chapters 1-11 (part i) wrap up to kill a mockingbird by harper lee
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Chapters 1-11 (Part I)Wrap UpTo Kill a MockingbirdBy Harper Lee
Point of View and ScoutThe novel is told from first person point of view.The narrator uses I and Me to describe events in the novel.The narrator: Jean Louise Scout Finch, a 6 year old girl.Scout is the adult narrator in the novel, but Scout, the child, takes part in the action of the novel and engages in the dialogue.The narrator is an ADULT, but she retells the events as she remembers experiencing them as a child.
Harper Lee is ScoutHarper Lee, the author, is a woman.Scout represents the author as a little girl although the story is not strictly autobiographical.The novel is shaped by a young girl who sees the story from a position of nave acceptance.
Advantages and Disadvantages of First Person Point of ViewAdvantages:Draws reader/viewer into story and character when one who is a part of the story tells it.Makes story and narrator believable.Interesting combination of Scout as the narrator and as the child protagonist.Disadvantages:Her perspective is limited to what she saw and felt at the time.Scout, the child, does not understand the full meaning of what she observes, but her childlike perceptions are a source of humor.Atticus was feeble: he was nearly 50 (Lee 89).
John Hale FinchUncle JackAtticus brother10 years younger than AtticusStudies medicineAtticus invested in his education
Alexandra FinchAtticus sisterRemained at Finchs LandingMarried a taciturn man who spent time lying in his hammock
Atticus FinchGrew up in Finchs LandingWas taught at home by his fatherAttended law school and practiced law in MaycombTown lawyerRepresented his county in State LegislatureHe liked Maycomb, he was Maycomb county born and bred (Lee 5).Related to nearly everyone in Maycomb.WidowerFather to Scout and JemHe played with us, read to us, and treated us with courteous detachment (Lee 6).
Atticus Wife15 years younger than AtticusShe died from a heart attack when Scout was 2 and Jem was 6Jem remembered her clearly and missed her, Scout did not
CalpurniaAtticus black cook/housekeeperWas all angles and bonesNearsighted; she squintedWide, hard hand which she used to discipline ScoutTyrannical presence (Lee 6).Always ordering Scout aboutShe always won the battles with Scout because Atticus always took her side (Lee 6).Mother-figure to Jem & Scout
Charles Baker Harris DILLSeven years oldFrom Meridan, MississippiSpends every summer with his aunt, Ms. Rachel (Finch neighbor)His mothers a photographer; does not have a fatherWon $5 in a photo contest; used it to see the same movie twenty timesDill was a curiosity (Lee 7).Plays with his cowlickSpent the summer playing with Jem and ScoutThey improved their tree house They produced plays they wrote, based on books they readFascinated by the Radley place and Boo RadleyGave them the idea of making Boo Radley come out (Lee 8).
The Radley Place3 doors south of the FinchesLow house; once white but darkened to a slate-grayRain-rotted shinglesOak trees kept the sun awayUnswept yard filled with weedsMalevolent phantom (Lee 8) lived inside the house; Jem/Scout have never seen himMany people fear the Radley Place and cross the street to avoid itAny lost ball in the Radleys yard remains there.
The RadleysLived with their two childrenKept to themselves; unforgivable in Maycomb (Lee 9).Did not go to church; principle recreation in Maycomb; worshiped at homeMrs. Radley never had coffee with her neighbors nor did she take part in missionary workTheir shutters and doors were closed every Sunday; kept their shades drawn to discourage visitors Never participated in Sunday formal afternoon visiting
Mr. RadleyThin, leathery manColorless eyes; did not reflect lightSharp cheekbones; wide mouthRamrod straight postureMade a living doing nothing; bought cotton (Lee 9)Walked to town at 11:30 am every morning and returned home exactly at 12 pm carrying a brown paper bagNever spoke to Jem and ScoutCalpurnia refers to him as, the meanest man ever God blew breath into (Lee 12).Kept his son, Boo, out of sightJem figured he kept his son chained to the bed, but Atticus felt it wasnt that sort of thing, that there were other ways of making people into ghosts (Lee 11).After his death Mr. Nathan Radley, Boos brother, returned from Pensacola and took his place
Arthur Radley (BOO)According to JemHe was 6 and a half feet tallAte raw squirrels and catsHad blood-stained handsLong jagged scar on his faceYellow, rotten teethDrooled
BOO Radley People in Maycomb said Arthur goes out at night after the town is asleepHe was responsible for any crimes committed in townHe peeped into windows at nightHe breathed on azaleas (flowers) and froze them
Boo RadleyThe Real StoryGot into trouble with a wrong crowd of boys; came before a judge for disorderly conductRather than being sent to a state school by the judge, Arthur was released in his fathers care Mr. Radley guaranteed that [he would see to it] that Arthur gave no further trouble (Lee 10).As a result Arthur was not seen again for 15 yearsAs a result the doors of the Radley house closed on weekdays as well as Sundays
BOO: The Real Story (continued)At age 33, Arthur reportedly drove the scissors into his fathers legMrs. Radley ran outside and started to scream, Arthur was killing [us] all (Lee 11)Boos reaction: He continued to cut the newspaper like nothing was wrongAfter being temporarily locked up in the courtroom basement for a while, he was taken home by his fatherFrom that day on people said the [Radley] house died (Lee 12).
