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Helping you discover and enjoy the good life in the Columbia River region at home and on the road. CRREADER.COM • March 15 – April 14, 2015 • COMPLIMENTARY Tulipmania page 17 O U T • A N D • A B O U T GLIMPSE an EL GRECO in Portland • page 18 COLUMBIA RIVER dining guide page 29 SOUFFLE for Easter • page 16 OUR JETTIES • page 21

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4 Letters to the Editor 5 Local Books / Book Review / Bestsellers List 7 Astronomy 9 Biz Buzz 11 Miss Manners 15 Northwest Gardener ~What your roses want 16 Man in the Kitchen: Soufflés 17 Out & About: Tulipmania 18 Out & About: Portland Art Museum / El Greco 19 Out & About: Tourists in Portland 21 Guardians of the Columbia: The jetty system 23 Where Do You Read the Reader? 26-27 Outings & Events Calendar 28 Lower Columbia Informer ~ F utilitarianism 29 Columbia River Dining Guide 32 Movies: 50 Shades of Grey; Still Alice 34 The Spectator ~ Headed for the Beltway

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  • Helping you discover and enjoy the good life in the Columbia River region at home and on the road.CRREADER.COM March 15 April 14, 2015 COMPLIMENTARY

    HOLIDAY 2014Tulipmania page 17

    O U T A N D A B O U T

    GLIMPSE an EL GRECO

    in Portland page 18

    COLUMBIA RIVERdining guide

    page 29

    SOUFFLE for Easter page 16

    OUR JETTIES page 21

  • 2 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

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  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 3

    Publisher/Editor: Susan P. Piper

    Columnists and contributors:Ron BaldwinBecky BellDr. Bob BlackwoodNancy ChennaultScott McRaeJudy PerryNed PiperPerry PiperAlan RoseGreg SmithPaul Thompson

    Production Staff:Production Manager/Photographer: Perry E. Piper

    Accounting/Editorial Assistant: Lois Sturdivant

    Editorial & Proofreading AssistantsKathleen Packard, Sue Lane, Michael Perry, Marilyn Perry

    Advertising RepresentativesNed Piper, Manager 360-749-2632Sue Lane 360-261-0658

    Columbia River Reader, LLC P.O. Box 1643 Rainier, OR 97048Website: www.CRReader.comE-mail: [email protected]: 360-749-1021

    Subscriptions $26 per year inside U.S. (plus $2.08 sales tax mailed to Washington addresses).

    Columbia River Reader is published monthly, with 14,000 copies distributed free throughout the Lower Columbia region in SW Washington and NW Oregon. Entire contents copyrighted by Columbia River Reader. No reproduction of any kind is allowed without express written permission of the publisher. Opinions expressed herein belong to the writers, not necessarily to the Reader.

    Sues Views

    Columbia River Reader . . . helping you discover and enjoy the good life in the

    Columbia River region at home and on the road.

    CRREADER.COMAccess the current issue, Dining Guide and Columbia River Reader Past Issue Archives (from January 2013), under Features, Selected new articles will be posted monthly in articles.

    Whisked to Washington

    ON THE COVERTulips original watercolor by Judy Perry. Another tulip painting, 13x16, is on exhibit at Broderick Gallery. See stories, pages 17 and 14.Souffl photo by Perry PiperJetty photo by Ron Baldwin

    cover Design by

    WASHINGTON, D.C. March 9, 2015 All these decades later, memories are still vivid of my first visit to our nations capital, when my mom and I accompanied my dad on a rare business trip. The multi-stop, turbo-prop flight was almost a milk run, but I didnt know the difference. Besides, on each leg of the flight, the stewardesses served elegant meals (complete with linen napkins and silverware) and beverages in sparkling glassware. Looking back, I see how luxurious it really was.

    Approaching to land on that long-ago summer evening, I was thrilled to see the illuminated Washington Monument, Jefferson Memorial and the Capitol dome. To me, it was even better than Disneyland.

    An impressionable teenager in the aftermath of JFKs assassination, I was fascinated by everything to do with American history and the Kennedys. Beyond being merely star struck, I was stars and stripes struck, and relished visiting the places where the pageantry of our national tragedy had played out on TV.

    A fan of Jackies, I wore a sleeveless, A-line dress and a wide brimmed hat as I stood at the eternal flame in Arlington Cemetery. We toured the halls of Congress, watching the U.S. Senate including a young Teddy Kennedy, using a cane after his 1964

    In this Issue

    plane crash pass the bill authorizing the U.S. Mint to make coins with an alloy-clad copper core instead of silver. We visited our senator, Warren G. Maggie Magnuson (D-Wash.) in his stately, mahogany-paneled office.

    These days, perhaps a tad jaded and less star struck, I am still moved by the memorials and national monuments and open-eyed in case somebody famous comes along. Our waiter said Bob Barker was dining in the next room. I might have wanted to meet him if Truth or Consequences had somehow morphed into a TV show about national politics.

    But I wouldnt mind bumping into Anderson Cooper, Chris Matthews, John Boehner or even President Obama. Maybe we could add another celebrity/politician to CRRs Where Do You Read the Reader? archives, which include Senator Patty Murray (D-Wash.) and former GOP chairman Michael Steele.

    For this visit, a non-stop flight whisked Ned and me to the other Washington in less than five hours and the only food available was a $7.50 fruit and cheese tray. Washington, D.C. is still better than Disneyland, and also a theme park,

    of sorts. And the best part? I finally got to see Julia Childs kitchen...whisks and all.

    Julia Childs reconstructed kitchen may be seen at the Smithsonians American History Museum.

    Sue Piper

    4 Letters to the Editor

    5 Local Books / Book Review / Bestsellers List

    7 Astronomy

    9 Biz Buzz

    11 Miss Manners

    15 Northwest Gardener ~What your roses want

    16 ManintheKitchen:Souffls

    17 Out & About: Tulipmania

    18 Out & About: Portland Art Museum / El Greco

    19 Out & About: Tourists in Portland

    21 Guardians of the Columbia: The jetty system

    23 Where Do You Read the Reader?

    26-27 Outings & Events Calendar

    28 Lower Columbia Informer ~ F utilitarianism

    29 Columbia River Dining Guide

    32 Movies: 50 Shades of Grey; Still Alice

    34 The Spectator ~ Headed for the Beltway

  • 4 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    Letters to the Editor

    CRR Print Submission GuidelinesLetters to the Editor (up to 200 words) are welcome. Longer pieces, or excerpts thereof, in response to previously-published articles, may be printed at the discretion of the publisher and subject to editing and space limitations. Items sent to CRR may be considered for publication unless the writer specifies otherwise. We do not publish letters endorsing candidates or promoting only one side of controversial issues. Name and

    phone number of writer must be included; anonymous submissions will not be considered.

    Polit ical Endorsements As a monthly publication serving readers in three counties, two states and beyond, we cannot print endorsements or criticism of political candidates as Letters to the Editor Unsolicited submissions may be considered, provided they are consistent with the publications purposeto help readers discover and enjoy the good life in the Columbia River region, at home and on the road. Advance contact with the editor is recommended. Information of general interest submitted by readers may be used as background or incorporated in future articles.

    Outings & Events calendar (free listing): Events must be open to the public. Non-profit organizations and the arts, entertainment, educational and recreational opportunities and community cultural events will receive listing priority. Deadline: 30th of the month. See other submission details, page 26. Businesses and organizations wishing to promote their particular products or services are invited to purchase advertising.

    Pink snow and a cyclone of petalsWhen we moved from snowy Alaska to Kelso, it was disappointing for one who loves snow. It snowed only one day during the whole winter.

    But my f i r s t spr ing here was overwhelmingly beautiful. There were blossoming trees everywhere, starting with flowering plums. Then, before

    But a favorite spot to enjoy pink snow is while parked along the 1000 block of Longviews 14th Avenue (near Goodwill, Paperbacks Galores, etc.)

    Whenever I drive there on a dry, hopefully sunny day, I sit and wait for a while. And its not long before Im rewarded by a small breeze swirling by, picking up the fallen pink petals which carpet the parking lot. First its a small whirlwind, and then it develops into a veritable cyclone of pink petals.

    I just sit there smiling and enjoying until the wind tires of the game and drops the petals back into pink snowdrifts. Ah, how I love springtime and pink snow!

    Carlin LohreyKelso, Wash.

    Mea CulpaSince I am referring to the haiku article in last months edition, I will use a popular Japanese phrase often used in response to goof-ups: Saru mo ki kara ochiru. (Even a mon-key can fall from the tree.)When I reported the judges results to our publisher, I inadvertently left off the winner in the Foreign Entry category, Keith Simmonds, from Crayford, England.

    Hibiscus flowersShimmering in the morningHummingbirds glory.

    In making this error, I not only treated Mr. Simmonds with disdain but probably offended the Crown, as well!

    Another haiku by Mr. Ford was spotlighted in the Northwest category of CRRs recent HaikuFest, which has become a popular annual event conducted under the guidance of contest founder Gary Meyers.

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    they were even finished blooming, flowering cherries and magnolias burst forth. It was a feast for the eyes.

    One day on my drive to town, I spied a striking bush growing beside a house on South Pacific Avenue. I stopped, knocked on the door and asked the lady, What kind of bush is that? She replied that it was a star magnolia tree. I hastened to the nearest nursery and bought one. It was the first tree my husband planted in our completely bare except for grass yard.

    All around Kelso and Longview were fabulous, pink blooming cherry trees. They were so marvelous to behold that once again I found myself at the local nursery and came home with another tree for our front yard.

