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Helping you discover and enjoy the good life in the Columbia River region at home and on the road. CRREADER.COM • April 15 – May 14, 2015 • COMPLIMENTARY page 16 Suzanne Martinson remembers her husband page 18, 30 DAY TRIPPING WILLAPA O U T • A N D • A B O U T COLUMBIA RIVER dining guide page 29 & high hopes for an economic boom Sunday Drive GROWING ROSES IN ECUADOR WATERFALLS & the Oscar B page 17 page 5 to

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4 Letters to the Editor 5 Local Books / Book Review / Bestsellers List 7 My Slant: Fun with Fibonnaci 11 Miss Manners 15 Global Gardening ~ Ecuadorian roses 16 Cooking with the Farmer’s Daughter 17 Out & About: The new Puget Island ferry ~ Oscar B 18 Out & About: Day Tripping to Willapa Bay 20 Out & About: Bike to Work Week 23 Where Do You Read the Reader? 26-27 Outings & Events Calendar 28 Lower Columbia Informer ~ The One Hundred Dollar Computer 29 Columbia River Dining Guide 30 High Hopes for an Economic Boom in Raymond/South Bend 32 Movies: Cinderella and Insurgent 34 The Spectator ~ Gizzards, Art & Music

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  • Helping you discover and enjoy the good life in the Columbia River region at home and on the road.CRREADER.COM April 15 May 14, 2015 COMPLIMENTARY

    page 16

    Suzanne Martinson remembers her husband

    page 18, 30

    HOLIDAY 2014

    DAY TRIPPING WILLAPA

    O U T A N D A B O U T

    COLUMBIA RIVERdining guide

    page 29 & high hopes for an economic boom

    Sunday Drive

    GROWING ROSES IN ECUADOR

    WATERFALLS & the Oscar B

    page 17

    page 5

    to

  • 2 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    Most plastic bags are a solid color, preventing sorters from seeing the contents. Used needles or other hazardous materials

    are sometimes found; for safety reasons, such bags are not opened up.

    Ways to Help: Visit our Website

    In an effort to serve you better, the City has compiled common information that residents often request, plus created an easy way

    for you to communicate with us. Got a question? Just Ask Longview!www.longviewrecycles.com

    If an item is reusable, please consider donating or reusing it before throwing it into the garbage.

    Please do not place your recyclables in plastic bags. Place directly into your BROWN recycling container.

    Keep up the good work!Citizens: Lets do our duty and make our community a better place by recycling

    Follow our many linked articles to teach your kids the importance of recycling and fun ideas of how to get them involved

    Learn how to save money by changing simple habits, improve family health and clean up the planet for our children and future generations

    Your local exchange of reusable goods for items $99 or less

    The Neighborhood Excellence Action Team is a free partnership between the City of Longview and neighborhoods like yours to dispose of excess trash, bulky waste, and yard debris

    Get tips on how best to recycle different items, request schedule and brochure, report missing or damaged container

    Tips for Going Green

    NEAT Program

    Kids Recycling

    Information

    2 Good 2 Toss

    Recycling Rule of Thumb: When in doubt throw it out!

  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 3

    Publisher/Editor: Susan P. Piper

    Columnists and contributors:Ron BaldwinDr. Bob BlackwoodBrett CalhoonNancy ChennaultPatrick KubinSuzanne MartinsonMichael PerryNed PiperPerry PiperAlan Rose

    Production Staff:Production Manager/Photographer: Perry E. Piper

    Accounting/Editorial Assistant: Lois Sturdivant

    Editorial/Proofreading AssistantsKathleen PackardMichael PerryMarilyn Perry

    Advertising RepresentativesNed Piper, Manager 360-749-2632Sue Lane 360-261-0658

    Columbia River Reader, LLC P.O. Box 1643 Rainier, OR 97048Website: www.CRReader.comE-mail: [email protected]: 360-749-1021

    Subscriptions $26 per year inside U.S. (plus $2.08 sales tax mailed to Washington addresses).

    Columbia River Reader is published monthly, with 14,000 copies distributed free throughout the Lower Columbia region in SW Washington and NW Oregon. Entire contents copyrighted by Columbia River Reader. No reproduction of any kind is allowed without express written permission of the publisher. Opinions expressed herein belong to the writers, not necessarily to the Reader.

    Sues Views

    Columbia River Reader . . . helping you discover and enjoy the good life in the

    Columbia River region at home and on the road.

    CRREADER.COMAccess the current issue, Dining Guide and Columbia River Reader Past Issue Archives (from January 2013), under Features.

    ON THE COVERMetal sculpture by Hans Nelson, located at Willapa Landing in Raymond, Wash., conveying the spirit of local recreational fishermen and women. The fish is depicted larger than the man, to reflect the size of native river sturgeon and the universal epic fish story, Photo by ron baldwin

    rose Photo by Patrick kubin

    oscar b Photo by Perry PiPer

    cover design by

    In this Issue

    Sue Piper

    4 Letters to the Editor

    5 Local Books / Book Review / Bestsellers List

    7 My Slant: Fun with Fibonnaci

    11 Miss Manners

    15 Global Gardening ~ Ecuadorian roses

    16 Cooking with the Farmers Daughter

    17 Out & About: The new Puget Island ferry ~ Oscar B

    18 Out & About: Day Tripping to Willapa Bay

    20 Out & About: Bike to Work Week

    23 Where Do You Read the Reader?

    26-27 Outings & Events Calendar

    28 Lower Columbia Informer ~ The One Hundred Dollar Computer

    29 Columbia River Dining Guide

    30 High Hopes for an Economic Boom in Raymond/South Bend

    32 Movies: Cinderella and Insurgent

    34 The Spectator ~ Gizzards, Art & Music

    Math, music and Mad Men

    We begin Columbia River Readers 12th year with something new. This issue includes our first-ever mathematics story (see page 7). Lower Columbia College instructor Brett Calhoon shows that math is beautiful and a means of understanding the world, even as a catalyst for unconfined joy.

    He writes: it might not hurt to remind ourselves that there exist certain ideas and notions which are universal among the people in this world, and to appreciate our collective experience of them.

    Music i s one such col lect ive experience, too. Im looking forward to the Oregon Symphonic Bands performance May 3 in Clatskanie. They promise to play a lively trumpet trio, which I suspect will be Buglers Holiday. I first heard this played by the trumpet section of my high school band and always enjoy hearing it again. The piece is familiar around the world to people of all languages.

    Music, math, art and even sports can transcend spoken language and bring human beings together on another level. But that doesnt mean words arent important.

    There is evidently something not quite right with our TV cable

    box. We havent yet remembered during business hours to take it in for repair or replacement. Certain channels manifest occasional, fleeting, unexplained sound glitches. Audiosyncrasies, you might say. Sometimes the sound isnt quite

    in synch with the visuals, most noticeable when watching talking head programs and the news. But at least they are speaking English.

    Imagine our surprise on Super Bowl Sunday. Wed invited friends over to watch. When the game commentary suddenly switched to Spanish, we all looked at each other, befuddled, yet amused. No amount of fussing with the controller seemed to help and we ultimately had no choice but to make the best of it.

    It actually became sort of fun, once we accepted the inconvenience. None of us spoke Spanish, per se, but every now and then someone would recognize certain words or phrases and translate to the group. This dynamic made watching the game interesting. And following the team plays, the crowds reactions, and the camera coverage with various shots and angles and, of course, the scoreboard illustrated that the language of sports is universal, much like math, music and art.

    After several months of suspenseful waiting, wondering how AMCs Mad Men would wrap up its seventh and final season, Ned and I continue to look forward to each weekly episode. Just four installments remain in this engaging, award-winning, brilliantly-written show. Nostalgic to many of us of a certain age, it is true to the 1960s-70s culture, furniture, art and fashion.

    We feel a certain sense of impending loss and melancholy over the ending of Mad Men. We also face an undercurrent of worry each week.

    What if Mad Men comes out of our TV in Spanish? Airing at 10pm, it would be a tad late to run to the neighbors to watch on their TV, especially because I am usually in my pajamas by then.

    But if we dont get around to fixing the TV, maybe Ill eventually learn Spanish. You will know this has happened when the title of this column becomes Opiniones de Sue.

  • 4 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    Letters to the Editor

    CRR Submission GuidelinesLetters to the Editor (up to 200 words) are welcome. Longer pieces, or excerpts thereof, in response to previously-published articles, may be printed at the discretion of the publisher and subject to editing and space limitations. Items sent to CRR may be considered for publication unless the writer specifies otherwise. We do not publish letters endorsing candidates or promoting only one side of controversial issues. Name and phone number of writer must be included; anonymous submissions will not be considered.

