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CivicEngagementIII.EverydayHeroes

RichardA.Gershon,Ph.D.FreedomofExpression,Com.3070

WesternMichiganUniversity

CivicEngagementcanbedefinedasindividualandgroupactionsdesignedtoidentifyandaddressissuesofpublicconcern.Itisthefundamentaldecisiontomakeadifferenceintheworldthroughsomeactionoreffortonyourpart.Civicengagementcanmeannotonlyasetofactionsandefforts,butafeelingofbelonging,anexperienceofinvestmentandownershipinthelocal,regional,national,and/orinternationalpoliticalcommunitiestowhichacitizenbelongs.AccordingtotheNewYorkTimes,

Civicengagementmeansworkingtomakeadifferenceintheciviclifeofourcommunitiesanddevelopingthecombinationofknowledge,skills,valuesandmotivationtomakethatdifference.

CivicEngagementcont.

Improvingthevotingandelectoralprocess Registeringpeopletovote

Makingadifferenceinonescommunity Servingonthelocalcitycommission;school

board,publiclibraryetc.

Themilitarydefenseofonecountry Volunteeringtoserveinthearmedforces,Army,Navy,AirForce,Marines,etc.

Helpingtoimprovelivingconditionsforpoorandatriskadultsandchildren

Becomingacommunityorganizer;joiningthePeaceCorp.,workingforlocalvolunteerorganization

Helpingtoadvanceyouthsports Volunteeringasabaseballorsoccercoachforlocalcommunityyouth.

Beingexcellentatyourownprofessionaldevelopmentandthengivingsomeofitbacktothecommunity

professionalattorney,doingfreelegalcounseling;trainedcivilengineer,workingwithlocalenvironmentalcauses.

Civic Engagement Application

Aheroissomeonewhounderstandstheresponsibilitythatcomeswithhisfreedom

BobDylan

FDNY:September11,2001TheSeptember11,2001attacks wereaseriesofcoordinatedsuicideattacksbyAlQaedaupontheU.S.Onthatmorning,19AlQaedaterroristshijackedfourcommercialpassengerjetairliners.ThehijackersintentionallycrashedtwooftheairlinersintotheTwinTowersoftheWorldTradeCenterinNewYorkkillingeveryoneonboardandmanyothersworkinginthebuildings.Bothbuildingscollapsedwithintwohours,destroyingnearbybuildingsanddamagingothers.Inall,2,993people,includingthehijackers,diedintheattacks.

SeveraloftheunsungheroesofthatdaywastheNewYorkCityFireandpolicesdepartmentsthatwerecalledintorescuetrappedciviliansinthebuildingaswellastoextinguishflamesandburningrubble.FirefightersfromtheFDNYrushedtotheWorldTradeCenterminutesafterthefirstplanestruckthenorthtower.ThefirstresponsebytheFDNYwasonrescueandevacuationofbuildingoccupants,whichinvolvedsendingfirefightersuptoassistpeoplethatweretrappedinelevatorsandhigherlevelfloors.

Firefighterswererequiredtoensureallfloorswerecompletelyevacuated.Buthowdoyoumounteightyflightsofstairswhentheelevatorsarenolongerworking?Onceinside,andontheupperfloors,faultyradiocommunicationmadeitimpossibleforvariousfirechiefsandsupervisorstokeeptrackofthewhereaboutsoftheirunits.Asaresult,firefighterswereunabletoreporttocommandersontheirprogress,andwereunabletohearevacuationorders.WhentheSouthTowercollapsedat9:59a.m.,firefightersintheNorthTowerwerenotawareofexactlywhathadhappened.ThebattalionchiefintheNorthTowerlobbyimmediatelyissuedanorderovertheradioforfirefightersinthetowertoevacuate,butmanydidnotheartheorder,duetothefaultyradios.

Inall,343firefightersdiedinthecollapseofthetowers.Theflagwashoistedshortlyafter5PMasatributetotheeventsof9/11.Theflagcamefroma130footyachtnamedStarofAmericathatwasdockedintheyachtbasinintheHudsonRiverattheWorldFinancialCenter.OneofthefirefighterscuttheyardarmoffoftheyachtwithaKSawandthentooktheflaganditspolefromtheboattoanevacuationareaonthenorthwestsideofgroundzerosite.Theyfoundapoleabout20feetofftheground.

