cbi northern ireland annual energy forum - invest northern ireland

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Olive Hill, director of Technology & Process Development, Invest Northern Ireland


  • 1. CBI NI Annual Energy ForumDate, Wednesday 28th January 2009 Olive Hill Director of Technology & Process Development

2. Evidence of a changing climate? 3. Mounting Evidence 4. Energy ????.(NREL) 5. Where is it going?(NREL) 6. State Policy Framework Renewable Portfolio Standards(NREL) 7.

  • $16 trillion (or $550 billion per year) will need to be spent on the energy supply infrastructure globally between now and 2030
  • International Energy Agency
  • 35 GW of new renewable energy capacity involving an investment of some 100 billion is needed by 2020
  • UK Renewables
  • On site renewables worth up to 36 billion a year by 2016
  • Renewable Advisory Board (UK)

Headlines 8. Invest NI Interest

  • Government Policy
  • Climate Change Targets
  • Renewables

Energy Efficiency - Competiveness Growing Market Opportunities - Competiveness R&D Capabilities - Innovation 9. Short-term0-5 Years Medium-term5-15 Years Long-term 15-25 Years Diversity Inc onshore wind Electricity, Infrastructure Transport Bio fuelsDemand side managementOffshore Wind Dynamic Large scale power e.g. Clean coalEnergy nodes Wave/Tidal Hydrogen storage Dynamic high efficiency 4th generation NuclearDecentralise Community wind, biomass district heating, Anaerobic digestion for farm wastesAD energy from MSW, Biomass gasification Community CHP Marine Biomass Fuel cells, Virtual power stationsDecrease Air-source retrofit Heat Pumps Solar thermal Advanced GlazingEnhanced Micro-chp Low cost Vacuum Insulated PanelsNano-based insulations PVConcentrators Organic PV 10. Technology Options Are Evolving (NREL) ConceptStudy Prototype Testing KW Scale MW Scale GW Scale Utility Wind (Land based) Offshore Wind (Bottom Mounted) Offshore Wind (Floating Turbines) Marine Energy * (Wave, Tidal, current) Distributed Wind (communities-residencies) Organisations leading the R&D Industry leaders with governmentsupport Government-Industry Partnership Government Laboratory Contactors Academia & Small Startups Organisations leading the R&D Grain / Agriculture Petroleum Coal Forestry Academia & Startups Chemical Ethanol Biodiesel Green diesel Syngas Liquids Bio-oil Derivative H2 From Biomass Diesel from Algae Hydrocarbons from Carbohydrates High Low Lab / Academia Industry Organisations leading the R&D First Generation PV: Crystalline SiliconTrough - Solar OnlyTrough Indirect 2-Tank Molten Salt StorageSecond Generation PV: Thin films Trough Advanced Direct StorageConcentrating PVPower Tower Direct 2 TankMolten Salt StorageDish StirlingThird Generation PV:Organic / Plastic, nanostructures High Low Organisations leading the R&D HVACIndustry Industry Industry, Academia, DOE DOE, Academia, Industry Geothermal Heat PumpsDirect Thermal ApplicationsConventional Hydrothermal GenerationEnhanced GeothermalSystems 11. Existing Research and Development Commitments

  • Advanced Fuel Cells
  • Advanced Motor Fuels
  • Bioe nergy
  • Buildings and Community Systems (ECBCS)
  • Clean Coal Sciences
  • Demand-Side Management
  • Emissions Reduction in Combustion
  • Energy Storage
  • Energy Technology Systems Analysis Programme (ETSAP)
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery
  • UKUK and Ireland
  • Fluidized Bed Conversion
  • Heat Pumping Technologies
  • High-Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) on the Electric Power Sector
  • Hydrogen
  • Hydropower
  • Ocean Ener gy Systems
  • Photovoltaic Power Systems
  • Renewable EnergyTechnology Deployment
  • Solar Heating and Cooling
  • Wind Ener gy Systems

12. Technology Innovation Challenges RemainThe Next Generation

    • Wind Improve energy capture by 30%
    • Decrease costs by 25%
    • Biofuels New feedstocks
    • Integrated biorefineries
    • Solar Improved performance through, new materials, lower cost manufacturing processes, concentration
    • Nanostructures
    • Zero energy buildings Building systems integration
    • Computerized building energy optimization tools
    • Advanced vehicles Plug-in hybrids/electrics
    • Alternative fuels


  • Integrated Building Technologies
  • Offshore energy (including wind, tidal, wave)
  • Wind
  • GB - 7,000 offshore turbines / 64 billion
  • ROI - 4 billion / 5 years
  • Marine
  • UK -36m Marine turbine research
  • 50 m Wave power research
  • Bio Energy
  • AD
  • Bio fuels
  • Energy Storage
  • Current annual 21 billion globally, 55%, 33 billion by 2012

Four areas of development opportunity 14. Making Transformational ChangeRequires an integrated approach (NREL) Unleashing market-driven innovation

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