city development plan of bhubaneswar
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CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF BHUBANESWAR
Presented By: CHANDAN MISHRA MBA(IFM) Reg. No.-580210015
Contentsy Introduction y City Profile & Economy y JNNURM y Urban Planning y Urban Infrastructure Status y Urban Infrastructure Development y Conclusion
Introduction:y Urbanization in India and Urban areas in India can be termed
as the prime movers of the economic growth. y The time series data from India states also show positive correlation between urbanization and growth in economic activity as measured through the state domestic product (SDP). y As per the urbanization trends of 2001 census, Odisha state is the 24th most urbanized and 5th least urbanized state in India with about 14.97 percent of urban population. y The literacy rate is about 51 percent, which is low compared to the national average of 66 percent.
y The states urban population of 5,517,238 (as per 2001
census) is spread across 138 towns/cities in the state. The urban sector of the state comprises 103 urban local bodies (ULBs) comprising there municipal corporations and 101 municipalities. y The Government of India (GoI) has launched in the last fiscal year, the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) to upgrade the cities through a set of identified objectives and to ensure compatibility with the nations socio economic objectives and growing role in the world economy.
y The Government of Odisha (GoO) and the USAID have
agreed to pursue a multi-track program of technical assistance to improve delivery and management of urban services and enhance financial management, delivery of services and sustainability of the ULBs in Odisha. y Preparation of the City Development Plan (CDP) is a prerequisite for accessing funds from the JNNURM.
City Profile & Economyy Bhubaneswar is the capital of the state of Odisha, located along the
y y y
Chennai-Kolkata National Highway (NH-5). It forms the apex the Golden triangle with Konark and Puri as the other two points. The modern city of Bhubaneswar came into existence in 1948 as the new capital of Odisha, designed by the German Architect Dr. Otto H. Koeingsberger. City: Bhubaneswar, District: Khordha, Area: 135 sq. km (Municipal Area) & 233 sq. km (Development Area) Census Population: 648,032 (Year 2001) Connectivity: Air (Modern Airport with Flight to Major cities), Road (Intra & Inter State Connectivity), Railway (Bhubaneswar Railhead lies on Chennai Kolkata Railway Line)
y City Administrator: Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation y The City has been functioning as an administrative capital
with sustained growth in tertiary economic activities . y Major Economic activities of the city are trade and commerce, tourism related activities and industrial activities. y The City had better workers participation rate (33.0) percent than that of Urban Odisha.
JNNURMy JNNURM Stands for Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban
Renewal Mission. y JNNURM is a Government of India initiative aiming at encouraging reforms and fast track planned development of identified cities. y Focus is on efficiency in urban infrastructure and service delivery mechanisms, community participation and accountability of ULBs/Government agencies towards citizens. y Total support from GOI is Rs. 50,000 cr. with matching contribution by cities/states over next six years (2006-12).
The objectives of the JNNURMy Focused attention to integrated development of y y
infrastructure services in cities covered under the Mission. Ensuring adequate funds to meet the deficiencies in urban infrastructural services. Planned development of identified cities including peri-urban areas, outgrowths and urban corridors leading to dispersed urbanization. Special focus on urban renewal programme for the old city areas to reduce congestion. Provision of basic services to the urban poor at affordable prices, improved housing, water supply and sanitation.
Sectors and projects eligible for JNNURM assistancey Water supply (including desalination plants) and sanitation. y Sewerage and solid waste management. y Construction and improvement of drains and storm water drains. y Urban transportation including roads, highways, expressways and
MRTS. y Urban renewal redevelopment of inner (old) city areas including widening of narrow streets, shifting of industrial and commercial establishments from non-conforming (inner city) areas to conforming (outer city) areas to reduce congestion, replacement of old and worn out pipes by new and higher capacity ones, renewal of the sewerage, drainage, and solid waste disposal system etc.
Urban Planningy The Temple town of Bhubaneswar presents a mixed land use
pattern with an assemble of residential, industrial, commercial and institutional uses in a single locality. y The Open Spaces are vacant and very often in accessible that could have been planned for landscaping. y Inadequate Road system results in traffic congestion in almost all roads and inadequate parking space for vehicles also adds a problem. y Due to lack of drainage and sewerage system the water get polluted with inflow of sewage and waste water.
Urban Infrastructure Statusy Sectors Covered Under Urban Infrastructure : y Water Supply y Underground Sewerage including sanitation y Storm water drains y Roads, Traffic and Transportation y Street Lighting y Raw Water Transmission and Water Treatment
Methodology Adopted for situation Analysisy Primary Discussion Held with Principal Stake Holders. y Review of available information provided by the departments
involved in O & M of the system. y Internal Analysis of system parameters. y Modification of the parameters based on feedback and comments from the stake holders. y Identification of Issues and subsequent system development and augmentation.
Urban Infrastructure Developmenty This pertains to the proposed development initiatives and
y y y y
specific improvements recommended to upgrade the existing system of urban infrastructure. Innovations both at the policy and project levels to speed up the urban reform process. Institutional Strengthening and financial capacity building . Areas of reform include property tax, resource mobilization and revenue enhancement. Reforms to have in built mechanism of participation and commitment.
Conclusiony To implement CDP the framework has been addressed under y y y y
project formulation and project management. Formation of a Project Formulation & Design Coordination Committee. Development , periodic updation and maintenance of a central design database. Appointment of Project Management Consultant (PMC). The City Development Plan for Bhubaneswar needs a comprehensive consultative process involving a board set of stake holders, government, non government organizations ,citizen forums, institutions etc.
y The priority actions are for Urban Economic Development y Urban Infrastructure and Environment Improvement y Urban Poor and Slum Upgrading .