    Political Endorsements As a monthly publication serving readers in three counties, two states and beyond, we cannot print endorsements or criticism of political candidates as Letters to the Editor Unsolicited submissions may be considered, provided they are consistent with the publications purposeto help readers discover and enjoy the good life in the Columbia River region, at home and on the road. Advance contact with the editor is recommended. Information of general interest

    Sea lion uproar at AstoriaI had a good time at Astoria, Oregon the first part of March when my sister, Quita, and I drove down to observe the sea lions. Ive only seen one or two swimming past at Rainier. Imagine my surprise when I saw hundreds of the large animals perched on the rocks and the dock along the Columbia.

    The cacophony was unbelievable as they made the whole valley ring with their harsh, discordant calls. Since I dont speak sea lion, I wasnt sure if the racket they made was to threaten other males or to woo the females. Maybe both.

    The town of Astoria was certainly welcoming to the people who came to observe the sea lions. There was a long asphalt path and many people rushed by, clutching cameras to record the action. There were also benches for those who needed a rest or just provide a good spot to sit and observe the antics of the sea lions as they vied for positions by pushing others off so they could flop up onto the over-crowded dock.

    The adventures of two modern-day Hardy Boys tracking a terrorist suspect.

    Aimed at mid-grade and young men ...the adults and girls who read it were entertained also... a good family book!

    By Carlin Lohrey

    eBook now available at amazon.com

    New Book! Local Author!

    Photos by Quita Beagle, of Kelso.

    doTerra Essential Oils, WAPediatrics Womens Health

    NAET/ Allergy EliminationPain Relief Anxiety

    Digestive/IBS SciaticaNeck / Shoulder Pain

    Motor Vehicle AccidentsCarpal Tunnel SinusitisHeadaches / Migraines

    Sports InjuriesChinese Herbal Medicine

    360-577-89891717 Olympia Way Suite 104Park Plaza, Longview

    www.sunandmoonacupuncture.com

    GIFT CERTIFICATES AVAILABLE

    Niechelle Guzman, L.Ac. Nancy Goodwin, L.Ac.

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    Flying to DCThank you for the latest Sues Vi e w s . Yo u brought back our good memories o f s e e i n g Wa s h i n g t o n , D.C. at night with the monuments illuminated. It was a very special week in the nations Capitol for us. Also, your description of airline travel and service was perfect.

    Thank you again.

    Joe and Alona FischerLongview, Wash.

    Columbia 9-1-1Communications DistrictWhen Seconds Count.

    www.columbia911.com

    P.O. Box 998 - St. Helens, OR 97051Administrative Office: (503) 397-7255 Non-emergency Dispatch: (503) 397-1521 1-800-696-7795

    in Oregon.VOICE FIRSTIt is important to know that in Oregon, you cannot yetreach 9-1-1 by sending a text message from yourwireless phone.

    receive an immediate 'bounce-back' message that text to 9-1-1 is not available and that you should contact

    to allow text to 9-1-1 messages, but it may be years before it is available. The 75 cent emergency tax consumers pay every month on their cell phone bills will help to fund the new infrastructure.

    - Even when text to 9-1-1 becomes available, you should

    - Oregon is working towards upgrading its infrastructure

    - Should you attempt to send a text to 9-1-1, you will

    emergency services by calling 9-1-1.

    always make a voice call to 9-1-1 if you are able and it is safe to do so.

    Editors note: The Fischers made an ordinary envelope into a work of art (shown above) with a self-portrait and lots of pizzazz. What a pleasant surprise in an otherwise-ordinary trip to the post office!

    There was adequate parking space and wonder of wonders public bathrooms. Then, after we had our fill of observing sea lion antics and

    taking photos of the most charming or most photogenic, there were places to eat. They varied from drive-through fast food to greasy spoons to fine dining. A most hospitable town.

    The sea lions are supposed to stick around until June, although it depends upon the salmon run. Coming into Astoria on Hwy 30, the viewing area is to the right, between Hampton Inn and the Safeway store.

    Carlin LohreyKelso, Wash.

    submitted by readers may be used as background or incorporated in future articles.

    Outings & Events calendar (free listing): Events must be open to the public. Non-profit organizations and the arts, entertainment, educational and recreational opportunities

    and community cultural events will receive listing priority. Deadline: 30th of the month. See other submission details, page 26. Businesses and organizations wishing to promote their particular products or services are invited to purchase advertising.

  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 5

    May 5 Cassava1333 BROADWAY

    LONGVIEWwww.alan-rose.com

    BOOK REVIEW By Alan Rose

    The Dead Wake: The Last Crossing of the LusitaniaBy Erik LarsonRandom House $28 Hardcover

    Was the Lusitania a bargaining chip?

    Alan Rose, author of Tales of Tokyo, The Legacy of Emily Hargraves and The Unforgiven organizes the monthly WordFest gatherings. He can be reached at www.alan-rose.com, at www.Facebook.com/Alan.Rose.Author, and www.Facebook.com/WordFestNW.

    I took my position at the periscope again, Schwieger told his friend Max Valentiner. The ship was sinking with unbelievable rapidity. There was terrific panic on her deck. Overcrowded lifeboats, fairly torn from their positions, dropped into the water. Desperate people ran helplessly up and down the decks. Men and women jumped into the water and tried to swim to empty, overturned lifeboats. It was the most terrible sight I have ever seentoo horrible to watch, and I gave orders to dive to twenty meters, and away.

    Cover to Cover

    CLIP AND SAVE for easy reference at your bookstore or when browsing at your local library, bookshop, e-book source or book-loving friends shelf.

    Top 10 BestsellersPAPERBACK FICTION HARDCOVER FICTION HARDCOVER NON-FICTION MASS MARKET CHILDRENS INTERESTPAPERBACK NON-FICTION

    Brought to you by Book Sense and Pacific Northwest Booksellers Association, for week ending April 5, 2015, based on reporting from the independent bookstores of Alaska, Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana. For the

    Book Sense store nearest you, visit www.booksense.com

    ~ from Dead Wake

    1. The MartianAndy Weir, Broadway, $152. The Storied Life of A.J. FikryGabrielle Zevin, Algonquin, $14.953. EuphoriaLily King, Grove Press, $164. The Rosie ProjectGraeme Simsion, S&S, $15.995. RedeploymentPhil Klay, Penguin, $166. Orphan TrainChristina Baker Kline, Morrow, $14.997. A Tale for the Time BeingRuth Ozeki, Penguin, $168. Ready Player OneErnest Cline, Broadway, $149. The Husbands SecretLiane Moriarty, Berkley, $1610. Fourth of July CreekSmith Henderson, Ecco, $15.9

    1. The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying UpMarie Kondo, Ten Speed Press, $16.992. Being MortalAtul Gawande, Metropolitan, $263. Dead WakeErik Larson, Crown, $284. H Is for HawkHelen MacDonald, Grove Press, $265. Everything I Need to Know I Learned From a Little Golden Book Diane Muldrow, Golden Books, $9.996. Pioneer GirlLaura Ingalls Wilder, South Dakota State Historical Society, $39.957. Yes PleaseAmy Poehler, Dey Street, $28.998. Girl in a BandKim Gordon, Dey Street, $27.999. The Triumph of SeedsThor Hanson, Basic Books, $26.9910. What If? Randall Munroe, Houghton Mifflin, $24

    1. The Name of the WindPatrick Rothfuss, DAW, $8.992. American SniperChris Kyle, Scott McEwen, Harper, $9.993. The Wise Mans FearPatrick Rothfuss, DAW, $9.994. A Dance With DragonsGeorge R.R. Martin, Bantam, $9.995. To Kill a MockingbirdHarper Lee, Grand Central, $8.996. Gone GirlGillian Flynn, Broadway, $9.997. A Game of ThronesGeorge R.R. Martin, Bantam, $9.998. DuneFrank Herbert, Ace, $9.999. Words of RadianceBrandon Sanderson, Tor, $9.9910. A Storm of SwordsGeorge R.R. Martin, Bantam, $9.99

    1. All the Light We Cannot SeeAnthony Doerr, Scribner, $272. The Girl on the TrainPaula Hawkins, Riverhead, $26.953. The Buried GiantKazuo Ishiguro, Knopf, $26.954. A Dangerous PlaceJacqueline Winspear, Harper, $26.995. At the Waters EdgeSara Gruen, Spiegel & Grau, $286. Trigger WarningNeil Gaiman, Morrow, $26.997. The Fifth GospelIan Caldwell, S&S, $25.998. The Harder They ComeT.C. Boyle, Ecco, $27.999. Cold BetrayalJ.A. Jance, Touchstone, $25.9910. The Slow Regard of Silent ThingsPatrick Rothfuss, DAW, $18.95

