Construction of Mobile Learning Network System Based on Cloud Computing

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<ul><li><p>Construction of Mobile Learning Network System Based on Cloud </p><p>Computing </p><p>Wei Yanli 1, a, Zhao Han 2,b and Cao Zhonglu 3,c 1 College of Architecture &amp; Art , HeFei University of TechnologyChina </p><p>2 School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, HeFei University of Technology,China </p><p>3 College of Architecture &amp; Art , HeFei University of TechnologyChina </p><p>awei-yanli@163.com, </p><p>bhanzhaoff@qq.com </p><p>c391525986@qq.com </p><p>Keywords: cloud computing, mobile learning, service system, network system </p><p>Abstract:Distributed computing and Resource sharing in large-scale heterogeneous system are the </p><p>key to realize mobile learning system. This paper sets up a mobile learning service system through the </p><p>construction of teaching cloud platform and cloud resources, cloud resource sharing, application and </p><p>service of cloud resource, system and mechanism construction. The mobile learning network system </p><p>is established by building models of it, which realizes mobile learning, collaborative learning and the </p><p>situated learning anytime anywhere with freedom, individuality and diversification. </p><p>1.Introduction </p><p>With the development of Wireless Communication Technology and Mobile Computing </p><p>Technology, mobile learning has gained more and more popularity among people as the branch of </p><p>digital learning, which becomes a research focus of educational technology and related fields. As a </p><p>new form of learning, mobile learning showed great application potential in school education and </p><p>training field. How to make full use of development achievements of new technology to build a more </p><p>efficient and practical mobile learning system and dig out the potential application of mobile learning </p><p>is worthy of further study. Cloud Computing' s coming provides a new way of mobile learning system </p><p>development that meets the users needs. Distributed computing and Resource sharing in large-scale </p><p>heterogeneous system are the key technical problems to which cloud computing technology provides </p><p>an ideal technical solution to realize mobile learning system. To build mobile learning network </p><p>system based on cloud computing can satisfy the demand of user to access abundant, real-time and </p><p>accurate learning contents, to provide immediate learning support in the process of learning, and to </p><p>support collaborative learning and the situated learning. </p><p>2. Cloud Computings Support to Mobile Learning </p><p>Cloud computing is a super computing mode based on Internet., which concentrated large </p><p>amount of information and processor resources that is stored in personal computer, mobile phones </p><p>and other devices together, and collaborative work. It distributes computing missions on large amount </p><p>of resources consisting of computer, so that all applications can access computing, storage space and </p><p>a variety of software service according to the needs. With the development and popularization of </p><p>cloud computing technology, information of educational institutions, teachers and students will </p><p>gradually move to the "cloud". The main features of cloud computings support to mobile learning can </p><p>be described as the following four aspects. </p><p>2.1.Make up the Insufficiency of Mobile Learning Model </p><p>There are two main models of mobile learning at present, respectively Short Message Service </p><p>(SMS) based and browser based WAP education web site. The two models have their shortcomings, </p><p>SMS mode data usually has a certain delay, so teaching and learning do not interact in real time. In </p><p>addition, the amount of data transmission of this model is quite limited and it generally only transmits </p><p>text information, which makes it difficult to meet the needs of the users for multimedia resources. </p><p>Applied Mechanics and Materials Vols. 631-632 (2014) pp 1451-1456Online available since 2014/Sep/12 at www.scientific.net (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerlanddoi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.631-632.1451</p><p>All rights reserved. No part of contents of this paper may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without the written permission of TTP,www.ttp.net. (ID: 130.207.50.37, Georgia Tech Library, Atlanta, USA-16/11/14,02:14:43)</p><p>http://www.scientific.nethttp://www.ttp.net</p></li><li><p> Fig.1 Mobile Learning Service System of Cloud </p><p>Computing </p><p>WAP education site model is difficult to play its role because of the small amount of currently </p><p>established WAP education site and insufficient learning resources. Besides, this model based on </p><p>WAP browser protocol with low transmission rate. The emergence of cloud computing, makes up the </p><p>above two models of mobile learning. Plenty of educational resources stored in the cloud server, </p><p>large-scale mobile learning could be realized without the establishment of special education site. </p><p>Cloud computing integrates multiparty computer and new technology of Internet, which is a </p><p>breakthrough over single WAP protocol. Under the background of cloud computing, the students only </p><p>need to use the mobile device to access the "cloud" server