dairy and meat industry in sri lanka
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Dairy and Meat Industry In Sri Lanka(Current status and Future Perspectives)
OutlineDairy IndustryIntroductionMilk production systemsDairy statisticsMarketing channels of dairy productionMilk collection and chilling capacityCost of productionAvailable formsImports and exportsConstraintsClimatic changeFuture aspects
Meat IndustryEvolution of meat industryPresent role Per capita availability of meatMeat industry in Sri LankaStatistical data on meat productionQuality standardsGovernment and private sector interventionStatistical data on meat productionQuality standardsGovernment and private sector interventionMarketingSocial and cultural aspects on meat productionConcept of vegetarianWelfare background of killing animalsPotentialConstraints
IntroductionSri Lanka is a Developing Country, One of the Major Source of Animal Protein is MilkRecommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) of Milk In Sri Lanka is 200 400ml While the Per capita Availability of Milk is Around 120ml.(daily Basis) Types of Dairy Animals Reared in Sri LankaCattleBuffaloGoat
Zebu typesIndigenous animalsExotic breeds/crossesMurahSurthiNiliraviIndigenous animalsSanan
Milk Production SystemsProduction systemsAverage daily milk production per cow (litters)Popular managementsystemAnimal speciesHill country68IntensivePure exotic and crossesMid country45Semi-intensivePure exotic and crosses; some Zebu crossesCoconut triangle33.5TetheredCrosses of exotic breeds, Zebu types, indigenous animals, buffaloLow country dry zone11.5ExtensiveZebu types, indigenous animals and their crosses, buffaloLow country wet zone33.5TetheredCrosses of exotic breeds, Zebu types,indigenous animals, buffalo
Current Animal Population Statistics (2013)Cattle Buffaloes Total Number ofCattleCowsMilking at PresentAve. DailyMilk Production, Litters.Total Number ofBuffaloesCowsMilking at PresentAve. DailyMilk Production, Ltrs.1,169,040 305,930 736,560 380,760 102,760 177,800
Source : Economic and Social statistics of Sri Lanka 2015 by Central bank of Sri Lanka
Current Production Statistics (2005 2014)
Marketing Channels of Dairy ProductionDomestic Producers
Local SaleHome consumptionCollection centersTradersHotelsNeighborsCurd/yogurt & other confectioneriesMilk Co-operativesPrivate sector (Nestle/ Milco)Others
Formal MarketInformal Market
Milk Collection and Chilling CapacityAt present we are having 284 milk chilling centers and they are having more than 900,000L of capacityBut the formal collection of milk is more than 215,000,000L
Cost of Production
Cost CategoryActivity/typeCost(Rs)Concentrate feed87.07Veterinarian and MedicineTick and Worm ,Disease , Breeding5.9LaborManagement , MilkingGrazing and Cut and Fed192.35TransportFeed Materials , Milk7.69Cow Shed Maintenance5.48Payments for crop Damages1.50Water and electricity1.85Fixed cost4.50Other5.28Total cost (Per animal)235.56Production (Per animal)5LCost without Family labor (per litter)47.11With family labor23.49
Cost of production per animal per day is Rs235.56/=Cost of production per litter (without family labor) is Rs47.11/=Cost of production per litter (with family labor) is Rs23.49/=
Milk PricePrice of liquid milk is determined by the FAT and SNF (solid non- fat) content present in the milkCurrent farm gate price of 1L of row milk is Rs53/= Meantime government is thinking of assigning Rs70/= guaranteed price for liquid milk.
Available forms of Milk in the CountryLiquid milkPowdered milkButterCheeseFermented milk products(yougurt and curd )Condensed milkDairy dessert( ice cream, sundae)
Why deferent forms are available..Deferent kinds of processing techniques have been used to increase the shelf life of milkHelp in transportation and storageIncrease consumer preferencesValue additionGenerating self employmentsBy products can use for various purposes (way proteins, Ghee)
Outstanding Players in the SectorMilcoNestleFonterraMalibanHighlandPalwaththaLucky LankaKothmaleCIC DairiesAmbewelaChello DairiesLily Dairies
Import and ExportsCurrently we are importing more than 70,000 Mt of milk and milk products which cost around Rs44,000 millionsBig share of imports goes to Powdered milk importations These importations are included milk, milk cream, condensed milk, chees and relevant products, way, Butter, etcAt the same time we are exporting nearly 550 Mt of milk products which gains Rs178 millions
Low productivity of animalsLow farm gate price of milkLow availability of feedsHigh cost of milk productionPoor extension services and inadequate education on animal health among dairy farmers;Absence financial supporting servicesPoor marketing options available and inadequate milk-processing facilitiesFailure to update the technologies, including the development of a proper collection and distribution network in the sectorAbsence of proper consumer education to appreciate the value of fresh milk and milk productsLack of government involvement and policy structure
Climate Change ImpactClimate changes have significant impact on several aspects of dairy production such as feed quality and quantity, distribution of diseases, management practices and production system change.Livestock have impacts on climate change by GHG emission.(dairy cattle in contributing 40% for methane emission in Sri Lanka)Climate change adaptations are recommended.
