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  • 1.Gardners Art Through the Ages, 14e Chapter 18High Renaissance and Mannerism in Northern Europe and Spainand Chapter 19The Baroque in Italy and Spain 1

2. Europe in the 16th Century Duchy of Burgundy 2 3. Protestant ReformationMartin Luther3 4. Figure 18-3 HANS BALDUNG GRIEN, WitchesSabbath, 1510. Chiaroscuro woodcut, 1 2 7/8 X 10. British Museum, London. 4 5. 18-3A HANS BALDUNG GRIEN, Death and theMaiden, 15091511. Oil on wood, 1 3 3/4" X 13/4. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. 5 6. Albrecht Durer: Leonardo of theNorth Travelled widely through Europe and became an internationalcelebrity Took trips to Italy to study Renaissance art First artist to synthesize Northern European stylistic features(intricate detail, realistic rendering of objects, symbols hidden aseveryday objects) and blend them with Italian features (classicalbody types, linear perspective) --- admired the work of Leonardo First artist to keep a thorough record of his life (self-portraits,treatises on his thoughts, and a diary) Important graphic artist --- best known for his engravings Influenced significantly by Martin Luther and ProtestantReformation 6 7. Figure 18-4A ALBRECHT DRER, GreatPiece of Turf, 1503. Watercolor, 1 3/4 x 13/8. Albertina, Vienna.7 8. 18-4 ALBRECHT DRER, Self-Portrait, 1500. Oil on wood, 2 2 1/4 X 1 7 1/4. Alte Pinakothek, Munich. 8 9. Figure 18-5 ALBRECHT DRER, The Fallof Man (Adam and Eve), 1504. Engraving, 97/8 x 7 5/8. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston(centennial gift of Landon T. Clay). 9 10. 18-6 ALBRECHT DRER, Melencolia I, 1514. Engraving, 9 3/8 X 7 1/2". Victoria & Albert Museum, London. 10 11. Figure 18-7 ALBRECHT DRER, FourApostles, 1526. Oil on wood, each panel 7 1 x2 6. Alte Pinakothek, Munich.11 12. 18.2 Protestant Reformation Understand the consequences of the Protestant Reformationand the Catholic Counter-Reformation Observe how Protestantism affected the role and imagery ofart 12 13. 18-11A HANS HOLBEIN THE YOUNGER, Henry VIII, 1540. Oil on wood, 2 8 1/2 X 2 5 1/2". Galleria Nazionale dArteAntica, Rome.13 14. Figure 18-11 HANS HOLBEIN THE YOUNGER, The French Ambassadors, 1533. Oil and tempera on wood, approx. 68 x 6 9 1/2. National Gallery, London. 14 15. 15 16. 16 17. 17 18. 18.4 Art in the Netherlands during the 16th Century Understand Dutch culture and artistic styles Identify representative Dutch artists from the 16th century Recognize and cite artistic terminology from this period18 19. Figure 18-1 HIERONYMUS BOSCH, Garden of Earthly Delights, 1505-1510. Oil on wood, center panel 7 25/8 X 6 4 , each wing 7 2 5/8 X 3 2 . Museo del Prado, Madrid.19 20. Figure 18-1 HIERONYMUS BOSCH, Garden of Earthly Delights, 1505-1510. Oil on wood, center panel 7 25/8 X 6 4 , each wing 7 2 5/8 X 3 2 . Museo del Prado, Madrid.20 21. Figure 18-1 HIERONYMUS BOSCH, Garden of Earthly Delights, 1505-1510. Oil on wood, center panel 7 25/8 X 6 4 , each wing 7 2 5/8 X 3 2 . Museo del Prado, Madrid.21 22. Figure 18-1 HIERONYMUS BOSCH, Garden of Earthly Delights, 1505-1510. Oil on wood, center panel 7 25/8 X 6 4 , each wing 7 2 5/8 X 3 2 . Museo del Prado, Madrid.22 23. Figure 18-1 HIERONYMUS BOSCH, Garden of Earthly Delights, 1505-1510. Oil on wood, center panel 7 25/8 X 6 4 , each wing 7 2 5/8 X 3 2 . Museo del Prado, Madrid.23 24. Figure 18-16 QUINTEN MASSYS, Money-Changer and His Wife, 1514. Oil on wood, 2 3 3/4 x 2 2 3/8. Louvre, Paris.24 25. Figure 18-17 PIETER AERTSEN, Butchers Stall, 1551. Oil on wood, 4 3/8 x 6 5 3/4. Uppsala University ArtCollection, Uppsala. 25 26. Figure 18-21 PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER, Netherlandish Proverbs, 1559. Oil on wood, 3 10 x 5 4 1/8.Gemldegalerie, Staatliche Museen, Berlin.26 27. The Blind Leading the Blind27 28. Figure 18-22 PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER, Hunters in the Snow, 1565. Oil on wood, approx. 3 10 1/8 x 5 3 3/4.Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. 