Civic Engagement III. - Western Michigan gershon/courses/3070/13. Civic Engagement III... · Civic…

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<p>CivicEngagementIII.EverydayHeroes</p> <p>RichardA.Gershon,Ph.D.FreedomofExpression,Com.3070</p> <p>WesternMichiganUniversity</p> <p>CivicEngagementcanbedefinedasindividualandgroupactionsdesignedtoidentifyandaddressissuesofpublicconcern.Itisthefundamentaldecisiontomakeadifferenceintheworldthroughsomeactionoreffortonyourpart.Civicengagementcanmeannotonlyasetofactionsandefforts,butafeelingofbelonging,anexperienceofinvestmentandownershipinthelocal,regional,national,and/orinternationalpoliticalcommunitiestowhichacitizenbelongs.AccordingtotheNewYorkTimes,</p> <p>Civicengagementmeansworkingtomakeadifferenceintheciviclifeofourcommunitiesanddevelopingthecombinationofknowledge,skills,valuesandmotivationtomakethatdifference.</p> <p>CivicEngagementcont.</p> <p>Improvingthevotingandelectoralprocess Registeringpeopletovote</p> <p>Makingadifferenceinonescommunity Servingonthelocalcitycommission;school</p> <p>board,publiclibraryetc.</p> <p>Themilitarydefenseofonecountry Volunteeringtoserveinthearmedforces,Army,Navy,AirForce,Marines,etc.</p> <p>Helpingtoimprovelivingconditionsforpoorandatriskadultsandchildren</p> <p>Becomingacommunityorganizer;joiningthePeaceCorp.,workingforlocalvolunteerorganization</p> <p>Helpingtoadvanceyouthsports Volunteeringasabaseballorsoccercoachforlocalcommunityyouth.</p> <p>Beingexcellentatyourownprofessionaldevelopmentandthengivingsomeofitbacktothecommunity</p> <p>professionalattorney,doingfreelegalcounseling;trainedcivilengineer,workingwithlocalenvironmentalcauses.</p> <p>Civic Engagement Application</p> <p>Aheroissomeonewhounderstandstheresponsibilitythatcomeswithhisfreedom</p> <p>BobDylan</p> <p>FDNY:September11,2001TheSeptember11,2001attacks wereaseriesofcoordinatedsuicideattacksbyAlQaedaupontheU.S.Onthatmorning,19AlQaedaterroristshijackedfourcommercialpassengerjetairliners.ThehijackersintentionallycrashedtwooftheairlinersintotheTwinTowersoftheWorldTradeCenterinNewYorkkillingeveryoneonboardandmanyothersworkinginthebuildings.Bothbuildingscollapsedwithintwohours,destroyingnearbybuildingsanddamagingothers.Inall,2,993people,includingthehijackers,diedintheattacks.</p> <p>SeveraloftheunsungheroesofthatdaywastheNewYorkCityFireandpolicesdepartmentsthatwerecalledintorescuetrappedciviliansinthebuildingaswellastoextinguishflamesandburningrubble.FirefightersfromtheFDNYrushedtotheWorldTradeCenterminutesafterthefirstplanestruckthenorthtower.ThefirstresponsebytheFDNYwasonrescueandevacuationofbuildingoccupants,whichinvolvedsendingfirefightersuptoassistpeoplethatweretrappedinelevatorsandhigherlevelfloors.</p> <p>Firefighterswererequiredtoensureallfloorswerecompletelyevacuated.Buthowdoyoumounteightyflightsofstairswhentheelevatorsarenolongerworking?Onceinside,andontheupperfloors,faultyradiocommunicationmadeitimpossibleforvariousfirechiefsandsupervisorstokeeptrackofthewhereaboutsoftheirunits.Asaresult,firefighterswereunabletoreporttocommandersontheirprogress,andwereunabletohearevacuationorders.WhentheSouthTowercollapsedat9:59a.m.,firefightersintheNorthTowerwerenotawareofexactlywhathadhappened.ThebattalionchiefintheNorthTowerlobbyimmediatelyissuedanorderovertheradioforfirefightersinthetowertoevacuate,butmanydidnotheartheorder,duetothefaultyradios.</p> <p>Inall,343firefightersdiedinthecollapseofthetowers.Theflagwashoistedshortlyafter5PMasatributetotheeventsof9/11.Theflagcamefroma130footyachtnamedStarofAmericathatwasdockedintheyachtbasinintheHudsonRiverattheWorldFinancialCenter.OneofthefirefighterscuttheyardarmoffoftheyachtwithaKSawandthentooktheflaganditspolefromtheboattoanevacuationareaonthenorthwestsideofgroundzerosite.Theyfoundapoleabout20feetofftheground.