Miss Caroline Fisher
Scouts teacher21 years oldBright auburn hairPink cheeksCrimson nail polishWore high heels and a dressShe looked and smelled like a peppermint drop (Lee 16).Lived in a room at Miss Maudies houseJem has a crush on herFrom Winston County in North AlabamaBeliefs much different form Maycomb CountyWhen Alabama seceded from the UnionWinston County seceded from Alabama, and every child in Maycomb County knew it (Lee 16).
Conflict with Miss CarolineWith ScoutSeemed unaware that the children were, immune to imaginative literature.Tells Scout to tell Atticus not to teach her how to read anymore.Scout gives in to Miss Carolines accusationsShe is introducing a new way of teaching (Lee 18).
With Walter CunninghamOffers him a quarter to eat downtown.Walter refuses.Scout tries to explain the Cunninghams and gets herself in troubleScout gets hit on the palm with a ruler for being disrespectful
Think about this My sojourn in the corner was a short one. Saved by the bell, Miss Caroline watched the class file out for lunch. As I was about to leave, I saw her sink down into her chair and bury her head in her arms. Had her conduct been more friendly toward me, I would have felt sorry for her. She was a pretty little thing (Lee 22).How do you think that Miss Caroline is feeling at the end of Chapter 2? Why?Was Scouts first day of school all she thought it was going to be?What proof can you find in the text to support your answer?
Conflict Caused by WalterBetween Jem and Scout
Between Calpurnia and Scout
Between Scout and AtticusAt the schoolyard, resulting in Jem inviting Walter for dinnerAt dinner when Walter covers everything in syrupScout wants Atticus to fire Calpurnia, but he says that he never will
The same afternoonConflict between
Burris EwellMiss CarolineChuck LittleEvents of the dayBurris has creatures crawling out of his hairMiss Caroline tells him to go home and wash with lye and keroseneChuck Little gets involved, knowing that he is a Ewell -foreshadowingBurris leaves, but not before making Miss Caroline cry in front of the class
Maycombs Societal ConflictsAlthough every member of the Finch family understands the way Maycomb society works, they do not conform to Maycombs rules of class. Walter is welcomed into the home by Atticus. The Ewell family, on the other hand, in no way fits into Maycomb society. They even live on the edge of town. Burris and his father refuse to obey the school attendance rules and the hunting regulations of Maycomb. Society elects to turn a blind eye on these activities.
Burris Ewell vs. Walter CunninghamA childs behavior can be explained by his familys last name.He was the filthiest human I had ever seen (Lee 26).Dark grey neckRusty handsBlack fingernailsCooties in his hairComes to class the first day every year and then leavesHas repeated first grade three times = illiterateNo mother, drunk fatherHes a mean one, a hard-down mean one (Lee 27).Rude to the teacher; made her cryHe looked as if he had been raised on fish food (Lee 23).Thin because he has hookworms - shoelessRed-rimmed and watery eyesNeat and clean appearanceDoesnt take money offered by Miss Caroline because , hes a Cunningham (Lee 20).Illiterate due to family obligations on the farm.
Social Class: Poor WhitesThe CunninghamsPoor country farmers; The crash hit them the hardest (Lee 21).They never took anything off of anybody, they get along on what they have (Lee 20).They do not take what they cannot pay back; they wont accept handouts - Ex: WelfareWalter wont take lunch money even though he is starving because he cannot repay it.Pride: Came from a set breed of men (Lee 21); remain honorable despite situation; cannot pay Atticus with money for his legal services, so they pay him with farm crops.
Poor Whites ContinuedThe EwellsDisgrace of Maycomb for three generationsNone of them had done an honest days work in their livesThey were people, but lived like animalsFather spends relief checks on whiskeyLived outside local and national laws because they are poor and ignora