    1. The Boys in the BoatDaniel James Brown, Penguin, $172. WildCheryl Strayed, Vintage, $15.953. AstoriaPeter Stark, Ecco, $15.994. UnbrokenLaura Hillenbrand, Random House, $165. The Salish Sea: Jewel of the Pacific NorthwestAudrey Delella Benedict, et al., Sasquatch Books, $24.956. 10% HappierDan Harris, Dey Street, $15.997. The Sixth ExtinctionElizabeth Kolbert, Picador USA, $168. How to LoveThich Nhat Hanh, Parallax Press, $9.959. Short Nights of the Shad-ow CatcherTimothy Egan, Mariner, $15.9510. We Should All Be Feminists Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Anchor, $7.95

    1. Paper TownsJohn Green, Speak, $9.992. The One and Only IvanKatherine Applegate, Patricia Castelao (Illus.), Harper, $7.993. Flora and Ulysses: The Illumi-nated AdventuresKate DiCamillo, K.G. Campbell (Illus.), Candlewick, $8.994. Looking for Alaska (Special 10th Anniversary Edition)John Green, Dutton, $19.995. Minecraft: Construction HandbookScholastic, Scholastic, $7.996. The Crossover Kwame Alexan-der, Houghton Mifflin, $16.997. We All Looked UpTommy Wallach, Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers, $17.998. The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time IndianSherman Alexie, Ellen Forney (Illus.), Little Brown, $159. Roller GirlVictoria Jamieson, Dial, $12.9910. El DeafoCece Bell, Amulet, $10.95

    The sinking of the Lusitania is probably second only to the Titanic in ranking great maritime disasters. One hundred years ago, on May 7, 1915, the British luxury liner was torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat. Seattle author Erik Larson (In the Garden of Beasts, The Devil in the White City) has created a gripping narrative of the event.

    With the assassination of a minor archduke in June 1914, Europe had virtually stumbled into the Great War. By the end of that year, the opposing armies found themselves in the deadly stalemate of trench warfare.

    Since England imported two-t h i r d s o f i t s food, Germanys

    strategy was to starve the island nation by sinking ships, including those of neutral countries, which might be carrying munitions and food. Germany could not compete with the British Royal Navy in surface vessels, but they had built a fleet of submarinesUnterseebooten, or U-boatsthat had become terribly effective. As Larson notes, by April 1917, any ship leaving Britain had a one-in-four chance of being sunk.

    The German Embassy in the United States had issued a warning to the passengers of the Lusitania the morning it set sail from New York. Yet to most people, it was inconceivable that the Germans would dare sink a passenger ship full of civilians.

    As in his other books, Larson wraps rich historical detail in a riveting narrative as he gives a day-by-day account of that last fateful cruise, alternating between the 61-year-old Captain William Turner of the Lusitania and 32-year-old Kapitnleutnant Walther Schwieger in charge of U-boat 20.

    Along the way he provides fascinating information about both ships. The German submarines were so primitive that, to speed a dive, Schwieger needed to order his sailors to run to the bow for added ballast. The conditions were harsh cramped, dangerous, with extreme humidity and temperatures rising over 100 degrees when submerged.

    By contrast, the Lusitania was the largest and most luxurious ocean liner of its day. It was also the fastestcapable of 25 knots, while U-boats could only manage 15 knots on the surface and 9 knots underwater.

    As in Walter Lords classic account of the Titanics sinking, A Night to

    Remember, Larson introduces us to a wide range of passengers. Heightening the suspense, we dont know until the end which of them survived and which perished.

    The Lusitania was struck at 2:10 pm, on a warm and sunny day off the Irish coast. Incredibly, the huge ship sank in 18 minutes. Larson vividly captures the horror and panic of those 18 minutes.

    Although the ship had more than enough lifeboats for its passengers and crewlesson learned from the Titanics sinking only three years earlierwhen hit, the ship listed heavily on its starboard side, swinging the lifeboats

    cont. page 11

  • 6 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

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    Come in and pick out the perfect gift for Mom!

    Longview Orthopedic Associates Delivers Outstanding Sub-specialty CareIts no coincidence that patients travel from Portland and Vancouver to receive treatment at Longview Orthopedic Associates.LOAs board certified surgeons have earned a

    reputation as one of the most skilled and experienced orthopedic teams in the Pacific Northwest.From fingers to toes, doctors Bruce Blackstone, Bill Turner, Jon Kretzler,

    Eric Hansen, Peter Kung and A.J. Lauder have the experience and sub-specialty training to get you back in working order.LOA is located at 625 9th Avenue at Pacific Surgical

    Institute, with MRI and physical therapy services available on site. Call 360.501.3400 to schedule an appointment.

    625 9th Ave Longview, WA 98632www.longvieworthopedics.com

    360.501.3400Bruce Blackstone, MD Eric Hansen, MDJon Kretzler, MDBill Turner, MD A.J. Lauder, MDPeter Kung, MD

  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 7

    My Slant

    Fun with FibonacciMath is hard.

    By Brett Calhoon

    www.BandasBouquets.com 1414 Commerce Ave, Longview, Washington

    cont page 9

    As a mathematics instructor I am often faced with the opinion that math is hard, boring and will never have any real value to the person charged with learning the subject. I will ignore the latter for this article and present a mathematical topic which is not only beautiful, but accessible to anyone who is willing to spend a few minutes exploring it. This will be on the exam.

    In the years that followed the fall of Rome, western Europe had continued to use Roman numerals for keeping track of numbers. Even today they still appear in some segments of our society.

    The next time you watch the end credits of a movie notice that most films still use Roman numerals to record the year in which the film was produced. I find antiquity fascinating, but when it comes to computation of numbers, Roman numerals are just poorly suited for the job. Imagine trying to balance your checkbook using Roman numerals or worse yet, learning your times tables in Roman numerals (if you dont believe me, try to calculate MMXV times MDCDIII ).

    The numerals we use today were created by the mathematicians of India between the first and fourth and 4th centuries and by the ninth century, these numerals had been adopted by Persian mathematicians.

    Three hundred years later they were finally popularized in Europe by an

    So then and more generally the kth term will be

    Continuing this process we see that the first 15 terms in the Fibonacci sequence are:

    Not only does this sequence grow, but the farther you go along the faster it grows!

    Down the rabbit holeIf youve come this far I hope youre willing to continue down the rabbit hole a litter farther. In hand we have the Fibonacci sequence which grows towards infinity. Lets now create a new sequence using the terms of the Fibonacci.

    Define Rn = . It might look a little crazy at first, but each term is just the ratio of two consecutive terms of the Fibonacci sequence. To help understand it lets calculate some of the terms.

    If we were to continue this process (the reader is invited to calculate as many terms as is interesting) we would notice that the terms of Rn become very close to one another. In fact the further you go along, the terms of Rn become as close as you would like to a particular number, (phi).

    Johannes Kepler showed that the particular number the sequence Rn approaches is

    Fn+1Fn

    In this oft-cited example of art proportioned following the golden ratio, Dali framed his paint ing in a go lden rectangle and positioned t h e t w o disciples at Christs side at the golden sections of the width of the composition. The windows in the background are formed by a large dodecahedron (dodecahedrons consist of 12 pentagons, which exhibit (phi) relationships in their proportions

    Italian mathematician by the name Leonardo Bonacci; better known as Fibonacci.

    In 1202 Fibonacci published his major work Liber Abaci. (The title of this book always makes me think of a certain late entertainer sometimes called the King of Bling.) Not only did Fibonaccis work introduce the benefit of a far simpler numerical system, but it also included a sequence of numbers which had been studied in India no later than 700 C.E. I speak of course of the Fibonacci sequence.

    In mathematics, a sequence is just an ordered list of numbers which goes on forever. The standard notation for a sequence is a letter with a subscript n. With this in mind let us denote the Fibonacci sequence as Fn . Terms in a sequence are usually denoted with a subscript number indicating the order the term appears in the sequence.

    The first two terms in the Fibonacci sequence are both 1. That is F1=1 and F2=1. With these first two terms, we can define the rest of the sequence as follows: the next term in the Fibonacci sequence is the sum of the two previous terms. (continue next column)

    Bre t t Ca lhoon earned his masters degree at Western Washington University. He teaches math at Lower Columbia College and lives in Longview.

    Now accepting applications for K-12 teachers for Fall 2015, including P.E. and specialty subject instructors, as well as Title 1 and counselor positions. Highly qualified, state or ACSI certified individuals may apply by visiting www.3riversschool.net and clicking the About Us tab for the application information. We offer a Jesus-centered, rigorous and joyful workplace dedicated to providing life-forming experiences to children.

    Are you called to teach in a Christian school?

    Awesome!

    The Sacrament of the Last Supper by Salvador Dali.

