china's culture

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  • Chinese FacesTRUE or FALSE: Most Chinese people look the same/similar?What types of facial expression did you see?How did the people look to you?How were they similar and different from you?Clothing, setting, etc.

  • 1.4 billion people1.1 billion of the 1.4 billion live along the eastern 1/3 where many are farmers. Live in 23 different provinces (next map).Densely populated area.

    Image of Terraced farming in China.

  • 56 ethnic groupsLargest is the Han found mostly in the eastern 1/3 of China

  • LanguagesMandarin is the official language, but many different dialects (56), which makes communication almost impossible.

  • People in China divide themselves in the following way:Northern Chinese believe they are healthier eaters, and are taller. Usually have lighter skin color.Southern Chinese are shorter, and not as healthy, it is said they would eat anything with four legs. Usually have a darker complexion.

    The southern Chinese are closer to the equator, warmer climates, tan easier.

  • Religions: (3 major ones)Confucianism: taught people should be polite, honest, brave, and wise.

    Lao-zi is the founder of Confucianismthat is him in the next picture

    In China, the Confucian way has disappeared, but the Confucian approach to government and society retains a powerful hold on many people.

    Children were taught to obey their parents and respect their elders.

  • Daoism (Taoism): helps people to understand the energy, or power, that connects all living things.

    Yin Yang: opposite forces

    working together.

    Founded by Lao-tzu 6BCEhe is NOT believed to be just one personTaos try to lead a good life and not harm others.

    AcupunctureFeng ShuiMeditationMedicinesMartial ArtsBrings together all inner strength and energy

    YINYANGDarknessLightEarthHeavenFemaleMaleValleyMountainWest East

  • Buddhism:Founded by Buddha, he was born a prince in India around 500BCE.

    Important belief is Life, death, and rebirthWorship in monasteries and/or templesAlso many homes have a shrine.

    Monks:Wear orange robes, sandals, and shave their headsDont need much (robe, sandals, razor, needle...repair the robe)Eat simple foodsKind to all creatures

  • Culture:Arts- bronze bowls, jade jewelry, decorated silks, glazed pottery, fine porcelain, paintings, sculpture, calligraphy, & architecture.

    Paintings: SILK PAINTINGChinese paintings were based on theoryIf you were not a good calligrapher, you were not accepted as an artist.Brush work was VERY importantNature came first in a Chinese painting and humans second

  • Chinese Art on a scroll, which was unrolled and viewed in sections. You can see the calligraphy on the right which was a poem that went with the painting.Paintings of NATURE

  • Notice the red box in the upper left hand corner of the painting?

    This was a mark that was stamped onto the painting showing who owned the painting and during which dynasty. There could be multiple stamps, meaning more than one Emperor and Dynasty owned the painting.

    Now notice the Chinese calligraphy on the op of the painting

    The owner of the painting (usually the Emperor), would comment on the painting, what he liked, disliked, etc!

  • The marks on this painting tell us that it was owned by many different people/emperors, with about 7 different markings (in red). They have also commented on this painting numerous times with all of the calligraphy in and around the red stamp/markings. This writing on the artwork does not de-value it like it may in our own society.

  • A Chinese Scroll painting

  • Bronze BowlJade JewelryCalligraphyFine Porcelain

  • More than 50,000 Chinese charactersCharacters represent words or ideas rather than letters that represent sounds. Some characters resemble the word they represent.Most Chinese people memorize 4,000 5,000 of these charactersyou are considered literate if you can read 2,000-5,000 characters.

    Reading and writing Chinese is completely different from speaking ChineseChinese is very easy to learn for those visual learners.The Pinyin system was developed to Romanize Standard Mandarin Chinese. Pinyin uses the alphabet to represent sounds in Standard Mandarin (Chinese).

  • Pinyin System:Even tonemotherrising tonelike a questiondipping tonehorsedescending toneto scoldNo toneput at the end of any sentence to ask a question Hear it... Hear it...Hear it...

  • Coastal Areas:Fish, crab, and shrimp

    Central China:Spicy dishes with hot peppers

    Chinese eat simple dishes, which typically include vegetables with bits of meat, or seafood, soup, and rice or noodles.

  • Also called: Lunar New Year, Spring FestivalObserved by: Mainly East Asian civilizations.Type: Cultural, Religious (Buddhist and Taoist)Significance: The first day of the Chinese calendar (lunar calendar)2007 date: February 182008 date: February 72009 date: January 26Celebrations: Dragon dances/Lion dances, fireworks, family gathering, family meal, visiting friends and relatives (), giving red envelopes, decorating with duilian ().

  • DogPigRatOxTigerRabbitDragonSnakeHorseSheepMonkeyRooster