causes of wwi chapter 10 section 1
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DESCRIPTIONCauses of WWI Chapter 10 Section 1. M.A.I.N Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism. What caused WWI?. Militarism. Glorification of the military When a nation’s armed forces come to dominate a country’s national policy. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
US Entrance into WWI Chapter 10 Section 1
Causes of WWIChapter 10 Section 1What caused WWI?M.A.I.NMilitarismAlliancesImperialismNationalismMilitarismGlorification of the militaryWhen a nations armed forces come to dominate a countrys national policy.As tensions increased leaders began to stockpile weapons and increase armies. Many of these nationstried to outdo each other by trying to have the most modern weaponry and the most menin uniform.
18801914Germany1.3m5.0mFrance0.73m4.0mRussia0.40m1.2mMilitary SizesAlliancesAlliances began to from among countries causing increased confidence among leaders.Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and BulgariaAustria-Hungary and Germany will be known as the Central PowersTriple Entente: France, Russia, Great BritainLater known as the AlliesEntente alliances formed by signing non-bindingagreements to try & keep peace. Leaders knew if they declared war they would have backup.
ImperialismMany of the countries in Europe tried to establish empires that expanded throughout the globe.They were frequently getting into each others way which led to animosity between the countries.During the Franco-Prussian War (1870) Prussia (Germany) gained control over a small border province, Alsace-Lorraine. France resented this takeover and gave motive for war 44 years later.
NationalismExtreme devotion to ones nationEuropeans believed that a nation should express one ethnic group.If a country existed as a representation of its people (the majority ethnic group) the minorities were being left out leading to increased tension.
Serbias national flagNationalism (Cont)Nationalism helped weaken empires such as Austria-Hungary and Ottoman.Serbia became independent and threatened Austria-Hungary by trying to gain some of their land and setting example for Austria-Hungary.Social Darwinists believed the best country would come out the winner.
Assassination28 June 1914Heir to Austrian throne Franz Ferdinand visits Sarajevo.At the time, Bosnia was under the rule of Austria-Hungary. But it was also the home of many Serbs and other Slavs, leading to unrest. This area is called the Balkans, and it was known as the powder keg of Europe. Hotbed of Slav nationalism
Black Hand terrorists attack the Arch DukeBomb attempt fails in morningGavrilo Princip shoots Archduke and wife in the afternoon.Austrians blame Serbia for supporting terrorists.
Seal of the Black Hand groupGavrilo PrincipFighting beginsSoon after the murder Germany promised Austria-Hungary its support. Austria-Hungary demanded Serbia investigate the assassination. Serbia declined.Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia July 28, 1914. Russia allied with Serbia. Germany declared war on Russia. Britain and France joined as well.Germany declared war on neutral Belgium in hopes of using it to enter into France.US Enters warUS attempted to stay neutral and Wilson encouraged neutrality.However in 1914 1/3rd of Americans were foreign born. Many of these individuals supported their home countries though most sided with Britain and France.3 positions on war:1) Isolationists- believed it was none of Americas business.2) Interventionists- felt US should intervene3) Internationalists- believed US should play a role and work towards peace but not enter the war.Which side should the US pick?11 million German-Americans Irish-Americans hated Great BritainClose cultural ties Big business loaned much $ to alliesCentral Powers:Allies:
US Exports to both sides:Why did it take the us so long to get involved?1. Blockades Britain blockaded (stopped) all German ships going to AmericaGermany announced a submarine war around Britain
In May, 1915 Germany told Americans to stay off of British shipsThey could/would sink themLusitaniaLusitania torpedoed, sinking with 1200 passengers and crew (including 128 Americans)Was eventually found to be carrying 4200 cases of ammunition
2. Unlimited Submarine Warfare 1917 Germany announced unlimited submarine warfare in the war zone
3. Zimmerman Note US intercepted a note from Germany to Mexico, It promised Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona back in return for an alliance
Zimmerman Note + the sinking of 4 unarmed American ships led to a declaration of war by the United States