Construction of Mobile Learning Network System Based on Cloud Computing

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  • Construction of Mobile Learning Network System Based on Cloud


    Wei Yanli 1, a, Zhao Han 2,b and Cao Zhonglu 3,c 1 College of Architecture & Art , HeFei University of TechnologyChina

    2 School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, HeFei University of Technology,China

    3 College of Architecture & Art , HeFei University of TechnologyChina,

    Keywords: cloud computing, mobile learning, service system, network system

    Abstract:Distributed computing and Resource sharing in large-scale heterogeneous system are the

    key to realize mobile learning system. This paper sets up a mobile learning service system through the

    construction of teaching cloud platform and cloud resources, cloud resource sharing, application and

    service of cloud resource, system and mechanism construction. The mobile learning network system

    is established by building models of it, which realizes mobile learning, collaborative learning and the

    situated learning anytime anywhere with freedom, individuality and diversification.


    With the development of Wireless Communication Technology and Mobile Computing

    Technology, mobile learning has gained more and more popularity among people as the branch of

    digital learning, which becomes a research focus of educational technology and related fields. As a

    new form of learning, mobile learning showed great application potential in school education and

    training field. How to make full use of development achievements of new technology to build a more

    efficient and practical mobile learning system and dig out the potential application of mobile learning

    is worthy of further study. Cloud Computing' s coming provides a new way of mobile learning system

    development that meets the users needs. Distributed computing and Resource sharing in large-scale

    heterogeneous system are the key technical problems to which cloud computing technology provides

    an ideal technical solution to realize mobile learning system. To build mobile learning network

    system based on cloud computing can satisfy the demand of user to access abundant, real-time and

    accurate learning contents, to provide immediate learning support in the process of learning, and to

    support collaborative learning and the situated learning.

    2. Cloud Computings Support to Mobile Learning

    Cloud computing is a super computing mode based on Internet., which concentrated large

    amount of information and processor resources that is stored in personal computer, mobile phones

    and other devices together, and collaborative work. It distributes computing missions on large amount

    of resources consisting of computer, so that all applications can access computing, storage space and

    a variety of software service according to the needs. With the development and popularization of

    cloud computing technology, information of educational institutions, teachers and students will

    gradually move to the "cloud". The main features of cloud computings support to mobile learning can

    be described as the following four aspects.

    2.1.Make up the Insufficiency of Mobile Learning Model

    There are two main models of mobile learning at present, respectively Short Message Service

    (SMS) based and browser based WAP education web site. The two models have their shortcomings,

    SMS mode data usually has a certain delay, so teaching and learning do not interact in real time. In

    addition, the amount of data transmission of this model is quite limited and it generally only transmits

    text information, which makes it difficult to meet the needs of the users for multimedia resources.

    Applied Mechanics and Materials Vols. 631-632 (2014) pp 1451-1456Online available since 2014/Sep/12 at (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerlanddoi:10.4028/

    All rights reserved. No part of contents of this paper may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without the written permission of TTP, (ID:, Georgia Tech Library, Atlanta, USA-16/11/14,02:14:43)


  • Fig.1 Mobile Learning Service System of Cloud


    WAP education site model is difficult to play its role because of the small amount of currently

    established WAP education site and insufficient learning resources. Besides, this model based on

    WAP browser protocol with low transmission rate. The emergence of cloud computing, makes up the

    above two models of mobile learning. Plenty of educational resources stored in the cloud server,

    large-scale mobile learning could be realized without the establishment of special education site.

    Cloud computing integrates multiparty computer and new technology of Internet, which is a

    breakthrough over single WAP protocol. Under the background of cloud computing, the students only

    need to use the mobile device to access the "cloud" server through the browser and choose the

    learning content to learn by real-time interaction.

    2.2.Integration of Abundant Learning Resources

    The fundamental purpose of the integration of education and cloud computing is to fuse and

    store educational information and to share through network service, for which integrate and use the

    educational resources to the maximum extent. Worldwide educational resources assemble in the

    cloud storage server, its the teachers who classify, manage and formulate relevant access rules. At

    the same time, the resource database is improved by students and teachers who supply and modify

    existing learning content under certain rules in the process of learning.

