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    Christian

    Thumbnails A Survey of the Core Beliefs of Christianity

    Dr Joseph Mizzi

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    CHRISTIAN THUMBNAILS

    A Survey of the Core Beliefs of Christianity

    Copyright © Dr Joseph Mizzi, 2008 - 2015.

    Permission is granted to share copies of this e-book.

    References. Unless otherwise indicated, Scripture quotations are

    taken from the New King James Version. Copyright © 1982 by

    Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

    Acknowledgements. Thanks to Pastor Paul Mizzi for the

    translation of part of this work from the original in Maltese, ‘Il-

    Fidi Evanġelika’. I would also like to thank Pastor D. Scott

    Meadows for proof-reading the manuscript and his helpful

    suggestions.

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    Dedication

    To my parents,

    who taught me the fear of the Lord

    from a very young age.

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    Abbreviations

    Col Colossians

    Cor Corinthians

    Dan Daniel

    Deut Deuteronomy

    Ecc Ecclesiastes

    Eph Ephesians

    Ex Exodus

    Ezek Ezekiel

    Gal Galatians

    Gen Genesis

    Heb Hebrews

    Isa Isaiah

    Jer Jeremiah

    Lev Leviticus

    Matt Matthew

    Num Numbers

    Pet Peter

    Phil Philippians

    Prov Proverbs

    Ps Psalms

    Rev Revelation

    Rom Romans

    Sam Samuel

    Thess Thessalonians

    Tim Timothy

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    Contents

    Click on chapter title

    Preface

    1. God is Speaking

    2. The Rule of Faith

    3. Names and Attributes of God

    4. The Holy Trinity

    5. Plan and Providence of God

    6. Our Creation

    7. Our Fall

    8. Our Redemption

    9. Jesus, Our Redeemer

    10. Jesus’ Work of Redemption

    11. The Holy Spirit

    12. Law and Gospel

    13. Regeneration

    14. Conversion

    15. Justification

    16. Holiness

    17. Perseverance

    18. The Church

    19. Ordinances

    20. The King is Coming

    21. Judgment, Heaven and Hell

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    Preface

    The Christian faith is God’s life-giving message to his people.

    Over the centuries Christians have cherished the precious

    heritage of God’s Word recorded in the Holy Scriptures. The

    same gospel is as powerful today as it ever was before to give us

    freedom and eternal life.

    The aim of the Christian faith is the experiential and intimate

    fellowship with God. ‘Oh, taste and see that the LORD is good;

    blessed is the man who trusts in Him!’ (Ps 34:8). Without God, life

    is death, plenty is poverty, and happiness is but an illusion. Only

    when we walk with God can we truly enjoy life, endure trials

    patiently and look forward in confident hope of everlasting

    blessedness in his presence.

    While the Christian faith includes an intellectual understanding of

    certain truths about God and human redemption, it goes well

    beyond academics. It brings us to a personal love relationship

    with God through the mediation of Jesus Christ. ‘This is eternal

    life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ

    whom You have sent’ (John 17:3).

    The study of biblical doctrine, rightly undertaken, should humble

    us and implant a deep sense of adoration. When Moses caught

    sight of the burning bush, he thought in himself: ‘I will now turn

    aside and see this great sight, why the bush does not burn.’ God

    stopped him short in his tracks. ‘Do not draw near this place.

    Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is

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    holy ground’ (Ex 3:3, 5). God is not simply a curious vision.

    Wherever God’s glory is manifested, it is holy ground.

    Thus we cannot turn our thoughts towards God with a haughty

    attitude; he is not a phenomenon or a philosophical concept. Our

    approach must be guarded by reverence and awe. The fear of

    God is the beginning of wisdom. It would be a crippled theology

    if it doesn’t drive us to our knees, confessing as John did, ‘When I

    saw Him, I fell at His feet as dead’ (Rev 1:17).

