CHAPÎTRE 2. VOCABULAIRE – LA PREMIÈRE PARTIE habiter arriver quitter donner chercher regarder to live to arrive to leave to give to look for to look at
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CHAPTRE 2 Slide 2 VOCABULAIRE LA PREMIRE PARTIE habiter arriver quitter donner chercher regarder to live to arrive to leave to give to look for to look at Slide 3 tudier couter travailler jouer au foot au basket to study to listen to to work to play football basketball Slide 4 poser une question passer un examen djeuner rentrer la maison couter la radio parler au tlphone to ask a question to take a test to eat lunch to return home to listen to the radio to talk on the phone Slide 5 voyager nager manger rigoler aimer dtester to travel to swim to eat to laugh to like/to love to hate Slide 6 PRATIQUONS AVEC LES PLANCHES BLANCHES White Board Practice Slide 7 USING VERBS REVIEW (DONT WRITE) What does it mean to conjugate a verb? What is an infinitive ? What are some example of infinitives in English? So far, what is the only verb you know how to conjugate? Slide 8 HOW DO I CONJUGATE -ER VERBS? The first step is dropping the -er. This gives you the stem. Then you will add the following endings. Slide 9 je e tu es il elle e nous ons vous ez ils elles ent Slide 10 QUICK RECAP (DONT WRITE) Drop the -er to get the stem of a verb. Then, depending on the subject pronoun, add the correct ending. You will do this every time you have a subject. Slide 11 SO, LETS DO AN EXAMPLE (WRITE THIS IF YOU WANT TO) First you will select the verb: Regarder Now, you will find the root: drop the er Next you add the appropriate endings to the root of REGARD Slide 12 REGARDER je regarde tu regardes il regarde elle regarde nous regardons vous regardez ils regardent elles regardent Slide 13 HOW DO I TRANSLATE THESE VERBS? When the verb is conjugated it has three meanings; am watching, do watch, and watch. Tu regardes will translate as : You are watching; you do watch; and you watch. You do not need any other verb! Slide 14 They are eating lunch. Ils djeunent. We are playing. Nous jouons. I study. Jtudie. Slide 15 They are taking a test. Ils passent un examen. We are spending the day at school. Nous passons la journe lcole. You live in Nasville. Tu habites Nashville. She is not working. Elle ne travaille pas. Slide 16 THERE WILL BE A QUIZ NEXT CLASS Now, lets play a game. Slide 17 WHAT DOES ON MEAN? You will see and hear the word on a great deal. On has several meanings, such as we, they, and people. On always takes the il/elle form of the verb. In spoken French, people use on more often than nous. Slide 18 On parle franais en France. On travaille beaucoup. On arrive lcole le matin. Slide 19 VERB + INFINITIVE In French when verbs like aimer, dtester, and adorer are followed by another verb, the second verb is in the infinitive form. In a negative sentence the nepas goes around the conjugated verb. Slide 20 He likes to laugh. Il aime rigoler. I adore listening (to listen) to the radio. Jadore couter la radio. People dislike working (to work). On dteste travailler. You all do not like to work? Vous naimez pas travailler? Slide 21 1. I like to travel. 2. You dont like to study. 3. People like to talk on the telephone. 4. Some schools are small. 5. She hates taking tests. 6. We dont like to play basketball. 7. We love eating lunch. 8. You all are not listening. 9. She is a student. Slide 22 PRACTICE PRONUNCIATION Slide 23 VOCABULAIRE LA DEUXIME PARTIE un cours une maison passer la journe tout le matin laprs-midi le soir a course a house to spend the day all the morning the afternoon the evening Slide 24 o quand que/quoi quel(le)(s) combien de pourquoi il y a parce que beaucoup (de) where when what (subject/not subject) which how many/how much why there is/there are because a lot (of) Slide 25 entre chez trop juste un peu pendant aprs between at the home of too much just a little during after Slide 26 de pour avec sans in / at / to from / of / about for (in order to) with without Slide 27 He lives between a house and a school. I am studying in order to take a test. People work too much. There are a lot of students at the school. You like to talk during the class. Slide 28 QUESTIONS Slide 29 HOW DO I ASK A QUESTION 2 easy ways Use your voice You all like to study? Add nest-ce pas Nest-ce pas = right? You all like to study, right? Slide 30 2 OTHER WAYS Add est-ce que (is it that) Est-ce que vous aimez tudier? Use Inversion flip the subject pronoun and verb Aimez-vous tudier? For both ways, you can be more specific, by adding a question word at the beginning. Quand est-ce que vous aimez tudier? Quand aimez-vous tudier? Slide 31 2 WEIRD THINGS ABOUT INVERSION You have to invert with a pronoun. Lyce Hillsboro, est-il grand? Les amies de Marie, sont-elles intelligentes? When using il, elle, or on and an er verb add a t in the middle. M. Johnson, o aime-t-il manger? Lamie de Paul, quand parle-t-elle au tlphone? Slide 32 WRITE EACH OF THESE TWO WAYS Do you like to study? What do you like to eat? Why is he studying? Where do they live? When are you playing football?