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    Continuity of OperationsContinuity of Government

    An Overview of COOP/COG

    Course Facilitator

    Jonathan D. Greenstein, ILEM

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    Facilitator

    Mr. Jonathan D. Greenstein, ILEM

    Contact:jonathan.greenstein@leo.gov

    About: I have been involved in law enforcement and emergencymanagement for over fifteen years. I currently hold certification at theIntermediate Level in Emergency Management (ILEM) through theAlabama Association of Emergency Managers(AAEM); havecompleted the FEMA Professional Development Series (PDS); in

    addition, I am a certified Field Training Officer (FTO) and GeneralInstructor and hold Train-the-Trainer level designation for CBRNEIncident Management (Awareness through Operations).

    mailto:jonathan.greenstein@leo.govmailto:jonathan.greenstein@leo.gov
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    Disclaimer and Notice

    The following program is presented as an overview of COOP and COG.It is not intended to supplant your agencies policies or procedures.

    The material within is derived primarily from the FEMA NationalContinuity Programs Directorate, Continuity of Operations Division; assuch it is assumed to be reliable and consistent with national standards,however the facilitator does not warranty the information presented.

    At the end of this program, I provide information about external certificationand recognition available through the Alabama Association of EmergencyManagers (AAEM). Please note that I am affiliated with the AAEM however Iam not employed by them, nor do I receive any compensation for providingthis information.

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    Continuity of Operations Overview

    From the FEMA COOP/COG Program:

    "This program provides the foundation for the nationsFirst Essential Function, Enduring Constitutional

    Government, and the foundation for the tiers of theNational Response Framework, operationalgovernments at all levels-local, State, and Federal-capable of performing their essential functions,

    under all conditions."

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    What is Continuity of Operations?

    Continuity of Operations, as defined in the NationalSecurity Presidential Directive-51/Homeland SecurityPresidential Directive-20 (NSPD-51/HSPD-20) and

    the National Continuity Policy Implementation Plan(NCPIP), is an effort within individual executivedepartments and agencies to ensure that PrimaryMission Essential Functions (PMEFs) continue to be

    performed during a wide range of emergencies,including localized acts of nature, accidents andtechnological or attack-related emergencies.

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    Directives and Guidance

    National Security Presidential Directive-51/Homeland Security Presidential Directive-20

    National Continuity Policy Implementation Plan

    National Communications System Directive (NCSD) 3-10

    Federal Continuity Directive (FCD) 1

    Federal Continuity Directive (FCD) 2

    Continuity Guidance Circular (CGC) 1

    Continuity Guidance Circular (CGC) 2

    FEMA Continuity Planning Guidance

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    National Security Presidential Directive-51Homeland Security Presidential Directive-20

    National Security Presidential Directive-51/Homeland Security PresidentialDirective-20 (NSPD-51/HSPD-20) National Continuity Policy, issued May 4,2007, emphasizes the importance of a comprehensive national programinvolving all government levels and the private sector for integrated andscalable continuity planning. NSPD-51/HSPD-20 prescribes continuityrequirements for all executive departments and agencies, and providescontinuity guidance for the States, territories, tribal and local governments,

    and private sector organizations.

    This Directive designates the Secretary of Homeland Security as thePresidents lead agent for coordinating overall national continuity operationsand activities, and provides continuity planners with substantive new

    guidance designed to enhance the Nations continuity capabilities. It alsodirects the Secretary of Homeland Security to assist with the practicalimplementation of policy guidance through the development andpromulgation of continuity planning requirements and guidance for Federaland non-Federal government jurisdictions and private sector criticalinfrastructure owners and operators.

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    National Continuity Policy Implementation Plan

    The National Continuity Policy Implementation Plan (NCPIP), dated August2007, provides continuity program implementation guidance for NSPD-51/HSPD-20.

    It provides directive guidance to assist Federal organizations in developingcontinuity plans and programs, to include the identification of MissionEssential Functions (MEFs) and Primary Mission Essential Functions(PMEFs), that support the eight National Essential Functions (NEFs)themost critical functions necessary for leading and sustaining our Nationduring a catastrophic emergency.

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    Guidance in the implementation plan helps ensure that our nations

    continuity efforts and resources will be coordinated and leveraged toensure essential government functions and services will be providedto the nations citizens under all conditions. This plan directs more

    than 75 critical actions to ensure the effectiveness and survivability ofour Nations continuity capability.

    The NCPIP highlights the importance of partnerships with the otherbranches of the Federal Government, other levels of government,and the private sector to include:

    -Federal Government: Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, and the Judicial Branch-State, territorial, tribal, local governments;

    and

    -Private sector critical infrastructure owners and operators

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    National Communications System Directive (NCSD) 3-10

    National Security Presidential Directive-51/Homeland Security

    Presidential Directive-20, recognizes the importance of effectivecommunications to meet Enduring Constitutional Government andcontinuity requirements.

    The National Communications System Directive (NCSD) 3-10, Minimum

    Requirements for Continuity Communications Capabilities, establishes apolicy framework that defines minimum communications requirementsfor all Federal Executive Branch organizations and alternate operationsfacilities, to ensure continuity of national essential functions, as well asassured communication among the President, cabinet officers, andother key executive office personnel.

    It also assigns specific responsibilities to key executive offices andagencies, defines basic supporting mechanisms, and outlinestesting/verifying and reporting requirements.

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    Federal Continuity Directive (FCD) 1

    Federal Continuity Directive 1 (FCD 1), Federal Executive Branch NationalContinuity Program and Requirements, approved by the Secretary ofHomeland Security in February 2008, provides operational direction for thedevelopment of continuity plans and programs for the Federal ExecutiveBranch. This directive supersedes Federal Preparedness Circular 65

    and was developed by NCPs Continuity of Operations Division incoordination with its interagency partners.

    FCD 1 describes the key elements of a viable continuity capability and theimportance of coordinating with non-Federal organizations to establish andmaintain a comprehensive and effective national continuity capability.Continuity programs and operations are simply good business practices thatensure government functions and services will be available to our nations

    citizens under all conditions.

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    Federal Continuity Directive (FCD) 1

    The provisions of this directive are applicable at all levels of Federal

    Executive Branch organizations, regardless of their location, and are usefulfor all non-Federal entities.

    The enhancements in the new guidance specifically address the following:

    -Key components of continuity program management, including personnel,

    communications, and facilities-Need for scalable, full-spectrum continuity plans that acknowledge the potential for abroad range of disruptive events and call for more than just a traditional continuityoption that requires relocating staff to an alternate facility

    -Incorporation of a risk-based framework for continuity plans and programs to identifyand assess potential hazards, determine acceptable levels of risk, and prioritize and

    allocate resources

    -Inclusion of budgeting considerations in continuity plans and programs

    -Readiness and preparedness considerations.

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    Federal Continuity Directive (FCD) 2

    Federal Continuity Directive 2 (FCD 2), Federal Executive Branch

    Mission Essential Function and Primary Mission Essential FunctionIdentification, approved by the DHS Secret