chapter 13 european middle ages 500 – 1200 a.d. section 1: charlemagne unites germanic kingdoms

Download Chapter 13 European Middle Ages 500 – 1200 A.D. Section 1: Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms

Post on 02-Apr-2015

217 views

Category:

Documents

3 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1

Chapter 13 European Middle Ages 500 1200 A.D. Section 1: Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Slide 2 13.1 Vocabulary Middle Ages - Franks - monastery - secular - Carolingian Dynasty - Charlemagne- Era in European history following the fall of the Roman Empire, lasting from about 500 to 1500also called the medieval period. People who settled in the Roman province of Gaul (roughly the area now occupied by France) and established a great empire during the Middle Ages. Religious community of men (called monks) who have given up their possessions to devote themselves to a life of prayer and worship. concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters. a dynasty of Frankish rulers, lasting from A.D. 751 to 987 Charles the Great, Emperor of the Frankish kingdom from 771 to 814 Slide 3 Fall of Roman Empire Roman Empire divides into East and West in year 395 East becomes Byzantium Justinian becomes Emperor in 527 Byzantine Empire collapses around 1100 A.D. Slide 4 Middle Ages 500 1500 A.D. Three Roots of Medieval Culture Classical heritage of Rome Beliefs of Roman Catholic Church Customs of Germanic Tribes What are the effects of multiple invasions? Slide 5 Invasions of Western Europe Effects of Invasions: Disruption of Trade Downfall of Cities Population changes Decline of Learning Loss of Common Language Slide 6 Germanic Kingdoms Emerge The Roman catholic church survives invasions The concept of government changes Family more important Smaller communities Unwritten rules Personal relationships important Warriors lived with Kings It was a disgrace to outlive him Slide 7 Clovis Rules the Franks Clovis brought Christianity in year 496 Battle convinced him to convert Asked for Gods help United Franks into one kingdom Slide 8 Germans Adopt Christianity Church and Franks worked together to spread Christianity Many moved back into Rome Church built religious communities : Monasteries Monks and Nuns lived there Slide 9 Monasteries Slide 10 An Empire Evolves After death of Clovis in 511, Charles Martel takes control (Charles the Hammer) He was not Emperor Gained more power than the King Extended the kingdom Defeated Muslims Became Christian Hero Slide 11 An Empire Evolves Charles Martel passed power to son Pepin the Short Gained title King by Grace of God Began Carolingian Dynasty in 751 A.D. Slide 12 Charlemagne Becomes Emperor Pepin died in 768 Frankish kingdom VERY strong Charlemagne took over after Pepins son Carloman mysteriously died 771 Slide 13 Charlemagne Becomes Emperor Charlemagne extends empire After helping the pope in Rome, he was crowned Roman Emperor He was not from Rome! Slide 14 Charlemagne Leads Revival Charlemagne managed his Empire very well Encouraged learning Opened schools Encouraged monasteries to open schools for future monks Slide 15 Charlemagne dies in 814 Names only son Louis the Pious (The Fair) as Emperor Not very good Louis the Pious sons fought for power Divided empire into 3 parts Authority broke down Slide 16 Quiz Next Class 13.1 Vocabulary Middle Ages - Franks - monastery - secular - Carolingian Dynasty - Charlemagne- Era in European history following the fall of the Roman Empire, lasting from about 500 to 1500also called the medieval period. People who settled in the Roman province of Gaul (roughly the area now occupied by France) and established a great empire during the Middle Ages. Religious community of men (called monks) who have given up their possessions to devote themselves to a life of prayer and worship. concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters. a dynasty of Frankish rulers, lasting from A.D. 751 to 987 Charles the Great, Emperor of the Frankish kingdom from 771 to 814 Slide 17 Chapter 13 European Middle Ages 500 1200 A.D. Section 2: Feudalism in Europe Slide 18 13.2 Vocabulary lord- fief- vassal- knight- serf- manor- tithe- in feudal Europe, a person who controlled land and could therefore grant estates to vassals. an estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe. in feudal Europe, a person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services. in medieval Europe, an armored warrior who fought on horseback. a medieval peasant legally bound to live on a lords estate. a lords estate in feudal Europe. a familys payment of one-tenth of its income to a church. Slide 19 Invaders Attack Western Europe Many invaders came from year 800-1000 Vikings invade from the North Also called Northmen or Norsemen Worshipped war like gods Nicknames like Eric Bloodaxe and Thorfinn Skullsplitter Slide 20 Invaders Attack Western Europe Vikings used swords and heavy wooden shields Arrived on huge ships, attack and leave Ships were huge Could travel in 3 