Bullying Victimization in Delaware

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Bullying Victimization in Delaware. DE-PBS Annual Celebration April 29, 2014. Information to be Covered. 2013 Delaware School Climate Survey - Student results related to bullying Importance of other school climate factors in relation to bullying - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<p>DE-PBS Celebration April 29, 2014</p> <p>Bullying Victimization in DelawareDE-PBS Annual CelebrationApril 29, 2014Information to be Covered2013 Delaware School Climate Survey - Student results related to bullying Importance of other school climate factors in relation to bullyingBullying victimization of students with disabilitiesImplications for bullying preventionDelaware School Climate Survey ItemsSubscales of 2013 Delaware School Climate SurveysStudent Survey Teacher/Staff Survey Home Survey Part I : School ClimateTeacher-Student Relations Teacher-Student Relations Teacher-Student Relations Student-Student RelationsStudent-Student RelationsStudent-Student RelationsRespect for DiversityRespect for DiversityRespect for DiversityClarity of ExpectationsClarity of ExpectationsClarity of ExpectationsFairness of RulesFairness of RulesFairness of RulesSchool SafetySchool SafetySchool SafetyStudent Engagement School-wideStudent Engagement School-wide Bullying School-wideBullying School-wideTeacher-Home CommunicationsTeacher-Home CommunicationsStaff RelationsTotal School Climate Total School Climate Total School Climate Parent Satisfaction4Bullying School-WideItemsStudents threaten and bully others in this schoolStudents worry about others bullying them in this schoolIn this school, bullying is a problemStudents bully one another in this school</p> <p>Scores range from 1 (Strongly Disagree) to 4 (Strongly Agree)</p> <p>Note: A high score for this subscale is unfavorable</p> <p>PART II: TechniquesStudent Survey Teacher/Staff Survey Home Survey Positive Behavior TechniquesPositive Behavior TechniquesPunitive TechniquesPunitive TechniquesSocial Emotional Learning TechniquesSocial Emotional Learning Techniques6Part III: Bullying &amp; IV: Engagement (Individual Level)Student Survey Teacher/Staff Survey Home Survey Bullying Victimization1Physical BullyingPhysical BullyingVerbal BullyingVerbal BullyingSocial/Relational BullyingSocial/Relational BullyingCyberbullying2Student EngagementCognitive &amp; BehavioralCognitive &amp; BehavioralEmotionalEmotional1 Grades 6-12 only for the printed version. Optional for grades 4-5 with computer version. 2 Grades 6-12 only.Verbal BullyingA student said mean things to me.Physical BullyingI was pushed or shoved on purpose.Social/Relational BullyingA student told/got others to not like me.Cyberbullying A student sent me a mean or hurtful message about me using email, text messaging, instant messaging, or similar electronic messaging.Scores range from 1 (Never) to 6 (Everyday) </p> <p>Bullying Victimization Item Examples92013 Survey SampleStudent SurveyTeacher SurveyHome SurveyElementary Schools898983Respondents18498339115795MiddleSchools282926Respondents1097113343522HighSchools181813Respondents724510841177AlternativeSchools443Respondents1896559Special Schools488Respondents244340298Early ChildhoodSchools055Respondents0116361Other Schools1097Respondents31163011061Survey ResultsStudent perceptions tend to decrease, especially from elementary to middle school</p> <p>Total School Climate by Student GradeThe following percentages agreed or strongly agreed that bullying was a problem in their school:ElementaryStudentsTeachers53.4%16.8%School-wide Bullying ResultsMiddleStudentsTeachers49.2%34.1%HighStudentsTeachers43.8%32.3%</p> <p>The following percentages agreed or strongly agreed that bullying was a problem in their school:3rd GradeStudentsTeachers60.3%18.2%School-wide Bullying Results grades 3-54th GradeStudentsTeachers53.2%21.2%5th GradeStudentsTeachers45.5%20.4%</p> <p>The following percentages agreed or strongly agreed that bullying was a problem in their school:6th GradeStudentsTeachers48%30.7%School-wide Bullying Results grades 6-87th GradeStudentsTeachers51.9%40.9%8th GradeStudentsTeachers45.6%31.8%The following percentages agreed or strongly agreed that bullying was a problem in their school:9th GradeStudentsTeachers46.4%31.5%School-wide Bullying Results grades 9-1210th GradeStudentsTeachers43.9%29.2%11th GradeStudentsTeachers44.6%31.5%12th GradeStudentsTeachers39.9%20.0%Bullying Victimization ResultsPercentages indicate the number of students who reported this occurring to them at least once a week:Verbal BullyingItemElementaryMiddleHighI was teased by someone saying hurtful things to me12.6%14.0%11.5%A student said mean things to me13.6%14.3%12.2%I was called names I didnt like11.2%12.5%10.9%Hurtful jokes were made up about me8.3%9.2%8.6%Bullying Victimization ResultsPercentages indicate the number of students who reported this occurring to them at least once a week:Social/Relational