28 29. Studied under TitianFigure 18-25 EL GRECO, The Burial ofCount Orgaz, 1586. Oil on canvas, 16 x 12.Santo Tom, Toledo. 29 30. Paul Cezanne18-26 EL GRECO, View of Toledo, ca. 1610. Oil on canvas, 3 11 3/4" X 3 6 3/4". Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York(H.O. Havemeyer Collection. Bequest of Mrs. H.O. Havemeyer, 1929).30 31. Europe in the 17th Century 31 32. Baroque - Barroco Portuguese word meaning an irregularly shaped pearl Roman Catholic Reformation vs. Protestant Reformation of the17th century32 33. Baroque Art Renaissance artists reveled in the precise, orderlyrationality of classical models Baroque artists embraced dynamism, theatricality, andelaborate ornamentation, all used to spectacular effect, oftenan a grandiose scale 33 34. Figure 19-2 CARLO MADERNO, facade ofSanta Susanna, Rome, Italy, 15971603. 34 35. Figure 19-3 CARLO MADERNO, facade of Saint Peters, Vatican City, Rome, Italy, 16061612.35 36. Figure 19-4 Aerial view of Saint Peters, Vatican City, Rome, Italy. Piazza designed by GIANLORENZOBERNINI, 1656-1667.37 37. The four rivers Danube (Europe) Nile (Africa) Ganges (Asia) Plata (Americas)19-1 GIANLORENZO BERNINI, Fountain of the Four Rivers, Piazza Navona, Rome, Italy, 16481651. Travertine andmarble figures, granite obelisk. 38 38. 39 39. 40 40. 41 41. Figure 19-5 GIANLORENZO BERNINI,baldacchino, Saint Peters, Vatican City,Rome, Italy, 16241633. Gilded bronze,100 high.42 42. Figure 19-6 GIANLORENZO BERNINI, David, 1623.Marble, 5 7 high. Galleria Borghese, Rome.43 43. Figure 19-8 GIANLORENZOBERNINI, interior of the CornaroChapel, Santa Maria della vittoria, Rome,Italy, 1645-1652.44 44. Figure 19-7 GIANLORENZO BERNINI, Ecstasy ofSaint Teresa, Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della Vittoria,Rome, Italy, 16451652. Marble, height of group 116.45 45. Figure 19-15 ANNIBALE CARRACCI, Flight into Egypt, 16031604. Oil on canvas, 4 x 7 6. Galleria Doria Pamphili,Rome.46 46. Quadro Riportato is theItalian phrase for "carriedpicture". It is used in art todescribe gold-framed easelpaintings or framed paintingsthat are seen in a normalperspective and painted intoa fresco.Figure 19-16 ANNIBALECARRACCI, Loves of the Gods, ceilingfrescoes in the gallery, PalazzoFarnese, Rome, Italy, 15971601. 47 47. Figure 19-18 CARAVAGGIO, Conversion ofSaint Paul, ca. 1601. Oil on canvas, 7 6 x 5 9.Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome.48 48. Figure 19-17 CARAVAGGIO, Calling of Saint Matthew, ca. 15971601. Oil on canvas, 11 1 x 11 5. Contarelli Chapel,San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome 49 49. Figure 19-18A CARAVAGGIO, Entombment, from thechapel of Pietro Vittrice, Santa Maria in Vallicella,Rome, Italy, ca. 1603. Oil on canvas, 9 10 1/8 x 6 715/16. Musei Vaticani, Rome.50 50. Figure 19-22 PIETRO DA CORTONA, Triumph of theBarberini, ceiling fresco in the Gran Salone, Palazzo Barberini,Rome, Italy, 16331639.51 51. HIS -Greek capitals, or Figure 19-23 GIOVANNI BATTISTA GAULLI, Triumph of the Name of Jesus, ceiling fresco with stucco figures in the nave vault of Il Ges, Rome, Italy, 52 52. Figure 19-24 FRA ANDREA POZZO, Glorification of Saint Ignatius, ceiling fresco in the nave of SantIgnazio, Rome, Italy,16911694. 53 53. 54 54. Figure 19-27 FRANCISCO DEZURBARN, Saint Serapion, 1628. Oilon canvas, 3 11 1/2 x 3 4 3/4.Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford (TheElla Gallup Sumner and Mary CatlinSumner Collection Fund).55 55. Figure 19-28 DIEGO VELZQUEZ, WaterCarrier of Seville, ca. 1619. Oil on canvas, 3 51/2 x 2 7 1/2. Victoria & Albert Museum,London.56 56. 19-28A DIEGO VELZQUEZ, Christ on the Cross, from the Convent of San Plcido, Madrid, Spain, ca. 16311632. Oil oncanvas, 8 1 5/8 X 5 6 1/2". Museo del Prado, Madrid. 57 57. Figure 19-29 DIEGO VELZQUEZ, Surrender of Breda, 16341635. Oil on canvas, 10 1 x 12 1/2. Museo del Prado,Madrid.58 58. Figure 19-30 DIEGO VELZQUEZ,Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor), 1656. Oilon canvas, approx. 10 5 x 9. Museo delPrado, Madrid.59