christian history lesson 2 the quest for order. “the whole world perished in one city” the goths...

Download Christian History Lesson 2 The Quest for Order. “the whole world perished in one city” The Goths sack Rome 410 ADThe Goths sack Rome 410 AD Balance of

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  • Slide 1
  • Christian History Lesson 2 The Quest for Order
  • Slide 2
  • the whole world perished in one city The Goths sack Rome 410 ADThe Goths sack Rome 410 AD Balance of power shifts from centralized Roman Government to Barbarian warlordsBalance of power shifts from centralized Roman Government to Barbarian warlords St Jeromes reaction contained in the preface to his commentary on EzekielSt Jeromes reaction contained in the preface to his commentary on Ezekiel Augustines reply summed up in his book City of GodAugustines reply summed up in his book City of God
  • Slide 3
  • the siege of Rome, and the falling asleep of many of my brethren and sisters. I was so stupefied and dismayed that day and night I could think of nothing but the welfare of the community full of anxiety, I was wavering between hope and despair... But when the bright light of all the world was put out, or, rather, when the Roman Empire was decapitated, and, to speak more correctly, the whole world perished in one city. St. Jerome ca 410-414
  • Slide 4
  • City of God Written in response to accusations by pagan Romans that the failure to worship the old gods had brought ruin to the Empire (413-426 AD) Rome had stood for 1100 yearsWritten in response to accusations by pagan Romans that the failure to worship the old gods had brought ruin to the Empire (413-426 AD) Rome had stood for 1100 years Points out that pagans sought refuge in Christian Churchs (Aleric was an Arian Christian)Points out that pagans sought refuge in Christian Churchs (Aleric was an Arian Christian) Exhorted Christians to look towards Gods Kingdom rather than Earthly KingdomsExhorted Christians to look towards Gods Kingdom rather than Earthly Kingdoms Augustin looked forward to a new civilization built on the foundations of ChristianityAugustin looked forward to a new civilization built on the foundations of Christianity
  • Slide 5
  • Accordingly, two cities have been formed by two loves: the earthly by the love of self, even to the contempt of God; the heavenly by the love of God, even to the contempt of self. The former, in a word, glories in itself, the latter in the Lord. For the one seeks glory from men; but the greatest glory of the other is God, the witness of conscience. The one lifts up its head in its own glory; the other says to its God, "Thou art my glory, and the lifter up of mine head."
  • Slide 6
  • The Dark Ages Period of time between Augustines death to Martin Luthers birth 430AD-1483ADPeriod of time between Augustines death to Martin Luthers birth 430AD-1483AD Early Middle Ages, (590-1073) the missionary period. Conversion of the barbarians, dawn of a new civilization, the Great Schism, foundation of the Holy Roman Empire.Early Middle Ages, (590-1073) the missionary period. Conversion of the barbarians, dawn of a new civilization, the Great Schism, foundation of the Holy Roman Empire. High Middle Ages, (1073-1294) rule of the papal theocracy, the Crusades, Monasticism, and Scholasticism.High Middle Ages, (1073-1294) rule of the papal theocracy, the Crusades, Monasticism, and Scholasticism. Late Middle Ages, (1294-1517) decline of medieval Catholicism, papal exiles and schisms, decline of scholasticism, growth of mysticism, dawn of ReformationLate Middle Ages, (1294-1517) decline of medieval Catholicism, papal exiles and schisms, decline of scholasticism, growth of mysticism, dawn of Reformation
  • Slide 7
  • Vandals
  • Slide 8
  • VandalsBurgundians
  • Slide 9
  • VandalsBurgundiansLombards
  • Slide 10
  • VandalsBurgundiansLombardsFranks
  • Slide 11
  • VandalsBurgundiansLombardsFranksMoors
  • Slide 12
  • The Battle of Tours 732 AD Charles Martel the Hammer (Charlemagnes Grandfather) broke off his campaign against the Saxons to meet the Muslim invaders after an appeal from Odo Duke of AquitaineCharles Martel the Hammer (Charlemagnes Grandfather) broke off his campaign against the Saxons to meet the Muslim invaders after an appeal from Odo Duke of Aquitaine Charles picks his battlefield on a rise with woods to his back and sides.Charles picks his battlefield on a rise with woods to his back and sides. The Muslim line broke when Frankish scouts began raiding their baggage trainThe Muslim line broke when Frankish scouts began raiding their baggage train Charles followed up this victory with incursions into SpainCharles followed up this victory with incursions into Spain The Caliphate fell into civil strife afterwardThe Caliphate fell into civil strife afterward
  • Slide 13
  • Slide 14
  • St. Bernard of Clairvaux 1090-1153 A Cistercian or White monkA Cistercian or White monk preached Christ most excellentlypreached Christ most excellently Instrumental in gathering support for the Second Crusade (1145)Instrumental in gathering support for the Second Crusade (1145) Helped write the Rule for the Knights TemplarHelped write the Rule for the Knights Templar Preached against the Cathars (a Gnostic heresy)Preached against the Cathars (a Gnostic heresy) Suppressed an early reformation movement, the Henricans.Suppressed an early reformation movement, the Henricans.