through the browser and choose the </p><p>learning content to learn by real-time interaction. </p><p>2.2.Integration of Abundant Learning Resources </p><p>The fundamental purpose of the integration of education and cloud computing is to fuse and </p><p>store educational information and to share through network service, for which integrate and use the </p><p>educational resources to the maximum extent. Worldwide educational resources assemble in the </p><p>cloud storage server, its the teachers who classify, manage and formulate relevant access rules. At </p><p>the same time, the resource database is improved by students and teachers who supply and modify </p><p>existing learning content under certain rules in the process of learning. </p><p>2.3.Support the Establishment of Pluralistic Autonomous Virtual Learning Community </p><p>Under the cloud computing, all resources are integrated in the "cloud", which could be used to create </p><p>free virtual community and virtual learning environment and learn cooperatively with other students </p><p>who share the same learning goals by students. It is because they create the virtual community on their </p><p>own that they can bring out their best and show their personalities as well as communicate free. </p><p>Furthermore, since it is based on the network, the composition of the students break through the limits </p><p>from radiation scope of the existing virtual community that people from different countries and </p><p>cultural backgrounds could enter the community studying and discussing together, which provides </p><p>reference experience and complement for each other, thereby realizing multicultural and knowledge </p><p>exchanges. </p><p>2.4.Reduce the Requirements for Mobile Learning Devices </p><p>Problems in the mobile learning device are the main factors that restrict the development and </p><p>popularization of mobile learning. The main problems are, low data processing ability, limited </p><p>built-in software and limited transmission of multimedia resources. The emergence of cloud </p><p>computing technology provides a feasible solution for these problems. Under the cloud computing, all </p><p>of the data will store and process in the computer group of the cloud. It can perform some data </p><p>processing task which many personal computer is unable to do due to its powerful computation </p><p>ability. With all of the data processing on the cloud, the students can only use the browser to do </p><p>some common action similar to personal computers as long as the browser is able to run on the mobile </p><p>device. </p><p>3.Construction of Mobile Learning Service </p><p>System of Cloud Computing </p><p>The author sets up a mobile learning service </p><p>system according to actual demand with better </p><p>expansibility. Fig. 1 illustrates the structure of cloud </p><p>computing mobile learning service system, consists </p><p>of five principal components construction of </p><p>teaching cloud platform, construction of cloud </p><p>resources, cloud resource sharing, application and </p><p>service of cloud resources, system and mechanism </p><p>construction, as is shown in Fig.1 </p><p>1452 Information Technology Applications in Industry III</p></li><li><p>3.1.Construction of Teaching Cloud Platform </p><p>The construction of teaching cloud platform consists of hardware facilities and software system </p><p>platform building. The hardware construction includes the campus wired network, IPV6, wireless </p><p>network infrastructure construction, export bandwidth upgrade, teaching cloud platform supporting </p><p>server, storage equipment, virtual reality production and application environment building, </p><p>infrastructure build of mobile learning and so on. While the software system platform building </p><p>includes teaching cloud resource sharing service platform, network learning platform, broadband </p><p>multimedia teaching system, multimedia development tools, informational teaching support service </p><p>platform, test database, the case library management system, intelligent library construction, learning </p><p>tools, virtual learning community construction. </p><p>3.2.Construction of Teaching Cloud Resources </p><p>The teaching cloud resources are variety of digitized information resources treated by digital </p><p>process that can be used by teaching activities, including the teaching resource material database, all </p><p>kinds of multimedia material database such as text, graphics, audio and video animation and so on, </p><p>case database, test database, literature, education resources index, courseware and network </p><p>courseware; excellent network course; teaching video requests; digital database; public service </p><p>information of teaching system; other network application materials and resources, etc. </p><p>3.3.Teaching Cloud Resource Sharing </p><p>According to the different information value and communication value of teaching cloud </p><p>resources, related resources could be defined on the basic of sharing level as organizational shared, </p><p>regional shared and total shared. Organizational shared resources, refers to teaching cloud resources </p><p>sharing in the internal school, which are exchanged and shared among schools, professional team and </p><p>science research team, not allowing outsiders to obtain; regional shared resources represents the data </p><p>sharing in a certain area or scope, this kind of resource sharing