  • 8 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    See ad, page 23

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    Visit Longviews

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    Home Furnishings Wall Decor Accessories Gifts

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  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 9

    Discount Dry cleaners

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    Math

    The golden ratio is what is known as the golden ratio and it was known to the ancient Greeks no later than 300 BC. Salvador Dalis The Sacrament of the Last Supper displays the golden ratio, not just within the subject of the painting, but the very physical dimensions of the canvas exhibit this ancient proportion. One of the pioneers o f m o d e r n architecture, f amed Swis s a r c h i t e c t LeCorbusier, f r e q u e n t l y employed both the Fibonacci sequence and golden rat io in his works s t a t ing tha t they possessed rhythms apparent to the eye and clear in their relations with one another. So what is all the fuss with this number? To conclude we shall explore its most notable property.

    Try this at homeTake a ruler and construct a rectangle that is 2 by 3.25. Notice that the ratio of the length to width is approximately equal to . Next draw a line dividing the rectangle so that one piece is a perfect 2 square and the other is a 2 by 1.25. Notice that the ratio of the length and width of the new, smaller rectangle is also approximately equal to . You could now cut the new rectangle similarly and end up with an even

    cont from page 7

    Mathematics is the majestic structure conceived by man to grant him comprehension of the universe. ~ LeCorbusier

    smaller rectangle that will again have the same golden ratio! In fact, you can keep doing this until they get too small to draw.

    Unconfined joy!This property is what gained this special number so much attention long ago and has not lost its elegance in the centuries since.

    I h o p e y o u v e enjoyed our time t o g e t h e r w i t h mathematics. If you have seen that performing the seemingly simple task of adding two numbers can have re su l t s deeper, more interesting and more beautiful than you previously thought, then let

    joy be unconfined.

    If not, then perhaps take note of the ability of mathematics to bridge the gap between cultures. In this case, the work of mathematicians from East and West brought deeper understanding of the world in which we live.

    Given some of the worlds current struggles it might not hurt to remind ourselves that there exist certain ideas and notions which are universal among the people in this world, and to appreciate our collective experience of them.

    Go forth and make sure to always distribute your negative signs and never divide by zero.

    Columbia River Handbells, directed by Rob Lloyd, will present their Spring Concert at 3pm, Sunday, May 3, at St. Stephens Episcopal Church, located at 22nd Avenue and Louisiana Street in Longview.

    The theme of the program is Music from the Longing Heart. Thirteen handbell musicians will be ringing a varied program, including Prayerful Moments, written by Jean Watson, handbell choir director at St. Stephens Church.

    Chime in at St. Stephens May 3 concert in Longview

    Also featured will be one piece with Bob Pollock on euphonium; another with Barbara Byker on the string bass and another with a vocal by Merry Lloyd.

    Admission is free. A free-will offering will be taken to build the fund for purchase of a set of handchimes for loan to local schools and home-school groups in Cowlitz and Columbia Counties.

    About handbellshe first The first tuned handbells were developed in England between 1696 and 1724. Originally, tower bell ringers enthusiasm for practicing the complicated algorithms of change ringing could easily exceed the villages patience, so tuned sets of handbells provided ringers a way to rehearse outside their towers. The handbell sets used by change ringers had the same number of bells as in the towers.

    Handbel l s were f i r s t brought to the United States from England in 1902. Modern handbell ensembles ring recognizable music with melodies and harmony, as opposed to the mathematical permutations used in change ringing.

    Enjoy the ringing in your ears!

  • 10 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

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    The best way to keep enjoying the good life at any age is to

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    Man in the Kitchens cat.

    Organizers predict a buzz at the eighth annual Senior Connections Fair, to be held May 6 from 9am3pm at Kelsos Three Rivers Mall, with Macys Mothers Day

    Fashion Show taking place at 1pm. The event is sponsored by a coalition of local agencies and volunteers to bring together non-profits, businesses, and service clubs to connect seniors

    to community resources.

    It was Bernie Altmans idea , r eca l l ed Tina McCully, with Catholic Community Services and a member of the fairs steering committee. A Kelso, resident, Altman is known for his volunteer s e r v i c e , c o m m u n i t y leadership and advocacy. He felt that there should be one place to go and get information, McCully said.

    The event has evolved f r o m t h e o r i g i n a l senior health focus and expanded to staying active in the community and

    showcasing volunteer opportunities and fun activities. Its something we feel the community needs, McCully said. The focus of local funding for non-profits often prioritizes children over other segments of the population, she noted. Seniors are being left out of the community. There are so many people looking for things to do.

    Were an aging community in general, said Tawni Jacobson, with Longview Housing Authority. Senior Connections Fair tries to help make people aware of available services, products and opportunities.

    Its not just a health fair, McCully said. Its about other fun things to dolike hiking clubs, a ukulele band, or bingo at the senior center.

    Organizers expect 45-55 vendors exhibiting everything from long-term care insurance, hearing aids and mobility equipment to opportunities for playing pool, hiking, line dancing and losing weight. Attendees can get

    information on retirement housing facilities or Meals on Wheels. People with diabetes who need special shoes can be fitted on the spot. Lower Columbia College nursing students will be on hand checking blood pressure and sugar levels.

    Everything (at the fair) relates to health, said Vickie Rhodes, who works for Longview Housing Authority, but its bigger than health.

    Its also about maintaining a health lifestyle and enjoying independence, said Dawn Morgan, a volunteer with Stageworks Northwest.

    The eight-member steering committee estimates the fair will draw 300-350. Its hard to count here because there are so many different ways to come in, said McCully. The displays and demos will fill most of the malls central area. Attendees can get passports stamped by vendors to win door prizes. Many stores in the Mall will offer special discounts and coupons during the fair.

    The committee meets monthly, starting each year in August or September, stepping up the frequency as the event draws near. We already have a format, said Rhodes, so its not a matter of changing anything we just need to be sure everyone is on task.

    We tweak it every year, added Morgan. The group aims to break even, with vendor fees covering expenses such as publicity and table and chair rentals. Its not a money maker, she said.

    A surprising cross-section of people typically drop by. The event is aimed at those 35 and older, many who probably arent facing needs yet themselves, but may be dealing with parents who need help getting transportation or services from agencies, explained McCully. Come and go shopping for your parents or for yourself.

    I like the reaction of the people who come and enjoy it, said Jacobson.

    Its about living well, said Rhodes. Theres something for everybody.

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  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 11

    Miss Manners By Judith Martin

    Civilized Life

    Charging a guest for hospitality, etc.

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    1. DEAR MISS MANNERS: I received a call from a colleague inviting me to a 60th birthday party he is planning for his boss. I do not socialize with this colleague or his boss, although I know them both.

    I wanted to turn down the invitation, but to be polite I said that I would mark it on my calendar, but wasnt sure if I could attend. Then the inviter replied, OK, Ill be collecting $10 or $15 ahead of time for the party.

    Now Im completely turned off! Even if I could attend, I certainly dont want to fund the party. What can I do to turn down the invitation, and to point out to the inviter that he should fund the party that he wants to throw for his boss?

    GENTLE READER: The anti-hospitality inherent in charging a guest is unfortunately common. In your case, however, Miss Manners notices that things might not have gotten to this stage had you yourself not misstepped.

    Good manners do not require you to accept every invitation, but they do prohibit the conditional acceptance you gave -- and in the mistaken belief that it was more polite. Your host no doubt now feels fully justified in charging you in advance, having heard that you expect him to prepare for your arrival, but feel yourself under no obligation actually to attend.

    Consult your calendar and give the answer you should have given initially,

    namely that you are flattered to have been invited, but that you find you are unfortunately unable to attend.

    2. DEAR MISS MANNERS: My sister will not commit and keep to a time when her family and our parents will visit us, but will say, Dont plan around us; when we get there, we will get there and then get there three to five hours late.

    Other times, we will set a time to meet at a mid-place, and after we have already arrived, we will get a text or call where she says, Oh, dont plan around us; when we get there, we will get there.

    But what are we supposed to do when we are sitting at the appointed place, waiting? She seems to feel that by sweetly saying, Oh, dont plan around us, that relieves her of any responsibility for our time.

    We are currently trying to coordinate schedules for another family get-together. What can I say to my sister to let her know her sweet statement is really saying, Our time is more important than your time, so wait on us until we get there?

    GENTLE READER: Why dont you just take your sister up on her offer and start without her?

    You could say, Since you always ask us not to plan around you, here is what we are planning and cite the relevant time frames. If she doesnt show up within them, continue to your next activity or return home, as the case may be.

    As she has repeatedly begged you not to take her schedule into account when planning yours, Miss Manners fails to see why you should not do so. A pleasant side effect may be that this gets her attention and makes her try harder next time not to miss the fun.

    3. DEAR MISS MANNERS: I can see in my neighbors bathroom window. Should you tell them?

    GENTLE READER: No, Miss Manners demurs. But you might, depending upon the circumstances.

    Were you standing in the bushes with your hands on the windowsill? Does your bedroom look into the bathroom in question? Or did you make eye contact as you walked down the street?