  • Slide 15
  • Ulm Munster Construction began 1377 and continued off and on until 1890Construction began 1377 and continued off and on until 1890 The entire community donated to its construction, including all the women of the city who gave all their jewelry.The entire community donated to its construction, including all the women of the city who gave all their jewelry. Now a Lutheran Church it is also the tallest in the worldNow a Lutheran Church it is also the tallest in the world
  • Slide 16
  • Cathedrale Notre-Dame de Chartres Construction began in 1145 in a wave of enthusiasm called the cult of the cartsConstruction began in 1145 in a wave of enthusiasm called the cult of the carts Cathedrals were a form of religious expression, praise and devotionCathedrals were a form of religious expression, praise and devotion
  • Slide 17
  • Thomas Aquinas 1220-1274 Born a noble birth, was a Dominican monk and a Doctor of the ChurchBorn a noble birth, was a Dominican monk and a Doctor of the Church Wrote philosophical and exegetical commentariesWrote philosophical and exegetical commentaries One of three great theological minds, along with Augustine and CalvinOne of three great theological minds, along with Augustine and Calvin
  • Slide 18
  • St Anselm 1033-1109 Born in Burgundy, became a Benedictine monk at Le BecBorn in Burgundy, became a Benedictine monk at Le Bec Archbishop of Canterbury under William II King of England (1093)Archbishop of Canterbury under William II King of England (1093) Writings offered a logical and philosophical approach to theologyWritings offered a logical and philosophical approach to theology he who does not believe, has not felt, and he who has not felt, does not understandhe who does not believe, has not felt, and he who has not felt, does not understand Redefined the theology of the atonementRedefined the theology of the atonement
  • Slide 19
  • The Monastic Orders Two distinct types, contrasted by the way they ministered the GospelTwo distinct types, contrasted by the way they ministered the Gospel Stabilitas Benedictine and other minor ordersStabilitas Benedictine and other minor orders Mobilitas Franciscan and Dominican ordersMobilitas Franciscan and Dominican orders
  • Slide 20
  • Benedictine Order Founded in the sixth centuryFounded in the sixth century Self sufficientSelf sufficient Basic motto pray and workBasic motto pray and work Several reform movements, i.e. CisterciansSeveral reform movements, i.e. Cistercians
  • Slide 21
  • St Francis of Assisi 1182-1226 Born to a wealthy family, master of revelsBorn to a wealthy family, master of revels Visited Rome in 1208, exchanged his fine clothes for those of a beggarVisited Rome in 1208, exchanged his fine clothes for those of a beggar Beginning of the mendicant order, beggarBeginning of the mendicant order, beggar Possession of property forbidden, lived off of donations from followers, example from apostlesPossession of property forbidden, lived off of donations from followers, example from apostles
  • Slide 22
  • Reform on the Horizon Three major forces governing the Catholic faithThree major forces governing the Catholic faith Priesthood, the Empire, and the UniversityPriesthood, the Empire, and the University The University became the instrument of reformThe University became the instrument of reform Early reformers John Huss, University of Prague and Wycliffe, Oxford UniversityEarly reformers John Huss, University of Prague and Wycliffe, Oxford University
  • Slide 23
  • John Wycliffe 1320-1384 The Morning Star of the ReformationThe Morning Star of the Reformation Best known for his translation of the Bible into the English language. (based on the Vulgate)Best known for his translation of the Bible into the English language. (based on the Vulgate) Sent itinerate preachers to preach in the open airSent itinerate preachers to preach in the open air Lollard movement and peasant revolt arose from his ministryLollard movement and peasant revolt arose from his ministry His remains were exhumed, burned and scattered as ordered at the Council of Constance 1415His remains were exhumed, burned and scattered as ordered at the Council of Constance 1415
  • Slide 24