Cloud and cloud adoption risks

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<ul><li><p>Cloud and cloud adoption risks </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Cloud Meteorology? </p><p> How, what, why? </p><p> Change of paradigm </p><p> Cloud concept is not new </p><p> Public transportation (Greek mythology) public cloud </p><p> Mainframe computers from 1950s private cloud </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Cloud computing By definition, cloud computing represents computing resources (HW </p><p>and SW) provided to end-users on-demand via network </p><p> Term cloud comes from the abstracted representation of complex IT infrastructure invisible to end-user (hidden in the cloud) </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Cloud computing - types Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) </p><p> Platform as a service (PaaS) </p><p> Software as a service (SaaS) </p><p> Storage as a service (STaaS) </p><p> Security as a service (SECaaS) </p><p> Data as a service (DaaS) </p><p> Database as a service (DBaaS) </p><p> Test environment as a service (TEaaS) </p><p> Desktop virtualization </p><p> API as a service (APIaaS) </p><p> Backend as a service (BaaS) </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Cloud computing highlights Lowered costs </p><p> Agility </p><p> Dynamicity, scalability and elasticity </p><p> High availability </p><p> Simplified administration </p><p> Improved security </p><p> Controllable via API </p><p> Mobility </p><p> Virtualization </p><p> Shared resources </p><p> (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Cloud migration Why migrate to the cloud? </p><p> Which cloud computing properties give weight to such decision? </p><p> What does cloud migration represent? </p><p> How to properly plan the migration? </p><p> What to expect during the migration process? </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Cloud migration - planning Address all identified risks </p><p> Experienced project manager </p><p> Experienced team of consultants and engineers </p><p> Documented processes and systems that are going to be migrated </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Risks Which cloud provider to choose? Most of cloud providers are US-based companies </p><p> Amazon, iLand, Google, Microsoft, Softlayer, Rackspace, GoGrid, IBM, HP, Oracle, itd. </p><p> Carefully examine contracts and guaranteed SLA Learn more about known service disruptions </p><p> Learn more about customer support quality and overall customer satisfaction </p><p> Research cloud migration strategies which migration concepts could be used with the particular cloud provider </p><p> Before migration, proof-of-concept is a MUST in order to identify most of the risks Will save lots of headache later </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Risks Human resources Carefully choose the migration team </p><p> Project manager requires expertise in similar projects, something very difficult to find today </p><p> Development engineers must have knowledge about the migrated application as well as the new cloud environment in order to quickly solve issues </p><p> System engineers must have knowledge about the existing and the new system </p><p> Motivation and stimulation of the project team becomes VERY important at the final stages of the project </p><p> Pay attention to cultural differences Especially important if offshore teams are used </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Risks - Documentation Probably the highest risks in cloud migration projects </p><p>are </p><p>Non existent documentation of the business process </p><p>Lack of business process understanding by the project team </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Risks - Availability Impact to the availability of the system could be a </p><p>problem due to very short maintenance time on critical systems </p><p> There are concepts and applications which could be used to do the so called live migration migration with minimum downtime requirements (measured in minutes) </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Risks After-migration problems Most of the problems are identified during risk </p><p>assessment in the proof-of-concept phase </p><p> There are always problems which pop up after the migration </p><p> Experienced team comes into play here </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Risks Laws, regulations Cloud migration projects might be impacted by local </p><p>laws or regulations </p><p> Private data privacy protection </p><p> Company data privacy protection </p><p> Find cloud providers which meet your compliance requirements </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p> Where to spend the budget? Consulting </p><p> Redesign business processes and make them more efficient </p><p> Manage the data and in-house knowledge more efficient </p><p> Invest in risk management </p><p> Invest in business continuity </p><p> Improve IT services Invest in high availability (backup/DR) </p><p> Invest in data security </p><p> Invest in training and role change of your employees </p><p> Marketing better visibility to customers </p><p> Innovations develop new businesses and markets </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Backup/restore The purpose of a secondary copy (backup) is to return </p><p>the state of data to the specific point in time </p><p> Most cloud providers offer integrated backup or snapshot service from the front-end UI </p><p> Standard data backup tools can still be used in order to back up internal data (DB, AD, etc) </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>High availability High availability is a property of the system which is </p><p>resistant to loss of one or more building blocks </p><p> Disaster recovery solution requires building up an entire environment on a secondary location and replicating data between sites </p><p> In case a cloud environment is used to build up a secondary location, DR solution can be very cost effective </p><p> Possible combinations Primary environment on-site, DR environment in the cloud </p><p> Same cloud provider, different datacenters (regions, continents, etc) </p><p> Different cloud providers </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Cloud environment security Cloud providers invest a lot in security </p><p> Amazon and Google do not reveal locations of their datacenters </p><p> Datacenters are heavily guarded </p><p> Physical access control (cards, biometry) </p><p> Logical access control </p><p> Its up to the customer to solve his cloud environment security Migrating to the cloud should unlock funds in the </p><p>budget to implement security without the need for additional funds </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Compliance All important cloud providers meet several compliance </p><p>certifications SOC 1 / SSAE 16 / ISAE 3402 SOC 2 ITAR FISMA Moderate ISO 27001 ISO 14001 PCI-DSS Level 1 HIPAA CSA (Cloud Security Alliance) MPAA </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Cloud today and in the future Today </p><p> Cloud computing is currently in early-adoption phase Every day, lots of new customers are onboarding the cloud Those who migrated are very quickly seeing cost reductions </p><p> Future Unlocked funds in the budget can be re-routed to something </p><p>else Investment in more intelligent software applications Investment in mobile devices which allow employees to work </p><p>from home Huge cost savings in business operation costs (office costs, internet </p><p>connectivity, cars, etc). </p><p> BYOD bring your own device concept </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p></li><li><p>Damir Luki </p><p>damir.lukic@virtual-people.com www.virtual-people.com </p><p>+385-91-1337-955 </p><p>(c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016 </p><p>mailto:damir.lukic@virtual-people.commailto:damir.lukic@virtual-people.commailto:damir.lukic@virtual-people.commailto:damir.lukic@virtual-people.comhttp://www.virtual-people.com/http://www.virtual-people.com/http://www.virtual-people.com/</p></li></ul>