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CHILD SUPPORT PROGRAMME. PAKISTAN. Hypothesis. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • CHILD SUPPORT PROGRAMMEPAKISTAN

  • HypothesisCSP Pilot Hypothesis: linking additional cash support to the FSP families with children would force them to invest in human capital development. By doing this, PBM can further assist ongoing government efforts towards achieving universal primary education.

  • RationaleFood Support Programme is Pakistans largest cash transfer program. It reaches some 1.45 million households. The annual budget is close to US$ 70 million dollars per yearPakistan Bait-Ul-Mal with technical assistance from WB and DFID decided to pilot and evaluate the impact of offering additional cash transfers conditional on families sending their children to school.For the pilot, 5 districts were chosen with about 50,000 FSP families. Out of them, about 27,000 families had children of ages 5 to 12.

  • Percentage of families with children of age 5 to 12 enrolled in school by age in the treatment areas

    Grfico3

    53.5350

    61.5453.3

    68.5263.23

    66.5357.8

    71.1564.49

    65.255.19

    70.960.41

    61.8548.22

    Male

    Female

    Distric summary

    In the database

    ProvinceDistrictTehsilsUCFSPAdditionalTotalw/ FSP Now/o FSP NoFSP

    Found

    (No.)(No.)(No.)(No.)(No.)(No.)(No.)(%)

    PunjabBhakkar45812,8482,57015,41810,3232,27080.35

    SindhTharparkar44414,0005,62219,6228,7013,03762.15

    NWFPKohistan3396,7861,6248,4103,5001,10851.58

    BalochistanKharan4171,9308592,78965237333.78

    ICT/N.AGhanchey3152,0267772,8031,08046853.31

    Total1817337,59011,45249,04224,2567,25664.53

    31,512

    Age

    Age12Total

    BoysGirls

    53,6673,0766,761

    64,2303,1677,410

    73,5042,6116,130

    85,8714,0929,989

    92,8351,8954,743

    106,2883,97210,288

    112,1341,3313,473

    125,9033,4849,399

    Total34,43223,62858,193

    Age

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    Boys

    Girls

    Enroll All

    AgeMaleFemaleTotalNWFP41.514,814

    553.550.051.9Punjab67.318,809

    661.553.358.0Sind63.416,725

    768.563.266.3Balochistan65.03,337

    866.557.863.0N. Areas84.44,437

    971.264.568.4

    1065.255.261.4Total60.858,193

    1170.960.466.9

    1261.948.256.8

    Total64.355.660.8

    Number58,193

    TO UPDATE

    AgeYesBeforenevermissingTotal

    51,499136512972,460

    61,762255652202,572

    71,835403991612,435

    82,642656272663,600

    91,514593131232,009

    102,6481487273383,861

    111,180812391151,615

    122,3343167773663,793

    Total15,4147474,2981,88622,345

    Enroll All

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    Male

    Female

    Enroll Punjab

    PUNJAB - Bhakar

    AgeMaleFemaleTotal

    560.255.958.1

    671.263.567.6

    777.870.774.4

    876.166.871.8

    977.070.673.9

    1070.562.166.6

    1176.965.171.5

    1265.951.559.4

    Total71.562.567.3

    N=18,809

    Enroll Punjab

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    Male

    Female

    Enroll Sind

    Sind - Tharparkar

    AgeMaleFemaleTotal

    552.2545.5449.16

    669.3558.964.84

    771.1865.7168.93

    870.8158.2465.79

    977.5866.8773.43

    1068.6456.4163.9

    1174.5159.3469.45

    1263.7847.6457.94

    Total68.0756.2763.37

    N=16,725

    Enroll Sind

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    Male

    Female

    Enroll NWFP

    NWPF-

    AgeMaleFemaleTotal

    538.934.737.1

    641.025.935.1

    747.235.042.7

    847.833.042.7

    950.430.844.3

    1050.230.044.5

    1149.527.544.2

    1249.629.244.3

    Total46.831.041.5

    N=14,814

    Enroll NWFP

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    Male

    Female

    Enroll Balochistan

    Balochistan

    AgeMaleFemaleTotal

    569.868.268.9

    672.265.769.2

    769.367.768.7

    866.762.064.7

    968.970.169.2

    1063.859.462.3

    1156.753.655.6

    1257.954.256.9

    Total66.0263.5765.03

    Number3,337

    Enroll Balochistan

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    Male

    Female

    Enroll NA

    NORHTERN AREAS - Ghanchei

    AgeMaleFemaleTotal

    577.6378.5278.05

    679.7380.7780.22

    791.8288.8990.5

    893.8384.589.55

    991.9487.0689.76

    1094.7974.5485.98

    1192.2778.5286.39

    1288.7366.5778.86

    Total88.9878.884.38

    Number4,437

    Enroll NA

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    00

    Male

    Female

    Summary

    Table: Percentage of families with children and children in scholl - by district and Teshil