feet of water Vikings stopped attacking after they accepted Christianity warmer weather made farming easier Viking Leif Ericson reached North America around year 500 Slide 21 Invaders Attack Western Europe Magyars were a nomadic people attacked from East Rode horses Did not settle Took captives to sell as slaves Muslims attacked from South Conquered different areas Slide 22 Slide 23 Invaders Attack Western Europe Effects of invasions A lot of disorder and suffering Lived in constant fear and danger Kings could not effectively defend Local rulers gained strength for defeating invaders Slide 24 New Social Order: Feudalism Feudalism: A political and economic system of Europe based on the holding of all land in fief or fee and characterized by homage, legal and military service of tenants, and penalty In exchange for military protection a lord (land owner) granted land called fief. The Person receiving fief was a vassal =Vassal = Serf Slide 25 New Social Order: Feudalism Social classes were well defined You were born into your social class Serfs were not slaves Could not leave the land Could not be bought or sold Everything they produced belonged to lord =Vassal = Serf Slide 26 Slide 27 Manors: The Economic Side of Feudalism Manor = Lords Estate Manor System: Lord provided serfs with housing, farm land, and protection Serfs tended to land, cared for lords animals, and maintained the estate All peasants owed the lord duties Certain days of labor or amount of grain Slide 28 Manors: The Economic Side of Feudalism Manors were only a few square miles 20-30 families lived there Self sufficient community Manor life was hard Peasants paid many taxes Including tithe church tax 10% of income A lot of working Life expectancy = 35 years old Slide 29 Slide 30 Chapter 13 European Middle Ages 500 1200 A.D. Section 3: The Age of Chivalry Slide 31 13.2 Vocabulary chivalry tournament troubadour 1 2 3 Slide 32 Knights: Warriors on Horseback Charles Martel organized armored horsemen called Knights Technology: Saddle and stirrups Allowed soldiers to fight on horses Warriors trained all year Were given land Slide 33 Knighthood and Code of Chivalry Chivalry Complex code of ideals A knight must fight bravely for 3 masters Feudal lord Heavenly lord His lady Knights must be loyal, brave and courteous Slide 34 A Knights Training Boys learned the code of chivalry early in life Age 7, sent off to another castle to learn fighting skills Age 14, became a squire, or servant to a knight Age 21, a squire became a knight A young knight traveled for 2 years in search of wars and tournaments Slide 35 Do not Copy Medieval Europe Feudalism Design of Castle Slide 36 Brutal Reality of Warfare War was brutal Hot oil, water or lead was poured on soldiers Archers shot arrows to defend castle Slide 37 Slide 38 Literature of Chivalry Many stories glorified castle life Epic poetry poems that retold stories, adventures They wrote love poems and songs Troubadours were traveling musicians Slide 39 Womens Role in Feudal Society Slide 40 Noblewoman Could own little land Could send knights to war Threw rocks and fire arrows at attackers Peasant Woman A lot of labor in home and fields Child care Young women learned house duties Slide 41 Chapter 13 European Middle Ages 500 1200 A.D. Section 4: The Power of Church Slide 42 13.4 Vocabulary clergy sacrament canon law Holy Roman Empire lay investiture Slide 43 The Far Reaching Authority of the Church Church and European rulers competed for power Church had its own organization Pope Clergy Bishop Priests Slide 44 Feudalism divided many people Religion unified them Being part of religious community Law of the Church Canon Law Marriage Religious practices Consequences Excommunication Interdict - religious services would not be performed Slide 45 The Church and the Holy Roman Empire Otto the Great was king of Germany in 936 Built up his power by forming alliance with church Limited the power of nobles Later invaded Italy on Popes behalf and was named emperor German-Italian Empire became Holy Roman Empire Caused many problems Slide 46 The Emperor Clashes with the Pope Church not happy that the Emperor controlled the clergy Lay investiture kings and nobles appoint clergy 1075, Pope banned lay invesiture German Emperor Henry IV was upset Tried to force the pope to resign Emperor was excommunicated Begged Pope for forgiveness to save throne Slide 47 Showdown at Canossa King Henry went to meet the Pope The Pope forced Henry to wait outside for 3 days in the snow The Pope was forced to forgive Successors to Pope and Emperor met Established Concordat of Worms Treaty: Church could appoint Bishops Emperor could veto Slide 48 Disorder in the Empire King Fredrick is elected in 1152 Barabarossa Aggressively invaded rich cities in Italy Pope and Italian merchants formed alliance called Lombard League Lombard league soldiers defeated King Fredrick Used crossbows against knights Fredrick was forced to make peace Slide 49 Chapter Test Monday! Study Chapter 13

Recommended

View more >