Designing Innovative Learning Environments using Learning Environment Modeling (LEM)

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Designing Innovative Learning Environments Using LEM

Bucky Dodd, Ph.D.

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Explore Innovation Opportunities

Model Learning Environments

Build Learning Environments

Create New Insights

Explore Innovation Opportunities

Model Learning Environments

Build Learning Environments

Create New Insights

A learning environment is the physical and virtual spaces and places where people learn.

Learning Environment Design is the experience of architecting physical and virtual spaces in ways that advance a learning purpose.

Learning Environment Architect

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Formal Learning SpacesInformal Learning SpacesVirtual SpacesPhysical SpacesOnline InstructionClassroom InstructionOnline CommunitiesLearning CommonsBBBB

OBlended Learning EnvironmentC

Rethinking the college course7

Adults seek flexible learning spaces and opportunities that meet their learning and life needs.

The Next Principle

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Think of a learning environment

What is the learning environments purpose?

CourseLessonField ExperienceInternshipWorkplaceEtc.

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Innovative FeaturesWhat is unique and innovative about this learning environment?Differentiating FeaturesWhat differentiates this learning environment from other learning environments?

PresentFutureLimiting FeaturesWhat features of this learning environment are limiting learners and educators performance?Adapted from Blue Ocean Strategy - Pioneer-Migrator-Settler Map

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Purpose Statement

What problem does this learning environment solve?

Vision

How will the learning environment address the problem?

Thinking strategically about how we connect physical and virtual learning environments.11

Purpose Statement

What problem does this learning environment solve?

Vision

How will the learning environment address the problem?

Thinking strategically about how we connect physical and virtual learning environments.12

Formal Learning SpacesInformal Learning SpacesVirtual SpacesPhysical SpacesOnline InstructionClassroom InstructionOnline CommunitiesLearning CommonsNew, AdvanceApply, Solve, Change

Moments of need applied to learning environments.13

Formal Learning SpacesInformal Learning SpacesVirtual SpacesPhysical SpacesOnline Tutorials Screencast technologies, Captivate, etc.Classroom Practice Display technologies (whiteboards), Polling response technologiesField Observation mobile images and video technologies

Performance SupportTechnologiesKnowledgebase Community Google+LinkedIn, etc.

Rethinking the college course14

Explore Innovation Opportunities

Model Learning Environments

Build Learning Environments

Create New Insights

What I cannot create, I do not understand

-Richard Feynman (Theoretical Physicist)

Floorplan of Atrium Source: http://gvsu.edu/library/mary-idema-pew-library-floor-plans-229.htm

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Source: https://flowingdata.com/2015/06/17/super-mario-bros-was-designed-on-graph-paper/

Source: http://kottke.org/15/06/super-mario-bros-was-designed-on-graph-paper

Source: Gomaa, 2011

UML Example

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What is our idea canvas?

Commonly used

Learner is the audience

Difficult to make comparisons

Often lengthy

Language is often subject-matter focused, not instructionally focused

Course Design GuidesProject Requirement DocsLesson PlansTraining PlansCurriculum PlansEtc.

Enhanced UnderstandingEnhanced Decision-MakingEnhanced Communication

What a LEM does?24

InformationPracticeDialogueFeedbackEvidenceBuilding Block TypeHowWhat

{description}{method}

Building blocks are the heart of LEML. They communicate key building blocks of any learning environment. The building blocks are information, dialogue, feedback, practice, and evidence. Each building block is also allows you to provide a description of what the building block represents and how you intended to incorporate it in the learning environment. 26

{description}{method}

For example, lets say I have a practice building block that Im working with.27

Business Strategy Case Study: StarbucksGroup Exercise

I can first begin by providing a description. In this situation Ill say it is a business strategy case study focused on Starbucks.

Next, Ill define the method Ill use. In this example, Ill use group exercise.