    One of the most enjoyable activities for me in the spring is to experience PINK SNOW! Its great to drive through a tunnel of pink cherry trees and encounter a pink snowstorm.

    All we can do to atone for the oversight at this late date is highlight Mr. Simmonds winning haiku, hope that he recovers from the slight, and hope that once the monkey gets back in the tree, he will stay there.

    Gary Meyers HaikuFest Founder/Chief Judge

    Honolulu, Hawaii

    The ghost of BashoYour HaikuFest has unlocked the Ghost of Basho in the neighborhood. This AMs ghost ...

    Today, after threeDays of sunshine; Ooh, fresh coolMists and sweet drizzle!

    Thanks for creating the community venue.

    Loggers need Haiku, too.

    Dave FordWoodland, Wash.

    Flowering trees in Longview. CRR File photo.

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  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 5

    April 7 Cassava1333 BROADWAY

    LONGVIEWwww.alan-rose.com

    BOOK REVIEW By Alan Rose

    The Secret PlaceBy Tana FrenchViking $27.95 Hardcover

    Whats the fun of having secrets if you cant share them?

    A l a n R o s e , author of Tales of Tokyo, The Legacy of Emily Hargraves and The Unforgiven o r g a n i z e s t h e monthly WordFest gatherings. He can be reached at www.alan-rose.com, at

    www.Facebook.com/Alan.Rose.Author, and www.Facebook.com/WordFestNW.

    This year, everyone gets ready for the Court like theyre getting ready for the Oscars.You like so totally have to have your hair either straightened to death or else brushed into a careful tangle, and fake tan all over and an inch of foundation on your face and half a pack of smoky eye shadow around each eye, and super-soft-super-skinny jeans and Uggs or Converse, because otherwise someone might actually be able to tell you apart from everyone else and obviously that would make you a total loser.

    Girls like to reveal their secrets, and they like to be secretive, says the headmistress of the posh private girls school in Dublin. In the school there is a board, called the Secret Place, where the girls are permitted to post their secrets anonymouslyconcerns about their weight, fear of not being liked, a new romance, etc.

    ,

    of human scouring pad. Together, they explore the secret society of teenage girls who come from a world of privilege, with all the perks, pride, and insensitivity that privilege bestows.

    Like most crime mysteries, this is not a book that gives one much faith in humanity. The girls we meet are tempting, taunting, devious and calculating in their meanness. (Joanne has always been the kind of person who doesnt even have to hate you to be horrible to you.) And one of them may be capable of murder.

    By comparison, the savagery of the boys in Lord of the Flies seems refreshingly directAt least you know your friends from your enemies.

    Tana French won The Los Angeles Times Best Mystery/Thriller Prize for her Broken Harbor. She has a sharp, often witty style capturing different points of view, whether the snide attitude of the girls toward one of their less bright friends (Her head is obviously spinning so hard she cant think, even by her standards.) or in Morans brisk procedural description of Chris Harper from the photograph: a puppy dog look. Clear skin, rosy cheeks; a few freckles along the cheekbones, not a lot. A jaw that wouldve turned out strong, if thered been time. Wide grin that

    crinkled his eyes and nose. A little cocky, a little bit sweet. Young, everything that rises green in your mind when you hear the word young. Summer romance, baby brothers hero, cannon fodder.

    In contrast, the boys in the story are pretty clueless, no match for the girls strategic use of sweetness, sexiness, and crueltytheyre clearly playing checkers while the girls are playing chess; not only different rules, but completely different games.

    Who knew teenage girls could be so vicious? Given a choice, I think Id prefer taking my chances on an island with a bunch of savage boys.

    A year ago, a popular and handsome 16-year old boy named Chris Harper was found murdered on the grounds of the school. No clues or motives could be found and the case has remained unsolved.

    And then a card shows up on the Secrets board: his photo, with cut-out letters pasted under it: I KNOW WHO KILLED HIM.

    Detective Stephen Moran, ambitious and eager to advance out of Cold Cases, pairs up with the Murder Departments abrasive Antoinette Conway, a kind

    Cover to Cover

    CLIP AND SAVE for easy reference at your bookstore or when browsing at your local library, bookshop, e-book source or book-loving friends shelf.

    Top 10 BestsellersPAPERBACK FICTION HARDCOVER FICTION HARDCOVER NON-FICTION MASS MARKET CHILDRENS INTERESTPAPERBACK NON-FICTION

    Brought to you by Book Sense and Pacific Northwest Booksellers Association, for week ending Mar. 1, 2015, based on reporting from the independent bookstores of Alaska, Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana. For the

    Book Sense store nearest you, visit www.booksense.com

    ~ from The Secret Place

    1. The Rosie ProjectGraeme Simsion, S&S, $15.992. Still AliceLisa Genova, Gallery, $163. The Storied Life of A.J. FikryGabrielle Zevin, Algonquin, $14.954. The MartianAndy Weir, Broadway, $155. RubyCynthia Bond, Crown, $166. AmericanahChimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Anchor, $15.957. A Tale for the Time BeingRuth Ozeki, Penguin, $168. The Ocean at the End of the LaneNeil Gaiman, Morrow, $14.999. The 100-Year-Old Man Who Climbed Out theWindow and DisappearedJonas Jonasson, Hyperion, $1610. RedeploymentPhil Klay, Penguin, $16

    1. The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up Marie Kondo, Ten Speed Press, $16.992. Being MortalAtul Gawande, Metropolitan, $263. Leaving Before the Rains Come Alexandra Fuller, Penguin Press, $26.954. Everything I Need to Know I Learned From a Little Golden Book Diane Muldrow, Golden Books, $9.995. What If? Randall Munroe, Houghton Mifflin, $246. A Boat, a Whale & a Walrus: Menus and StoriesRenee Erickson, Jess Thomson, Sasquatch Books, $407. H Is for HawkHelen MacDonald, Grove Press, $268. BelieverDavid Axelrod, Penguin Press, $359. Deep Down DarkHector Tobar, FSG, $2610. Thug KitchenMichelle Davis, Matt Holloway, Rodale, $24.99

    1. To Kill a MockingbirdHarper Lee, Grand Central, $8.992. American SniperChris Kyle, Scott McEwen, Harper, $9.993. A Game of ThronesGeorge R.R. Martin, Bantam, $9.994. The Name of the WindPatrick Rothfuss, DAW, $8.995. Missing YouHarlan Coben, Signet, $9.996. The Hitchhikers Guide to the GalaxyDouglas Adams, Del Rey, $7.997. 1984George Orwell, Signet, $9.998. The Catcher in the RyeJ.D. Salinger, Little Brown, $8.999. The Alpine YeomanMary Daheim, Ballantine, $7.9910. Dragonfly in AmberDiana Gabaldon, Dell, $9.99

    1. All the Light We Cannot SeeAnthony Doerr, Scribner, $272. The Girl on the TrainPaula Hawkins, Riverhead, $26.953. A Spool of Blue ThreadAnne Tyler, Knopf, $25.954. The NightingaleKristin Hannah, St. Martins, $27.995. The WhitesRichard Price writing as Harry Brandt, Holt, $286. Trigger WarningNeil Gaiman, Morrow, $26.997. Funny GirlNick Hornby, Riverhead, $27.958. Dreaming SpiesLaurie R. King, Bantam, $269. The Big SevenJim Harrison, Grove Press, $2610. A Sudden LightGarth Stein, S&S, $26.95

    1. The Boys in the BoatDaniel James Brown, Penguin, $172. Astoria: Astor and Jeffer-sons Lost Pacific EmpirePeter Stark, Ecco, $15.993. WildCheryl Strayed, Vintage, $15.954. The Sixth ExtinctionElizabeth Kolbert, Picador USA, $165. Unbroken Laura Hillen-brand, Random House, $166. American SniperChris Kyle, Scott McEwen, Morrow, $15.997. QuietSusan Cain, Broadway, $168. Behind the Beautiful Forevers Katherine Boo, Random House, $169. The Four AgreementsDon Miguel Ruiz, Amber-Allen, $12.9510. This Is the Story of a Happy MarriageAnn Patchett, Harper Perennial, $15.99

    1. Minecraft: Combat HandbookScholastic, $7.992. The One and Only IvanKatherine Applegate, Patricia Castelao (Illus.), Harper, $7.993. Minecraft: Construction Hand-bookScholastic, $7.994. Minecraft: Redstone HandbookScholastic, $7.995. El DeafoCece Bell, Amulet, $10.956. Minecraft: Essential HandbookScholastic, $7.997. DramaRaina Telgemeier, Graphix, $10.998. The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time IndianSherman Alexie, Ellen Forney (Illus.), Little Brown, $159. The Book ThiefMarkus Zusak, Knopf, $12.9910. The Tale of DespereauxKate DiCamillo, Candlewick, $7.99

  • 6 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

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    Happy Spring!

  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 7

    The weather has been spring-like for the last month. The Spring Equinox comes on March 20th at 3:45 pm. It is also a New Moon. As many of you know, the equinox is the time when the sun rises at the North Pole and is setting on the South Pole. We experience equal times of daylight and night. We generally have a 12-hour day and a 12-hour night. On the equator, the sun rises due east and shines straight down at noon and then sets due west.

    I have experienced this day of no noon shadow. It is strange; everything is equally-lit by the sun with no reference as to what is north or south. At the equator, as Northern Spring advances, your shadow points south; that, too, is strange and can confuse a northerner as to where he is facing.

