cinematography 09

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    Photography

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    The Shots

    Extreme Long Shot

    Characters are small in frame

    All or major parts of buildingsappear

    Use: establishes physical

    context of action, shows

    landscape and architectural

    exteriors

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    The Shots

    Long Shot

    All or nearly all of the standing

    person Large parts of a building

    Use: Shows a large scale

    action, whole groups of

    people, displays large

    architectural details

    Eyes Wide Shut

    A Summer Tale

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    The Shots

    Full Shot

    Contains the human body in

    full Head near the top of the frame

    and feet at the bottom

    Saturday Night Fever

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    The Shots

    Medium Shot

    Character shown from waist up

    Medium-sized architecturaldetails

    Use - Small groups such as

    two or three people

    12 Angry Men

    Far from Heaven

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    The Shots

    Two Shot/Medium

    Long

    Character shown from waist up Medium-sized architectural

    details

    Use - Small groups such as

    two or three people

    Eyes Wide Shut

    Almost Famous

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    The Shots

    Over the Shoulder Shot

    The Godfather

    Citizen Kane

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    The Shots

    Three Shot

    Beyond three people is

    usually a Full Shot

    Born Yesterday

    Bringing Up Baby

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    The Shots

    Close-up

    Head and neck of character;

    objects: fills frame Use - focus on one character;

    facial expression very

    important

    X-Men

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    The Shots

    Medium Close Up

    Chest up: fills frame

    Use - focus on two characters;facial expression very

    important

    Eyes Wide Shut

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    The Shots

    Extreme Close-up

    The frame filled with just part

    of a character or very smallobjects

    Use - facial features in a

    character or small objects

    The Color of Paradise

    Citizen Kane

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    The Shots

    Deep Focus/ Wide-

    angle Shot

    Objects at close, mediumand long ranges are in

    focus

    Use a wide-angle lens

    Citizen Kane

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    The Shots

    Deep Focus/

    Wide-angle Shot

    Objects at close,medium and long

    ranges are in focus

    Use a wide-angle lens

    Schindlers List

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    The Angles

    Birds-eye View

    High Angle

    Eye-level

    Low Angle

    Oblique

    Bringing Up Baby

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    The Angles

    Where the camera is placed

    Realist vs. Formalist

    Realism Eye-level Formalism calling attention to the

    camera

    A Summer Tale

    Seconds

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    The Angles

    Birds-eye View

    Subject may seem

    unrecognizable and/or abstract

    People are insignificant

    Gold Diggers of 1933

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    The Angles

    High Angle

    General overview

    Reduce height of objects

    Motion is slowed seems

    tedious

    Includes ground (setting is

    thus important)

    Reduces importance of subject people are harmless,

    powerless or trapped

    Citizen Kane

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    The Angles

    High Angle

    General overview

    Reduce height of

    objects Motion is slowed

    seems tedious

    Includes ground (settingis thus important)

    Reduces importance ofsubject people areharmless, powerless ortrapped

    Lady from Shanghai

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    The Angles

    Low Angle

    Increase height of objects

    Motion is speeded upconnotes confusion

    Includes sky or ceiling (setting

    is minimized)

    Heightens importance of

    subject spectator feelsdominated

    Seconds

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    The Angles

    Low Angle

    Increase height of objects

    Motion is speeded upconnotes confusion

    Includes sky or ceiling (setting

    is minimized)

    Heightens importance of

    subject spectator feelsdominated

    Cape Fear

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    The Angles

    Low Angle

    Increase height of objects

    Motion is speeded upconnotes confusion

    Includes sky or ceiling (setting

    is minimized)