    In the last case, Miss Manners recommends a cheerful wave. Failing that, you should either close your own blinds, or work into a future conversation that you hope your neighbors do not find the closeness of the houses and the resulting lack of privacy disconcerting.

    cont page 30

    Book Review cont from page 5hanging from their divots well out of reach of the crew trying to load them, while on the opposite side, the lifeboats swung in over the deck, making it impossible to lower them. Only six of the ships lifeboats were able to be launched.

    Schwieger witnessed the terror and chaos through his periscope. His fiance later told a reporter that the sinking had left him a shattered man. (He and the crew of U-boot 20 would perish four months later in a British minefield.)

    Of the 1,959 passengers and crew on the Lusitania, including 95 children and 39 infants, only 764 survived.

    Many questions remain 100 years later. Foremost, knowing that German U-boats were in the area and sinking non-military shipping, why was the Lusitania not given a naval escort when entering the war zone, as had other ships?

    One disturbing theory is that the British Admiralty may have intentionally sacrificed the Lusitania, reckoning that its sinking would draw America into the war. First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill had confided, For our part we want the traffic (neutral ships)the more the better; and if some of it gets into trouble, better still.

    If so, it was a costly and brutal miscalculation, for it wasnt the Lusitanias sinking, but the discovery of the infamous Zimmerman Telegram that finally brought the Americans out of their neutrality. (The telegram offered the Mexican president an alliance if the United States entered the war, whereby Germany would help Mexico win back their lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.)

    The United States issued a declaration of war against Germany on April 6, 1917, almost two years after the sinking.

  • 12 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    Miss Manners cont from page 11

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    Northwest Voices invites the public to a pair of free events on April 27. The first features Washington poet laureate Elizabeth Austen at a 3:305pm workshop at Lower Columbia College (Main Bldg, Room 146).

    The second event follows at 7pm with a reading by local poet Joseph Green at the Longview Public Library in the Periodicals Room on the second floor.

    Elizabeth Austen is the Washington State Poet Laureate for 2014-16. Her collection Every Dress a Decision (Blue Begonia Press, 2011) was a finalist for the Washington State Book Award. Shes also the author of two chapbooks, The Girl Who Goes Alone (Floating Bridge Press, 2010) and Where Currents Meet (Toadlily Press, 2010). Austen earned an MFA in Poetry at Antioch University Los Angeles. She produces poetry programming for NPR-affiliate KUOW 94.9 and makes her living at Seattle Childrens Hospital, where she also offers poetry and reflective writing workshops for the staff.

    Her visit is being funded by Humanities Washington.

    Joseph Green retired from teaching in 2010, his 25th year at Lower Columbia College. His poems have been appearing in magazines and journals since 1975, and many have been collected in five chapbooks, most recently That Thread Still Connecting Us (Moon Path Press). A new, longer collection, What Water Does at a Time Like This, is expected to appear later this spring.

    All events are free and open to the public. Northwest Voices is funded by the Longview Public Library and Low-er Columbia College, Friends of the Longview Public Library, Longview Library Foundation, LCC Foundation, and Associated Students of LCC.

    Northwest Voices features noted poets

    Personal memories of the Big Squirrel have scampered through the minds of residents and visitors alike for decades and new memories are being created all the time. Fundraising is underway to increase access and bring a new educational element to the squirrel sculpture honoring Longviews unique Nutty Narrows Bridge and its builder, the late Amos J. Peters.

    Plans call for connecting the sidewalk, the squirrel sculpture and the Shay Pavilion, plus install a park bench and add an informational panel outlining the history of the Nutty Narrows Bridge, which is listed on the National Historic Register and, some say, has brought the City of Longview more public attention than any of its other features.

    How to helpTax-deductible contributions may be sent to Friends of Longview, PO Box

    1042, Longview, WA 98632. Designate Squirrel Sculpture Project on the check.For more information, call Doris Disbrow, 360-575-8586.

    Putting the best paw forward

  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 13

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  • 14 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    COMING NEXT MONTH

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    Nancy Chennault takes us to Philadelphia to visit Americas oldest living botanical garden. On their 18th century farmstead, the Bartrams discovered so many of our modern plants here in America and were sending them home to England, Nancy said. The British gardening community is known to be the background for so many of the trends and new plants

    in the USA. On her visit, It was fun to learn that the English were hungry for new plants from the new world.

    For your garden-ing f ix th i s month, read Pat Kubins story on Ecuadorian roses, next page.

    Northwest Gardener

    A typical rose grown at Dream Farms. Photo by Pat Kubin.

  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 15

    Harvested roses are stacked two dozen per bundle, ready for transport to the cutting room.

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    cont page 24

    story and Photos by Patrick kubin

    Longview attorney P a t r i c k K u b i n enjoys photography, writing and travel.See his Where Do You Read the Reader? photo taken on his recent trip to Ecuador, page 23.

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    On Mothers Day you might stop by your local grocery or flower shop and pick up a dozen roses for your Mom. Have you ever considered where those roses came from? The answer might surprise you.

    Dozens of rose farms thrive in the town of Cayambe in the foothills of the Andes Mountains in eastern Ecuador. Only an hour or so from the capital of this South

    American country, the rolling fertile fields support a global industry. Dream Farms is one of those plantations.

    Occupying a seven hectare (17.29 acre) property, Dream Farms sits on a dirt road just off the main highway through Cayambe. It is an unimposing sight at first, a large gate and stone wall hiding the operation from casual view. An armed guard opens the gate, revealing rows of greenhouses to the east. Roses are very valuable, more so after value is added by cutting, sorting and packaging. One local farm was recently robbed at gun point, the robbers hijacking two fully loaded semi-trucks full of processed roses just before Valentines Day. Security is taken very seriously here.

    Immense scaleEnormous greenhouses with fabric roofs protect the roses from direct sunlight, while allowing very bright, uniform equatorial light to penetrate the interior. The greenhouses are massive, stretching off into the distance in every direction. Tidy grounds surround them, closely cropped lawns and paths allowing ready access by workers and equipment.

    Entering a greenhouse, one is struck by the immense scale of the operation. Dream Farms alone grows 600,000 rose plants in scores of greenhouses. Plants live 520 years, depending upon the variety and desirability. Varieties that fall out of favor are quickly replaced with more profitable types. Presently the most highly prized rose at Dream Farms is a new variety called Deep Purple, already a very hot seller.

    Straight as a plumb line Ecuador, which means equator in Spanish, is a country roughly the size of Oregon, located on the northwest coast of South America. The equator runs squarely through the country, resulting in days and nights of equal and u n v a r y i n g l e n g t h . The sun is directly overhead at midday every day. This results in an unparal le led opportunity to grow f lowers as s t ra ight as a plumb line, an

    enormous advantage in the long-stem rose business.

    Because Ecuador is a tropical country, the coastal lowlands in the west are very hot and humid. In the far eastern Oriente region the low-lying tributaries of the Amazon River are equally hot and sultry. Thus, roses are grown in the Andes at the surprisingly high altitude of 7,200 feet above sea level. Here the climate remains uniformly warm and pleasant year-round, precluding the possibility of frost or excessive heat. The tropical Photos, from top: Long rows of

    greenhouses at Dream Farms; industrious workers in the cutting room; roses hanging by their necks prior to sorting for stem length and then trimming.

    Global Gardening

  • 16 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    COOKING WITH THE FARMERS DAUGHTER

    By Suzanne Martinson

    I have lost my breakfast cook, my husband, Bob.We were married for 37 years, and we called each other Ace, as in ace reporter from our years working together at five newspapers in four states. I remember well our first conversation at the weekly Gresham (Ore.) Outlook, where I wrote features and he covered sports.

    It was Bobs first day working on deadline and somehow our first conversation turned to cookies. I told him that I had always been partial to chocolate chip cookies with oatmeal. He agreed that he loved them, too. For 25 years, I did bake those cookies for him with my prize-winning 4-H recipe.

    Heres your favorite cookies, I said one day, pulling out a batch, warm from the oven and rent with melty chips.

    Actually, peanut butter is my favorite, he confessed. But I like these, too. He later joked he wouldnt kick either one out of bed.

    Bob died Jan. 16, from pulmonary fibrosis, a result of graft vs. host disease, which occurred after a successful stem-cell transplant that had cured his leukemia and extended his life for three-plus years. We counted every day as a miracle, thanks to great medical care and his stem cell donor, Jennifer Taylor, who traveled from Washington, D.C., to Longview for his memorial.

    Since his passing, I have been wandering from room to room, where his presence is everywhere. His absence is felt most intensely in the kitchen, which we recently remodeled, and his cluttered office, where he created a 17-page how-to list for house, lawn and

    finances. Amid the financial flotsam was this line: Brush Molly every other day. Bobs thoughtful legacy (he was an economics major, after all) didnt surprise me. The guy I referred to as the editor I sleep with was the kind of man who thought logically and cared deeply for those he left behind, including the dog.