    This Spring brings eclipses A full solar eclipse will take place in the far North Atlantic Ocean on a track that runs between Iceland and Norway. England will have a partial eclipse; London will have 87% of the sun covered on the 20th of March.

    On April 4th there will be another lunar eclipse. This is the third in a series of four full lunar eclipses this year. The fourth one will occur in September. These are called blood

    red eclipses due to the fact that the moon passes fully through the shadow of the Earth. The red comes from the diffraction of light through the Earths atmosphere. In fact, the curvature of the Earths shadow on the moon is how the ancient Greeks determined that the earth was a sphere and not flat some 500 years BC.

    In our night sky, Orion still holds forth as the predominate constellation with bright Jupiter getting close to the rising Leo. The Big Dipper is fully in the north when the sun goes down. The handle of the Big Dipper drags along on the northern horizon.

    How about a trip around the night sky and learn some star names?Lets start looking south. You will see a very bright star named Sirius, the Dog Star in Canis Major the Big Dog. Next, look left and a bit higher in an empty area of the sky and find a somewhat bright star. This is Procyon in the constellation Canis Minor or the Little Dog. These two Dog constellations are the hunting dogs that accompany Orion the Hunter. Next we travel straight up till we find two bright stars. These are the twins, Pollux and Castor, Pollux is the brighter of the two. After finding these two stars we will head to being virtually overhead where we

    spot another very bright star, this is Capella in the constellation Auriga the Charioteer. Now we head back to the southwest and find a bright star a bit northwest of Orion, this is Aldebaran the eye of the Bull in Taurus. Then we travel down to the right foot of Orion and end up at Rigel. If you continue to the bright star in the south you have returned to Sirius. Now you have traced out the winter circle of six of some of the brightest stars in the winter sky. You have added six more stars you can name beyond Polaris the North Star and Betelgeuse in the upper left of Orion and the names and locations of more constellations. If you have a hand held star chart, the circle may be marked

    Astronomy: Looking Up

    How did the Greeks discover the Earth is round?

    The spring equinox, shadows and a plethora of eclipses

    for you. If you have an astronomy app, you will be able to find these stars and constellations easily.

    Book recommendationFor anyone interested in astronomy and what is going on in recent research and theories of how our solar system came together, let me recommend a book. The Big Splat, by Dana

    Mackenzie, is an easy, informative read on the history of our knowledge of the Moon what it is made of and how it is believed to have formed. The book ( Wi l e y, 2 0 0 3 ,

    retails $33.95) is available at the Longview Public Library and, possibly, at other area libraries. The author has a PhD in mathematics and is also an artist and science fiction writer. With this background, he is able to communicate complex science into easy-to-understand language that brings this topic out of the science journals and into our hands.

    By Greg Smith

    Greg Smith i s an act ive member of Friends of Galileo, a fami ly-fr iendly, amateur astronomy c lub which meets monthly in Longview. Visitors are welcome; telescope ownership is not required. For info

    about programs or viewing events, call Chuck Ring, 360-636-2294.

  • 8 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

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  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 9

    Arleen Hubble

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    Opsahl Dawson, Certified Public Accountants has given $25,000 to Washington State University Vancouver to be divided between a c c o u n t i n g f e l l o w s h i p s a n d sponsorship of WSU Vancouvers annual Notable Alumni Award for the next five years.WSU Vancouvers accounting

    program instills a passion for excellence, customer focus and attention to detail in its graduates, said Aaron Dawson, president of Opsahl Dawson. We are proud to support the universitys work to train the CPAs we need in Southwest Washington. These graduates are the future of our business.The firm was founded in 1979 by

    George Opsahl and transitioned to Aaron and Jen Dawson in 2009. Matt Lee joined the firm in 2010 and became an owner in 2012. The firm employs 17 full time staff and an additional seven seasonal employees during tax season.

    Arleen Hubble was recently honored by Longview Downtown Partners in recognition for her 30 years service to the community in organizing and promoting the annual Christmas parade in Downtown Longview. Originally, she took over following a person who had charged a fee for the task. Hubble volunteered her time and enjoyed the job. Now retired from her career in advertising with The Daily News, Hubble said, ...as I get older, it (the parade job) just gets colder. Under her enthusiastic, dedicated leadership, the parade has grown to 80100 entries. Hubble hasnt given up all her projects, however. Shes still the director of Longviews Go Fourth Festival, entailing year-long planning with about 15 volunteers, and she also donates time fundraising for the St. John Foundation.

    Whats Happening Around the River

    Biz BuzzBiz Buzz notes news in local business and professional circles. As space allows, we will include news of innovations, improvements, new ventures and significant employee milestones of interest to readers. Please email [email protected] to share the local buzz.

    Michealna Perry describes her new Glamstruck Unique Boutique as not your typical cookie cutter type store. Instead, its a kaleidoscopic array of furniture, art, light fixtures, antiques and accessories, mixed together for an array of stylishly dramatic, playful yet sophisticated arrangements.

    Perry moved to Rainier, Oregon, last fall to be nearer her adult daughter. Then she seized the opportunity to open her own boutique in Longview.

    Previously, Perry managed a 22,000-square foot Austin-based world market center in Las Vegas, where other people got to come in and do the and visual designing.

    I wanted to work hard, she said, but I wanted to grow my own business. I want to choose what I sell and be more creative and more selective.

    Longview has no other stores specializing in what Perry describes as urban chicthat stellar, well-traveled, loft look. In order to remedy that, she worked for four months remodeling, transforming and expanding to 2,400 square feet the space located at 1314 Commerce Avenue, next to Broderick Gallery.

    I want to be part of the re-birth of (downtown) Longview, she said. By my moving here from Las Vegas, I can be a beacon of light to other businesses

    considering opening here, who are on the fence theyll see its happening now(and realize) its time to get in.

    At least 80 percent of Perrys inventory is reclaimed, she said. Its eco-friendly. Ive collected things that are unusual, combining functionality with fun and whimsicality with elegance in an eclectic flow. Im not into matchy-matchy.

    A sofa is just a sofa until you add the accessories, she said. Sixty percent of the look is the accessories and the proper lighting.

    Most people need help with scale, the visual space ratio, Perry said. Many people dont really know their taste or know how to accessorize to achieve the look they want. And mistakes are costly.

    Hiring a professional eliminates the mistakes, she said, noting that besides operating her shop, shes also available on an hourly basis for interior design consultation.

    I dont want people to have to travel to Portland or Seattle or other big cites to find that unusual loft look. Ive done the research and the gathering and the traveling for them.

    Glamstruck has brought it to Longview.

    Local Handcrafted Gifts

    360-560-2350

    Child Friendly1210 Maple Street, Longview

    Tues - Sat 9:30 to 3:00

    [email protected]

    Jewelry/musicals Quilts and baby blankets Soaps and candles Chalkboards/gift bags Cedar chest/quilt racks and wood frames Custom laser engraving AND MORE ~ come see!

    Michealna Perry, Glamstruck owner

    New home decor shop opens in Downtown Longview

  • 10 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    CATERING

    Be a guest at

    your next event!

    503-366-9099 800-330-9099 201 S. 1st Street St. Helens OR

    Serving the Columbia River region, including Longview-Kelso.

    wildcurrantcatering.com

    IN ST HELENS 2124 Columbia Blvd.

    HOT PIZZA

    FRESH COOL SALAD BARTHE BEST AROUND!

    503-397-3211

    Open all year ~ Call or stop by for FREE consultation

    ST HELENS503-397-6993 1510 St. Helens St., Suite A [email protected]

    Income Tax Preparation Bookkeeping CertifiedQuickBooksProAdvisor Complete Payroll Services Training & Support

    Hours: Mon Thurs 9 6 Fri 9 5 Sat 9 5 scappoosebusinessandtax.com

    SCAPPOOSE 503-543-7195 52698 NE First [email protected]

    Its tax season! You can count on

    Scappoose Business & Tax Service

    I like chicken. Why doesnt somebody invite me to go with

    them to the Quincy Grange for dinner??

    ~ Smokey Man in the Kitchens cat.

    Its finger-lickin good!Enjoy traditional chicken dinner at Quincy Grange

    Mark your calendar for a fun and delicious, family-friendly outing for young, old and all the in-betweens. Follow signs from Clatskanie 3.5 miles northeast of town to the Quincy Grange Hall. There, youll enjoy the Granges 40th Annual Chicken Dinner. On Sunday, March 29, the Quincy Grange crew will be serving an authentic, homemade, old-fashioned fried chicken with all the fixins.

    Dinner will be served from 12 Noon to 3pm. The cost is $12 for adults, $5 for children 612 years old. Kids under 6 are free. Reservations arent necessary.

    Proceeds benefit the Granges scholarship fund and various community projects. For more information, contact Ellen Nieminen, 503-728-2886, or Evelyn Pugh, 503-728-3894.

    Lewis and Clark National Historical Park hosts the first of a trail run series on Saturday, March 21 to bid adieu to winter at Fort Clatsop and mark the arrival of spring. The Lewis & Clark Trail Series includes three different exhilarating events along beautiful trails through forest landscapes, complete with a welcoming and friendly race atmosphere. All events are open to walkers and runners of all ages and provide the opportunity to experience the Northwest coast the way people have done it for thousands of years on footpaths.

    The first event is Saturday, March 21 at 10am. Come for either an approximately 5k or 10k course featuring the Kwis Kwis Trail. The 10k run will include a two- mile stretch of brand new trail. The start/finish line will be at the Fort to Sea Trail parking area off of Fort Clatsop Road. Allow time to park at one of the Fort Clatsop Visitor Center parking

    lots, check in at the visitor center, and then, as a warm-up, hike 0.5 miles of the Fort to Sea Trail to the starting point.