can improve the utilization value of the </p><p>digital education resource and improve the utilization efficiency of related resources; total shared </p><p>resources; total shared resources, refer to the public oriented teaching cloud resources without any </p><p>restrictions and able to meet the needs of different users, is of crucial importance in improving the </p><p>scientific and cultural qualities of the public and to realizing lifelong learning. </p><p>3.4.Application and Service of Cloud Resources </p><p>According to the characteristics of different types of cloud teaching resources, self-building, </p><p>gathering, arranging, reorganizing, storing and applying of cloud teaching resources is to be done. </p><p>And optimization of teaching and mutual development between teachers and students are to be </p><p>achieved by way of expansion of cloud teaching resources, systemizing and sharing of traditional </p><p>digital resources, sharing of self-built cloud teaching resources and mutual building of online </p><p>curriculum between the efforts of teachers and students. </p><p>3.5.System and Mechanism Construction </p><p>In order to promote the construction of the teaching cloud resource service system more </p><p>effectively, a series of incentive mechanism and security measures should be taken. Which means to </p><p>build up the teaching cloud resources sharing mechanism, establish evaluation and reward system of </p><p>high quality teaching resources, establish effective rules and regulations and improve the teachers' </p><p>training system, etc. </p><p>Applied Mechanics and Materials Vols. 631-632 1453</p></li><li><p> Fig.2 Mobile Learning Network System Module </p><p> Fig.3 Resource Module </p><p> Fig.4 Teaching Module </p><p>4.Implementation of Cloud Computing Mobile Learning Network System </p><p>4.1.Model Design of Mobile Learning </p><p>Network System </p><p>Model of cloud computing based mobile </p><p>learning system is designed with a theoretical basis </p><p>of cognitive science, combined with the </p><p>multi-utilization of artificial intelligence </p><p>technology, educational psychology and computer </p><p>science, etc. Model design of mobile learning </p><p>network system usually consists of four parts - the </p><p>knowledge module, resource module, teaching </p><p>module and human-computer interaction. </p><p>Human-computer interaction interface develops a </p><p>friendly mode of communication between the </p><p>system and the students, which realize distributed </p><p>teaching by accepting multiple user access </p><p>simultaneously due to cloud computing. It will </p><p>increase resource utilization rate and satisfy the </p><p>students needs of personalized real-time learning </p><p>without the limitation of time and space. Fig.2 </p><p>illustrates the structure of mobile learning network </p><p>system, the constitution of module can increase </p><p>with the demand of learning content and function. </p><p>In the module of the system, the knowledge module </p><p>is the field of knowledge which can be illustrated by </p><p>a hyper topology structure of knowledge; as in Fig.3, resource module supplements the curriculum </p><p>content with providing course related material, resources, questions and so on; teaching module is </p><p>divided into teacher module and student module, its the assembly of the communication of the </p><p>teachers and the students with providing the evaluation results to learning effect of the students and </p><p>give appropriate guidance, this module can modify other module according to evaluation results and </p><p>guidance effects with a certain </p><p>intelligence as in Fig.4. </p><p>4.2.Process of Mobile Learning </p><p>Network System Development </p><p>The development of mobile </p><p>learning network system should be </p><p>started with the guidance to carry on </p><p>the instructional design by teaching </p><p>theory, including the creation of </p><p>learning environment, the </p><p>determination of learning objectives, </p><p>the establishment of knowledge points, </p><p>consolidation and the exercises, etc. </p><p>Special attention should be paid to </p><p>real-time interactive, collaborative learning, autonomous learning and openness of the system. The </p><p>development process of Mobile Learning Network System is shown in Fig 5. </p><p>The development process of mobile learning Network system is a systematic engineering, the </p><p>design process of which is the development procedure based on the requirement analysis. Analysis of </p><p>requirements is the first step. Aiming at the practical problems, the analysis is focused on the student's </p><p>needs, both the teacher and the curriculum requirements to determine the main content of system </p><p>integration design and production in all links. After analyzing demand, learning mode, study outline </p><p>1454 Information Technology Applications in Industry III</p></li><li><p> Fig.5 Flow Chart of the Development of Mobile Learning </p><p>Network System </p><p>and learning content, the system gets into the </p><p>phase of design and development, determining </p><p>the development model of mobile learning </p><p>network system through the comments and the </p><p>general design. In the phase of system design, </p><p>itll start with the development of the script that </p><p>is based on the general design and the comments...</p></li></ul>

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