culture of the 1920’s by: amanda tudor, maura shields & hadja kaba
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Culture of the 1920s By: Amanda Tudor, Maura Shields & Hadja Kaba
Movies during the 1920sDuring the 1920, films became longer, costlier and more polished.1920-1930 was the end of the Great War and the Great Depression followed by the stock market crash, however film theaters and studios were not initially effected.3,300-seat Strand Theater opened in 1914 in New York City, marking the end of the nickelodeon era and the beginning of an age of the luxurious movie palacesBy 1920, there were more than 20,000 movie houses operating in the US. The largest theatre in the world (with over 6,000 seats), the Roxy Theater (dubbed "The Cathedral of the Motion Picture"), opened in New York City in 1927, with a 6,200 seat capacity.
Movies contdThe main genres during this era were swashbuckler, horror, and modern romantic comedy.Some of the famous stars during this time were Stars such asDouglas Fairbanks, Ramon Novarro, Pola Negri, Nazimova, Greta Garbo, and Mary Pickford.Back then there were 3 types of studios: The Big Five: Warner Brother Pictures, Paramount, RKO, Metro Golden Meye, and 20th Century Fox. These studios had the top sets for film and were the most successful.The Little Three: Universal, United Artist and Columbia Pictures. hese were named Little Three because each one lacked the one of the three elements required in vertical integration - owning their own theatres. Poverty Row: Disney, Monogram Pictures, Republic Pictures, and 20th Century Picture. These existed in the shabbier areas of Hollywood, thus giving them the name Poverty RowMovie Palaces:Major Film studios, such as The Big Five, built luxurious "picture palaces" that were specially designed for orchestras to accompany projected films. These movie palaces had around 3,000 seats and brought the Nickelodeon Era to its end.
Music during the 1920sA major type of music in the 1920s was Jazz music. Also Broadway musicals became very popular during this time as well The advent of radio and the ready availability of phonograph records which were selling in the tens of millions in the late nineteen-twenties allowed people to be apart of the new trending music, even people who lived in the most remote areasJazz was considered the devils music in its early yearsOrchestral music was also very popular with new compositions like Ravel's "Bolero" receiving critical acclaim. Composers like Eugene Goossens also created popular music for Symphony Orchestras.Was broadways prime years, with over 50 new musicals in just one season. Record numbers of people paid up to $3.50 for a seat at a musical, now-a-days, $1=$12 in the 20sOther music fads back then were Blues and dance bands. Broadway as well, like I mentioned before.
Music contdJazz music gave people a new sense of fashion.The phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison in 1877 and it used wax cylinders to play back recordingsBoth the jazz and the blues originated from African American communities.The way the music was recorded changed in the mid-1920s when the acoustical recording process was replaced with the electrical process. This change made the way that recordings were made sound much better and more natural, helping to expand the popularity of recorded music.
The following table lists the "records which should be in every home" according to the Victor Records catalog of January 1922:
The RadioThe Radio had first came out in the 1920s along with other technologies.KDKA sounded the first commercial radio broadcast on November 2nd, 1920. In about 4 years there would be over 600 commercial stations around America.Headsets would soon be replaced by speakers.Crystal radiosRadio actually came out in the late 1800shttp://www.history.com/topics/inventions/nikola-tesla/videos/radio-creates-a-cultural-phenomenon
Radio Changes Society in 1920The radio being created brought attention to many people in America and slowly formed a society no one was used to.The radio would be an entertainment for couples and families. The radio would play music and tell stories since there was no TV. Radio shows including westerns, detective shows, childrens shows, soap operas, romances, and comedies, grew more sophisticated with carefully orchestrated plots, lively dialog, and soundtracks.FM radio was introduced to the market which offered much clearer broadcasts relatively free of static and noise.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dMujQke4mMo
Culture in the 1920s featured a dramatic social and political change.Americans would now live in more cities than farms by the end of the 1920s.For a cultural society change they would listen to the same music, dance the same dances and even talk the same slang. While this was all happening it would make elders more uncomfortable with society.The changes would create a more upscale lifestyle, making women feel more independent.
Mass Culture changes everythingThe meaning of Mass Culture is a set of cultural values and ideas that form from common exposure of a population to the same cultural activities, communications media, music and art. During the 1920s, many Americans had extra money to spend, and they spent it on consumer goods such as clothes and home appliances like electric refrigerators and radios.Radios were in 12 millions house holds Cars are now being made and sold throughout America giving it a more luxurious feel.Women start becoming flappers, they now have voting rights and use birth control.
Slang in The 1920s Clam- dollarDry up- shut upBeat it- get lostAnd how- I strongly agreeBird- oddBeeswax- none of your businessBump off- to murder, to killButt me- Ill take a cigaretteCarry a torch- to have a crush on someoneCash- kissCheaters- eyeglassesFish- college freshmanGiggle water- alcoholYou slay me- thats funnyHair of the dog- a shot of alcohol
The Evolution of Twenties Dance StylesIt all started in America, influenced heavily by the Harlem areas. Many dances were invented in the 1920s due to the US dance contest where professional dancers invented new moves.The most influential and popular dances during this time are the Charleston, the black bottom, and the Lindy hop.
1920s Charleston Dancehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pUpAcPAipDA