    His typed parting instructions covered everything, from where the tool to turn off the water supply hung in the garage, to the location of the 2015 tax file. All spouses and children should be so lucky.

    Yet until I received a letter with a Pennsylvania postmark from longtime friend Alice Schwartz, an attorney and mother of twins, I didnt realize how much the breakfasts he created for family and friends waffles, cornmeal pancakes, bacon, sausage meant to me.

    Alice wrote that those breakfasts were the essence of Bob.

    He was warm (no boxed cereals on the menu). He was giving (up early to feed women, children and dog). He was creative (lingonberry pancakes from his Scandinavian heritage). He was responsible (daughter Jessica off to school with the invisible helicopter about). He was patient (sometimes the helicopter needed to hover intensely).

    He was well read, thoughtful and funny (breakfast table conversation so informative, so convivial and so pleasing).

    The part about the helicopter is an old family joke a knowing nod to parents who hover over their children. Ace, guilty as charged. When our daughter, Jessica, grew up and left home, Ace hovered over me. I am thankful for that.

    He did everything for me. Reminded me to get my car serviced. Navigated a

    thicket of paper for our taxes. Planned for retirement. When he couldnt vacuum a n y m o r e , h e h i r e d a housekeeper.

    He spoiled me. After some initial education (permanent press should neither wash nor dry on HOT), he did the laundry. He wrote thank-you notes and then taught our

    daughter. Though he had a journalists penchant for show, not tell, he spread his I love you around.

    When his illness meant he could no longer enjoy his beloved carbs, I was privileged to make scrambled eggs for him.

    Each morning, I am reminded of this great loss. No more does the Ace of my heart call to his sleepyhead wife, Ace, your waffles are ready.

    Memories of Aces well-lived life

    cont page 22

    Scrambled eggs, the Beard wayJames Beard changed my life. Or at least the scrambled eggs I made for my husband.

    I discovered Beards method while researching a program about the Oregon-born culinary genius for my study group.

    His book Beard on Food propelled me from the land of eggs scrambled into submission in favor of the Beard

    Bob Martinson

  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 17

    OUT AND ABOUT

    Kalama

    Vancouver

    Cascade LocksBridge of the Gods

    Rainier

    Scappoose

    Portland

    Vernonia

    Clatskanie

    SkamokawaIlwaco

    Chinook

    Maryhill Museum

    Stevenson

    To: Centralia,OlympiaMt. RainierYakima (north, then east)Tacoma/Seattle

    To: SalemSilvertonEugeneAshland

    Washington

    Oregon

    Pacific Ocean

    Columbia River

    Bonneville Dam

    4

    12

    Naselle

    Grays River

    Oysterville

    Ocean Park

    Yacolt

    Ridgefield

    503

    504

    97

    The Dalles

    Goldendale

    Hood River

    Cougar Astoria

    Seaside

    Long Beach

    KelsoCathlamet

    Woodland

    Kelso-Longview Chamber of Commerce Kelso Visitors Center I-5 Exit 39 105 Minor Road, Kelso 360-577-8058 Woodland Tourist Center I-5 Exit 21 Park & Ride lot, 900 Goerig St., 360-225-9552 Wahkiakum Chamber 102 Main St, Cathlamet 360-795-9996 Appelo Archives Center 1056 SR 4 Naselle, WA. 360-484-7103. Long Beach Peninsula Visitors Bureau 3914 Pacific Way (corner Hwy 101/Hwy 103) Long Beach, WA. 360-642-2400 800-451-2542 South Columbia County Chamber Columbia Blvd/Hwy 30, St. Helens, OR 503-397-0685 Seaside, OR 989 Broadway 503-738-3097 or 888-306-2326 Astoria-Warrenton Chamber/Ore Welcome Ctr 111 W. Marine Dr., Astoria 503-325-6311 or 800-875-6807

    VISITORS CENTERSFREE Maps Brochures Directions Information

    Castle Rock Mount St. Helens

    St Helens

    Longview

    To: Walla Walla

    Kennewick, WALewiston, ID

    Local informationPoints of InterestRecreationSpecial Events Dining ~ LodgingArts & EntertainmentWarrenton

    101

    101

    Wes

    tpor

    t-Pu

    get I

    slan

    d FE

    RRYk

    NW Cornelius

    Pass Road

    Ape Cave

    Birkenfeld

    Winlock

    Skamania Lodge

    Troutdale

    Map suggests only approximate positions and relative distances. We are not cartographers.

    Col Gorge Interp Ctr

    Crown Point

    Columbia City

    Sauvie Island

    Top left photo: The road pullout just west of Lower Beaver Creek Falls is a scenic stopping place for pictures or a tailgate picnic. Bottom photo: Antique cars often show up at the Quincy Granges annual chicken dinner, held this year on Mar. 29. Well remind you of the date in advance next year. Meanwhile, consider visiting their Trash, Treasures & Plants Sale on May 2, 9am3pm. 78314 Rutters Rd. Follow signs from Clatskanie.

    From Lewis & Clark Bridge drive west on Hwy 30 about 4.7 miles. Turn off at Delena. Continue 1.8 miles to a wide pullout offering view of Upper Beaver Creek Falls. Continue 2 miles to the large pullout past the end of the chain-link fence and walk back about .1 mile for a great view.Drive 6 miles, following signs to Clatskanie (divert here to Quincy Grange if you wish). Continue 10 miles to Westport to catch ferry (departs 15 minutes past each hour) and cross the Columbia River. Drive through Cathlamet and turn right on Washington SR-4, head east toward Longview. About 1/4-mile past Stella, watch for Stella Falls 200 feet north (left side) of the road. Be very cautious if you park along the road or if you park at Stella and walk to view the waterfall.

    Waterfall Loop Driving Directions

    Waterfall tour includes a stop at Quincy Grange and a ride on the Oscar B

    The newly-commissioned $5.7 million 115-foot long Oscar B ferry (above and at left) carries 23 passenger cars. It is named after the late Oscar Bergseng, who skippered the previous ferry, the Wahkiakum, for 17 years.

    Lets take a Sunday drive!

    The Wahkiakum 19622015. Photo by Lois Sturdivant

    Photo courtesy of Carol Everman, Deputy to the Oregon State Grange Master

    Photos by Perry Piper

    Photo by Michael Perry

  • 18 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    OUT AND ABOUT

    GOTTALENT?

    ARE YOU A STAR?Do you dance Play in a band

    Do magic Sing Juggle Are you an acrobat or ...?

    Come show us your talent!APRIL 26, 2015 3:00 pm

    Columbia Theatre Longview, WATalent fee: $25

    PRIZES:1ST PLACE: $500 2ND PLACE: $250

    3RD PLACE: $150

    Pick up applications at CTPA Box Office or by emailTicket info: [email protected] tickets at Columbia TheatreAdmission - $10

    Sponsored byKiwanis of Kelso

    Bugler Ad 10 x 2

    Tea For Women!Join us for an educational, fun-filled afternoon with friends.

    Assisted Living

    DELAWARE

    PLAZA

    926 Delaware Street in Longview

    FRIDAY, MAY 15th, 2015 2:00 PM Delaware Plaza Cardiologist Allan Harrelson, DO, PeaceHealth Medical Group will discuss Womens Heart Health facts.

    Plus Comedian Susan Rice with light-hearted comedy on Womens Health. $5 per person includes a light lunch, door prizes and a gift. Please RSVP by May 11th (360) 423-3333 WEAR RED!

    Back By Popular Demand!

    TICKETS 360.575.8499 888.575.8499 WWW.COLUMBIATHEATRE.COM

    Col. River Reader Ad For April 15th 2015 issue 4.875 x 4.125

    The backbone of the big band era!Sunday, May 10th MOTHERS DAY 3pmIn celebration every mother receives a flower!Tickets $25-$35 Call for senior discounts.

    HaRRy JAMeS Orchestra CONDUCTED BY FRED RADKE

    Look for NEW SEASON coming soon!

    Spring cruising time always sends me on little journeys of desperation for inspiration in the name of information and education, but more often just to stir my imagination.

    The cities of South Bend and Raymond on Willapa Bay have always intrigued me. Just 2+ hours from the I-5 corridor by Washington Route 4, its a great day trip with lots of sights along the way. From Longview/Kelso take either State Rt. 4 west through Naselle to U. S. 101 or, along with Oregonians, take U.S. 30 west to Astoria, cross the bridge to Washington and proceed to U.S 101 north along the east side of Willapa Bay to South Bend/Raymond.

    Lunch first, I always say This means a visit to The Chester Club Tavern on Highway 101 in South Bend for killer oysters prepared just right. Then, after a short walk along the river, its on to the commanding attraction in South Bend.

