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Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egypt

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Page 1: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

Chapter 9

Daily Life in Ancient Egypt

Page 2: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

How did social class affect daily life in ancient Egypt?

Page 3: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

Ancient Egypt’s Social Pyramid

Page 4: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

How did social class affect daily life in ancient Egypt?

•  Egyp%ansocietywasstructuredlikeapyramid.Atverytopofthissocialpyramidwasthepharaoh,Egypt’ssupremeruler.Egyp%anreligionstrengthenedthepharaoh’sauthority.Pharaohswerebelievedtobegods,andtheirwordwaslaw.

Page 5: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

How did social class affect daily life in ancient Egypt?

•  Egypt’ssocialpyramidwasfairlyrigid.Mostpeoplebelongedtothesamesocialclassastheirparents.TherewasliAlechanceofmovingtoahigherclass.Membersofdifferentclassesmayhavehadsomethingsincommon,but,ingeneral,theirliveswerequitedifferent.•  Egyp%ansinallsocialclassescherishedfamilylife.MostEgyp%ansmarriedwithintheirsocialgroup.Childrenwerehighlyvalued.• Menandwomenhaddifferentroleswithinthefamily.Menweretheheadsoftheirhouseholds.Theyworkedtosupportthefamily.FathersoFenbegantotraintheirsonsatayoungagetotakeontheirlineofwork.Womentypicallymanagedthehomeandraisedthechildren.Upper-classwomenhadservantsorslavestohelpthem.Lower-classwomendidtheworkthemselves.

Page 6: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

How did social class affect daily life in ancient Egypt?

• MenwereinchargeofEgyp%ansociety,butwomenenjoyedmorefreedomandrightsthanmostwomenintheancientworld.Theycouldownlandandrunbusinesses.TheycouldalsoaskfordivorcesandrepresentthemselvesinlegalmaAers.Somewomeninthemiddleandupperclassesworkedasdoctors,governmentofficials,orpriestesses.BothwomenandmenenjoyedabeAerqualityoflifethehighertheywereonthesocialpyramid.•  TheEgyp%ansbelievedthattheirclasssystemcreatedastable,well-orderedsociety.Eachgrouphaditsownroletoplay.

Page 7: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

Government Officials: Vizier, Chief Treasurer, & Military General

Page 8: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

Lives of Luxury

Page 9: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

Priests were powerful and highly respected in society. Priests advised the pharaoh, oversaw religious

ceremonies, take care of the temple and take care of the burial pracQces.

Page 10: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

The Priests’ Role in Burial PracQces

Page 11: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

Scribes were Egypt’s official writers and record keepers.

Page 12: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

The Work of Scribes

Page 13: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

ArQsans were highly skilled laborers who created some of the most beauQful art objects in the

ancient world.

Page 14: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

The Daily Life and Work of ArQsans

Page 15: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

Peasants made up the lowest and largest class in Egypt. Peasants were unskilled farmers and

monument builders.

Page 16: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

The Daily Lives of Peasants

Page 17: Chapter 9 Daily Life in Ancient Egyptmsrizvisclass.weebly.com › ... › chapter_9-_daily_life_in_ancient_egypt… · daily life in ancient Egypt? • Men were in charge of Egyp%an

Summary