Successistheprogressiverealizationofaworthyideal.EarlNightingale

The1999Women'sWorldCupSoccerFinal

Itwasthe1999Women'sWorldCupsoccerfinalinPasadena,California.ThetwoopposingteamswastheU.S.andChina.TheU.S.womenssoccerteamhadgonefromnearobscuritytoanationalconversationpieceinjustthreeweeks.Withanestimated40millionU.S.viewers,theWorldCupfinalwasthemostwatchedsoccermatch inthehistoryofU.S.networktelevision.Theturnoutof90,185attendeesattheRoseBowlwasthelargesteverataU.S.women'ssportingevent.

BrandiChastainItwasthewaningmomentsofthe1999Women'sWorldCupfinalandthegamewasheadingintothepenaltykickphase.Previously,UScoachTonyDiCiccoTonyDiCiccoaskedassistantLaurenGreggtowritedowntheplayerswhocouldconverttheirshotswithapenaltykickshootoutinapossibleovertimeshootoutsituationOnlyfiveplayerswouldbeguaranteedachance,anddefenderBrandiChastainwasnotamongthechoices.UntilfourmonthsagoChastainhadbeenamongDiCicco'stoppickstotakeapenaltykick.Butthenshehurtherrightfootina21exhibitionlosstoChina.Chastainwassixthontheassistant'slist,areservetobeusedonlyiftheU.S.andChinawerestilltiedafterfiverounds.

DiCicco'alsoknewthatpenaltykicks,likefreethrows,havealmostnothingtodowithphysicalskills.Ingeneral,placingaballinthecornerofanet12yardsawayisnotthatcomplicatedatask.ButasamethodofdecidingaWorldCupfinal,penaltykicksareoneofsports'mostexactingassignmentsrequiringZenlikeconcentration.AsDiCiccowouldsaylater,

"Brandialwayswantstotakepenaltykicks.Notmanyplayersdo."

Afterabriefdiscussion,Chastainwantedtotakethekick butwouldbeforcedtouseherleftfoot.Tenminuteslater,Chastaintooktheshotthatbrokea44tieandgavetheU.S.theWorldCuptitle.ShesentalasershotpastChinesegoalkeeperGaoHong.Withoneswiftkick,ChastainmadetheU.S.Womenssoccerteamahouseholdname.Herjoyouscelebrationhasbecomeoneofthegreaticonicimagesinwomenssportshistory.

Courageisbeingscaredtodeath butsaddlingupanyway.

JohnWayne

Apollo11SpaceMissiontotheMoon

TheApollo11 missionwasthefirstmannedmissiontolandonthemoonandthe5thhumanspaceflightofProjectApollo.LaunchedonJuly16,1969,itcarriedMissionCommanderNeilArmstrong,CommandModulePilotMichaelCollins,andLunarModulePilotBuzzAldrin.OnJuly20,ArmstrongandAldrinbecamethefirsthumanstolandontheMoon,whileCollinsorbitedabove.ThemissionfulfilledPresidentJohnF.Kennedysgoalofreachingthemoonbytheendofthe1960s.

TheEagleHasLanded

OnJuly20,1969thelunarmodule(LM)EagleseparatedfromthecommandmoduleColumbia.Collins,aloneaboardColumbia.Asthedescentbegan,ArmstrongandAldrinfoundthattheywerepassinglandmarksonthesurface4secondsearlyandreportedthattheywere"long":theywouldlandmileswestoftheirtargetpoint.Thedescentwaschallenging.Apollo11 landedwithlessfuelthanothermissions.ThroughoutthedescentAldrincalledoutnavigationdatatoArmstrong,whowasbusypilotingtheLM.Aftertouchingdown,Armstrongrelayedhisnowfamouswords,"Enginearmisoff.Houston,Tranquilitybasehere.TheEagle haslanded."

OnMondayJuly21(10:39pmEDT,SundayJuly20),1969,Armstrongopenedthehatch,andbeganhisdescentontotheMoon'ssurface.Climbingdowntheninerungladder,ArmstrongpulledaDringtodeploytheModularEquipmentStowageAssembly(MESA)foldedagainstEagle'ssidetoactivatetheTVcamera.Despitesometechnicalandweatherdifficulties,ghostlyblackandwhiteimagesofthefirstlunarEVAwerereceivedandbroadcasttoatleast600millionpeopleonEarth.Afterdescribingthesurfacedust("fineandalmostlikeapowder"),Armstrongsteppedontothesurfaceofthemoonandintohistoryasthefirsthumantosetfootonanotherworld.Hethenutteredhisfamousline:

"That'sonesmallstepfor[a]man,onegiantleapformankind"

Aldrin later descending on to the moon surface

Buzz Aldrin's "Visor"