    The Pacific County Courthouse on Quality Hill overlooking the town and the bay is truly sensational.

    B u i l t i n 1 9 1 0 - 1 1 at a cost of $132,000, the courthouse was dubbed The Golden Palace of Extravagance by some wags. Just two blocks from U.S. 101, its a must see. Also in South Bend is the Pacific County Historical Society Museum on Highway 101. Its a treasure trove of local history.

    I also like to watch the oyster scows move in and out of the harbor. The people who operate and crew this fleet

    Day Tripping to Willapa Bay

    Architectural ly classed as Second Renaissance Revival, the Pacific County Courthouse in South Bend is graced by stately columns inside and out and the rotunda is crowned by an awe-inspiring 35 art glass dome of many colors.

    Above: The oyster launch Ena at East Point Seafood Market.

    Lef t : South Bend Boatyard.

  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 19

    OUT AND ABOUT

    Longview native Ron Baldwin, CRRs Renaissance Man, lives in Chinook, Wash. He loves the outdoors, old Volkswagens, fast

    cooking and music. Hear his jazz program 68pm on the second and fourth Wednesdays from Astoria, Ore., on KTCB (89.5), KMUN

    (91.2), KCPB (90.9) or live stream online at coastradio.org.

    work what I would call a most difficult schedule. Oysters are worked by the tides, so workers start and quit times change almost every day. South Bends largest employer is Hiltons Ocean Foods, the oyster processing plant on the south end of town.

    Im pleased to know that Im standing in the town where one of my heroes was born. South Bend is the birthplace of my favorite presidential candidate of all time, comedian Pat Paulson.

    Welcoming committee stands firmJourneying north on 101 brings us in short order to Raymond. A paved walking pedestrian and bicycling path parallels the highway, giving partakers views of the harbor and allowing them to mingle with the steel silhouette sculptures that line the path and are visible from the highway. Along the way, youll catch sight of the luxury craft built at Pedigree Catamarans. If you have to ask the price, you cant afford one. The big twin-hulled boat in the yard now has been under construction for three years.

    Raymond has always been a timber town. The 12-plus mills of the boom years are long gone, but Weyerhaeuser Company still operates a mill with all the modern bells and whistles. The steam kilns cook away day and night, supplying Americas hous ing indust ry. The mill provides more than 100 jobs as Raymonds biggest single employer.

    Barn-raising partyMy first stop is The Northwest Carriage Museum in Raymond. I t s a wor ld-c la s s collection of late 1800s horse-drawn carriages for the elite. The workmanship is nothing less than jewelry-quality perfect and displayed in a most interesting setting.

    An expansion to the museum is just finishing which will display horse drawn vehicles of a more proletarian nature; work wagons, stagecoaches and haulers are displayed in what has been dubbed The Barn by museum director Laurie Bowman and her husband, curator Jerry Bowman.

    A Barn Raising Party fundraiser is planned for April 25th from 4-7pm at the museum, with music, appetizers and fun for all.

    No visit to Raymond is complete without a visit to Ugly Eds New and Used, a mind boggling 40-plus year collection of antiques and used you-

    Day Tripping to Willapa Bay

    This recently acquired turn of that other century Austrian hearse is the star of the show at Raymonds Carriage Museum and displays intricate carvings and gewgaws of the day.

    Story and photos by Ron Baldwin

    name-it. Its two warehouses s tu f fed to the max with everything you can think of and some things you could never think of. Until his passing last year, Ed Norman operated the store. He was a longshoreman, furniture salesman, police chief, mayor, developer. What is it that Ed didnt do? Today the store is

    owned and operated by his friendly daughter Debbie,

    who seems to know where e v e r y l a s t item is.

    Whoa! Its time to eat again! Lets eat again real soon! Liangs Chinese Cuisine is right next to the Raymond Theater on Third Street. Chinese and some Thai foods are prepared fresh. The Pitchwood Alehouse, also on Third, serves up microbrews and ales from 11 taps and some of the best pub food anywhere. On weekends the Pitchwood

    hosts live bands. (Remember them?)

    Ill surely pay return visits to Willapa Harbor. The cities of Raymond and South Bend have a lot to offer to someone like me who likes to get off the beaten path.

    Debbie, with one of Ugly Eds unique items.

    See related story, High Hopes for an Economic Boom, page 30

  • 20 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    THE 2015 CENTRALIA FOX THEATRE film SERIESwith more movies than ever before!

    Centralia's Historic Fox Theatre 123 S Tower Ave CENTRALIA, WA www.Centraliafoxtheatre.com 360.623.1103

    MAR 28

    BuildersSurplus

    Northwest

    APR 11 APR 25 MAY 9 MAY 30

    WOLFELECTRIC LLC360-508-7520

    JUN 13

    PRESENTS

    Polly Mackenzie

    JUN 27 JUL 11 JUL 25

    AUG 8

    Fred & Eva BeeksPRESENT

    SILENT FILMS

    AUG 22 SEP 12 SEP 26 OCT 10 OCT 31

    Stuart MackenziePRESENTS

    HELLYHANSEN

    NOV 7 NOV 21

    Sticklin FuneralChapel

    DEC 5

    Saturdays 2pm & 7pm

    ALL SHOW TIMES

    SINGLE $8FAMILY $20

    TICKETS

    3-4 Persons

    GET OUT AND PLAY We have the right bike for every family member!

    1111 Hudson St. Longview, WA 360-425-3870Bike Shop Hours: Monday - Saturday 9 am - 8 pm Closed Sundays

    Discount Off Regular Price. 1 Coupon Per Visit.Limited To Stock On Hand. Valid thru 5/31/15.

    Bobs BikE SHOP Coupon

    Your Next Part or Accessory Purchase25% Off

    Full Service & Repair Shop Bikes Parts Accessories

    Car Racks Clothing

    Serving Cowlitz County andSurrounding Area for 33 years!

    1206 Broadway, LongviewOpen TuesFri 10am5pm

    www.mcthreadswearableart.com

    Specializing in one-of-a-kind fashions and jewelry

    McThreadsWearable Art Boutique

    360-261-2373

    May Exhibit

    Silk ScarvesDesigned and crafted by Heather E. Phillips

    Opening ReceptionTHURSDAY

    May 7th 5:307:30 pm

    Scarf tying demo.

    OUT AND ABOUT

    Its spring and a great time to gear up for bicycling season. Our area offers many cycling opportunities for the casual rider to serious enthusiast.

    In the Longview-Kelso area, getting around is easier and safer than many believe, if riders avoid the busy arterials like Ocean Beach Highway

    If youre toying with the possibility of riding to work, school, shopping or just recreation and its been awhile since youve pedaled, local bike shops are offering free safety inspections as part of the nationwide program known as Bike to Work Week, May 11-15. Repairs and adjustments, of course, are the responsibility of the owner. A local group of cycling fans is preparing activities and gathering prizes to encourage folks to start up or increase riding for whatever reason.

    Bike to Work WeekKickoff: Monday, 79am, May 11 Triangle Shopping Center Starbucks. Free coffee and treats Conclusion: 4:306pm, Fri, May 15, with prize drawings at Cassava Caf, Broadway & 14th Avenue in Longview.

    Visit www.cowlitzonthemove.org for more information and to register for prizes donated by area businesses. See you out there pedaling!

    (its north sidewalk is designated as a bike path), stretches of Washington Way and 15th Avenue. The street layout, or grid system, provides a series of low traffic options to get to parks, shopping centers, office complexes, schools, medical services and similar destinations. Once you strike out to explore the streets and neighborhoods

    By Steve HarveyIts time to pedal!

    Bicycling enthusiast Steve Harvey lives in Longview.

    BIKE TO WORK WEEK

    were experiencing certainly has made it even easier to get out on the bike. Regular cyclists often say that there isnt bad riding weather, only bad gear.

    See the local bike shops for a great selection of riding clothing, helmets, fenders, lights and similar equipment to keep you pedaling year round. They offer tips on riding no matter what level of interest or ability. Washington Bikes! (formerly the Bicycle Alliance of Washington), www.WABikes.org, is a good source of information for riding in all conditions and situations. They act as statewide advocates to promote a safer riding environment for all levels of riders in rural to urban settings.

    in this community, youll find many options that can get you to your destination quickly and safely. Several multi-use paths and trails such as the Highland Trail, the Coweeman, Cowlitz and Pacific Way dike trails and the paths encircling Lake Sacajawea offer opportunities to explore.

    Some businesses provide bike racks, but many more are needed. The simple placement of racks can act as an incentive for folks to ride to that business and secure their bikes. This benefits the business by attracting new customers. If some of your favorite destinations dont have racks, inquire of the owner/manager to see if they can be provided.

