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Cell Structure 7 th Grade Science 50 Minute Periods Bjorn Horgen

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Page 1: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

Cell Structure

7th Grade Science 50 Minute Periods

Bjorn Horgen

Page 2: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

Grade 7:

50 Minute Periods

Outline for Cells:

Day I : Introduction to Animal Cells

Day 2: Introduction to Plant Cells

Day 3: Cell Movie

Day 4: Lab on Eggs

Day 5: Project Introduction

Day 6: Project Work Day

Day 7: Test

Science Standards:

Strand : IV Life Science

Sub-Strand: A. Cells

Standard: The student will understand that all organisms are composed of cells that carry

on the many functions needed to sustain life.

Benchmarks:

1. The student will know that cells are the fundamental units of life.

2. The student will distinguish between single-cellular and multi-cellular organisms.

3. The student will distinguish between plant and animal cells.

Page 3: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

Day 1: Introduction to Plant Cells

Objectives:

Students will be able to correctly identify key parts on a cell.

Students will be able to correctly identify pl ant cells.

Students will be able to correctly identify animal cells.

Materials :

• Computer

• Overhead

• Plant cell pictures

• Animal cell pictures

• Diagram of cells labeled

Process:

Have students take notes on PowerPoint presentation of animal cells. Show diagrams of

cells on PowerPoint and ask students to identify the pictures at end of class.

Independent Work:

There will be no independent work required.

Page 4: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

Day 2: Introduction to Animal Cells

Objectives:

Students will be able to correctly identify key parts on a cell.

Students will be able to correctly identify plant cells.

Students will be able to correctly identify animal cells.

Materials:

• Computer

• Overhead

• Plant cell pictures

• Animal cell pictures

• Diagram of cells labeled

• Worksheet

Process:

Have students take notes on PowerPoint presentation of animal cells. Show diagrams of

cells on PowerPoint and ask students to identify the pictures at end of class.

Independent Work:

There will be a cell diagram work sheet to be completed by next class period.

Page 5: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

------ --- - - - - -

Cell Worksheet

Name: Date:

Labeling: Label each of the following correctly

J. _

10 _

'__-

_

1. ­

1

3. _

3.

1. _

Page 6: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

Day 3: Movie

Objectives:

Students will complete one page of notes from the movie.

Students will be able to correctly identify cells key parts.

Materials:

• TV

• Cell structure movie

• VCR

Process:

Let students watch movie and have them tum in one page of notes after movie is

completed.

Independent Work:

There will be no independent work.

Page 7: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

Day 4: Egg Lab

Objectives:

Students will complete the egg worksheet with at least 60% accuracy.

Materials:

• Eggs

• Petri Dishes

• Rulers

• Worksheet

Process:

First divide students into groups of 3 and have them crack a large egg into there Petri

dish. Let the students complete there worksheet with questions relating to the egg they

have cracked open.

Independent Work:

Students will need to complete the worksheet assigned by the end of the class period.

Page 8: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

Egg Lab Worksheet

Name: ---­ - ---­ - Date: -­---------­

What is the diameter of the egg?

Guess:

Measurement:

How many cells are in this egg?

What is the largest single cell?

What animal produces the largest single cell?

Page 9: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

Day 5&6: Jello Cells

AUTHOR: Kate Hayne

OVERVIEW: This activity allows the students to build 3D cell models and so have a concrete example to help them to develop this concept.

OBJECTIVE(s): Students will be able to: 1. Describe the cell as a 3D object rather than the 2D object they are accustomed to observing. 2. Describe the appearance and location within the cell of the various cell organelles. 3. Compare and contrast their 3D plant cell and their 3D animal cell. 4. Compare and contrast 3D plant and animal "tissues"

RESOURCES/MATERIALS : Teacher materials: Plastic sacks,twist ties ,jello, gelatin and boiling water as well as large mixing bowls and spoons.

Student materials: Plastic "tupperware" sandwich containers, canned fruits, paper and writing implement.

ACTIVITIES: 1. Students, in groups or individually, will select 2 plastic sacks. They will put one plastic sack in a small square "tupperware" container so that the plastic sack completely lines the container and the extra sits outside the container. The other sack should be open on the desk. 2. Each student or group of students should then put similar amounts of "Knox Blox" , warm, lemon gelatin into the two sacks so that the container will be close to full. Then fruits representing required cell organelles should be put into the gelatin: plums to represent nuclei, mandarin oranges to represent mitochondria, grapes to represent chloroplasts etc . The plastic sacks represent cell membranes while the plastic container represents a cell wall. 3. The "cells" should then be closed using twist ties and refrigerated to set (several hours or until next day) . 4. The completed cells can be compared for structural and overall shape differences, stacked to form "tissues" showing the difference between plant and animal tissue and then eaten and remembered for many years!

TYING IT ALL TOGETHER: It is always interesting to observe all the differently shaped "animal cells"(depending how they were stored to set) and the regularly shaped "plant cells". Students can observe and draw their cells from various angles as well as make various cross and longitudinal sections. It is easy to duplicate the "brick wall" plant cell pattern so often seen under the microscope- but in 3D cells!

Page 10: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

Day 7: Test

Objectives:

Students will complete the test with at least 60% accuracy.

Materials:

• Test

Process:

Give students test and they have remaining hour to complete it. Extra time will be

allowed if needed.

Independent VVork:

There will be no additional work.

Page 11: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

-------- -----

Cell Test

Name: Date:

Multiple Choice: Circle the correct answer

1.) The largest single cell is a. Nucleus b. Ostridge egg c. Chicken egg d. Human

2.) Plant cells have this structure that makes up the outside of the cell a. Cell wall b. Cell Membrane c. Cytoplasm d. Vacuoles

3.) All cells have which of the following a. Nucleus b. Chloroplast c. Vacuoles

Page 12: Cell Structure - Bemidji State University

Labeling: Label each of the following correctly

5. _