Bring Out Your Dead!

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Bring Out Your Dead!. The Bubonic Plague. Impact of the Black Death in Europe. Demography: 1/3 of the population died (20 million) Displacement of the population Jews fled to Eastern Europe Peasants settled abandoned lands Families abandoned Cities grew as economic centers. In Europe. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Bring Out Your Dead!The Bubonic Plague

  • Impact of the Black Death in EuropeDemography:1/3 of the population died (20 million)Displacement of the populationJews fled to Eastern EuropePeasants settled abandoned landsFamilies abandonedCities grew as economic centers

  • In EuropePolitically:Peasant Revolt of 1381 in England (political instability)Power of monarchies increased as countries became urbanized: securityTraditional authority figures challengedScapegoats

  • Still in EuropeEconomically:Wages increased for laborWealth distribution changedMonarchies increased tax base & armiesPrices increased & commercial activity decreasedExtended work days (clocks)Labor shortage: invention of machinery to helpPeasants & workers became aware of value

  • And still in EuropeReligiously:Papacy became more secular & occupied w/ fiscal gain & universal powerDisillusionment with church led to:

  • Disillusionment with Church:Increase in religious fervor:Increase in number of religious holidaysIncrease in religious pilgrimagesIncrease in indulgences by the PopeIncrease in hedonism:People lived for the momentTurned to drink, sex, and materialismQuestioning of Church authority; set stage for Protestant Reformation

  • Impact of Black Death in the Islamic Middle EastInflation:High cost of medicines & ingredients:Incense, cardamom, camphor, white sugar, watermelons, Syrian pears, molasses, pumpkin seedsCost of silver rose because of use as magic talismans and amuletsShortage of funeral cloths and burial shrouds

  • Still in the Middle EastEconomically:High cost of labor due to population declineDoctors, druggists, herb sellers, and blood-letters became wealthy

  • Yupstill thereSociety:Mosques closed due to deaths of caretakersCrafts disappeared because of decreased demand: artists could earn more by transporting the deadNumber of weavers in Alexandria dropped from 13,000 in 1394 to 800 in 1434

  • And more Middle EastGovernmentally:Increased endowments for religions, educational, and charitable purposesGovernment funds increased due to death duties and confiscation of victims propertyTechnological stagnationDecline of Middle East as a trade center

  • Medical Treatments in EuropeFlight: prefer low sites away from windPope Clement VI went to Avignon where he slept between 2 bonfiresAvoided the coastHouses built facing north with windows covered in waxed clothAromatic items burned to keep away the miasmaReligious relics/magic amulets/talismans/hex signsSleep first on right and then on left side to keep body steadyDont sleep on back: vapors will get you through your nose and erase your memory

  • More medical stuffBad cures badBloodlettingSoothing potions: apple, syrup, lemon, rosewater, & peppermintEmerald, gold, pearls = medicinalEating eggs w/ vinegarRing Around the Rosie

    Ring around the rosie,Pocket full of posies,Achoo! Achoo!We all fall down!

  • Medical Treatments in the Middle EastFew people in the streetsNo flight b/c must preserve society from disruption & disorderClean & fumigate houseLetter magicRenewed enforcement of Muslim laws, esp. against alcohol and moral laxityHave patience, piety, & visit the sickCurses were discouragedBurning firesSweet smelling shrubs planted around the citiesAvoid congested areasNo sleeping after eating, avoid missing meals

  • More Middle Eastern medical treatmentsSleep with room opened to the northBloodlettingKeep morale high w/ joy, serenity, relaxation, hopePlague buboes were pierced & soaked w/ vinegar & oil of roses, apples and myrtleDried egg yolk applied to boilsItems to strengthen the heart: fruit juice, fragrant foods, lentils, meat in vinegarBeds covered with flowersPlasters on the heartsDrink sour liquidsSeek pleasant & attractive company

  • List the reactions of:Europe:ReligionSuperstitionFolk belief & traditionScience or medicine:Middle East:ReligionSuperstitionFolk belief & traditionScience or medicine:

  • Points to ponder:How might people, while meaning well, accidentally spread the plague?Sometimes, during a crisis, things of little value an suddenly seem precious and vice versa. Do you see any evidence of this in either culture?If plague were to strike today, what things do you think would escalate in value today? Any similarities?