Chevron Thailand Hazard Communication: Awareness ... 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved. Chevron Thailand Hazard Communication: Awareness Training ... Single Exposure ( ...

Download Chevron Thailand Hazard Communication: Awareness  ... 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved. Chevron Thailand Hazard Communication: Awareness Training ... Single Exposure ( ...

Post on 17-Mar-2018

214 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved.

    Chevron ThailandHazard Communication: Awareness Training

    This document contains confidential and proprietary information for use by employees and authorized agents of Chevron Corporation and its affiliates. No other use is authorized without prior written permission from Chevron Corporation or its appropriate affiliate.

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved.

    Course Objective

    The objectives of this training are to:

    define the purpose and key requirements of Hazard Communication Process

    define the components of SDS and GHS labeling system and understand hazard information presented on SDSs and chemical container labels

    determine how SDSs, labels and chemical inventory information is made available to them and used including warning signs and placards

    define the process of introducing new chemicals into the organization

    learn ways to protect themselves from the chemical hazards

    2

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved.

    HAZCOM Process Overview

    Applicable Thai Laws and Regulations

    Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)

    Chevron Thailand Specific Procedure Labeling System

    SDS Management System

    Warning Signs and Placards

    New Chemical Acceptance Procedure

    Safety Rules for Working Safely with Chemicals

    3

    Course Outline

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved.

    HAZCOM Process Overview

    4

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    HAZCOM Process Overview

    5

    The Hazard Communication (HAZCOM) is a Process that support the OE Expectation Element 3: Safe Operations, as a comprehensive safety program to manage and communicate hazards.

    HazCom Process was established to reduce the incidents of chemical source illness and injury in a workplace where hazardous chemicals and wastes are produced, stored, or used. HazComrequirements are consistent with the United Nation Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).

    OE Processes

    OE Expectations

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved.

    GHS

    6

    How the principles of HAZCOM Process links with other components.

    HAZCOM Process

    Applicable Thai Law and Regulations

    TSP 33 ChemicalHandling

    and Storage

    Thai regulations adopt GHS requirements since 2012.

    ASBU Hazard Communication Standardized Process was written based on GHS.

    The United Nation Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals or GHS sets consistent criteria for classification and labeling on a global level.

    TSP-33 Chemical Handling and Storage provides guidance regarding the requirements and procedures for handling and storage of chemicals.

    HAZCOM Process Overview

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved.

    A hazardous chemical inventory is maintained and updated

    Safety Data Sheets (SDS) are up-to-date and accessible

    All containers containing hazardous chemicals are clearly labeled

    All areas where hazardous materials are stored include clearly visible warning signs

    Chemical Approval Process is used when a new hazardous product is brought to any work location

    All affected workforce receive initial training and refresher training every three years and when new hazards are introduced into the work environment

    7

    Key Requirements

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved.

    Applicable Thai Law and Regulations

    8

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Thai laws and regulations enacted based on GHS requirements include:

    - Notification of Ministry of Industry Re: Classification and Communication of Hazardous Substances B.E. 2555

    - Ministerial Regulation (Ministry of Labor) Prescribing Standard for Administration and Management of Occupational Safety, Health and Working Environment for Working with Hazardous Substances B.E. 2556

    Applicable Thai Law and Regulations

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)

    10

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)

    11

    The benefits of the GHS are not only reducing confusion in the workplace, but also developing workforce competency in communicating hazards and enhancing safer handling and using of chemicals and hazardous materials.

    Prior to the GHS, hazard classification and labeling often differed in design from country to country. This wide variety of communication only increased the possibility for confusion and risky mistakes.

    The GHS standardizes two critical areas of hazardous communication:

    1) How hazardous chemicals are classified and

    2) The methods used to communicate those hazards.