BullyingItemElementaryMiddleHighStudents left me out of things to make me feel badly8.8%7.6%7.5%A student told/got others to not like me7.9%8.2%8.3%A student got others to say mean things about me6.7%7.9%8.0%Students told another student not to be friends with me because other students didnt like me7.2%7.5%8.1%Bullying Victimization ResultsPercentages indicate the number of students who reported this occurring to them at least once a week:Physical BullyingItemElementaryMiddleHighI was pushed or shoved on purpose7.4%8.9%8.2%I was hit or kicked and it hurt6.2%5.9%5.8%A student threatened to harm me6.0%6.4%6.6%A student stole or broke something of mine on purpose5.3%5.8%5.9%School Climate and BullyingCaution: Correlation does not mean causationDirection of influence is likely to be bidirectional:Bullying creates a negative climate, and a positive school climate helps prevent bullying </p> <p>Elementary School (School Level Results) Verbal BullyingPhysical BullyingSocial BullyingTotal School Climate-.50**-.42**-.43**Engagement: Cog. &amp; Behav-.33**-.33**-.30**Engagement: Emotional-.52**-.43**-.45**Punitive Techniques.62**.55**.56**Positive Techniques-.20-.11-.12SEL Techniques-.39**-.31*-.31*N = 70, ** p .001; p .05Gain Scores (2012-2013) Controlling for Grade Level Verbal BullyingPhysical BullyingSocial BullyingTeacher-Student Relations-23*-.38**-.36**Student-Student Relations-.29**-.24*-.28**Respect for Diversity-.25*-.39**-.41**Engagement-.15-.26**-.25*Clarity of Expectations-.01-.16-.15Fairness of Rules.03-.15-.10Safety-.04-.17-.18N = 41; *p .05, **p .01Bullying and Students with DisabilitiesDisabilityOdds RatioGlobal Bullying ItemVerbal ItemsSocial ItemsPhysical ItemsEmotional Disturbance6.96b13.32c3.44a7.57cOther Health Impaired1.88c1.45b1.321.44aHearing Impaired1.522.66a2.72a2.52aVisually Impaired/Blind2.323.70a3.87a.76Autism Spectrum Disorder1.491.322.53b1.48Mild Intellectual Disability2.241.572.172.10Moderate Intellectual Disability2.24.341.72.58Specific Learning Disability1.32a1.081.281.09Speech/Language Impairment1.151.141.01.10Orthopedic Disability.44.562.952.16a.05, b.01, c.001. Note: Based on parents responses of once or twice per month or greater.Bullying and Students with DisabilitiesPercentage of parents responding once or twice a month or more:50.0% of students with Emotional Disturbance 12.2% of students with Other Health Impairment 27.3% of students with Visual Impairment20.0% of students with Hearing ImpairmentCOMPARED TO10.2% of students without disabilitiesMy child was bullied in this school (General)41.7% of students with Emotional Disturbance6.6% of students with Other Health Impairment5.9% of students withSpecific Learning DisabilityCOMPARED TO5.2% of students without disabilitiesA student said mean things to my child (Verbal)Bullying and Students with DisabilitiesPercentage of parents responding once or twice a month or more:My child was hit or kicked and it hurt (Physical)9.1% of students with Emotional Disturbance 4.2% of students with Hearing Impairment9.1% of students with Visual Impairment3.4% of students with Autism Spectrum DisorderCOMPARED TO2.3% of students without disabilitiesStudents left my child out of things to make him/her feel badly (Social/Relational)16.7% of students with Emotional Disturbance8.7% of students with Hearing Impairment27.3% of students with Visual Impairment14.5% of students with Autism Spectrum DisorderCOMPARED TO4.6% of students without disabilitiesImplicationsGeneral Implications for Bullying PreventionStudents report less bullying in schools with a positive school climate and where teachers emphasize the use of techniques for developing strong teacher-student relationships and students social and emotional skills</p> <p>Theory and research show that responsiveness (support) and demandingness (structure) are two essential dimensions of school climate and bullying prevention</p> <p>Thus, Tier 1 prevention should focus on improving those aspects of school climate</p> <p>Implications for Bullying PreventionStudents with disabilities are at greater risk for being bullied, but especially those with ED, HI, VI, and OHI</p> <p>Additional prevention efforts at Tiers 2 and 3 should be considered for these populations, as well as others who are at greatest risk for being bullied (or for bullying others) Implications for Bullying PreventionSW-PBS program fidelity is importantDifferences between Delaware schools in school climate, bullying and the extent to which they are implementing SW-PBSPrevention efforts should be guided by a comprehensive needs assessment to determine the areas in which your school should devote resources to train staff Delaware Assessment of Strengths and Needs for PBS (DASNPBS) DE-PBS Key Feature Evaluation</p> <p>Questions?George Bear: gbear@udel.eduDebby Boyer: dboyer@udel.eduSarah Hearn: skhearn@udel.eduLindsey Mantz: lmantz@udel.edu</p> <p>www.delawarepbs.org </p> <p>Thank you!</p>

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