dates of the middle ages early middle ages: 500 – 1000 high middle ages: 1000 – 1250 late middle...
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THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES
THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES
Dates of the Middle AgesEarly Middle Ages: 500 1000
High Middle Ages: 1000 1250
Late Middle Ages: 1250 - 1500BREAK UP OF WESTERN EUROPEIn the early middle ages, Germanic tribes established their own kingdoms:Angles and Saxons in England Visigoths in SpainLombards in Northern ItalyFranks took Gaul (present-day France)
3Morgan THE RISE OF THE FRANKSCharles Martel united the Franks.732: Martel stopped the advance of Islam from Spain into France at the Battle of Tours.
The Franks established the largest of the new Germanic kingdoms in what is now France.Clovis:King of the Franks, conquered Gaul and then converted to Christianity in 486, the religion of the people in Gaul. By doing so, he gained the support of the people of Gaul and a powerful ally in the Christian Church of Rome.
THE REIGN OF CHARLEMAGNE: 742 -814Grandson of Charles Martel, Charlemagne became king of the Franks in 768.Built an Empire from the North Sea to the Mediterranean - included most of modern France, Germany, Holland, Switzerland and Northern ItalySupported by the pope, he spread Christianity throughout conquered landsRe-birth of Education at Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle)
Pope Crowned CharlemagneHoly Roman Emperor: Dec. 25, 800
This step announced to the world that Western Europe was now independent from the Byzantine emperor.Also signified the new political and religious unity of Western Europe under the concept of Christendom.After Charlemagnes death, his empire was divided among his sons. Legacy of CharlemagneEffects of CrowningCharlemagne spread Christianity throughout Northern Europe / The crowning widened the split between the East and the West.GovernmentCharlemagne allowed local nobles allowed to keep most of their power (just don't fight against Charlemagne).EducationCenter of learning set up in AACHEN (the second Rome) under the direction of Alcuin.DeathDied in 814 / Charlemagne did not leave a strong successor. His sons fought for 30 years and finally split up the empire into 3 parts by the Treaty of Verdun.LegacyExtended Christianity into Northern Europe. Blended German/Roman & Christian Traditions Later European leaders used him as the example of a strong ruler.EUROPE FACES NEW THREATS
CharlemagneFierce warriors and sailors from Scandinavia in N. Europe.Sailed south in search of trade, loot, and land.Between 800-1000, launched repeated and brutal assaults on the coasts of Western Europe, spreading fear and destruction.BUT created new TRADE ROUTES.Their longboats were easy to maneuver and could sail in heavy seas or close to land. Europes Greatest Threat: The VIKINGS