    I pray that you will greatly benefit from this concise explanation

    of the main doctrines of the Christian faith - to strengthen your

    confidence in the Bible; to better know God and yourself; to

    experience God's salvation in Christ Jesus; and to glorify God and

    enjoy him more than you ever did before.

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    1

    God is Speaking

    By ourselves we can never come to a true knowledge of God.

    Throughout history and in different cultures, people have

    fashioned a host of gods and diverse religions. Left to our own

    resources we are helpless and hopelessly lost; we cannot find the

    true and living God. ‘The world through wisdom did not know

    God’ (1 Cor 1:21). We can only know God because he was

    pleased to show himself to us.

    God manifested himself in a general way by the works of his

    hand, that is, the created universe. Thus nobody has a valid

    excuse; nobody may rightly claim that he didn’t know about God

    (Rom 1:19). Furthermore, it pleased God to reveal himself to us in

    a special and personal way. God has spoken and he still speaks to

    us today through his Word, the Holy Bible.

    We will look at the three steps involved in the communication

    process: revelation, inspiration and illumination.

    Revelation

    The activity of God by which he has made himself and his

    message known is called ‘revelation’.

    God intervened in the course of history to reveal himself and his

    will. He spoke directly to Adam, destroyed the ancient world by

    the flood in Noah’s time, called Abraham and promised to bless

    the world through his descendant, redeemed the people of Israel

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    from Egypt, gave them the Law by Moses, established them as a

    nation, deported the Jews to Babylon for their idolatry, restored

    them to their land, and repeatedly promised to send the Messiah.

    During this long period God spoke to Israel through his prophets.

    Moses, Isaiah and the others prophets addressed the people in

    God’s name: ‘Thus says the Lord!’ The apostle Peter comments,

    ‘Prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God

    spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit’ (2 Pet 1:21). The

    miracles they performed testified to the fact that the prophets

    really were God’s mouthpieces in this world.

    God’s revelation reached its pinnacle in the incarnation of his

    Son, Jesus Christ. God ‘has in these last days spoken to us by His

    Son’ (Heb 1:2). Christ is the Word of God, God’s perfect image,

    and the Truth! The apostles were appointed to explain and set

    down the significance of the person and work of Jesus Christ,

    especially his death and resurrection, and to lay down the

    doctrinal foundation of the Christian faith. God confirmed their

    authority by various miracles and gifts of the Holy Spirit.

    God’s revelation has reached its full extent; it is complete and

    perfect. Christians are exhorted to contend, that is, to strive and

    struggle for the Faith which has been given once for all (Jude 1:3).

    We are called to cherish and defend the original Faith and guard

    against the additions of so-called new ‘revelations’ and human

    traditions.

    Inspiration

    We are living long centuries after the prophets, Jesus and his

    apostles. How then may we come to know what they taught so

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    long ago? It pleased God to record his Word for us in the

    Scripture (scripture means something written). Moses and Paul

    are gone, yet their doctrine is still accessible in their writings.

    Similarly, though Jesus ascended back into heaven, we can still

    learn what he said and did in the four gospel accounts.

    The Bible is not merely a collection of human writings. The Bible

    has a dual authorship, human and divine. Holy people like Moses,

    Isaiah, Luke and Matthew wrote the books that make up the

    Bible. At the same time the Bible was written by God, because the

    Holy Spirit guided the human authors, without violating their

    personalities or literary styles, to write exactly what he wanted.

    This activity of God’s Spirit upon the human authors that enabled

    them to write God’s Word is called ‘inspiration’.

    ‘All Scripture is given by inspiration of God’ (2 Tim 3:16). The

    phrase ‘inspiration of God’ is a translation of a single word which

    literally means ‘God-breathed’. The written words of the Bible are

    ‘God-breathed’ – the words that came out of his mouth. The Bible

    is truly the Word of God!

    Since the Bible is the Word of the all-knowing and faithful God,

    we can have full confidence in the Bible’s inerrancy (it is free from

    any mistakes) and infallibility (it cannot lead us astray or deceive

    us). Moreov