    Pre-register in person, or register that morning from 99:30 at the Fort Clatsop Visitor Center. The cost to participate is the purchase of a $10 Annual Park Pass that grants entry into all of the 2015 Lewis & Clark Trail Series Events. Registration is free with any pass that allows entry into our nations National Parks. Participants younger than 18 also need their parent or guardian to sign the registration.

    The Lewis & Clark Trail Series is sponsored by the Lewis & Clark National Park Association, which supports park education and interpretative activities. The other events in the series are scheduled for June 20 and September 26.

    The park is open daily from 95. Admission is $3 per adult and free for youth 15 and under. Passes to National Park Service sites are accepted.

    For more information, call the park at (503) 861-2471.

    Lewis & Clark Trail Series begins March 21

    Experience the coast on footpaths

  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 11

    Miss Manners By Judith Martin

    Civilized Life

    Intrusive inquiries; Children robotic or showing respect?

    Keno Video Poker115 -117 First St E Rainier

    503-556-9935

    Evergreen Pub & Cafe Family Dining

    Best Burgers in the Area

    119 First St E Rainier503-556-4213

    LUIGIS PIZZA OPEN DAILY 8AM

    Pizza CalzoneSandwiches

    Spaghetti LasagnaBurgers Salads

    Beer, Wine & Sodas

    Play VIDEO POKER

    Open 11am daily

    Homemade Soups Salads Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner

    Daily Specials

    Serving Halibut and Cod Fish & Chips

    Full Bar Luigis Pizza

    25196 Alston Road Rainier, OR Open daily at 11AM 503-556-9753

    Goble

    Historic

    Cold Beer Micro-Brews Good FoodVideo Poker Keno

    Scratch-Its Pool Darts

    70255 Columbia River Hwy Rainier, OR

    LIVE MUSIC Wed, Sun & some Sats Open Mic

    Good times ROLL at the

    Tavern

    Milepost 41 on Hwy 30503-556-4090

    grubpubAlston

    11 Beers on Tap Cocktails & Wine OREGON LOTTERY Shuffleboard Pool

    Meet your friends and relax at this classic neighborhood watering hole!

    Youll love our home style cooking so much ... youll come back for

    THE BEST BREAKFAST and BURGERS ON THE RIVER!

    JOIN USFriday &Saturday

    evenings for PRIME RIB102 A St E Rainier 503-556-8772

    MICRO BREWS WINES SPIRITS LOTTERY ROOMMon-Fri: 6am - 8pm Sat-Sun: 7am - 8pm

    1. DEAR MISS MANNERS: Im a woman nearing 30 years old. About seven years ago, I was diagnosed with alopecia. Its an autoimmune disease where the body no longer recognizes the hair as yours, causing it to fall out in circular patches.

    My dilemma is, how do I correct someone as politely as possible when they assume I have cancer and/or that Im going through treatment? My usual response is, Oh! I just have alopecia. or, Im sorry, I dont have cancer. I have alopecia.

    Is this acceptable? Or is there a more polite way of responding without embarrassing them?

    GENTLE READER: Your responses are perfectly acceptable and polite, and Miss Manners would even condone your merely saying, Thank you, but I dont have cancer.Although one hopes that these people were well-intentioned, it would have been more polite of them not to indicate that they have noticed. So she assures you that you dont have to apologize for others self-inflicted embarrassment.

    If you do mention your disease, and find that it brings on further inquiry, you may expand or not as it suits you. And if they offer gifts or privileges as Miss Manners has heard can sometimes accompany strangers well-meaning, but misguided responses to this particular disease you may also decide to decline or not.

    2. DEAR MISS MANNERS: If you are hosting a colleagues baby shower and are serving only cupcakes, is it OK to provide only napkins instead of small plates?

    GENTLE READER: Only if you plan to vacuum after everyone leaves.

    3. DEAR MISS MANNERS: I had cosmetic surgery two weeks ago and have been out of social circulation since then. When questioned, my sister answered that I had a surgical procedure and that I was fine.

    Last n ight , an acquaintance telephoned me to ask, What kind of surgery did you have? I was not prepared for such an intrusive question and gave more information than I intended. The acquaintance is not a discreet person, obviously.

    How could I have answered her without causing animosity or even more curiosity?

    GENTLE READER: It was very minor. (Miss Manners assures you that this is not a lie: The medical definition of major surgery is when a body cavity is opened.) Youre a dear to worry about me, but Im fine. Now tell me how you are.

    4. DEAR MISS MANNERS: My son is a polite, respectful and kind-hearted child. As my mother before me, we only use the terms Yes, maam and No, maam to much older ladies and gentlemen. A simple yes or no spoken in kindness was always sufficient.

    In my nephews home (my sons cousins), the expectation is for their children to use the maam/sir terms for every person and for every possible scenario ad nauseum. They are charged a quarter every single time they do not.

    I view the cousins as little robots who speak few words other than the constant Yes, maam, no, sir, etc. What is your view on this?

    I told my son to respect their home and try his best to please his aunt and uncle when he visits (When in Rome, do as the Romans do). I honestly believe that Southerners have really gone overboard on this.

    GENTLE READER: Robotic? Do they say sir and maam to the cat and dog? Is that the way they address their playmates?

    Miss Manners suspects that the cousins are being reared on pretty much the same system that you taught your son, with the difference, perhaps, that you do not require him to address grown-up relatives that way. And she hopes that you do not give him the job of distinguishing among older and younger grown-ups; everyone looks old to a child.

    PLEASE HELP BY DONATING NOW. Help make sure HOPE can continue helping our neighbors in need.

    ___ Enclosed is my one-time gift of $__________.___ I pledge $________ per month.___ I pledge $________ per quarter.___ Please send reminder notices.

    Name_______________________________________________ Address__________________________Phone ________________Email _________________________

    Keep HOPE Alive!Thanks to the generosity of many, HOPE has operated Rainiers food bank for more than 25 years. HOPE is seeing an increased demand for food, along with increased food costs.

    Mail check to HOPE, PO Box 448, Rainier, OR 97048.

    cont page 30

  • 12 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    Miss Manners cont from page 11

    Spring SpecialsLube, Oil and Filter

    4 Wheel Alignment

    $24.95$79.95

    Synthetic oil vehicles, diesels, 0-20 weight oil vehicles & motor homes may require additional charges.

    Hazardous waste and taxes extra. Good thru 4/14/15.

    Some vehicles may require additional charges. Hazardous waste and taxes extra. Good thru 4/14/15.

    Perform 4 wheel alignment wheel balance /rotate tires / inspect brakes

    Most cars and lite duty trucks Modified vehicles extra

    1100 Vandercook, Longview 360-423-3350 WWW.STIRLINGHONDA.COM

    0-20 W OIL $24.95

    INCLUDES FREE HAND CAR WASH

    360.423.9921 www.cowlitzedc.com

    Groundbreaking ceremony at Longviews newly-completed first phase Street-scape Improvement Project.

    Join the CEDC to participate in the economic health of our region.

    Located in the Historic Monticello Hotel 1405 17th Ave, Suite 208, Longview WA

    [email protected] www.terrybarnesgrambo.com

    Whether youre just starting to work or have been for years . . . you will want to retire with dignity...Get a Plan. Call me today.

    Securities and advisory services offered through Cetera Advisor Networks llc, member FINRA/SIPC. Cetera is under separate ownership from any other named entity.

    GET A PLAN. Call me today.

    Terry Barnes GramboFinancial Advisor360-423-1962

    Financial Network

    10 Things to Observe as You Visit Loved Ones

    Spoiled food in fridge Poor grooming, personal hygiene Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed Diminished driving skills, near misses Difficulty walking; unsteady; recent falls Mishandled or missed medications Personality changes; irritability; sudden mood changes Unopened mail; past due bills; mishandled finances Poor housekeeping; home maintenance; unsafe conditions Depression; forgetfulness

    Watch for these warning signs to see if your elderly loved one is in need of assistance and extra care. If someone seems to need help, dont be afraid to speak up and reach out.For more information, please

    call Crawford House at 360-636-2319.

    A Senior Living Community by Enlivant

    114 Corduroy Road Kelso

    A breath of spring air...

    Let us help keep your home sparkling clean & tidy!

    Free estimate Locally owned - not a franchise Reliable, meticulous staff Now accepting Cowlitz County clients

    360-578-0789www.neatermaids.comLicensed Bonded Insured

    THE LAW OFFICE OFVincent L. (Vince) Penta, P.S.

    1561 11th Ave. Longview360-423-7175

    Do for your kids what you wish your parents did for you.Call today.

    Call before you go

    I make house calls

    Longview: Lake Sacajawea Kids Fish-In Sat, April 25 starting at 8am with seven 45-min sessions starting on the hour, until the last session at 2pm. This event is being held through Longview Parks and Recreation. Each youth, ages 514, must pre-register. $8 fee. All equipment is provided and no personal equipment is allowed.

    Woodland: Horseshoe Lake May 16 with registration starting at 8am. at the Lake. $3.00 registration fee; all equipment is loaned to participants by the Woodland Moose Lodge for use during this event. Registration closes by 1:30 and the event ends promptly at 2pm.

    Kalama: Kress Lake Safety Day May 2 with registration starting at the Lake at 10am and ending around 12:30pm. No fees. Sponsored by the Kalama Fire Department.

