cloud computing - security benefits and risks

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Presentation exploring security benefits and risks of Cloud Computing.

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  • 1.Cloud Assurance Information Assurance in the Cloud by William McBorrough MSIA, CISSP, CISA, CEH Security Principal, Secure Intervention

2. Agenda

  • Understand Cloud Computing
    • Characteristics
    • Service Models
    • Deployment Models
  • Benefits of Cloud Computing
  • Risks of Cloud Computing
  • Security Benefits of Cloud Computing

3. What is Cloud Computing?

  • Your applications and data are always there, consumed according to business and pricing models that are based upon what you use while the magic serving it up remains transparent. This is Cloud in a nutshell; the computing equivalent to classical Greek theaters Deus Ex Machina.--Christopher Hoff

4. So.what is the cloud

  • It is a new way of delivering computing resources that is highly available, commitment-free and on-demand.
  • There is no one cloud. There are many models and architectures depending on the particular services provided.

5. Technology Still Evolving

  • Cloud computing is still an evolving paradigm. Its definitions, use cases, underlying technologies, issues, risks, and benefits will be refined in a spirited debate by the public and private sectors. These definitions, attributes, and characteristics will evolve and change over time.
  • The cloud computing industry represents a large ecosystem of many models, vendors, and market niches. This definition attempts to encompass all of the various cloud approaches.

6. NISTs Working Definition

  • Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.
  • This cloud model is composed of
    • 5 essentialcharacteristics
    • 3service models
    • 4deployment models .

7. Characteristics

  • On-demand self-service.
  • Broad network access.
  • Resource pooling.
  • Rapid elasticity.
  • Measured Service.

8. On Demand Self Service

  • A consumer can unilaterally provision computing capabilities, such as server time and network storage, as needed automatically without requiring human interaction with each services provider.

9. Broad network access

  • Capabilities are available over the network and accessed through standard mechanisms that promote use by heterogeneous thin or thick client platforms (e.g., mobile phones, laptops, and PDAs).

10. Resource pooling

  • The providers computing resources are pooled to serve multiple consumers using a multi-tenant model, with different physical and virtual resources dynamically assigned and reassigned according to consumer demand. There is a sense of location independence in that the customer generally has no control or knowledge over the exact location of the provided resources but may be able to specify location at a higher level of abstraction (e.g., country, state, or datacenter). Examples of resources include storage, processing, memory, network bandwidth, and virtual machines.

11. Rapid elasticity

  • Capabilities can be rapidly and elastically provisioned, in some cases automatically, to quickly scale out and rapidly released to quickly scale in. To the consumer, the capabilities available for provisioning often appear to be unlimited and can be purchased in any quantity at any time.

12. Measured Service

  • Cloud systems automatically control and optimize resource use by leveraging a metering capability at some level of abstraction appropriate to the type of service (e.g., storage, processing, bandwidth, and active user accounts). Resource usage can be monitored, controlled, and reported providing transparency for both the provider and consumer of the utilized service

13. Delivery Models

  • Levels of abstraction
    • Software as a Service (SaaS)
    • Platform as a Service (PaaS)
    • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

14. Software as a Service (SaaS)

  • The capability provided to the consumer is to use the providers applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from various client devices through a thin client interface such as a web browser (e.g., web-based email). The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the possible exception of limited user-specific application configuration settings.

15. In other words

  • SaaS is software offered by a third party provider, available on demand, usually via the Internet and configurable remotely.
  • Examples include online word processing and spreadsheet tools, CRM services, and web content delivery services.
  • Eg. Google Docs, Salesforce CRM, etc

16. SaaS Responsibilities

  • Customer
  • Compliance with customer privacy and data protection laws
  • Maintenance and managementof identity management systems
  • Management of authentication platform ( including enforcing password policy)
  • Provider
  • Physical support of infrastructure
  • Physical infrastructure security and availability
  • OS patch management and hardening procedures
  • Security platform configuration, maintenance and monitoring

17. Platform as a Service (PaaS)

  • The capability provided to the consumer is to deploy onto the cloud infrastructure consumer-created or acquired applications created using programming languages and tools supported by the provider. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers, operating systems, or storage, but has control over the deployed applications and possibly application hosting environment configurations.

18. In other words

  • PaaS allows customers to develop new applications use APIs deployed and configured remotely. The platforms offered include development tools, configuration management, and deployment platforms.
  • Examples include Microsoft Azure, Force and Google App Engine

19. PaaS Responsibilities

  • Customer
  • Compliance with customer privacy and data protection laws
  • Maintenance and managementof identity management systems
  • Management of authentication platform ( including enforcing password policy)
  • Provider
  • Physical support of infrastructure
  • Physical infrastructure security and availability
  • OS patch management and hardening procedures
  • Security platform configuration, maintenance and monitoring

20. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

  • The capability provided to the consumer is to provision processing, storage, networks, and other fundamental computing resources where the consumer is able to deploy and run arbitrary software, which can include operating systems and applications. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure but has control over operating systems, storage, deployed applications, and possibly limited control of select networking components (e.g., host firewalls).

21. In other words

  • IaaS provides virtual machines and other abstracted hardware and operating systems which may be controlled through a service.
  • Examples include Amazon EC2 and S3, Terremark Enterprise Cloud and Rackspace Cloud.

22. IaaS Responsibilities

  • Customer
  • Compliance with customer privacy and data protection laws
  • Maintenance and managementof identity management systems
  • Management of authentication platform ( including enforcing password policy)
  • Provider
  • Physical support of infrastructure
  • Physical infrastructure security and availability
  • Host systems (eg. hypervisor)

23. IaaS Responsibilities contd

  • Customer
  • OS patch management and hardening procedures
  • Security platform configuration, maintenance and monitoring
  • Guest systems monitoring

24. Deployment Models

  • Public
  • Private
  • Hybrid
  • Community

25. Public

  • The cloud infrastructure is made available to the general public or a large industry group and is owned by an organization selling cloud services.

26. Private

  • The cloud infrastructure is operated solely for an organization. It may be managed by the organization or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise.

27. Community

  • The cloud infrastructure is shared by several organizations and supports a specific community that has shared concerns (e.g., mission, security requirements, policy, and

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