chapter 7 lesson 2 ordinance and shays’ rebellion
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Chapter 7 Lesson 2
Two actions by Congress that were related to the settlement
WEST of the Appalachian Mountains
Congress passed two laws:
1) THE LAND ORDINANCE OF 1785
It set up a system for settling the Northwest Territory.
2) THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE (1787)
It set up a government for the Northwest Territory.
What did the Land Ordinance of 1785 mandate?
Land would be divided into townships then each
township into 36 sections of 1 square mile each.
Four sections were to be set for the federal
government, and one section in each township was
dedicated to public schools. This law laid the
foundation for the public education system in the
What did the 1787 Ordinance state?
• The Northwest Ordinance (1787)
• set guidelines for how the Northwest Territory would be governed,
• guaranteed basic rights to settlers,
• outlawed slavery.
When the population reached 60,000 inhabitants, the citizens could
write their own constitution and apply for statehood. The states of
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin were created from
the Northwest Territory.
What important accomplishments
did the government have under the Articles?
1) Created a system to add new states (Land Ordinance and the Northwest Ordinance),
2) Outlawed slavery
in the new states,
3) Led to the idea
of “free states”
• period when business
activity slows, prices
and wages fall, and unemployment rises
DO NEXT: looking at the first picture, CAN YOU PREDICT why THE SECOND ONE
Please read “Farmers Revolt”
on page 204 in your textbook
• Fill in DO LATER on your 2 LEFT page.
What was Shays’ Rebellion and why was it important?
• In 1786, Daniel SHAYS organized more than 1,000 farmers in Massachusetts to prevent the state from taking farms for unpaid taxes or loans.
• Many Americans saw Shays’ Rebellion as a sign that the Articles of Confederation did not work and needed a revision.
What did they do to fix the Articles?
• They called a convention to meet in Philadelphia in 1787.
What problems did the Articles have
that led to a new government?
• States began to issue own money.
• Debt from the war that could not be paid back (no taxes).
• Foreign nations began to invade America (Ohio River
• States began to argue with each other and almost went to
war with each other.
• Shays’ Rebellion – rebellion in Massachusetts that showed
how weak the government was.