These three elements: building block type, description, and method provide key information needed to use the building block to create a plan.28

Next, are the context elements. Context elements describe the modality of the learning environment. These elements are classroom, online-synchronous, online-asynchronous, and experiential.

Context are added around building blocks to show the modality the building blocks are presented in.29

Next are Actions. Actions show the flow of the instruction and who is responsible for the transition between building blocks. The three actions are learner, facilitator, and system. Learner actions are the transitions learners make, facilitator actions are transitions the facilitator makes, and system actions are actions programed into the learning environment.

An example of a learner action is moving between content in an online course shell. An example of a facilitator action might be providing feedback to students. An example of a system action might be a pre-scheduled email sent went a learner achieves a certain score on an exam.

Actions provide motion and movement to the models.30

The final major category is Notations. Notation provide a way of extending the meaning of other LEML elements. The first notation is a start/end point. This shows where the instruction starts and stops.

The second is the objective achievement notation. This shows were a learning objectives is evaluated. The learning objective achievement helps us align our instruction with learning outcomes.31

Building blocks, contexts, actions, and notations are combined to create a learning environment model like the one shown here. Notice that is creates a type of blueprint for your lesson or training program much like an architect would create a plan for a building.

This approach allows you to see the big picture about your lesson or training plan and make decisions that may have been difficult to make otherwise. 32

_______________UnderstandingComparingAnnotatingChangingRememberingSharingAdapted Hokanson, 2008Catalyzing Collaborative Design Experiences

What a LEM does?33

Flowchart SoftwareTools for Modeling Learning EnvironmentsDesign Experience

Paper and Pencil, Post-it Notes

Whiteboards

LEM can use both analog methods such as paper and pencil, whiteboards, or post-it notes, or digital methods such as flowcharting software.

As you are using LEM, analog modeling tools work well early in a design process while digital tools are more productive later in the design process when the ideas are more solidified.

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Review the example model created using LEM (Hint Use LEML guide sheet).

Explain the model to a friend or colleague.

Critique the model and make at least 5 changes to the model using LEM.

Compare your revised model to the original model.

Explain the differences between the two models to a friend or colleague.

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Flipped Classroom

Online Enhanced

Performance Support

Mixed Mode

Mixed Mode

Plot Evidence building block based on the major purpose (learning outcome) of the environment.

Use the other four types of building blocks (practice, feedback, dialogue, and information) to support achievement of the Evidence building block.

Add the actions to the model.

Add the context to the model.

Add notations and annotations.

Share and revise as needed.

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Explore Innovation Opportunities

Model Learning Environments

Build Learning Environments

Create New Insights

Aligning Technologies to Learning Environment Building BlocksExamples:BookHTML pagePDFPowerPointVideoExplain EverythingScreencastExamples:Discussion boardsTwitterSkypeExamples:PadletGoogle DocsDiscussion boardsExamples:Online grade bookGoogle DocsRubric toolsTwitter

Examples:Student created WebsiteVideoMultimedia presentationPaper

http://c4lpt.co.uk/top100tools/

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http://c4lpt.co.uk/top100tools/

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Identify at least one opportunity in your blended learning environment to use a new technology or technique. Note where/how the technology will be used on the diagram.

Research possible technologies that align with the building block you selected. (http://c4lpt.co.uk/top100tools/)

Create a prototype for your environment using the new technology.

Share the results with the group.

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Explore Innovation Opportunities

Model Learning Environments

Build Learning Environments

Create New Insights

Teaching

ReadyNot ReadyTechnology

ReadyNot ReadyContent

ReadyNot Ready

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Formal Learning SpacesInformal Learning SpacesVirtual SpacesPhysical SpacesOnline InstructionClassroom InstructionOnline CommunitiesLearning CommonsBBBB

OBlended Learning EnvironmentC

Rethinking the college course56

Explore Innovation Opportunities

Model Learning Environments

Build Learning Environments

Create New Insights

Designing Innovative Learning Environments Using LEM

Bucky Dodd, Ph.D.

58

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