConsidered smart for her age, loves to read. oA tomboy who spends most of her time playing with her brother and friend, Dill. oNaive and idealistic. oQuick-tempered. Page 13 14. CHARACTERS JEREMY ATTICUS JEM FINCH Scouts older brother of 4 years. Matures greatly throughout the novel. Protective of his father and sister. Risked his life to save Scout. Page 14 15. CHARACTERS ARTHUR BOO RADLEY Themostmysteriouscharacter in this novel. Veryquiet,reclusivecharacter. Maycomb children believe hes a horrible person. Goes out of his way to save Scout and Jem.Page 15 16. CHARACTERS ROBERT E. LEE BOB EWELL Mainantagonistinthenovel. A white trash. It is implied that he was the one who abused his daughter, Mayella and not Tom Robinson. Tried to kill Scout and Jem. Page 16 17. CHARACTERS TOM ROBINSON TheblackdefendsmanwhenAtticus heisaccused of raping a whit ewoman, Mayella Ewell. Felt sorry for Mayella. Despite Atticus's skillful defense,Robinsonisdeclared guilty by the jury.Page 17 18. CHARACTERS MAYELLA VIOLET EWELL Tom Robinson's 19-anda-half-year-old accuser and the eldest daughter of Bob Ewell. Has to take care of her siblingsbecauseofherfathers alcoholism. Tries to seduce Tom and covers up by accusing him of rape.Page 18 19. ISSUES PRESENTEDPage 19 20. ISSUES PRESENTED: DISCRIMINATIONThe Radleys, even though white, faces discrimination by the townsfolk because they are different.Page 20 21. ISSUES PRESENTED: LOSS OF INNOCENCE oCan be explained as the process of growing up. oFascination with the mystery that is Boo Radley. (Reenact rumors of violence done by Boo) oThe trial of Tom Robinson and its aftermath. (Scout finally sees that the world is unfair racism is an imminnent threat) oJem acts as a protector of Scout.Page 21 22. ISSUES PRESENTED: IMPORTANCE OF HONOUR Atticus, against practically everyone in the county, including his own mother and sister decides to defend the black man. Scout honours her promise to her father to turn the other way when people calls Atticus bad names in front of her.Page 22 23. REASONS FOR CHOOSING THIS BOOKPage 23 24. TARGET READERSPage 24 25. Page 25