building finishes,architecture,building materials and construction

Download building finishes,architecture,building materials and construction

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<ol><li> 1. MATERIALS FOR FINISHES </li><li> 2. Finish given to the wall,enhance the exterior look of the structure. Wall finishes(interiors) - quite delicate and need maintenance. Now various types of wall finishes for the aesthetic purpose. Concrete, masonry wall may be left exposed or plastered. Wood or metal stud walls can support a variety of finishes. INTRODUCTION </li><li> 3. Flexible wall coverings Plastered walls and gypsum board walls can be finished with a variety of flexible wall covering. Examples: Wallpapers Cloth/paper backed vinyl wall covering Fabrics Cork </li><li> 4. Wallpapers Wallpapers have a paper face and a paper back. It is not commonly used in commercial design as it is subject to soiling, abrasion and fading. </li><li> 5. Cloth/Paper backed vinyl wall covering Designed for serviceability and durability. It is flame resistant. Easily cleaned and resistant to fading and abrasion. </li><li> 6. Fabrics Fabrics like wool, linen, cotton, burlap and grass cloth are used. they require back coating as a barrier to prevent adhesive from bleeding through fabrics face and to improve dimensional stability. </li><li> 7. Cork Cork from renewable bark of the cork oak tree is used. It is durable and resilient. Accepts either wax or polyurethane finishes Posses excellent acoustical and thermal rating. </li><li> 8. Wood wall panels Consists of a series of thin sheets of wood framed together by strips of wood. The vertical strips are known as stiles and the horizontal one as rails. Wood panels include solid lumber panelling, wood veneer panelling and plastic laminate faced wood panelling. Solid wood offers durability and creates texture. </li><li> 9. Plywood Plywood is a wood panel product made by bonding veneers together under heat and pressure, usually with the grain of adjacent plies at right angles to each other. Plywood core may be particleboard, medium density fibreboard (MDF), veneer core or lumber core. </li><li> 10. Cement Textured Finish: This is a decorative finish and its mortar is prepared in cement based material. It is applied faced plaster with a trowel and after that it is coloured with paint. Cement plastered Finish: It is prepared in the form of mortar with cement, sand and water in proper proportions and masonry manually to achieve a smooth finish or sand faced finish. CEMENT </li><li> 11. Marble Powder Finish This is a very smooth finish. The finish looks like Marble flooring. This finish is obtained by marble powder, white cement and water. It is applied manually. </li><li> 12. Mosaic Tiles Mosaic tiles are one of the most attractive wall coverings. The very small size of the tiles can create great compositions by pieces with different hues. Can also be used as wall decorative element and be combined with ceramic tiles of more big size. The size of the one glass tile is 1010 mm and before application these tiles are mounted on berg lass sheet of 327 x 327 mm. Mosaic tiles are more difficult to fix than usual ceramic wall tiles but these glass tiles can create an amazing energizing effect and give unlimited creative freedom. </li><li> 13. Glass Mosaic Finish Glass mosaic tiles are small 1x1 on a cloth to get a workable size 12x12 and this tile with an adhesive on wall surfaces. It can also be pasted on curved surfaces. </li></ol>