</p> <p>Successistheprogressiverealizationofaworthyideal.EarlNightingale</p> <p>The1999Women'sWorldCupSoccerFinal</p> <p>Itwasthe1999Women'sWorldCupsoccerfinalinPasadena,California.ThetwoopposingteamswastheU.S.andChina.TheU.S.womenssoccerteamhadgonefromnearobscuritytoanationalconversationpieceinjustthreeweeks.Withanestimated40millionU.S.viewers,theWorldCupfinalwasthemostwatchedsoccermatch inthehistoryofU.S.networktelevision.Theturnoutof90,185attendeesattheRoseBowlwasthelargesteverataU.S.women'ssportingevent.</p> <p>BrandiChastainItwasthewaningmomentsofthe1999Women'sWorldCupfinalandthegamewasheadingintothepenaltykickphase.Previously,UScoachTonyDiCiccoTonyDiCiccoaskedassistantLaurenGreggtowritedowntheplayerswhocouldconverttheirshotswithapenaltykickshootoutinapossibleovertimeshootoutsituationOnlyfiveplayerswouldbeguaranteedachance,anddefenderBrandiChastainwasnotamongthechoices.UntilfourmonthsagoChastainhadbeenamongDiCicco'stoppickstotakeapenaltykick.Butthenshehurtherrightfootina21exhibitionlosstoChina.Chastainwassixthontheassistant'slist,areservetobeusedonlyiftheU.S.andChinawerestilltiedafterfiverounds.</p> <p>DiCicco'alsoknewthatpenaltykicks,likefreethrows,havealmostnothingtodowithphysicalskills.Ingeneral,placingaballinthecornerofanet12yardsawayisnotthatcomplicatedatask.ButasamethodofdecidingaWorldCupfinal,penaltykicksareoneofsports'mostexactingassignmentsrequiringZenlikeconcentration.AsDiCiccowouldsaylater,</p> <p>"Brandialwayswantstotakepenaltykicks.Notmanyplayersdo."</p> <p>Afterabriefdiscussion,Chastainwantedtotakethekick butwouldbeforcedtouseherleftfoot.Tenminuteslater,Chastaintooktheshotthatbrokea44tieandgavetheU.S.theWorldCuptitle.ShesentalasershotpastChinesegoalkeeperGaoHong.Withoneswiftkick,ChastainmadetheU.S.Womenssoccerteamahouseholdname.Herjoyouscelebrationhasbecomeoneofthegreaticonicimagesinwomenssportshistory.</p> <p>Courageisbeingscaredtodeath butsaddlingupanyway.</p> <p>JohnWayne</p> <p>Apollo11SpaceMissiontotheMoon</p> <p>TheApollo11 missionwasthefirstmannedmissiontolandonthemoonandthe5thhumanspaceflightofProjectApollo.LaunchedonJuly16,1969,itcarriedMissionCommanderNeilArmstrong,CommandModulePilotMichaelCollins,andLunarModulePilotBuzzAldrin.OnJuly20,ArmstrongandAldrinbecamethefirsthumanstolandontheMoon,whileCollinsorbitedabove.ThemissionfulfilledPresidentJohnF.Kennedysgoalofreachingthemoonbytheendofthe1960s.</p> <p>TheEagleHasLanded</p> <p>OnJuly20,1969thelunarmodule(LM)EagleseparatedfromthecommandmoduleColumbia.Collins,aloneaboardColumbia.Asthedescentbegan,ArmstrongandAldrinfoundthattheywerepassinglandmarksonthesurface4secondsearlyandreportedthattheywere"long":theywouldlandmileswestoftheirtargetpoint.Thedescentwaschallenging.Apollo11 landedwithlessfuelthanothermissions.ThroughoutthedescentAldrincalledoutnavigationdatatoArmstrong,whowasbusypilotingtheLM.Aftertouchingdown,Armstrongrelayedhisnowfamouswords,"Enginearmisoff.Houston,Tranquilitybasehere.TheEagle haslanded."</p> <p>OnMondayJuly21(10:39pmEDT,SundayJuly20),1969,Armstrongopenedthehatch,andbeganhisdescentontotheMoon'ssurface.Climbingdowntheninerungladder,ArmstrongpulledaDringtodeploytheModularEquipmentStowageAssembly(MESA)foldedagainstEagle'ssidetoactivatetheTVcamera.Despitesometechnicalandweatherdifficulties,ghostlyblackandwhiteimagesofthefirstlunarEVAwerereceivedandbroadcasttoatleast600millionpeopleonEarth.Afterdescribingthesurfacedust("fineandalmostlikeapowder"),Armstrongsteppedontothesurfaceofthemoonandintohistoryasthefirsthumantosetfootonanotherworld.Hethenutteredhisfamousline:</p> <p>"That'sonesmallstepfor[a]man,onegiantleapformankind"</p> <p>Aldrin later descending on to the moon surface</p> <p>Buzz Aldrin's "Visor"</p> <p>FreedomWritersSometimes,civicengagementisonepersonwithacommitmentandacleverideatoimproveanotherwisedifficultsituation.ConsiderErinGruwell,whobeganherstudentteachingin1994atWoodrowWilsonHSinLongBeach,CA.Asastudentteacher,shewasassignedthelowestperformingstudentsintheschool.Afewmonthsintotheschoolyear,oneofherstudentspassedanotemockingoneofhisAfricanAmericanclassmateswhopossessedlargelips.Infuriated,GruwelltoldtheclassthatthatwasthetypeofcaricaturethattheNazishadusedduringtheHolocaust.WhenonlyoneofthestudentsknewwhattheHolocaustwas,Gruwellchangedthethemeofhercurriculumtotolerance.GruwelltookthestudentstoseeSchinldersList,boughtnewbooksoutofherownpocketandinvitedguestspeakers.</p> <p>FreedomWritersThenextyear,GruwellreturnedtoWilsonH.S.asafulltimeinstructor.Shewasgivenaclassoffreshmenwhowereseriousunderperformerswithareputationforactingout.Gruwell,perseveredandreachedherstudentsbyaskingthemtokeepjournals,Writingjournalsbecameasolaceformanyofthem.Andbecausethejournalsweresharedanonymously,kidswhooncerefusedtospeaktosomeoneoutsidetheirimmediateraceorethnicity becamelikefamily.Grwellalsohadthestudentsreadbookswrittenbyandaboutotherstudentsintimesofwar.ShemadetheconnectionbetweenShakespeare'sRomeo&amp;Juliettoagangwar(i.e.,WestSideStory).Intime,thestudents,whoschooladministratorshadthoughtwerenotintelligentenoughtoreadhigherlevelbooksandwereexpectedtodropout,surprisedeveryone.All150FreedomWritersgraduatedfromWilsonH.S.andmanywentontoattendcollege.Gruwellsstorybecamethebasisofthe2007movieFreedomWritersstarringHilarySwank.</p> <p>MiracleonIceThe"MiracleonIce"isthenicknamegiventoamedalroundinmensicehockeygameduringthe1980OlympicWinterGamesinLakePlacid,NY.OnFebruary22nd,aUSteamcomprisedofamateurcollegiateplayersledbyCoachHerbBrooksdefeatedtheSovietUnionteam,whowereconsideredthebesthockeyteamintheworld.TheU.S.wentontowinthegoldmedalbywinningthefinaloverFinland,whotookthesilver.TheSovietUniontookthebronzemedalbybeatingSwedenintheirfinalgame.Thevictorywasvotedthegreatestsportsmomentofthe20th centurybySportsIllustrated.</p> <p>ThehomecrowdwasenergizedbytheU.S.team'simprobablerunduringgroupplay.ThehockeymatchhadstrongColdWarovertonesastheAmericancrowdwereinapatrioticfervor;wavingUSflagsthroughoutthegame.Duringthefinalperiod(atthe8:39mark),MarkJohnsonscoredfortheU.S.,firingaloosepuckpastSovietgoalieVladimirMyshkintotiethescoreat33.Later,MarkPavlichpassedtoU.S.captainMikeEruzionewhowasleftundefendedinthehighslotposition.EruzionefiredashotpastMyshkin,whowasscreenedbyhisowndefenseman.Score!!!ThegoalgavetheU.S.a43leadwithexactly10minuteslefttoplayinthegame.USgoalieJimCraigwithstoodaheavybarrageofSovietshots.</p> <p>AstheU.S.teamtriedtoclearthepuckovertheblueline(whichtheydidwithsevensecondsremaining),thecrowdbegantocountdownthesecondsleft.ABCsportscasterAlMichaelwhowascallingthegamepickeduponthecountdowninhisbroadcast,anddeliveredhisfamouscall:</p> <p>Elevenseconds,you'vegottensecondsThecountdowngoingonrightnow!MorrowuptoSilkFivesecondsleftinthegame.Doyoubelieveinmiracles?</p> <p>YES!</p> <p>Thegreatestartisticachievementishowweliveourlives</p> <p>MichaelBernardBeckwith</p> <p>Civicengagementalsomeansgivingfullmeasuretoyournaturaltalentsandskills.Itisallowingyourauthenticselftoflourish.Itisfreedomofexpressionatitshighestlevel.</p> <p>Civic Engagement III.Everyday HeroesCivic EngagementCivic Engagement cont.Slide Number 4FDNY: September 11, 2001Slide Number 6Slide Number 7Slide Number 8Slide Number 9 The 1999 Women's World Cup Soccer Final Slide Number 11Brandi ChastainSlide Number 13Slide Number 14Slide Number 15Apollo 11 Space Mission to the MoonThe Eagle Has LandedSlide Number 18Slide Number 19Freedom WritersFreedom WritersMiracle on IceSlide Number 23Slide Number 24Slide Number 25</p>

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