chapter 5 vocabulary section 1. chapter 5 vocabulary section 1

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  • Chapter 5 VocabularySection 1

  • Chapter 5 VocabularySection 1

  • Chapter 5 VocabularySection 1

  • Chapter 5 VocabularySection 1

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyApportioned = To be distributed, as in the seats in the House of Representatives.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyGerrymandering = The process of drawing congressional district lines to favor a political party.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyTerm limits = Laws that limit the number of terms elected officials can serve.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyFranking privilege = The right of members of Congress to mail official letters free of charge.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyImmunity = Legal protection.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyExpulsion = The removal of a person from an institution, such as Congress, for serious misconduct.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyCensure = The formal disapproval of the actions of a member of Congress by the other members.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularySection 2

  • Chapter 5 VocabularySessions = Meetings of Congress.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyCaucuses = Meetings of party leaders to determine party policy or to choose the partys candidates for public office.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyMajority party = The political party that has the most members in Congress or in a state legislature.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyMinority party = The political party that has fewer members in Congress or in a state legislature.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyFloor leader = A political party leader in Congress who works for passage of bills the party favors.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyParty whip = The assistant to the floor leader in each house of Congress who tries to persuade party members to vote for the bills the party supports.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyPresident pro tempore = The official who presides over the Senate in the vice presidents absence.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyBills = Proposed laws being considered by a lawmaking body.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyCommittees = Small groups in Congress formed to consider bills.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyStanding committees = Permanent House or Senate committees that consider bills in a certain area.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularySubcommittees = Divisions of standing congressional committees that deal with specific issues in the area handled by their primary committees.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularySelect committees = Temporary House or Senate committees appointed to deal with issues not handled by standing committees.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyJoint committees = Committees made up of members of both houses of Congress to deal with matters of mutual concern.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyConference committees = Temporary congressional committees made up of senators and representatives who try to reach an agreement on different versions of a bill.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularySeniority system = The custom of giving leadership of committees to members of Congress with the most years of service.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularySpeaker = The presiding officer of the House of Representatives.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularySection 3

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyElastic clause = Article 1, section 8, of the Constitution: known also as the necessary and proper clause that allows Congress to extend its delegated powers.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyImplied powers = Powers not specifically granted to Congress by the Constitution that are suggested to be necessary to carry out the powers delegated to Congress under the Constitution.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyTreason = An act that betrays and endangers ones country.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyImpeachment = A formal charge brought against a government official.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyEx post facto law = A law that applies to an action that took place before the law was passed.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyBill of attainder = A law sentencing a person to jail without a trial.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyWrit of habeas corpus = A court order requiring that an accused person be brought to court to determine if there is enough evidence to hold the person for trial.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyConstituents = People represented by members of a lawmaking body.=

  • Chapter 5 VocabularySection 4

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyAppropriation bill = A bill approving the spending of extra public money.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyAct = A law

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyQuorum = The minimum number of members who must be present before a legislative body can conduct business.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyRoll-call-vote = A vote in Congress in which a record is made of how each member votes.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyFilibuster = A method of delaying action on a bill in the Senate by making long speeches.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyCloture = A limit on the debate of a bill in the Senate.

  • Chapter 5 VocabularyPocket veto = A means by which the President can reject a bill, when Congress is not in session, by not signing it.

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