conceptual issues & inter regional collaboration

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  • 1. Towards Effective Partnerships for Sustainable Development ofSIDS Presentation by Cletus I. Springer, Director, Department of Sustainable Development, Organization of American States to Conference on Sustaining Development inSmall States in a Turbulent Global Economy Commonwealth Secretariat, London July 6-7, 2009

2. Outline of Presentation Notions of Partnerships Practical Issues in Participatory Governance at national level Government, private sector and civil society regional level Intergovernmental arrangements (CARICOM, PIF) international levels Inter and intra regional partnerships and their impact Challenges of managing development assistance Challenges of bridging the S&T divide Recommendations throughout 3. Notions of Partnership Global recognition that the development challenges facing SIDS cannot be overcome in the absence of: a governance architecture that facilitates: integrated and participatory development planning and management of their respective economic, social, infrastructural and environmental assets and spaces a culture of sustained and enlightened cooperation, collaboration and partnership at local, national, regional and international levels. 4. Notions of Partnerships - 2 Partnerships are commonly defined as voluntary and collaborative relationships between State and non-State parties in which all participants agree to work together to achieve a common purpose or undertake a specific task and to share risks, responsibilities, resources, competencies and benefits." 5. Notions of Partnership - 3 Effective partnerships may enable development actors to: overcome challenges that are too difficult or complex for one country, organization or sector to address alone; increase the effectiveness and impact of policy interventions and resource inputs; and better achieve their own individual objectives through leveraging, combining and capitalizing on complementary strengths and capabilities. 6. Notions of Partnership - 4 In core business partnerships: Collaboration aims to: create employment and foster entrepreneurship contribute to economic growth, generate tax revenues implement social, environmental or ethical standards and provide appropriate and affordable goods and services. In social investment and philanthropy partnerships the private sector: provides financial support contribute volunteers or expertise, or make in-kind contributions, including product donations. In advocacy and awareness raising partnerships, partners assume agreed roles in championing, advocating for, and contributing to resolving different issues. Companies can partner with governments and regulatory bodies, and participate in legitimate dialogues and collective action with stakeholders from diverse sectors of the economy (UN). 7. Some Practical Issues Myth that smallness makes governance easy and effective NOT SO!! governance in SIDS just as challenging as in large states. difficult for effective partnerships and sound governance to emerge in a culture of dependency, fear, ignorance and mistrust 8. Practical Issues - 2 In a small island dominated by a single party, it is very difficult to prevent political abuse. Everybody depends on the Government for something, however small, so most are reluctant to offend it. The civil servants live in fear; the police avoid unpleasantness; the trade unions are tied to the party; the newspaper depends on Government advertisements; and so on. This is true even if the political leaders are absolutely honest. In cases where there are corrupt and play with public funds the situation becomes intolerable - Sir Arthur Lewis 9. Practical Issues - 3Participatory governance is a complex, long- term process, whose successful outcome is dependent on inter alia: the national political culture; the state of mind of the citizenry, in particular its capacityfor self-actualization, self-empowerment and innovation; the flexibility and responsiveness of the policy and theinstitutional framework to internal and external stimuli;and respect for human rights and for the rule of law 10. Practical Issues 4 resilience building and international competitiveness require that SIDS must: Set up development planning and governance structures and processes that: are holistic, dynamic and fully participatory; and integrate and coordinate economic, social, cultural, environmental, demographic, financial and spatial dimensions to ensure the effective use of scarce human, financial, and environmental assets 11. The BPOPA: asserts that economic imperatives must be evaluated from the perspective of socio- environmental considerations if the natural resource base is to be preserved advocates the adoption of interdisciplinary approaches to planning and decision-making, as well as the sustained public participation in the process. 12. Practical Issues - 5 Search for PG ongoing for past 2 decades Laws in place re statcorp Boards, Senate etc Barbados social compact Legitimacy/legitimacy politically determined Politicians reluctant to consult with non- elected actors Partisanship Compartmentalized decision-making in public sector 13. The BPOPA: asserts that economic imperatives must be evaluated from the perspective of socio- environmental considerations if the natural resource base is to be preserved advocates the adoption of interdisciplinary approaches to planning and decision-making, as well as the sustained public participation in the process. 14. Practical Issues -6 Civil society critical but weak Dependency on state affects legitimacy Heavily politicized Private sector have own governance problems Not always supportive of labour and environmental laws Some embrace of CSR but long way to go 15. Recommendations National Level Set up broad-based NSDC/consultative councils to develop long-term integrated development plans Set up local government structures Build adequate and effective decision- support systems Build development planning capacity of public sector using COMSEC TCDC and MTSD 16. Practical Issues Regional Level Partnership implied in and critical to success of regionalism CSME SPARTECA- PICTA OECS-CARICOM-PIF-AIMS Global dynamics re trade calling for larger role for private sector Focus on labour and environment call for role by trade unions but civil society and opposition parties have minimal role Case of ACCP and Charter of Civil Society in CARICCOM 17. Practical Issues Regional 2 Lack of participation of PS tied to low level of public-private partnerships and PS investments in public sector projects Lack of involvement in global environment issues capacity, time, opportunity cost BOLT, BOOT schemes most prevalent led by banking and insurance sector Low uptake of financing opportunities such as CDM, carbon trading 18. Recommendations Regional Strengthening PG at national level critical to success at regional level set up annual outcomes-oriented exercises with private sector CPA can help in exploring PG models CPA can set up Study Group on subject 19. Practical Issues Global Many emerging global partnerships Notion of global public goods and services global commons Growing demands for strong global governance Little movement beyond conferences still siloed SIDS unable to participate effectively Emergence of Inter-regional collaboration on climate change and environment (AOSIS, SPREP, SOPAC, CCCCC) Challenges in implementing MEA/ISDAs Capacity building needed UC-SIS and through EPAs Strengthening of AOSIS 20. Managing Development Assistance Many agreements but little progress in key areas of resilience building Now sources of global funds but no additional funding below 0.7% pledged Challenges for SIDS in accessing and using donor funding Paris and Rome Declarations on Aid Effectiveness and Harmonization IEG Report finds: bias to single country funding regional projects command only3% WB-supported regional programmes just as effective as bilateralsdue to good understanding of political economy of participatingcountries; clear roles of national and regional agencies; countrycommitment but Free rider problems 21. Development Partner Dialogues CGCED/CFD Dialogues on Jagdeo Initiatives, PANCAP, CREBAP, SEPA PIF annual dialogues with global partners Pacific Aid Effectiveness Principles Bridging the Technology Divide Strong progress on ICTs but slow progress on RETs,Biotechnology The ECTEL Model Jamaica has strong S&T capacity UT- SRC-ICENS CPTM, OAS S&T, UC-SIS can be asked to help with design ofregional strategies South-south TCDC, CARILEC/Pacific Power on energy; CEHI-SOPAC on water SIDS Technology Funds Strengthening of SIDSnet 22. Recommendations - Global Partnerships and PG weak at national level and so weak at regional level Consultative/participatory governance should be institutionalized and actively practised Civil society must be given a greater voice in regional governance arrangement Sustained capacity building of social partners critical Build S&T capacity 23. THE END THANK YOU MERCI BEAUCOUP MUCHAS GRACIAS


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