    Definition of Hazardous Chemical

    There is no single, global definition of a hazardous chemical

    A chemical that has a potential to cause physical, health or environmental harm should be considered hazardous

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved 12

    Hazard Classification

    Chemical hazards are classified in 3 categories:

    Physical

    Physical Hazard

    Health

    Health Hazard

    Environment

    Environment Hazard

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Hazard Classification

    13

    1. Explosives ()

    2. Flammable Gases ()

    3. Flammable Aerosols ()

    4. Oxidizing Gases ()

    5. Gases Under Pressure ()

    6. Flammable Liquids ()

    7. Flammable Solids ()

    8. Self-Reactive Substances ()

    10. Pyrophoric Liquids () Pyrophoric Solids (

    )

    11. Self-Heating Substances ()

    12. Oxidizing Liquids ()

    13. Oxidizing Solids ()

    14. Organic Peroxides ()

    15. Corrosive to metals ()

    16. Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (

    )

    Physical

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Hazard Classification

    14

    1. Acute Toxicity ()

    2. Skin Corrosion Irritation ()

    3. Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation ()

    4. Respiratory or Skin Sensitizer ()

    5. Germ Cell Mutagenicity ()

    6. Carcinogenicity ()

    7. Reproductive Toxicity ()

    8. Target Organ System Toxicity Single Exposure ( )

    9. Target Organ System Toxicity Repeated Exposure ( )

    10. Aspiration hazard ()

    Health

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved 15

    Acute Aquatic Toxicity ()

    Chronic Aquatic Toxicity ()

    Hazard Classification

    Environment

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved 16

    Purpose of Harmonized LabelsContainer labels provide a type of first-line-of-defense. A container label provides important information about how to handle that chemical safely although theyre not as informative as SDSs.

    Various types or templates of hazard warning signs or labels were used which may cause confusion in the workplaces.

    GHS standardizes different designed labels into one uniformity.

    Labels

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved 17

    GHS Labels Elements

    Labels

    Product identifier could be common names, product commercial names or chemical identity as determined by IUPAC and should match the product identifier used on the SDS. Where a substance or mixture is covered by the Transport of Dangerous Goods, the UN proper shipping name shall also be used.

    1. Product identifier Signal word are words used to indicate the severity of the hazard and alert employees to the potential hazard. Only one of two signal words will appear, depending on the hazard category

    DANGER(more sever hazard)

    WARNING(less sever hazard)

    2. Signal words

    3. PictogramsPictograms are standardized icons for health, physical and environmental hazards4. Hazard statementsHazard statements are standardized and assigned phrases that describe the hazard(s) as determined by hazard classification.

    Precautionary statements supplement the hazard information by briefly providing measures to be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects from physical, health or environmental hazards. Precautionary statements can relate to prevention, response in cases of accidental spillage or exposure, storage and disposal

    5. Precautionary statements

    Supplier identification includes name, address and telephone number of the manufacturer or supplier of the product.

    6. Supplier identification

    Supplemental information is non-harmonized information on the container of a hazardous product that is not required or specified under the GHS.

    7. Supplemental Information

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved 18

    What are pictograms?

    Nine standardized icons for health, physical and environmental hazards

    Determined based on hazard classification

    Where are they used?

    On Safety Data Sheets (SDS) in section two (hazard identification) and on the Labels

    LegendHealth Physical Environment

    Pictograms

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Understand GHS Pictograms

    19

    Health Hazard Flammable Warning

    Gas under Pressure

    Corrosive Explosive

    Oxidizer Eco-Toxic Poisonous

    Health HazardThis pictogram means the material is a hazard to health. However, the symbol does not specify the hazard, and you should read the label and SDS for more information. Some hazardous chemicals that may cause health hazard are Mercury, Toluene, Ethylene Glycol, Tetrachloroethylene, etc.

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Understand GHS Pictograms

    20

    Health Hazard Flammable Warning

    Gas under Pressure

    Corrosive Explosive

    Oxidizer Eco-Toxic Poisonous

    FlammableFlammable means that the material may spontaneously ignite or combust if heated, or is exposed to air or mixed with other chemicals. Some hazardous chemicals that are flammable are Acetone, Benzene, Heptane, Octane, Thinner, etc.

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Understand GHS Pictograms

    21

    Health Hazard Flammable Warning

    Gas under Pressure

    Corrosive Explosive

    Oxidizer Eco-Toxic Poisonous

    WarningWarning symbol means that the material is hazardous. However, it does not specify the hazard, and you should read the label and SDS for more information. Some adverse effects are an allergic skin reaction or rash, irritate skin, eyes or respiratory tract. Some hazardous chemicals are Coolant, Calcium Chloride, Chloroform, etc.

