Cloud and cloud adoption risks

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  • Cloud and cloud adoption risks

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Cloud Meteorology?

    How, what, why?

    Change of paradigm

    Cloud concept is not new

    Public transportation (Greek mythology) public cloud

    Mainframe computers from 1950s private cloud

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Cloud computing By definition, cloud computing represents computing resources (HW

    and SW) provided to end-users on-demand via network

    Term cloud comes from the abstracted representation of complex IT infrastructure invisible to end-user (hidden in the cloud)

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Cloud computing - types Infrastructure as a service (IaaS)

    Platform as a service (PaaS)

    Software as a service (SaaS)

    Storage as a service (STaaS)

    Security as a service (SECaaS)

    Data as a service (DaaS)

    Database as a service (DBaaS)

    Test environment as a service (TEaaS)

    Desktop virtualization

    API as a service (APIaaS)

    Backend as a service (BaaS)

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Cloud computing highlights Lowered costs

    Agility

    Dynamicity, scalability and elasticity

    High availability

    Simplified administration

    Improved security

    Controllable via API

    Mobility

    Virtualization

    Shared resources

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Cloud migration Why migrate to the cloud?

    Which cloud computing properties give weight to such decision?

    What does cloud migration represent?

    How to properly plan the migration?

    What to expect during the migration process?

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Cloud migration - planning Address all identified risks

    Experienced project manager

    Experienced team of consultants and engineers

    Documented processes and systems that are going to be migrated

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Risks Which cloud provider to choose? Most of cloud providers are US-based companies

    Amazon, iLand, Google, Microsoft, Softlayer, Rackspace, GoGrid, IBM, HP, Oracle, itd.

    Carefully examine contracts and guaranteed SLA Learn more about known service disruptions

    Learn more about customer support quality and overall customer satisfaction

    Research cloud migration strategies which migration concepts could be used with the particular cloud provider

    Before migration, proof-of-concept is a MUST in order to identify most of the risks Will save lots of headache later

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Risks Human resources Carefully choose the migration team

    Project manager requires expertise in similar projects, something very difficult to find today

    Development engineers must have knowledge about the migrated application as well as the new cloud environment in order to quickly solve issues

    System engineers must have knowledge about the existing and the new system

    Motivation and stimulation of the project team becomes VERY important at the final stages of the project

    Pay attention to cultural differences Especially important if offshore teams are used

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Risks - Documentation Probably the highest risks in cloud migration projects

    are

    Non existent documentation of the business process

    Lack of business process understanding by the project team

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Risks - Availability Impact to the availability of the system could be a

    problem due to very short maintenance time on critical systems

    There are concepts and applications which could be used to do the so called live migration migration with minimum downtime requirements (measured in minutes)

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Risks After-migration problems Most of the problems are identified during risk

    assessment in the proof-of-concept phase

    There are always problems which pop up after the migration

    Experienced team comes into play here

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Risks Laws, regulations Cloud migration projects might be impacted by local

    laws or regulations

    Private data privacy protection

    Company data privacy protection

    Find cloud providers which meet your compliance requirements

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Where to spend the budget? Consulting

    Redesign business processes and make them more efficient

    Manage the data and in-house knowledge more efficient

    Invest in risk management

    Invest in business continuity

    Improve IT services Invest in high availability (backup/DR)

    Invest in data security

    Invest in training and role change of your employees

    Marketing better visibility to customers

    Innovations develop new businesses and markets

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Backup/restore The purpose of a secondary copy (backup) is to return

    the state of data to the specific point in time

    Most cloud providers offer integrated backup or snapshot service from the front-end UI

    Standard data backup tools can still be used in order to back up internal data (DB, AD, etc)

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • High availability High availability is a property of the system which is

    resistant to loss of one or more building blocks

    Disaster recovery solution requires building up an entire environment on a secondary location and replicating data between sites

    In case a cloud environment is used to build up a secondary location, DR solution can be very cost effective

    Possible combinations Primary environment on-site, DR environment in the cloud

    Same cloud provider, different datacenters (regions, continents, etc)

    Different cloud providers

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Cloud environment security Cloud providers invest a lot in security

    Amazon and Google do not reveal locations of their datacenters

    Datacenters are heavily guarded

    Physical access control (cards, biometry)

    Logical access control

    Its up to the customer to solve his cloud environment security Migrating to the cloud should unlock funds in the

    budget to implement security without the need for additional funds

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Compliance All important cloud providers meet several compliance

    certifications SOC 1 / SSAE 16 / ISAE 3402 SOC 2 ITAR FISMA Moderate ISO 27001 ISO 14001 PCI-DSS Level 1 HIPAA CSA (Cloud Security Alliance) MPAA

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Cloud today and in the future Today

    Cloud computing is currently in early-adoption phase Every day, lots of new customers are onboarding the cloud Those who migrated are very quickly seeing cost reductions

    Future Unlocked funds in the budget can be re-routed to something

    else Investment in more intelligent software applications Investment in mobile devices which allow employees to work

    from home Huge cost savings in business operation costs (office costs, internet

    connectivity, cars, etc).

    BYOD bring your own device concept

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

  • Damir Luki

    damir.lukic@virtual-people.com www.virtual-people.com

    +385-91-1337-955

    (c) Damir Luki, Virtual People Ltd., 2016

    mailto:damir.lukic@virtual-people.commailto:damir.lukic@virtual-people.commailto:damir.lukic@virtual-people.commailto:damir.lukic@virtual-people.comhttp://www.virtual-people.com/http://www.virtual-people.com/http://www.virtual-people.com/

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