Designing Assistive Technology

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<ul><li> 1. CMT3321: Assistive Technology Arundhati, Aesha, Sumbal, Dayo</li></ul> <p> 2. Able to hear but not be heard Able to dream but unable to speak your mind SOCIAL SETTING PHYSICAL 6. Our Approach3. Concept Design Scenario 7. Persona-An Illustrative Case of M Aim/Goals-To be able to manage everydaylife activities without beingoverseenFrustration and pain point-Difficulty in remembering recentevents such as conversations,current tasks and family news M is a 72 year old male who has early Alzheimers disease. He lives in his own home with an elderlyAge-72 years oldSex-Male spouse. He likes to go out into the communityStatus- Early history of episodicunaccompanied. Some of his impairments are mildmemory problems. memory problems, spatial disorientation, difficulty in finding the right words, taking some time toCurrent solution:recognize that he is lost when he becomes lost,- Caregiver/assistant embarrassment in approaching others and asking- Mobile phone- Post-it remindersfor directions, and inability to generate solutions. These impairments are episodic (occur onlyProblems with solution:occasionally).- 24/7 assistance /expensive- Limited application- Unrealistic in situations 8. MENTAL MODEL Physical EnvironmentAccessibilityAdaptability PERSONS Activity RelatedEFFECTIVENESSUnderlying Activity Specific CompetenceCAPABILITIES Disability Participation/Engagement(physical, cognitive)Quality of Life Introducing Design ConceptActivity DemandsTechnology UseBasic / Valued ActivitiesInformal/formal care Behavior Change 9. Problem StatementWHO?Target:IntellectualDiagnosed with dementia----------------------------------Sub/Supportive:WHAT?AutismAlzheimersDowns SyndromeSocialOld age 10. Requirements Acquisition INTELLECTUALSevere memory problems One or a few simple action generation whichConfabulationworks for a variety of situationsAbstract thinkingImpaired judgment Device should be able to track progress relative toChanges in personalitya previously entered task plan.Distortions in recognitionLoss of initiative Help provided should include standardcomponents: what the current task is? Whatactions are required to accomplish it? Where he SOCIAL needs to go to accomplish the task?Inability to recognize that Must be unobtrusive and unlikely to attract thewhich was previouslyattention of othersfamiliar Augmentative and Alternative CommunicationDisorientationWanderingLoss of speech/Fumbling 11. CONCEPTUAL DESIGNDeveloping a design for Wearable Assistive Information Appliances (WAIA) 12. 1. Augmentative/ Alternative Communication2. Wearable/Edible RFID tags for location3. Inconspicuous Task Guide with GPS function 13. Narayanan,N.H and Fickas S. Ameliorating Cognitive Impairments: Research Challenges in Designing Mobile, Multimodal and Adaptive Interfaces for Context-Aware Assistance. Miskelly F. Age and Ageing Vol.33 No.3. A novel system of electronic tagging in patients with dementia and wandering Wandering is a common problem in people with dementia. Previous attempts at electronic tagging have been unsuccessful because of inadequacy of the technology Galton C J. et al., Atypical and typical presentations of Alzheimers disease: a clinical,REFERENCES neuropsychological, neuroimaging and pathological study of 13 cases Reiss M.L. and Wacker R.R., Factors Associated with Assistive Technology Discontinuance among Individuals with Disability 14. Bohil C. and Rebenitsch L. An Exploration of Real-Time Environmental Interventions for Care of Dementia Patients in Assistive Living This Paper explores alternatives to the traditional definition of intervention ,wherein the involvement of a caregiver is assumed using a new modality wherein interventions are automatically instigated in response to conditions detected by physiological and behavioral measures Baecker R. Designing Technology to Aid Cognition This paper focus on the proper method to focus on while designing for people with cognitive impairmentsREFERENCES 15. ANY QUESTIONS?CONCLUSION </p>