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  • 1. America In The Beginning
    Who were the first Americans?
    This land bridge is known as ___beringia___.
    Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or migrated_____ to the America's.
    This caused ocean levels to drop
    and expose land.
    In the Bering straight a
    land bridge appeared connecting
    _Siberia(Asia)_& _The Americans__ _______________
    30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an
    ice age
    The world was covered in Glaciers
    or sheets of ice.
    How and why did they come here?

2. America In The Beginning
What happened when they came to America?
The ice age ended ___warming____ up glaciers causing water levels to _____rise_____ covering up the __Land Bridge_______ ________.
Some animals died off like mammoths
Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or ______adapt___ to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their own ____environments___
in order to ____a survive______.
How did they meet their new needs?
Hunter's in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or ______nomads_______ followed the mammoths and spread out or_____migration______ to the America's
3. How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?
America In The Beginning
Different groups in different environments developed their own beliefs and ways of life or culture.Groups in the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language creating cultural region.
Many Native American have these things in common.
1. Nature has a spirits_.
2. No one can own _land.
4. Only use what is needed(no waste).
5. Trade was important to most societies
Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural resources_ in their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter.
What did they have in common?
4. 8 Cultural
Great Basin
Great Plains
South East
North West Coast
Eastern Woodlands
South West
5. 8 Cultural Regions
6. 7. North West Coast
long cold winters
cool summers
heavy rainfall
Natural Resources:
thick forests of fir,
spruce, and cedar
rugged mountains
deer, moose, bear, elk,
beaver, mountain goats
8. California
rainy winters
hot dry summers
Natural Resources:
acorns, oak trees
grass, and plants
redwood trees
deer, rabbits, ducks,
roots berries, pine nuts
9. Great Basin
little rain
hot during the day
cold at night
Natural Resources:
mostly dessert
low areas surrounded by
mountains at the edges
with valleys that had
seasonal lakes and streams
plants that need little water like
grasses, sagebrush, pinetrees,
at the outer edges pine trees, and willow
small animals rabbits, lizards,
grasshoppers, snakes
sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons
seeds, berries pine nuts, roots, cattail
10. Plateau
long cold winters
comfortable summers
Natural Resources:
mountains with
dense forests in areas
flatter in the center with
drier grass lands
driftwood, mud, dirt,
grass and sage brush
fish, antelope, deer, seeds
onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon
11. Great Plains
cold winters
hot summers
Natural Resources:
mountains surrounding edges
treeless grasslands in the center
east more water and softer soil
west drier dense grass
Buffalo and smaller animals
12. South West
high temperatures
little rain
Natural Resources:
mountains, canyons
desserts, flat top mesas
rivers, little water
clay, brightly colored plants, cotton
corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits
13. Eastern Woodlands
snowy winters , rain
Natural Resources:
rivers, ocean/coast
lots of lakes and streams
Forests, plants,
maple trees, elm,
deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish
corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,
nuts, berries
14. South East
long warm humid summers
mild winters
Natural Resources:
rivers, ocean/coast
Fertile coastal plains
Trees, clay, shells,
corn, beans, squash, pumpkins,
sunflowers, sweet potatoes
squirrels, rabbits, turkeys,
deer, alligators, turtles,
wild rice, persimmons