    Heightens importance of

    subject spectator feelsdominated

    Out of the Past

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    The Angles

    Oblique Angle

    Lateral tilt

    Horizon skewed Suggest tension, instability,

    impending movement

    Not the most common as their

    usage is so specific

    The Third Man

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    The Angles

    Oblique Angle

    Lateral tilt

    Horizon skewed Suggest tension, instability,

    impending movement

    Not the most common as their

    usage is so specific

    The Third Man

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    Light & Dark

    Three Point

    Lighting

    High Key

    Low Key

    Contrast

    All are relatedto genre

    Full Metal Jacket

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    Light & Dark

    Three Point Lighting

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    Light & Dark

    Three Point Lighting

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    Light & Dark

    High Key

    Bright, few shadows

    Comedies, musicals

    Singin in the Rain

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    Light & Dark

    High Key

    Bright, few shadows

    Comedies, musicals

    Happy Gilmore

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    Light & Dark

    Low Key

    Diffused shadows,

    pools of light

    Mysteries, thrillers,

    gangster

    The Big Combo

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    Light & Dark

    Low Key

    Diffused shadows,

    pools of light

    Mysteries, thrillers,

    gangster

    Apocalypse Now

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    Light & Dark

    Contrast

    High Contrast

    A lot of differencebetween dark and light

    w/little in-between

    Dramatic streaks & pools

    of light

    Citizen Kane

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    Light & Dark

    Citizen Kane

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    Light & Dark

    Mulholland Drive

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    Light & Dark

    Red Eye

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    Light & Dark

    Dark = evil,

    unknown, fear

    Light = security,

    virtue, truth, joy Related to genre

    Reverse

    expectations

    American Psycho

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    Light & Dark

    Dark = evil,

    unknown, fear

    Light = security,

    virtue, truth, joy Related to genre

    Reverse

    expectations

    American Psycho

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    Color

    The Godfather

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    Color

    Hand tinting & tinted stock

    (1900)

    1936 First 3 strip Technicolor

    Not perfected for realism until

    the 1950s Subconscious element

    Emotional response moods,

    symbolism

    Warm vs. Cool colors

    Saturated vs. Desaturated

    Becky Sharp

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    Color

    Moulin Rouge

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    Color

    Saving Private Ryan

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    Color

    Martin Scorceses Taxi Driver(1976)

    Martin Scorceses Raging Bull(1980)

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Camera is crude next to the

    eye

    Depth of Field

    Lenses focal length

    Filters Focus

    Fast and Slow Film Stock

    The Godfather, Part II

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Depth of Field

    The extent of

    the space that

    is in focus

    Mulholland Drive

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks Shallow Depth of Field

    Low light

    Long lens

    The Asphalt Jungle

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    Lenses, Filters & StocksGreater Depth of Field

    Sergeant York

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Telephoto Lens

    Long lens

    Can be various lengths Compresses depth

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Payback

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Payback

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Wide Angle

    Short lengthWide angle of viewGreater depth of field

    Can distort

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Filters

    Cosmetic purpose

    Change lightChange color

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Filters

    Cosmetic purpose

    Change lightChange color

    The Postman Always Rings Twice

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Filters

    Cosmetic purpose

    Change lightChange color

    Star Filter

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    The West Wing Filter

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Focus

    Rack Focus

    Selective Focus

    The Graduate

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Focus

    Rack Focus

    Selective Focus

    Jaws

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Stocks

    Fast more

    sensitive to

    light

    More grain -

    fuzzy

    Colors may

    wash out

    Barry Lyndon

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Stocks

    Slow need up

    to ten times as

    much light as

    fast stock

    Captures color

    precisely

    Less grain

    The Godfather

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    Lenses, Filters & Stocks

    Stocks

    Fast needs

    less light

    More grain

    Children of Men

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    The Third Man

    1949 Director - Carol Reed

    Cinematographer - Robert Krasker (Wonthe Oscar)

    Written By Graham Greene

    Actually filmed in bombed-out post WWII

    Vienna Some of the sewer is real, some

    constructed in England

    Anton Karas improvised the score whilewatching a cut of the film

    Collaboration Between Brit Alexander

    Korda and American David O. Selznickbut they never worked together againbecause they hated each other

    Orson Welles did not direct himself butdid improvise some dialogue

    Stars Orson Welles Joseph Cotton