    2.3.Support the Establishment of Pluralistic Autonomous Virtual Learning Community

    Under the cloud computing, all resources are integrated in the "cloud", which could be used to create

    free virtual community and virtual learning environment and learn cooperatively with other students

    who share the same learning goals by students. It is because they create the virtual community on their

    own that they can bring out their best and show their personalities as well as communicate free.

    Furthermore, since it is based on the network, the composition of the students break through the limits

    from radiation scope of the existing virtual community that people from different countries and

    cultural backgrounds could enter the community studying and discussing together, which provides

    reference experience and complement for each other, thereby realizing multicultural and knowledge


    2.4.Reduce the Requirements for Mobile Learning Devices

    Problems in the mobile learning device are the main factors that restrict the development and

    popularization of mobile learning. The main problems are, low data processing ability, limited

    built-in software and limited transmission of multimedia resources. The emergence of cloud

    computing technology provides a feasible solution for these problems. Under the cloud computing, all

    of the data will store and process in the computer group of the cloud. It can perform some data

    processing task which many personal computer is unable to do due to its powerful computation

    ability. With all of the data processing on the cloud, the students can only use the browser to do

    some common action similar to personal computers as long as the browser is able to run on the mobile


    3.Construction of Mobile Learning Service

    System of Cloud Computing

    The author sets up a mobile learning service

    system according to actual demand with better

    expansibility. Fig. 1 illustrates the structure of cloud

    computing mobile learning service system, consists

    of five principal components construction of

    teaching cloud platform, construction of cloud

    resources, cloud resource sharing, application and

    service of cloud resources, system and mechanism

    construction, as is shown in Fig.1

    1452 Information Technology Applications in Industry III

  • 3.1.Construction of Teaching Cloud Platform

    The construction of teaching cloud platform consists of hardware facilities and software system

    platform building. The hardware construction includes the campus wired network, IPV6, wireless

    network infrastructure construction, export bandwidth upgrade, teaching cloud platform supporting

    server, storage equipment, virtual reality production and application environment building,

    infrastructure build of mobile learning and so on. While the software system platform building

    includes teaching cloud resource sharing service platform, network learning platform, broadband

    multimedia teaching system, multimedia development tools, informational teaching support service

    platform, test database, the case library management system, intelligent library construction, learning

    tools, virtual learning community construction.

    3.2.Construction of Teaching Cloud Resources

    The teaching cloud resources are variety of digitized information resources treated by digital

    process that can be used by teaching activities, including the teaching resource material database, all

    kinds of multimedia material database such as text, graphics, audio and video animation and so on,

    case database, test database, literature, education resources index, courseware and network

    courseware; excellent network course; teaching video requests; digital database; public service

    information of teaching system; other network application materials and resources, etc.

    3.3.Teaching Cloud Resource Sharing

    According to the different information value and communication value of teaching cloud

    resources, related resources could be defined on the basic of sharing level as organizational shared,

    regional shared and total shared. Organizational shared resources, refers to teaching cloud resources

    sharing in the internal school, which are exchanged and shared among schools, professional team and

    science research team, not allowing outsiders to obtain; regional shared resources represents the data

    sharing in a certain area or scope, this kind of resource sharing can improve the utilization value of the

    digital education resource and improve the utilization efficiency of related resources; total shared

    resources; total shared resources, refer to the public oriented teaching cloud resources without any

    restrictions and able to meet the needs of different users, is of crucial importance in improving the

    scientific and cultural qualities of the public and to realizing lifelong learning.

    3.4.Application and Service of Cloud Resources

    According to the characteristics of different types of cloud teaching resources, self-building,

    gathering, arranging, reorganizing, storing and applying of cloud teaching resources is to be done.

    And optimization of teaching and mutual development between teachers and students are to be

    achieved by way of expansion of cloud teaching resources, systemizing and sharing of traditional

    digital resources, sharing of self-built cloud teaching resources and mutual building of online

    curriculum between the efforts of teachers and students.

    3.5.System and Mechanism Construction

    In order to promote the construction of the teaching cloud resource service system more

    effectively, a series of incentive mechanism and security measures should be taken. Which means to

    build up the teaching cloud resources sharing mechanism, establish evaluation and reward system of

    high quality teaching resources, establish effective rules and regulations and improve the teachers'

    training system, etc.