    Oregon Family Fishing EventsODFW provides equipment, instruction. No licenses required under 14 years.Rainier: At Trojan Pond, April 26, 9:30am2pm. Info: Jeff Fulop, 971-673-6034. Vernonia: At Vernonia Pond, May 2, 9am2pm. Info: Ron Rehn, 503-842-2741, ext. 244.

    KIDS FISHING OPPORTUNITIES

    Even a kid can bring home the bacon for dinner and feel proud about it. Community-sponsored events like the following can be great ways to introduce a child to the joys of fishing. Once caught, the desire to fish seems to last a lifetime it has for me.

    Hooked for life

    ~Paul Thompson, CRRs Man in the Kitchen

  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 13

    WEEKDAYS Hours: 95:30 pm SATURDAY 94pm

    WA LIC. COLUMR529 LQN, OR: 145 www.Carpetone.com

    No interest for 12 months

    105 B. Street West Rainier, ORPhone: 503-556-0171 Toll Free: 800-886-0171

    *See store for details

    The Very Best!Touch Too Much with 10# pad

    Lifetime Stain, Healthy LivingCompletely installed.40-Year Wear, 40-Year Mat Crush

    $1,499BASED ON 40 YARDS

    BOOT CAMPSmall Business

    2015 Series continues Friday, May 8 Friday Mornings Lower Columbia College

    7:30 am - 9 am Heritage Room at LCC - Admin. Bldg.

    Now this is Truth in Advertising Tools you can use to help you imme-diately. The Kelso Longview Chamber of Commerce hit the nail on the head with their most recent Business Boot Camp. As an administrator and business owner with over 25 years leadership experience, I walked away every week with new tools, inspiration, motivation and a desire to strive to improve my business by leaps and bounds. The courses were well planned, the content was interesting, relevant, informative, inspir-ing,, thought provoking and challenging. I can not say that I have ever spent so little and received so much. I can not wait until the next series. The best investment in my business I have ever made. Barbara A. Sudar Administrator Longview Urology Owner/Partner: Estetica Day Spa

    ALL

    NEW FOR

    2015!

    360-423-8400 www.kelsolongviewchamber.org

    Pricing same as 2013! $100 Members $160 Non-Members

    2015

    ReTAILING Six PackStarts September 11

    May 8 Role of the Board vs. the CEO. Facilitator: by Rick WinsmanMay 15 Financial Accountability. Facilitator: by Scott Davis, CPA, Davis and AssociatesMay 22 Handling Conflict. Facilitator: by Jennifer Leach, WSU Extension

    Faculty and President of the Longview School Board.May 29 Working as a Team. Facilitator: by Frank McShane, Cascade NetworksJune 5 Facilitating and Leading Meetings

    Facilitator: by Terry McLaughlin, Cowlitz County AssessorJune 12 Strategic and Succession Planning.

    Facilitator: by Erin Brown, Executive Director LCC Foundation

    BOARDMANSHIP six pack

    COLUMBIA 700 7th Ave., Longview, WA 360-423-4321

    Home of the 10-YEAR 100,000 MILE WARRANTY

    More than 400 new and pre-owned vehicles

    to choose from at www.Columbiaautogroup.com

    FORD LINCOLN HYUNDAI NISSAN

    360-577-7200

  • 14 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    OPENING NIGHT JUNE 4 ANOTHER EXCITING SEASON IN STORE

    2015

    Home games at Story Field at Lower Columbia College, Longview

    360-425-6720 800-488-3127

    COWLITZ RIVER RIGGING- Fully stocked parts & service department -

    1540 Industrial Way Longview, WA M-F 7-6 Sat 8-2

    STIHL Chain Saws: A Cut AboveMS 170 CHAIN SAW 16 BAR $17995 Lightweight saw for woodcutting tasks around the home IntellicarbTM compensating carburetor maintains RPM level

    Depend on Us!

    MS 251 CHAIN SAW 18 BAR $37995STIHL Easy2StartTM system

    and tool-less QuickChain Adjuster

    help makeit easy to

    get the job done

    Bring Spring color to your home or office wall and help local charitiesThis 13 x 16 original watercolor by Judy Perry may be viewed at Longviews Broderick Gallery, 1318 Commerce.

    The painting is for sale, with proceeds benefiting United Way of Cowlitz and Wahkiakum Counties.

    See related story, page 17.

    VValeriesinc.

    1329 Broadway ~ Suite 208 ~ Longviewwww.diamondlady.com 360 501 6700

    DIAMOND LADY FINE JEWELRY STUDIO

    Original Local

    Compiled with care

    All about the good life

    Makes a nice crinkle

  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 15

    Northwest Gardener

    Longtime local gardening maven Nancy Chennault is a dynamo of horticultural energy. She and her husband, Jim Chennault, operate The Gardens @ Sandy Bend in Castle Rock.

    Spring is so close you can feel it. Winter reluctantly relinquishes its frosty grip on landscapes throughout the region and gardeners rejoice in each lengthening day. The subtle, softening of the air and the warmth of the sun have encouraged roses to stir from their lingering state of dormancy. Youve been patient, knowing that you should not prune too early. Your patience has been rewarded. Now is the time!

    Pruning promotes new growth. Buds are set on the new canes (stems) and it is at the ends of these canes that flower buds form. Spring pruning initiates development of laterals (side shoots) and basal bud growth (new growth from the base). It is this growth that will yield multiple flower buds all summer long. The more extensive the pruning . the larger and more prolific the blossoms.

    Begin with an assessment of the plantClean up any debris from its base. Dont be intimidated by the labyrinth of branches and emerging leaves (photo #1, above). Cleanly cut out dead, diseased and small canes. After winters coldest temperatures, there may be many canes blackened from the freeze. Cut these back until you see clean green pith in the center of the cane (photo #2). Sharp, clean tools are essential (photo #3). A pair of heavy leather gloves will protect tender fingers from the prick of thorns.

    These cuts will be made at a slight angle, just above a bud pointing to the outside of the plant. Remember, you control how the rose will grow.

    story & Photos by nancy chennault

    Cutting to an outside bud encourages that bud to grow outward, not across the middle of the plant (photo #4). Once completed, the rose bush will be in the shape of a bowl with the canes spaced somewhat like the spokes of a wheel. Air circulates within that bowl. Plants are rarely symmetrical so dont despair if it takes some imagination to see this shape (photo #5).

    You will continue to shape and prune your roses all summer. Every time you cut a rose bud for a bouquet or pick off the spent blossoms on a summer evening, there is opportunity to encourage more blooms. Cut the stems back to an outside bud that is on a cane at least as big as a pencil. Anything smaller will result in fragile growth with diminutive stems. Grooming your roses as the blossoms fade will result in faster repeat flowering. When all the flowers on the tips of stems have faded, cut that stem back as you would a stem you were cutting for a vase. The reward for your rigorous pruning regime will be arm loads of bountiful blossoms from June through October frost.

    Your roses want to grow...and youre going to cut most of those beautiful new leaves OFF?... YES!

    Roses that are well fed and watered, enjoy plenty of sun, have breezes to rustle their leaves after a rain, are rooted into soil which is rich in organic matter that it drains quickly after spring rains . . . these roses flourish. Good health results in abundant blossoms all summer long, but the real bonus of healthy roses is minimal insect and disease problems. You often hear people say that they would love to grow roses, but they are so much work! With a little care when selecting varieties, as well as providing for nutritional needs, your roses will thrive.

    Fertilizer BasicsRose fe r t i l i ze r s come in many formulations, and they will have a higher percentage of nitrogen than some other types of shrub fertilizers. Nitrogen is the first number you see when you look at the largest numbers on a fertilizer package label (at right). For roses, which need ample nitrogen to grow vigorous new canes to support bud and bloom, the first number should be equal to or larger than the other two. The photo of an organic fertilizer label shows a low amount (4%) of nitrogen. Some chemical rose fertilizers will often show a higher amount The middle number represents phosphorus which promotes root growth. A healthy rose is only as vigorous as the roots that anchor it. It also helps with photosynthesis (energy production) and most significantly, flower production. You will often see this middle number disproportionately high in synthetic fertilizers that endorse maximum bloom production.

    Your roses want to eat!

    Planted, pruned ready to perform!

    Roses leaf out vigorously from stored starches as the weather warms. The lush leaves of this rugosa rose will burn if a high nitrogen liquid chemical fertilizer is used.

    cont page 25

    1 2 3 4 5

  • 16 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    MAN IN THE KITCHEN CLASSICS

    Story by Paul Thompson Photo by Perry Piper

    Light-as-air French specialty easy to make

    Why did it take so long? I wandered for 73 years before having my first souffl, in Paris, of course. Maybe thats why it took so long. We dont find them on American menus, and you wont find them everywhere in France, either. Id heard of them, but knew little more.

    A souffl is a mixture of eggs and flavorings baked in ramekins, expanding and rising to a gentle lightness. Egg whites are separated and beaten to a foamy thickness then folded gently into the batter. As the souffl bakes, the airy whites expand, puffing the dish to wondrous heights. At LeSouffl in Paris, the waiter plunged a hole into our souffls and added a rich sauce accenting our chosen variety, i.e. cheese, spinach, mushroom, salmon, etc. With the dessert course, he left a bottle of Gran Marnier (an orange-flavored cognac liqueur) on our table to pour over our souffls, making a perfect and memorable enhancement to our meals finale. One dessert souffl was served with warm fruit compote alongside, as well (see photo, page 22).

    If you make it at home, serve your souffls immediately. That puff doesnt last long, although theyll still have a light texture if deflated.

