chapter 1.1 treaty of versailles sec3exp dunman sec revision

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CHAPTER 1.1 REVISION

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3NA Chapter 1.1 Revision

Chapter 1.1 Revision

When studying the Treaty of Versailles: You ought to knowAIMS and REASONS for their MOTIVATIONS of the BIG 3TERMS of the Treaty of Versailles and its IMPACT on Germany.

AIMS and REASONS for their MOTIVATIONS of the BIG 3Need to know the difference between the individual leaders (BIG 3)Need to know WHY they held those attitudes.

LeadersAttitude towards Germany at VersaillesGermany should be crippledGermany should pay reparationsGermany to accept total blameWanted revengeGermany should be punishedGermany should not be crippled, but it should not be allowed to build a strong navyGermany was a future potential trading partnerUnjust treatment of Germany might lead to future warsGermany should be punished and weakenedWanted to establish his 14 Points Treaty should be a just peace for all

Conduct the Activity: Guess which leader this is! 4

The different motivations and aims of the Big Three were determined by the different experiences that each country faced during the war.

US PRESIDENT

A fair and lasting peace for the world in general based on Woodrow Wilsons Fourteen Points.He wanted to achieve a fair peace which included:Self DeterminationDisarmamentEstablishing the League of Nations

Why did the US have these aims?The USA was not keen to be entangled in European affairs and was more concerned about making the world a safer place.The USAs war experience was different from Britain and France.Unlike France, it had not been invaded in WW1. It had also entered the war late. In 1917. Hence the USA suffered very little and was not compelled to seek harsh reparations.

BRITAIN PRIME MINISTERBritain wanted justice, but not revenge. It wanted to punish Germany but still needed Germany for its own political reasons.However, PM Lloyd George was under pressure to make Germany pay a high price.

Why did the British PM have these aims?Britain was concerned with the threat of Communism. A strong Germany could stop the threat of Communism.Britain, with its weakened economy believed a recovered Germany would help to boost the economy of Europe. She also wanted Germany to resume their trading partnership.However, Britain also had suffered large numbers of casualties during WW1. Prime Minister Lloyd George had won the election promising to make Germany pay.

FRANCES PRIME MINISTERFrance wanted revenge on Germany and compensation for its war damage.It wanted Germanys reparations to be as large as possible. France wanted Germany to accept total blame for the war. France wanted to reclaim Alsace-Lorraine, which was lost to Germany in 1871.

Why did the French PM have these aims?Germany had attacked France twice (in 1870 and 1914) and lost valuable land like Alsace-Lorraine. France wanted to punish Germany because Frances damage and destruction was severe. It suffered many casualties and its economy was shattered. France wanted to obtain reparations for the damage done. It was determined to weaken Germany so France would never be in danger again.

TERMS of the Treaty of Versailles and its IMPACT on Germany.

Need to know each term of TOV plus factual examplesNeed to know the impact of each factor on Germany = Feeling + Outcome

Terms of the Treaty

1. German territorial losses2. Military terms3. War guilt clause4. Reparations5. League of Nations

Impact: The Diktat

Idea of Diktat and Germany being forced to accept blame and consequences of war11

Impact: Crippling Germany

Impact: Leading to German resentment, anger

Example of Type of Possible SEQ (A) Questions on TOVQuestionFocusExplain the aims/motivations of the leaders during the Paris Peace ConferenceExplain how the Allies wanted to deal with Germany after WW2Explain why the aims of the BIG 3 differed each other?Explain why the Germans resented/ hated the TOVExplain how the TOV affected the Germans livesExplain why the TOV was humiliating to the Germans

Example of Type of Possible SEQ (A) Questions on TOVQuestionFocusExplain the aims/motivations of the leaders during the Paris Peace ConferenceAim+ Reasons behindExplain how the Allies wanted to deal with Germany after WW2Attitudes + Terms/ImpactExplain why the aims of the BIG 3 differed each other?Attitudes + Impact (Terms)Explain why the Germans resented/ hated the TOVTerms + ImpactExplain how the TOV affected the Germans livesTerms +ImpactExplain why the TOV was humiliating to the GermansTerms + Impact

Example of Type of Possible SEQ (A) Questions on TOVQuestionFocusDescribe why the Allies deemed it necessary to impose a tough TOV on Germany.Reasons of AlliesWhat were the reasons the Germans found the TOV harsh?Terms of TOV + IMPACTDescribe how Clemenceau and Wilson differed over how to deal with Germany.Differing Attitudes of AlliesDescribe the terms of the TOV.Terms of TOV