    With our moderate, temperate climate, bicyclists can ride pretty much year round. The great winter and spring

  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 21

    Our Tasting Room is located at 1254 St. Helens Way in Castle Rock, just off I-5 at exit 49, across from Burger King. 360-967-2257.Our Winery is located at 211 Morning Star Dr. in Silver Lake. Available for private parties and small events. Call 360-274-7078 to schedule.

    Producing award winning

    Washington Wines

    www.mtsthelenscellars.com

    Mt. S

    t. Helens Cellars

    Call or check website for hours

    30th Annual POWWOWSaturday, May 16

    Kelso, WA12:00 noon - 9:00 pm

    Grand Entries 1:00 pm and 7:00 pm

    Dancing, Drumming, Vendors, Food,

    Adult & Childrens Raffles

    Kelso High School, 1904 Allen StI-5 exit 39, head east on Allen St,

    approximately 1/4 mileFree Admission - Open to the Public

    Sponsored by the Kelso Powwow Committee Inc.

    No alcohol or drugs. Patrolled by on-site security. Sponsors not responsiblefor theft, injury, damage or vandalism both on and off premises.

    General Information: Shelley Hamrick 360.501.1655Participant Information: Mike Brock 360.425.0806Vendor Information: Lois Sturdivant 360.425.0906

    To help the community, canned food donations will be accepted at the door.

    In Honor of Our Children

    1329 Commerce Ave. Downtown Longview

    TuesSat at 5 pmMake your dinner reservations today. Call 360.425.2837

    HAPPY HOUR all night every Tuesday and Wednesday

    The B

    istro

    REST

    AURA

    NT

    Live music Thurs-Fri-Sat

    Private

    PARTY SPACE?The Bistro can accommodate groups with up to 100 guestsE-mail [email protected]

    Prime Rib served every Thursday & Friday

  • 22 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    cont from page 16Everyone deserves music!

    Piano LessonsA great investment in

    yourself or as a gift

    Martin E. KaubleLongview, WA

    360-423-3072(www.kaublepianostudio.com)

    technique theory performance

    Scrambled Eggs

    method. Ace wholeheartedly approved. Sometimes what a girl learned at Moms elbow as she fried eggs was better left at home on the farm.

    Beard doesnt mince w o r d s . I d i s a g r e e completely with those who say you can scramble one egg well. It is an impossibility.

    So there.

    He wrote he used a cast-aluminum Teflon-coated 9-inch omelet pan with rounded sides, which he used for up to 4 or 5 eggs, and a 10-inch pan for larger quantities, which are much harder to make.

    For scrambled eggs I think you should gauge at least 2 eggs per person. Add salt, freshly ground black pepper, and 1 or 2 dashes of Tabasco and then beat lightly with a fork. For lighter scrambled eggs I beat in 1 teaspoon of water for every two eggs. I dont like cream or milk added to scrambled eggs, but if I want them extraordinarily rich, I mix in softened butter.

    Beard also sometimes used two slices of Canadian bacon about 3 inches in diameter and 2 pieces of ham of the same size and one-fourth inch thick.

    He precooked the meat, cut it into thin shreds and tossed it into the pan with a tablespoon or two of butter.

    He continued: Let this warm over low heat, then add, for two services, beaten eggs and, as you do, increase the heat to medium high.

    A s s o o n a s t h e coagulation starts, make pushing strokes with a rubber or wooden spatula so you get curled curds. Im not quite as definite in my movements as Julie Child. I lift the pan off the burner side to side with sort of a circular motion while pushing with the spatula.

    As the heat in the cooking eggs increases, the curds form much faster, and there you have to remove the pan from the heat and work faster with your pushing. Thats the ticklish point. You have to know the exact moment to cease applying any heat and rush your eggs from pan to plate, or they will be overcooked, hard, coarse-textured and disagreeable.

    Believe me, Ive dined on many a disagreeable egg in my lifetime. I usually skip the meat and focus on the eggs. The Tabasco gives them a bit of tang, and if feeling adventuresome of a morning, I used three splashes or even four for Ace and me.

    On the farm, wed inquire how many eggs each person wanted, come up with a sum and add an additional one for the pan. My husband gave me a beautiful All-Clad stainless steel pan for Christmas, and I pushed aside my nonsticks after much use, theyre sticky and reverted to the simplicity of the low-stress All-Clad stainless enjoyed by many chefs.

    Few dishes cook as quickly as an egg, or overcook so fast, so the bread should be toasting before the eggs are dropped into the heat. Eggs served as cold as the stone step into the henhouse are nothing to brag about. ~ Suzanne Martinson

    James Beard was included in the 2014 USPS Celebrity Chefs set of commemorative stamps, along with Julia Child, Southern-food champion Edna Lewis, Chinese-food expert Joyce Chen, and South American chef Felipe Rojas-Lombardi.

    Suaznne Martinson writes CRRs Cooking with the Farmers Daughter column. She lives in Lexington, a community just north of Kelso, Wash.

    360-577-7200

  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 23

    Where do you readTHE READER?

    WHERE DO YOU READ THE READER?Send your photo reading the Reader (high-resolution JPEG) to [email protected] If sending a cell phone photo, choose the largest file size up to 2 MB. Include name and city of residence. Thank you for your participation and patience. Keep those photos coming!

    Taking a breather in Italy Peter and Esther Bennett, of Longview, at the Bridge of Sighs, Venice.

    The eyes have it From left: Michael Berger, Barbara Berger, Tien Vo, David Berger at the Hilton Waikoloa Village (on the Big Island). Michael and Barbara were attending an optometry continuing education conference. David (Mark Morris High

    School Class of 2007, graduate of Seattle University School of Law and currently in one-year clerkship at the Washington State Supreme Court) and Tien tagged along for fun.

    Looking for Dr. MunchieK e l s o r e s i d e n t M a r i l y n P e r r y stopped at this quaint caf in Scot land, located in Callander, be tween S t e r l ing and Loch Lomond.She was hoping the management might know something about the disappearance of CRRs own Dr. M u n c h i e . T h e y said they didnt, but Marilyn thought they acted suspiciously. C o u l d t h e t w o different spel l ings of the name mean something?

    A Colombia reader Angie Grams, of Longview,

    Wash., in front of the Torre del Reloj, or Clock Tower, the most famous landmark of Cartagena,

    a city on Colombias northern coast. The tower, built in the

    early 1600s, was once the main gateway to the walled city.

    At the topLongview resident

    Patrick Kubin enjoys a quick (though fairly

    breathless, he said) read at the top of

    TelerefiQo gondola above Quinto,

    Ecuador, at 13,287 feet above sea

    level. Part of the Pichincha volcano group shows in the

    background. See his story on roses, page 15, inspired by his sightseeing while in

    Ecuador.

  • 24 /April 15 May 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    sun is intense, though. A half-hour of unprotected exposure can sunburn fair skin.

    cont from page 15Roses species of rose available, varietal selection is critical to market success. Flowers are grown for length and appearance, not fragrance. Dream Farms grows thirty varieties.

    Cuttings 20 centimeters in length, called Patrones, are rooted in a hormone and planted in neat rows. After a short time, they may be cut again and re-rooted. Often new varieties are grafted on to hardy rootstock to ensure vitality. Cuttings were originally imported from Holland, but as the industry matured, the labor intensive cutting enterprise became an important and profitable local activity.

    A cutting requires 87 days after planting to become established. Within nine months the rose begins producing marketable flowers. Many of the rose bushes are very tall, their long stems reaching six to eight feet toward the sky. Each variety is grown in long, adjacent rows where they can be collectively monitored for progress. A greenhouse may contain several varieties, the cutting schedule varying depending on the season and special orders.

    The timing of growth is of utmost importanceMothers Day and Valentines Day are critical opportunities for profit, and the roses must be ready at the exact right moment. Roses are also grown for custom orders, such as weddings, graduations and celebrations. Need five thousand white roses and two thousand yellow roses for your wedding? Put in your order sufficiently in advance and they will be in bloom, cut, trimmed and packaged to

    1418 Commerce Avenue Longview, WA 98632

    360-577-0544

    See us for Mothers Day Gifts

    See us on Facebook

    Meet the Artists Every First Thursday

    New Art, Music & Nibbles

    Roses are big business hereCultivation of Rosaceae is undertaken with scientific precision on an industrial scale. With more than 100

    cont page 25A new proprietary product recently introduced by Dream Farms.

  • Columbia River Reader / April 15 May 14, 2015 / 25

    your specifications exactly on time. Dream farms will even wrap each bunch in custom paper with your name imprinted.

    The cutting is done on a precise timetable to maximize the number of mature roses. Special mesh sleeves are sometimes slipped over the unopened buds of premium varieties to prevent blackening or other blemishes. Cutting is done carefully, but quickly, by highly skilled crews of workers i