Future PerspectivesGive the local producers and products the due considerationEnhance the fluid milk consumptionEmpower the government milk collectors such as MilcoAssigning the guaranteed farm gate priceBreeding programs aiming the introduction of higher producing animals who can suit to the tropical environmentIntroduction of Climate change adoption techniquesIntroduction of a proper market channelEncourage the evening milk collection
Evolution Of Meat IndustryMeat is animal flesh that is eaten as food. Humans have hunted and killed animals for meat since prehistoric times. It became an industry with the establishment of barter economy system.
Present role of meat products
- Different types of curries according to their preferences -Dog feed, Fish feed- Sausages, bacon, ham,etc
Per capita availability of meat in SL
Chicken 7.19 kgBeef 1.8 kgPork- 0.34 kgMutton 0.08 kg
Sri Lankan processed meat industry produces a variety of meat products under three main categories. comminuted meat products (sausage, luncheon meats, and hot dogs), cured meat products (bacon and ham), and formed meat products (nuggets, meat fingers, drumsticks etc).
Meat Industry in Sri LankaChicken;-Sri Lankan meat industry majorly consist of chicken, pork, beef and mutton.Broiler chicken meat dominates the meat industry.Production has increased rapidly during the last couple of years.Industry mainly prevails in the North Western, Western, and Central provinces.There are approximately 16000 chicken farms in SL, out of that 88% are small scale.
Demand to chicken meat is relatively high in festival season. 26
Pork;-Secondly important sector is swine farming.Concentrated in coastal region known as pig belt.There are around 6000 farmers and 10 000 farms are available in the country. Out of above farms 60% are small scale, 25% are medium scale and the remaining (15%) are large scale.eg :- Chutiduwa farms, NLDBProduction is around 7040 MT per year.
Colombo, gampaha kaluthara puththalama.Data year 2013 dept os censusBreeds large white, land race, duroc
Beef;- Seems to be stagnant through out last decade.Religious barriers have caused to slow the rate of beef production.
Statistical data on Meat Production SL
Per capita availability of meat (kg)2004200520062007200820092010201120122013Poultry4.004.394.294.985.014.854.865.576.807.09Beef1.451.491.381.271.311.341.611.711.721.80Mutton0.100.100.100.090.090.070.070.070.090.10Pork0.320.340.370.370.350.310.320.320.320.32
.Per Capita Availability of Meat During Last Decade
Per Capita Availability of Meat
Product certification Scheme which is popularly known as the "SLS 1161 Product Certification Scheme", is a scheme that gives a third party guarantee on quality of a product. This scheme enables the SLSI to grant permits to local as well as overseas manufacturers producing goods conforming to Sri Lanka Standards to mark the "SLS" mark on their products. Sri Lanka Standards Institution Act No.6 of 1984, and the regulations made there under empower the Sri Lanka Standards Institution to issue such permits to manufacturers.AWARDED DATE: 12th November 2002ISO 9001:2008specifies requirements for a quality management system where an organization needs to demonstrate its ability to consistently provide product that meets customer and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements, andaims to enhance customer satisfaction through the effective application of the system, including processes for continual improvement of the system and the assurance of conformity to customer and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements.AWARDED DATE: 1st December 2006ISO 22000:2005specifies requirements for a food safety management system where an organization in the food chain needs to demonstrate its ability to control food safety hazards in order to ensure that food is safe at the time of human consumption. It is applicable to all organizations, regardless of size, which are involved in any aspect of the food chain and want to implement systems that consistently provide safe products.AWARDED DATE: 27th April 2007ISO 14001:2004en