ch. 28, section 1 “the civil rights movement takes shape”

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Ch. 28, Section 1 “The Civil Rights Movement takes Shape”. African Americans Freed from Slavery. Emancipation Proclamation by Abraham Lincoln in 1863 freed all slaves in Confederate held territory during the Civil War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ch. 28, Section 1 The Civil Rights Movement takes Shape

Ch. 28, Section 1The Civil Rights Movement takes Shape

African Americans Freed from SlaveryEmancipation Proclamation by Abraham Lincoln in 1863 freed all slaves in Confederate held territory during the Civil WarReconstruction following the Civil War readmitted southern states into the Union13th Amendment freed slaves14th Amendment gave former slaves citizenship15th Amendment protected the right to vote for former slaves

African Americans at end of 19th CenturyRedemption with the end of Reconstruction in 1876 and the removal of federal troops from the South, the Southern Democratic Party sought to regain control (often with the support of groups like the KKK)Jim Crow laws set up segregation in public places in the SouthPlessy v. Ferguson US Supreme Court case that said that separate but equal segregation was legalRestrictions on voting in violation of the 15th Amendment Southern states passed laws to restrict their right to vote (Grandfathers clause, literacy tests, poll taxes)

Civil Rights in the 1940s and 1950sA. Phillip Randolph Activist who convinced FDR & US Gov. to say that African Americans could not be discriminated against in hiring by defense contractors during WWIIJackie Robinson was the first African American to play Major League baseball in 1947President Truman integrated the armed forces and ended discrimination in hiring for fed. Gov. jobs

Brown v. Board of EducationBrown v. Board of Education (1954) Supreme Court case, ruled segregation in schools was unconstitutional (overturned separate but equal clause in Plessy v. Ferguson case)Public schools were to integrate the following school year, though few schools in the South did soThurgood Marshall led the NAACP attorneys who argued the case before the Supreme Court

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