    Applied Mechanics and Materials Vols. 631-632 1453

  • Fig.2 Mobile Learning Network System Module

    Fig.3 Resource Module

    Fig.4 Teaching Module

    4.Implementation of Cloud Computing Mobile Learning Network System

    4.1.Model Design of Mobile Learning

    Network System

    Model of cloud computing based mobile

    learning system is designed with a theoretical basis

    of cognitive science, combined with the

    multi-utilization of artificial intelligence

    technology, educational psychology and computer

    science, etc. Model design of mobile learning

    network system usually consists of four parts - the

    knowledge module, resource module, teaching

    module and human-computer interaction.

    Human-computer interaction interface develops a

    friendly mode of communication between the

    system and the students, which realize distributed

    teaching by accepting multiple user access

    simultaneously due to cloud computing. It will

    increase resource utilization rate and satisfy the

    students needs of personalized real-time learning

    without the limitation of time and space. Fig.2

    illustrates the structure of mobile learning network

    system, the constitution of module can increase

    with the demand of learning content and function.

    In the module of the system, the knowledge module

    is the field of knowledge which can be illustrated by

    a hyper topology structure of knowledge; as in Fig.3, resource module supplements the curriculum

    content with providing course related material, resources, questions and so on; teaching module is

    divided into teacher module and student module, its the assembly of the communication of the

    teachers and the students with providing the evaluation results to learning effect of the students and

    give appropriate guidance, this module can modify other module according to evaluation results and

    guidance effects with a certain

    intelligence as in Fig.4.

    4.2.Process of Mobile Learning

    Network System Development

    The development of mobile

    learning network system should be

    started with the guidance to carry on

    the instructional design by teaching

    theory, including the creation of

    learning environment, the

    determination of learning objectives,

    the establishment of knowledge points,

    consolidation and the exercises, etc.

    Special attention should be paid to

    real-time interactive, collaborative learning, autonomous learning and openness of the system. The

    development process of Mobile Learning Network System is shown in Fig 5.

    The development process of mobile learning Network system is a systematic engineering, the

    design process of which is the development procedure based on the requirement analysis. Analysis of

    requirements is the first step. Aiming at the practical problems, the analysis is focused on the student's

    needs, both the teacher and the curriculum requirements to determine the main content of system

    integration design and production in all links. After analyzing demand, learning mode, study outline

    1454 Information Technology Applications in Industry III

  • Fig.5 Flow Chart of the Development of Mobile Learning

    Network System

    and learning content, the system gets into the

    phase of design and development, determining

    the development model of mobile learning

    network system through the comments and the

    general design. In the phase of system design,

    itll start with the development of the script that

    is based on the general design and the comments.

    Then the system structure and frame structure is

    constructed. Learning resources will be designed

    with frame and structure after integration. The

    designed system also needs to be tested and

    modified constantly according to the design of

    teaching activities, which is applied into

    teaching in final step. Also the feedback will be

    provided according to the information of

    teaching applications.


    Nowadays, the advantage of cloud computing technology shows good application future in the

    field of mobile learning. The mobile learning system based on cloud computing is explored in this

    paper, in order to realize the combination of new technology and advanced the concept of learning, to

    meet the mobile learning requirements of real-time performance, liberalization, individuation and

    diversification for everyone in current information society. Thus the quality of education is improved

    and balances the development of education. Meanwhile, more high-quality talents are cultivated and

    the new strategies are provided for the cause of education and training. Although the construction of

    mobile learning system based on cloud computing still is confronted with many problems, Yet, as the

    technology of cloud computing in the application is becoming more and more matured, mobile

    learning system will show strong vitality in the near future and exert a much greater influence on


    Foundation projectThis paper is supported by artistic youth project of national social science

    foundationResearch on New Media Interactive Art from Cultural Perspective13CB096

    .Educational Teaching Research Project of AnHui ProvinceResearch on Exploring the Mobile Teaching Mode of Construction and Sharing of Educational Resources under Cloud Computing

    Conditions2012jyxm070.the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities

    Research on Mobile Digital New Media Interactive Design Based on Emotional Semantic Periodical results.


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  • Information Technology Applications in Industry III 10.4028/ Construction of Mobile Learning Network System Based on Cloud Computing 10.4028/


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