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Understand GHS Pictograms

    22

    Health Hazard Flammable Warning

    Gas under Pressure

    Corrosive Explosive

    Oxidizer Eco-Toxic Poisonous

    Gas Under PressureThis pictogram means that the contents of the canister are under extreme pressure and the canister may explode if heated, banged or punctured. Some examples of this type of product are containers with compressed, liquefied or dissolved gas.

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Understand GHS Pictograms

    23

    Health Hazard Flammable Warning

    Gas under Pressure

    Corrosive Explosive

    Oxidizer Eco-Toxic Poisonous

    CorrosiveThis pictogram means that the material is corrosive and may cause burns to skin. It may also cause serious eye damage. Some hazardous chemicals that may cause health hazards are Hydrochloric Acid , Mercury, Acetic Acid, Sodium Hydroxide, etc.

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Understand GHS Pictograms

    24

    Health Hazard Flammable Warning

    Gas under Pressure

    Corrosive Explosive

    Oxidizer Eco-Toxic Poisonous

    ExplosiveThis pictogram means the material is unstable and may spontaneously detonate if heated, banged or mixed with other chemicals. Some hazardous chemicals are Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Pyrotechnics, etc.

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Understand GHS Pictograms

    25

    Health Hazard Flammable Warning

    Gas under Pressure

    Corrosive Explosive

    Oxidizer Eco-Toxic Poisonous

    OxidizerThis pictogram means the material may ignite or detonate other chemicals if mixed with them. Some hazardous chemicals are compressed Oxygen, Sodium hypochlorite solution, Sulfuric acid.

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Understand GHS Pictograms

    26

    Health Hazard Flammable Warning

    Gas under Pressure

    Corrosive Explosive

    Oxidizer Eco-Toxic Poisonous

    Eco-Toxic

    This pictogram means the material may be hazardous to aquatic environments and/or may have long-lasting environmental effects. The material may kill aquatic life, such as fish, so it should be kept out of waterways. Some hazardous chemicals are Tetrachloroethylene, Mercury, Iodine, Heptane, etc.

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Understand GHS Pictograms

    27

    Health Hazard Flammable Warning

    Gas under Pressure

    Corrosive Explosive

    Oxidizer Eco-Toxic Poisonous

    PoisonousThis pictogram means the material may have acute and severe health effects. It may be toxic or fatal. The health effect may occur by different routes of exposure: such as contact with the skin, ingestion or inhalation. You should read the label and SDS for more information. Some hazardous chemicals are Methanol, Phosphoric Acid, Mercury, Silver Nitrate, etc.

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

    Safety Data Sheet: A detailed description of each hazardous material. It contains information on the hazardous properties and potential adverse effects of chemicals.

    The safety and health information in a SDS should be reviewed before purchasing or using a new material.

    Workforce should understand correct material handling and storage as well as the appropriate response methods in the event of a spill or chemical exposure.

    SDSs must be available for ALL of the hazardousmaterials present in your work area.

    28

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Safety Data Sheets: Content Requirements

    Section 1: Identification

    Section 2: Hazard(s) Identification

    Section 3: Composition / Information on Ingredients

    Section 4: First-Aid Measures

    Section 5: Fire-Fighting Measures

    Section 6: Accidental Release Measures

    Section 7: Handling and Storage

    Section 8: Exposure Controls / Personal Protection

    Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties

    Section 10: Stability and Reactivity

    Section 11: Toxicological Information

    Section 12: Ecological Information

    Section 13: Disposal Considerations

    Section 14: Transport Information

    Section 15: Regulatory Information

    Section 16: Other Information

    29

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Safety Data Sheets: Content Requirements

    30

    Section 1: IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCEProduct identifier Synonym(s) for productManufacturer, distributor or supplier contact information (name, address and phone numberEmergency phone numberRecommended use and restrictionsSupplemental information

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Safety Data Sheets: Content Requirements

    31

    Section 2: HAZARDS IDENTIFICATIONClassification of the substance or mixtureGHS ClassificationLabel elementsHazard statement(s)Precautionary statement(s)

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Safety Data Sheets: Content Requirements

    32

    Section 3: COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTSSubstances, CAS No., %[weight], Name, GHS Classification

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Safety Data Sheets: Content Requirements

    33

    Section 4: FIRST AID MEASURESDescription of first aid measuresIndication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

  • 2014 Chevron Corporation. All rights reserved

    Safe...

Recommended

View more >