color theory kimberly cates-meraz. choosing the right color the most effective color choices go...

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Color Theory KIMBERLY CATES-MERAZ Slide 2 Choosing the Right Color the most effective color choices go beyond just personal preference colors have an extraordinary ability to influence mood, emotions, and perceptions; take on cultural and personal meaning; and attract attention, both consciously and subconsciously. Slide 3 The Color Wheel Traditional color theory can help you understand which colors might work well together (or not) The color wheel is all about mixing colors. Slide 4 Primary Colors RED YELLOW BLUE Slide 5 Secondary Colors Mix the primary colors to get secondary colors ORANGE ----- (red mixed with yellow) GREEN ----- (blue mixed with yellow) VIOLET ----- (red mixed with blue) Slide 6 Tertiary Colors Mix a primary color with a secondary color--- third level of the color wheel --- tertiary colors. red-orange yellow-orange yellow-green blue-green blue-violet red-violet Slide 7 Visible Spectrum The primary and secondary colors (with the addition of indigo) are also part of the visible spectrum of light, or the colors of the rainbow. You many have memorized the acronym Roy. G. Biv to remember these colors: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. Slide 8 TWO COLOR MODELS SUBTRACTIVE MODEL involves mixing colored pigments like paints or inks both the traditional color wheel and the CMYK color system (that printing equipment uses) fall into this category. Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black ADDITIVE MODEL involves mixing colored light (like the colors you see on your computer screen or TV) and uses a different set of primary colors: red, green, and blue abbreviated RGB. Red, Green, Blue Slide 9 Hexadecimal color system used by design programs to identify specific colors when designing for the web Any color you choose will be identified by a hexadecimal value (or hex code) a six-digit combination of numbers and/or letters (often preceded by #) Slide 10 Color Terms Hue: synonymous with color or the name of a specific color; traditionally refers to one of the 12 colors on the color wheel Shade: a hue darkened with black Tone: a hue dulled with gray Tint: a hue lightened with white Saturation: refers to the intensity or purity of a color (the closer a hue approaches to gray, the more desaturated it is) Value: refers to the lightness or darkness of a color Slide 11 Tint Tone - Shade Slide 12 Saturation & Brightness Desaturated colors tend to feel dreamier, more muted, calmer. Conversely, saturated colors are typically higher-energy in feeling. Similarly, colors that are brighter often feel younger, more playful, and sometimes are even lifting or lightening in the way they make us feel. Slide 13 Saturation vs Desaturation Slide 14 Color Harmony Slide 15 Monochromatic: various shades, tones, or tints of one color; for instance, a range of blues varying from light to dark; this type of scheme is more subtle and conservative In fashion design Slide 16 Color Harmony Analogous: hues that are side by side on the color wheel; Slide 17 Color Harmony Complementary: opposites on the color wheel such as red/green or blue/orange; complementary colors are high- contrast and high-intensity can be difficult to apply in a balanced, harmonious way (especially in their purest form, when they can easily clash in a design) Slide 18 Color Harmony Split-Complementary: any color on the color wheel plus the two that flank its complement; this scheme still has strong visual contrast, but is less jarring than a complementary color combination Slide 19 Color Harmony Triadic: any three colors that are evenly spaced on the color wheel Slide 20 Color Harmony Tetradic/Double-Complementary: two complementary pairs; this scheme is very eye-catching, but may be even harder to apply than one pair of complementary colors, since more colors are more difficult to balance. If you use this type of scheme, youll want to choose one of the four to be the dominant color and adjust the saturation/value/etc. of some or all the colors so they work well in different parts of your design like the text and background.


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