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Designing and Developing Inclusive Urban Environments in The Global South Rethinking the Informality Contemporary Urban Issues Conference – DAKAM Istanbul Chiko Ncube Doctoral Researcher at SURFACE Inclusive Design Research Centre University of Salford, United Kingdom

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Page 1: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

Designing and Developing Inclusive Urban Environments in

The Global South

Rethinking the Informality

Contemporary Urban Issues Conference – DAKAM Istanbul

Chiko Ncube

Doctoral Researcher at SURFACE Inclusive Design Research Centre

University of Salford, United Kingdom

Page 2: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

• Demographic Transitions

• What is Inclusive Design?

• PhD Research Design

• WHO Age-friendly Cities

• Questions that begin to arise

Page 3: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

A world in transition… • Continuing population growth • Additional 2.5 Billion people to the urban population by 2050 • Globally, more people projected to be living in urban areas

Page 4: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments
Page 5: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

People over 60

Another transition… Global Ageing

Photo taken by Ira de Reuver

Page 6: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

Inclusive Design?

http://www.ginacarson.com/gc/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/UD-Testing-Cartoon.jpg

Page 7: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

PhD Research

What is to be done in designing and

developing inclusive

environments?

How can inclusive urban

environments be achieved in developing countries?

• How can the best practice in inclusive urban environments in developed

countries be used as a paradigm for developing countries? (Age-friendly cities – Manchester) • Analyse the major challenges experienced in less developed settings to develop

inclusive urban environments and the practical steps to overcome them

Page 8: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

Functional capacity

The Determinants of Active Ageing

Creating Urban Environments for Older People: WHO Age-friendly Cities

What is an Age-friendly city?

• An Age-friendly city encourages active ageing by optimizing opportunities for health, participation and security in order to enhance quality of life as people age.

• An age-friendly city adapts its

structures and services to be accessible to and inclusive of older people with varying needs and capacities.

Page 9: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

Eight Domains of Age-friendliness

Urban landscape and the built environment

Social environment

Global Network of Age-friendly Cities 2010

Page 10: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

Early life Adult life Older Age

Disability Threshold

Age

Fun

ctio

nal

Cap

acit

y

• The incidence of disability increases with age

• Decline of functional capacity

(Adapted from Kalache and Kickbusch,1997)

Page 11: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

Maintaining functional capacity over the life course

Early life Growth and development

Adult life Maintaining highest Possible level of function

Older Age Maintaining independence and Preventing disability

Age

Fun

ctio

nal

Cap

acit

y

(Adapted from Kalache and Kickbusch,1997)

Disability Threshold

Environmental changes can lower the disability threshold

Page 12: Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

Questions that begin to arise • How far can the Age-friendly Cities programme

be taken in less developed settings? • What radical adjustments and innovative delivery

models need to be in place in areas of accelerating urbanization and informal city settlements?

• What challenges are involved in designing and

developing urban environments in the Global South?

• What evidence based framework can be

introduced to support developing countries in the design and development of inclusive urban environments and contribute to policy and practice?

Source:Thomas Reuters/CBM website