    Make a souffl for Easter

    cont page 22

    Ramekins are small, straight-sided glazed ceramic or glass bowls used for baking and serving various dishes. They come in different sizes and are ideal for souffls, both individual and family size.

    Individual Cheese Souffles1-1/2 cups milk1 sprig fresh thyme1 bay leaf3 tablespoons butter1/4 cup plus 1 Tbl all-purpose flour and 12 Tbl softened butter for ramekin prep2 large egg yolks, room temperature1/4 cup finely grated Parmesan, plus 1 Tbl for ramekin prepPinch of cayenne pepperPinch of salt1/8 tsp nutmeg4 large egg whites, room temperatureA few drops freshly squeezed lemon juice3/4 cup lightly packed coarsely grated Gruyere or Emmentaler cheese (about 2 oz)

    Position a rack in the middle of the oven and preheat to 350F. Using softened butter, generously coat insides of six 6-ounce ramekins and sprinkle with Parmesan to lightly coat, tapping out excess. Put prepared ramekins on a baking sheet and refrigerate.

    Place the milk, thyme, and bay leaf in a small saucepan and bring just to a simmer on the stove, and then pull from the heat.

    Melt the butter in a saucepan over medium heat. Add the flour, and stir constantly with a wooden spoon until the mixture (roux) bubbles and thickens, about 2 minutes. Whisk in the warm milk, bring to a boil, and cook, whisking constantly, until the souffle base thickens slightly, about 1 minute. Remove the herbs and transfer the mixture to a large bowl and whisk to cool. Add the egg yolks, the Parmesan cheese, cayenne, and nutmeg.

    Slowly whisk the egg whites (in a very clean bowl with lemon juice and a pinch of salt) with a hand-held mixer until foamy. Increase the speed to high and whip until the whites hold a soft peak. Quickly, but gently fold one-fourth of the whites into the base with a rubber spatula. Fold in the remaining whites, then scatter the grated Gruyere on top and gently fold everything together. Dont over mix. Divide the batter among the prepared ramekins, and bake until golden, puffed, and just set in the center, about 30 minutes. Avoid opening and closing the oven door while baking, but if you must, do so very gently. When done, transfer the ramekins to individual plates and serve immediately.

  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 17

    OUT AND ABOUT

    Kalama

    Vancouver

    Cascade LocksBridge of the Gods

    Rainier

    Scappoose

    Portland

    Vernonia

    Clatskanie

    SkamokawaIlwaco

    Chinook

    Maryhill Museum

    Stevenson

    To: Centralia,OlympiaMt. RainierYakima (north, then east)Tacoma/Seattle

    To: SalemSilvertonEugeneAshland

    Washington

    Oregon

    Pacific Ocean

    Columbia River

    Bonneville Dam

    4

    12

    Naselle

    Grays River

    Oysterville

    Ocean Park

    Yacolt

    Ridgefield

    503

    504

    97

    The Dalles

    Goldendale

    Hood River

    Cougar Astoria

    Seaside

    Long Beach

    KelsoCathlamet

    Woodland

    Kelso-Longview Chamber of Commerce Kelso Visitors Center I-5 Exit 39 105 Minor Road, Kelso 360-577-8058 Woodland Tourist Center I-5 Exit 21 Park & Ride lot, 900 Goerig St., 360-225-9552 Wahkiakum Chamber 102 Main St, Cathlamet 360-795-9996 Appelo Archives Center 1056 SR 4 Naselle, WA. 360-484-7103. Long Beach Peninsula Visitors Bureau 3914 Pacific Way (corner Hwy 101/Hwy 103) Long Beach, WA. 360-642-2400 800-451-2542 South Columbia County Chamber Columbia Blvd/Hwy 30, St. Helens, OR 503-397-0685 Seaside, OR 989 Broadway 503-738-3097 or 888-306-2326 Astoria-Warrenton Chamber/Ore Welcome Ctr 111 W. Marine Dr., Astoria 503-325-6311 or 800-875-6807

    VISITORS CENTERSFREE Maps Brochures Directions Information

    Castle Rock Mount St. Helens

    St Helens

    Longview

    To: Walla Walla

    Kennewick, WALewiston, ID

    Local informationPoints of InterestRecreationSpecial Events Dining ~ LodgingArts & EntertainmentWarrenton

    101

    101

    Wes

    tpor

    t-Pu

    get I

    slan

    d FE

    RRYk

    NW Cornelius

    Pass Road

    Ape Cave

    Birkenfeld

    Winlock

    Skamania Lodge

    Troutdale

    Map suggests only approximate positions and relative distances. We are not cartographers.

    Col Gorge Interp Ctr

    Crown Point

    Columbia City

    Sauvie Island

    Tulipmania

    In the 1500s tulips drove men mad. This is described in Extraordinary Popular De lu s i on s and t h e Madness of Crowds, by Charles Mackay. The rich in Holland and Germany sought after the Turban flower and had them shipped from Constantinople. By 1634 in Amsterdam, having a collection of many varieties in your garden was a status symbol. The middle class began to participate. And, like Christmas lights, the gardens became competitive.

    The tulip trade began and, as expected, prices rose. The more exotic the bloom, the crazier people became. Twelve acres of land was offered for one Harrlaem tulip root. By 1636, they became part of the Holland stock exchange. The ultimate tulip was the black tulipblack as a black swan and called Juvenal.

    The rich now saw a chance to sell and make a large profit. The market was driven down by their sales and the middle class lost land, their homes, horses and other valuable possessions. The market never recovered.

    G e r m a n p o e t - p h i l o s o p h e r -playwright Friedrich S c h i l l e r s a i d , Anyone taken as an individual is tolerably

    sensible and reasonableas a member of a crowd he at once becomes a blockhead.

    Today, more reasonable heads prevail. Holland is still proud of their tulips and they can be purchased at flower markets all over the country. Amsterdam sells a wonderful variety of bulbs.

    Lets be crazy! Attend at least one of our area tulip f e s t iva l s th i s year!

    The tulip was first introduced in the United States at Spring Pond, near Salem, Massachusetts. In 1847, one of the areas wealthiest men, Richard Foy, grew 500 acres. In the Skagit Valley of Washington, the Roozen family (who have grown tulips beginning in the 1700s in Holland) have one-quarter million bulbs and 150 varieties in bloom to share with the public. Consider a jaunt to the Skagit Valley Tulip Festival in Mt. Vernon (60 miles north of Seattle), Burlington, and La Conner in April. 9am7pm. Free driving tour; $5 to walk the gardens. For details and dates, see brochure at tulipfestival.org or call 360-428-5959.

    Benno and Klazina Dobbe came to Woodland, Washington, from Holland in 1980 to begin a new life. Today, the family enterprise has grown into the Holland America Bulb Farm known worldwide for growing premier bulbs. Home of the annual Woodland Tulip Festival, Holland America Bulb Farms spectacular, colorful fields delight travelers and locals alike. April 11-12 and 18-19,from 10am4pm. Free. (You may also enjoy the 2nd Annual Wine Tasting and Art Show, April 25, 59pm, with live music, private label wines, local catering and a sunset walk through the tulip fields, $15 advance, $20 at the door. Reservations: 360-225-4512.)

    DeGoede Tulip Festival showcases the work of a fourth generation of flower-growing family the first two generations in Holland, then J. Henry DeGoede started his own farm in Mt. Vernon, Washington, in 1951. In 1976 DeGoede began moving the farm to Mossyrock, Washington, where he and his two sons Jack and Bob, and grandson Alex operate DeGoede Bulb Farm today. Mossyrock is 20 miles from I-5 on Hwy 12. Call for peak blooming dates in April. Mon-Sat, 9am5pm. 360-983-9000. Free.

    Judy Perry, a cousin of CRRs publisher, grew up in Raymond, Wash., retired from her financial services career while living in Hawaii and has since returned to the Pacific Northwest. She lives in Edmonds, Wash., with her husband, Jack Waterworth. She paints full time and loves traveling, art and clam digging. To see more of her work, visit judithperryart.com.

    Story & original art by Judy Perry IF YOU GO

    Crazy about tulips!

    Painting by Ramona Lauzon. See story, page 20

  • 18 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    The fifth installment of the Portland A r t M u s e u m s o n g o i n g s e r i e s Masterworks|Portland commemorates the fourth centenary of the death of El Greco (1541-1614), the brilliant, multicultural genius whose highly personal, conceptual style gave form to the intense spirituality of Spains Golden Age. Coinciding with the celebration of Easter, this special showing features the artists greatest devotional painting, the magisterial Holy Family with Saint Mary Magdalen, a rarely-loaned treasure of the Cleveland Museum of Art.

    Painted at the height of El Grecos powers in the 1590s, The Holy Family shows the Virgin Mary holding the squirming Christ child on her lap as Joseph offers a bowl of fruit. They are joined by Mary Magdalen, whose sorrowful gaze alludes to the future suffering of the happy child. El Grecos approach is based on Venetian depictions of the subject set in a landscape, but transformed so that the figures seem to exist out of space and time, floating before a turbulent sky. The visionary quality of the elongated forms, animated by flashing light and vivid color, is tempered by touches of realism, particularly seen in the faces of the Virgin and child, in the bowl of fruit, and in the warm domesticity that characterizes the scene. This endows the image with unusual accessibility and appeal.