    Teshil

    District1234Tot

    NWFP

    Families w/ children (%)83.088.089.186.5

    Children in school (%)46.439.759.747.9

    N Families283284229797

    Punjab

    Families w/ children (%)63.249.561.767.161.1

    Children in school (%)68.961.166.274.268.2

    N Families5,9832,1652,0521,87012,070

    N. Areas

    Families w/ children (%)82.281.682.1

    Children in school (%)87.379.284.6

    N Families1,0024901,493

    Total

    Families w/ children (%)66.658.664.467.064.7

    Children in school (%)70.962.265.374.268.8

    N Families7,2682,9392,2831,87114,361

    NWFP41.514,814

    Punjab67.318,809

    Sind63.416,725

    Balochistan65.03,337

    N. Areas84.44,437

    Total60.858,193

    Note: NWFP is incomplete

    Summary

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    0

    0

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    Last summary

    Families - Old beneficiaries with Children out of school

    TeshilAllCurrentCurrentCurrent

    Province12345TotalFamiliesAllW/ Childw/ child out

    NWFP1,0067801,1522,9416,3514,9524,1832,946

    Punjab1,4154815294282,85313,37610,9496,0892,858

    Sind5724119836012,56712,6449,4225,0552,567

    Balochistan323552938204651,9941,5801,056465

    N. Areas2461163632,2181,6801,182363

    Total3,5621,8432,6941,068209,19936,63628,62717,5889,209

    Children out of school of current FSP familiesTotal

    Province12345TotalBoysGirlsOut of schoAll

    NWFP2,3301,9212,388106,6544,0022,6448,66414,814

    Punjab2,46083991569804,9232,3242,5866,14618,809

    Sind1,0006751,6681,06304,4062,3022,0926,12616,725

    Balochistan6261003676388765153561,1673,337

    N. Areas3181691004881793096934,437

    Total6,7343,7045,0081,8383817,3639,3297,99622,81658,193

    Sheet5

    Sheet6

  • General Objectives of CSP

    Increase the number of children in primary education towards the achievement of Universal Primary Education

    Promote the investment in human capital for poverty reduction.

  • Specific Objectives of CSPIncrease primary school registration in the target districtsReduce dropout ratesIncrease attendance levelsProvide additional resources to the FSP beneficiaries having children of school going age.

  • Target PopulationInitially the Programme will cover existing beneficiaries of FSP with at least one child of primary school going age Additional beneficiaries will be added as long as space becomes available within the approved budget. New poor families will be chosen using proxy means test methodology (second part of the presentation)

  • BenefitsBeneficiaries are entitled to receive Rs. 3,000 (US$ 50) a year from the FSP on quarterly basis The CSP beneficiary is entitled to receive additional: * Rs. 200 (US$ 3.3) per month for one child * Rs. 350 (US$ 5.8) if they have two or more children of school going age

  • ConditionalitiesBeneficiaries: * Children of FSP families between the age of 5-12 years.

    Conditions:* Be registered in the primary school * Must attend at least 80% of classes * Pass the final examination.

  • Duration and Exit PolicyHouseholds will stay in the Programme as long as their children meet the conditionalities.Benefits are suspended when: * Children fail to comply with given conditions* Children have failed in final exam for three consecutive times * Beneficiaries have provided false information.

  • Evaluation of the Programme Treatment group:Families participating in the Food Support program that have children in the age group 5-12 in the treatment districts.

    Control Group:1) Current FSP beneficiaries in the control districts 2) Non beneficiaries to be selected in the treatment districts

  • Data requirementsQUANTITATIVE DATA should be collected three times:Baseline data: 2,500 households and 200 schools in the treatment and control districts before the enrollment of the beneficiaries in the new program. Assessment of 4 months into the program: get ideas of the impact of the program, the need for improvements in the design and implementation of the program.A second data collection: follow up on the same households to assess the impact of the program after the end of the school year and the enrollment in the following school year.

  • PROJECT CYCLETARGETINGENROLLMENTPAYMENTSCOMPLIANCEM&E-program performance-service provisionCASE MAGMT

  • ImplementationDesign document was approved in June 2006First version of the operational manual in August 2006Development of the MIS by modules between September 2006 and April 2007Enrollment process completed in December 2006First payment for January 2007First control of conditions for March 2007Expansion of the programme to 100,000 households for August 2007. World Bank is preparing an investment loan to support the expansion process.

  • ANALYSIS OF TARGETING MECHANISMSFOR PAKISTAN AND CCTs IN GENERAL

  • IMPORTANCE OF TARGETING Maximize : reduction in poverty increase in social welfare Targeting ensures that limited program reso