FreedomWritersSometimes,civicengagementisonepersonwithacommitmentandacleverideatoimproveanotherwisedifficultsituation.ConsiderErinGruwell,whobeganherstudentteachingin1994atWoodrowWilsonHSinLongBeach,CA.Asastudentteacher,shewasassignedthelowestperformingstudentsintheschool.Afewmonthsintotheschoolyear,oneofherstudentspassedanotemockingoneofhisAfricanAmericanclassmateswhopossessedlargelips.Infuriated,GruwelltoldtheclassthatthatwasthetypeofcaricaturethattheNazishadusedduringtheHolocaust.WhenonlyoneofthestudentsknewwhattheHolocaustwas,Gruwellchangedthethemeofhercurriculumtotolerance.GruwelltookthestudentstoseeSchinldersList,boughtnewbooksoutofherownpocketandinvitedguestspeakers.

FreedomWritersThenextyear,GruwellreturnedtoWilsonH.S.asafulltimeinstructor.Shewasgivenaclassoffreshmenwhowereseriousunderperformerswithareputationforactingout.Gruwell,perseveredandreachedherstudentsbyaskingthemtokeepjournals,Writingjournalsbecameasolaceformanyofthem.Andbecausethejournalsweresharedanonymously,kidswhooncerefusedtospeaktosomeoneoutsidetheirimmediateraceorethnicity becamelikefamily.Grwellalsohadthestudentsreadbookswrittenbyandaboutotherstudentsintimesofwar.ShemadetheconnectionbetweenShakespeare'sRomeo&Juliettoagangwar(i.e.,WestSideStory).Intime,thestudents,whoschooladministratorshadthoughtwerenotintelligentenoughtoreadhigherlevelbooksandwereexpectedtodropout,surprisedeveryone.All150FreedomWritersgraduatedfromWilsonH.S.andmanywentontoattendcollege.Gruwellsstorybecamethebasisofthe2007movieFreedomWritersstarringHilarySwank.

MiracleonIceThe"MiracleonIce"isthenicknamegiventoamedalroundinmensicehockeygameduringthe1980OlympicWinterGamesinLakePlacid,NY.OnFebruary22nd,aUSteamcomprisedofamateurcollegiateplayersledbyCoachHerbBrooksdefeatedtheSovietUnionteam,whowereconsideredthebesthockeyteamintheworld.TheU.S.wentontowinthegoldmedalbywinningthefinaloverFinland,whotookthesilver.TheSovietUniontookthebronzemedalbybeatingSwedenintheirfinalgame.Thevictorywasvotedthegreatestsportsmomentofthe20th centurybySportsIllustrated.

ThehomecrowdwasenergizedbytheU.S.team'simprobablerunduringgroupplay.ThehockeymatchhadstrongColdWarovertonesastheAmericancrowdwereinapatrioticfervor;wavingUSflagsthroughoutthegame.Duringthefinalperiod(atthe8:39mark),MarkJohnsonscoredfortheU.S.,firingaloosepuckpastSovietgoalieVladimirMyshkintotiethescoreat33.Later,MarkPavlichpassedtoU.S.captainMikeEruzionewhowasleftundefendedinthehighslotposition.EruzionefiredashotpastMyshkin,whowasscreenedbyhisowndefenseman.Score!!!ThegoalgavetheU.S.a43leadwithexactly10minuteslefttoplayinthegame.USgoalieJimCraigwithstoodaheavybarrageofSovietshots.

AstheU.S.teamtriedtoclearthepuckovertheblueline(whichtheydidwithsevensecondsremaining),thecrowdbegantocountdownthesecondsleft.ABCsportscasterAlMichaelwhowascallingthegamepickeduponthecountdowninhisbroadcast,anddeliveredhisfamouscall:

Elevenseconds,you'vegottensecondsThecountdowngoingonrightnow!MorrowuptoSilkFivesecondsleftinthegame.Doyoubelieveinmiracles?

YES!

Thegreatestartisticachievementishowweliveourlives

MichaelBernardBeckwith

Civicengagementalsomeansgivingfullmeasuretoyournaturaltalentsandskills.Itisallowingyourauthenticselftoflourish.Itisfreedomofexpressionatitshighestlevel.

Civic Engagement III.Everyday HeroesCivic EngagementCivic Engagement cont.Slide Number 4FDNY: September 11, 2001Slide Number 6Slide Number 7Slide Number 8Slide Number 9 The 1999 Women's World Cup Soccer Final Slide Number 11Brandi ChastainSlide Number 13Slide Number 14Slide Number 15Apollo 11 Space Mission to the MoonThe Eagle Has LandedSlide Number 18Slide Number 19Freedom WritersFreedom WritersMiracle on IceSlide Number 23Slide Number 24Slide Number 25