    About the artistBorn Domenikos Theotokopoulos on the island of Crete, El Greco first worked as a painter of icons. Beginning about 1567, he spent a decade in Venice and Rome

    El Greco [Domenikos Theotokopoulos] (Spanish, born Greece, 1541-1614), The Holy Family with Saint Mary Magdalen, 1590-1595, oil on canvas, The Cleveland Museum of Art, Gift of Friends of the Cleveland Museum of Art in memory of J.H. Wade.

    OUT AND ABOUTPORTLAND ART MUSEUM

    Glimpse a masterpiece from

    Spains Golden Age

    By Scott McRae

    In college, I had a painting professor who loved to paint the folds of cloth. There were pregnant folds, angry folds, and even lonely folds. What each of these paintings had in common was that they took a material object and breathed spirituality into it. Can the folds of cloth really speak to you? They certainly do in El Grecos Holy Family with Saint Mary Magdalen, now showing at the Portland Art Museum in celebration of the fourth century since his death (1541-1614). He truly made a masterpiece with this painting. Like my teacher, he brings folds alive.

    But El Greco created more than just folds in drapery. He weaves together

    an int r icate drama between the Virgin Mary, Joseph, Jesus, and Mary Magdalen as they float in front of a stormy sky. Because everything is pushed to the front of the painting, this forces the clothing to be as much a part of the narrative as the actors themselves.

    To fully understand his paintings, you have to understand what the artist was against. El Greco rejected the materialism of his time (and our time, too). He didnt even want his paintings to be accessible to a larger public. El

    Greco did not want his art to be naturalistic, but instead stem from the intellect, channeled through his own empathetic feelings.

    As part of his Renaissance training, El Greco was familiar with conventions such as the use of perspective, but his figures exist out of space and time and are often elongated and stylized. El Greco started as an icon painter in the Byzantine era (showing flat, two-dimensional art often featuring zig-zags) and after learning Renaissance techniques (using perspective), his style combined the two.

    As I studied this painting, I noticed both the Virgin Mary and Mary Magdalen seem very upset, as though they can look ahead and see Jesus crucifixion. The look on their faces and Mary Magdalens dark complexion become our own expressions. The only thing that seems to really unify these characters is the bowl of fruit

    cont page 20

    Longview painter Scott McRae shows and sells his work in local and regional galleries, and teaches children and adults at Longviews Broadway Gallery.

    IF YOU GO - thru April 5Masterworks | Portland: El GrecoPortland Art Museum1219 SW Park AvePortland, Ore.503-226-2811 portlandartmuseum.orgHours:10am,Tues,Wed, Sat-Sun til 5pm; Thurs-Fri til 8pm. Closed Mon.Admission: Adults $15 Seniors 55+/college students $12Members and under 17 free.

    cont page 20

  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 19

    OUT AND ABOUT

    cont page 30

    1329 Commerce Ave. Downtown Longview

    TuesSat at 5 pmMake your dinner reservations today. Call 360.425.2837

    HAPPY HOUR all night every Tuesday and Wednesday

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    Prime Rib served every Thursday & Friday

    Tourists in the City of Roses

    Pacific Northwest winters stimulate creativity and, maybe, a deeper search to ward off the winter blues. Portland has held a place in my heart since I was a young child. I have lived there several times and, in between, have been a tourist. Being a tourist puts a whole new twist and adds a new spark to every place. So, for our 96th anniversary (we count differently), my husband, Rick Bell, and I decided to be tourists in the City of Roses.

    Even in the rain, Portland is swarming with activity. Driving through the busy streets, jockeying with bicyclists abundant in Portland you also have to be aware of the Max train. The streets are one way, but it is easy to find your way around. Its a good thing Rick serves as my driver, because I am always spellbound by all there is to see.

    All the big name hotels The Hilton, Embassy Suites, Marriott, The Benson and Hotel Monaco, just to mention a few are represented in Portland. We chose the Hotel Monaco. It is right in the hub of Portland at SW 5th and Washington. Its eclectic charm is warm and embracing. Underground valet parking was easy and dry, but as in all big cities, a little pricey ($40 per night). Park and forget the car anyway, because walking in the city is the way to go.

    Walking through the beautiful, double glass doors, the entryway has a personalized Welcome board for pets. This is a super pet-friendly hotel, which makes it even more charming. We did not bring our pets, but its nice to know they would be welcome. Portland is a big dog city. The hotel also offers hypo-allergenic rooms where pets are not allowed.

    In the evening, there is a hosted wine bar with pianist and a grand piano. The colorful dcor and art are amazing. It is cozy and lush at the same time.

    Above: Hotel Murano by day and (at left) the evening street view. It was fun to watch all the trees with the birds in the night light and listen to their calls. But I had to think of the old Alfred Hithcock thriller, The Birds. ~ Becky Bell

    Powells: A book-lovers paradise on Burnside.

    Weekend getaway wards off winter blues Story & photos by Becky Bell

  • 20 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    The Columbian Artists Association 39th Annual Spring Art Show opens Saturday, March 21 with a reception 24pm and continues through April 12 in Kelsos Three Rivers Mall. A spacious storefront near Macys will be transformed into a colorful display of artwork by talented regional artists. Awards presentation will be at 3pm and refreshments will be served. The public is invited to drop by and meet some of the talented artists from the area.

    Last years show, with about 40 artists exhibiting just over 100 paintings, was well attended by the public. Due to positive feedback and the Malls recent expansion, the Columbian Artists Association anticipates an even more successful show this year.

    Included again this year is a separate judged competition for Longview-Kelso high school art students.

    El Greco

    By Mitzi Christianson

    Columbian Artists host 39th Annual Spring Show

    Featured Artist: Ramona Kmetz Lauzon Born and raised in Cowlitz County, Ramona was inspired by a middle school teacher to pursue studies in art and took private lessons at an early age from a Dutch style artist. That influence is reflected in some of her old master-style painting. She also paints

    landscapes, portraits and still lifes.

    Some of the S o u t h w e s t Washington areas murals a l s o b e a r h e r n a m e , i n c l u d i n g one of Mt. St. Helens which

    was shown in National Geographic magazines coverage of the 30th anniversary of the eruption.

    Lauzon has created other murals on building exteriors, such as the train

    Joseph is offering Jesus and it is treated very realistically, being the only calming aspect of the piecemuch like comic relief.

    This El Grecos Holy Family with Saint Mary Magdalen is the only painting in this show, but it is truly a masterpiece and is well worth seeing. Be prepared to get wrapped up in this painting!

    For lunch n e a r t h e m u s e u m , my favorite s t i l l i s Nordstrom Caf. It is reasonably priced and r e l a x i n g . I r e c o m m e n d t h e t u r k e y sandwich or the Chinese chicken salad. I f you have r o o m f o r d e s s e r t , t r y their fresh, moist cookies.

    cont from page 18

    absorbing the aesthetic principles of the Mannerist style. He made his way to Spain in 1576 and settled in Toledo, where he was free to develop his distinctive art. Today El Greco is celebrated not only by artists, but by the public at large. Do not miss this opportunity to experience his unique genius in one of his greatest works.

    Organized by the Portland Art Museum and curated by Dawson W. Carr, Ph.D., The Janet and Richard Geary Curator of

    European Art.

    ~PortlanD art MuseuM

    If You Go cont from page 18

    THE 2015 CENTRALIA FOX THEATRE film SERIESwith more movies than ever before!

    Centralia's Historic Fox Theatre 123 S Tower Ave CENTRALIA, WA www.Centraliafoxtheatre.com 360.623.1103

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    Opening ReceptionTHURSDAY

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    5:307:30 pmRefreshments.

    April Exhibit FELTED ANIMALSBy Jeannette Fedorka

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    Closed Sunday cont page 27

    Ramona Lauzon

  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 21

    Story and photos by Ron Baldwin

    Clatsop Spit, Cape Disappointment, Waikiki Beach, Peacock Spit, Desdemona Sands the names sound exotic and adventure-filled and, indeed, they have been. In contrast, our subject names are rather straight forward: South Jetty, North Jetty and Jetty A.

    There is no river entrance in all the worlds seas more dangerous than the bar at the mouth of the Columbia River. More than 2000 ships have perished here, along with 700 lives. And these were only the recorded losses.

    cont page 24

    CORPS OF ENGINEERS JETTY SYSTEM

    in the estuaries of large rivers. Though channels form in the bar, releasing the outflow to the sea, these channels change depth and direction often, making vessel traffic dangerous and unpredictable. Seas at the Columbia River entrance average 1020 feet but often top 25 feet while sustained 70-80 mph winds are common in mid-winter storms.

    Since the first known harbor built in the Egyptian Red Sea 4,500 years ago at Wadi el-Jarf, the process of channel dredging and building jetties, breakwaters, and other seaworks has endeavored to stabilize river entrances to allow safe passage for vessels of industry and commerce.

    According to a very detailed, early 1950s report by Corps engineers/historians R. E. Hickson and F. W Rodolf, channel stabilization

    A bar, in the nautical sense, is a shoal or sand deposit in a river or sea. Where rivers meet the sea, sediment carried by the river drops to the bottom as the river slows when meeting strong tidal currents. These deposits build to make a mound of sand at the bottom around the river opening, making the water shallow, raising the surf to coaming breakers that move at alarming speeds, difficult for vessels to pass. This is called a river bar and occurs

    Guardians of the Columbia

    Clockwise from left: Cape Disappointment with Waikiki Beach and North Jetty in the foreground;

    South Jetty on a calm day;

    A freighter headed south leaves the Columbia.

    Mighty River of the West

  • 22 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    Let Kent keep you rollin!Fair rates Honest work

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    MITK: Souffl cont from page 16

    Everyone deserves music!

    Piano LessonsA great investment in

    yourself or as a gift

    Martin E. KaubleLongview, WA

    360-423-3072(www.kaublepianostudio.com)

    technique theory performance

    Your souffl can be a dessert or part of your dinner sweet or savory. Add berries and a dollop of whipped cream for brunch, or cheese for an evening feast. While cheese is the traditional flavoring, choose another if you like. Im thinking of next time adding fresh Dungeness crab, or maybe chopped shellfish to the mix. If you experiment with adding meats, poultry or fish, be sure they are well cooked ahead of time.

    Souffls add an elegance that lingers with your guests. Ive even heard of people being drawn back to their faith while praying for their souffls to rise. The process is so very simple and the results, dazzling.

    Paul Thompson (far right) found that being able to cook resulted in frequent party invitations during his bachelor father years while teaching at Chicagos Wright College. Now living in Longview, he still enjoys experimenting in the kitchen. He is pictured here with Longview residents and fellow travelers Fax Koontz and Sue Lane in Paris at LeSouffle, known for its savory souffls made with asparagus, foie gras, mushrooms or truffles and their signature sweet souffls with raspberry, chocolate or liqueur.

    Sweet souffl with warm fruit compote. Gran Marnier may be added as a flavor bonus. Note the entry indentation on top.

  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 23

    No grapes of wrath served here Castle Rock area resident Maria Frey at Steinbeck House in Salinas, California.

    Where do you readTHE READER?

    WHERE DO YOU READ THE READER?Send your photo reading the Reader (high-resolution JPEG} to [email protected] If sending a cell phone photo, choose the largest file size up to 2 MB. Include name and city of residence. Thank you for your participation and patience. Keep those photos coming!

    Italian postcard Joyce and Terry Hoggatt, of Kalama, Wash., in Positano, along the Amalfi Coast in Southern Italy, October 2014.

    When in Rome...Longview residents Dwight and Julie Herron on their terrace in Rome, Dec 2014. Their apartment was located next to Trajans Market, a structure built 107110 A.D. as part of Trajans Forum, the last of the Imperial Forums built in Ancient Rome. The market itself, to the left, is incredibly intact; ruins of columns and other parts of the forum can be seen to the right.

    A momentous occasion for

    racketeers Michelle Waite at the Brisbane

    International tennis tournament at the Pat Rafter Arena in Australia. She was fortunate to

    see Roger Federer play.... twice

    Once on Thursday night and again on

    Saturday afternoon. He recorded his

    1000th win while playing the final at the Brisbane International.

    They rode elephants

    through the jungle

    In Thailand Nov/Dec 2014, left to

    right, standing: Tim Coleman, Bend,

    Ore; Ty Coleman, Gavin Mills, and

    Andrea Coleman, Castle Rock,

    Wash; Suzanne Karnofski,Bend,

    Ore. and, kneeling in front: Eric

    Coleman, Castle Rock, Wash.

  • 24 /March 15 April 14, 2015 / Columbia River Reader

    cont from page 21

    The Broadway

    Gallery~~~~~

    1418 Commerce Avenue Longview, WA 98632

    360-577-0544

    Monday - Saturday 10 ~ 5:30www.the-broadway-gallery.com

    See us on Facebook

    Meet the Artists Every First Thursday

    New Art, Music & Nibbles

    Elochoman Marina Oil Painting by Member Marisa Mercure

    Local Art

    Jettiescame to the bar of the Columbia River a little over a century ago when, after some years of survey, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers commissioned South Jetty and construction began in 1895. The prevailing southwest swell had pushed the shipping channel

    that a second jetty on the north side would be needed to secure a shipping channel depth of 40 as specified by an Act of Congress.

    Construction of North Jetty, smaller in stature in both cross-section and length, began in 1913 and pushed to completion in 1917. The new jetty was built west from Cape Disappointment on Peacock Spit, named after The Peacock, a U.S Navy sloop lost there in 1841.

    By 1930, the ends of both jetties had collapsed, due to the massive onslaught of the North Pacific, and repair operations were undertaken in 1936. Since then, every decade has seen some repair or maintenance. In 1932, a Corps survey program indicated need for a system to stabilize Peacock Spit and Sand Island, so a project to build Jetty A, .9 miles south from Cape Disappointment, began along with repair of both North and South Jetties.

    Jumbo sized rocksThe scale of reference is knocked askew by the sheer size and mass of everything here. For example, the stones that just look like

    north and split it into two smaller channels; the jetty would deepen and realign it. Ultimately, after an extension, the jetty reached 6.6 miles into the North Pacific. But the channel could only be maintained at 22 because of incursion of sand from Peacock Spit and Baker Bay to the north. Soon it became apparent

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    Breakfast & Lunch

    available all day!

    360-703-3020413 S. Pacific Avenue Kelso

    Open Wed Sunday 7am 3pm

    Right across from the Kelso train station a bunch of rocks from a distance are

    anywhere from the size of my car to the size of my elephant, with a few being the size of the average convenience store. In fact, from a distance the jetty sort of recalls a great, long pile of bears and elephants. Stones on the new face will weigh between 10 and 45 tons. (See The Numbers, facing page, for reference)

    The importance of CRRs namesake to the economy and to the defense and well being of our nation is hard to state in numbers, but lets just say HUGE. The Port of Portland estimates 40,000-50,000 jobs in the Lower Columbia region alone are directly connected to the river. The MCR jetties (Corps designation: Mouth of Columbia River) and their maintenance are part of an incredibly complicated engineering feat that escapes our thoughts on most days but affects everyone who lives near this Great River of the West, which drains an area about the size of France. The average discharge is 265,000 cubic feet per second. Combined with tidal flow, the amount of water passing the structures can reach 3 million cubic feet (about 35 Olympic swimming pools) per second.

    Repairs UnderwayA system of interim repairs began in 2005 on the North Jetty and continued in 20062007 on the South Jetty.

    Ed Saldania- North Jetty project inspector

    Jetty A extends from Cape Disapointment with Oregons Saddle Mountain as a backdrop

    Piles of bears and elephants

    cont page 25

  • Columbia River Reader / March 15 April 14, 2015 / 25

    Longview native Ron Baldwin, lives in Chinook, Wash. He is known as

    CRRs Renaissance Man. He loves the outdoors, old Volkswagens, fast cooking

    and music. He is a regular programmer at KMUN radio in Astoria, Ore. Hear his

    program 68pm on the second and fourth Wednesdays on KTCB (89.5),

    KMUN (91.2), KCPB

    (90.9) or live stream online at coastradio.org.

    Jazz is played MonThurs at

    that hour.

    Jetties cont from page 15Northwest GardenerThe last number is potassium. This equally important essential nutrient strengthens canes, improves vigor and increases winter hardiness.

    All three building blocks of plant nut r i t ion (N-P-K) shou ld be accompanied by a multitude of micronutrients that are inherent ingredients of natural based organic fertilizers. Carefully read the label as you would food purchased for your own table. The list of nutrients should not be enriched chemical additives, but those that occur naturally.

    Recommended sources of nutrients for your rose pantry would include:1. All purpose organic fertilizer with the nutrient ratio in the single digits, such as 4-4-4.2. Bone meal or rock phosphate for additional phosphorus3. Fish/kelp liquid fertilizer for a nitrogen and trace mineral boost 4. Alfalfa meal or pellets to promote plant growth and condition the soil5. Epsom Salts (magnesium sulphate) for green leaves and increased enzyme activity in the soil6. COMPOST to feed the soil because healthy soil grows healthy plants.

    When to Fertilize First time in the spring: April 1-15. The initial leaf and bud growth you see in early spring comes from starches stored over winter. These ensure the plant gets a good start once winter is over. But eventually those nutrients are depleted. Pull back the mulch layer and gently work 2 cups all-purpose fertilizer into the soil around the base of the plant. You can also add one-fourth cup

    epsom salts, one-half cup bone meal, 2 cups alfalfa meal or pellets and a generous shovelful or two of compost. This one application will take care of your roses basic nutritional needs for a year!

    In addition to the annual feeding, apply one gallon per rose of natural fish/kelp liquid fertilizer, (diluted according to the label directions), once a month. If you have a worm condo that produces compost tea, you can use that nutritionally rich liquid in place of the commercial fertilizer. September 15th would be your last date for liquid feeding.

    Roses will then have a chance to slow down and toughen up before they go dormant for the winter.

    Minimal time and effort can result in armloads of spectacular rose blossoms to create dramatic landscapes or bouquets to grace your dining room table. By using sound nutritional practices and making a conscientious investment in your soil, you will soon be saying, I love to grow roses! They are not much work at all!

    Meanwhile, a 20-year channel deepening project concluded in 2010, deepening the shipping channel to 43 feet all the way to Portland.

    In the fall of 2014, an ambitious project to stabilize North Jetty was begun. Repairs are scheduled to conclude in late 2016, but repairs on all three MCR jetties will continue through 2021. The repairs are projected to cost $257million.

    Ed Saldania, a veteran Corps of Engineers Site Inspector (photo, opposite page), hands me a white hardhat and orange vest and welcomes me to the site, showing me the first phase of the project which is about 95% complete. As we stand near the root (land end) of the jetty, Ed points out a long embankment that curves to meet the jetty.

    This shotrock bank is part of a sand filtration system that prevents sand and sediment from passing through the jetty from this small creek that flows through the jetty and into the shipping channel, he says. Farther west he shows me an area that was once a large lagoon that ran parallel to the jetty on the north or ocean side. T