diction ppt edited

Click here to load reader

Post on 21-Nov-2014




3 download

Embed Size (px)


Edited version for class demo


  • 1. Diction Powerpoint Project Jiyoon Cho, Caitlin Crommett, Jacqueline Jacobs, Corisa Oh, Alexandra Steinhaus IDEA English 2 Period 3

2. Diction Word choice, or general character of the language used by the author. Words have three levels, and are selected based on their efficiency in these three areas:

  • Appearance
  • Sound
  • Meaning

3. Mono vs. Poly

  • 1 syllable vs. multi syllable
  • It is the lark that sings so out of tune
  • Straining harsh discords and unpleasing sharps
    • (Act 3 Scene 5. Romeo and Juliet)
    • Romeo and Juliet

4. Euphonious vs. Cacophonous

  • Pleasant Sounding vs. Harsh Sounding
  • "Ms. Connors looks so eager. I like the sensation of succeeding brilliantly at somehting... brilliantly= euhponious
  • "By lunch time, my stomach boils with anger. boil= cacophonous
  • Speakby Laurie Halse Anderson

5. Literal vs. Figurative

  • Accurate with out embellishment vs. comparison creating pictorial effect.
  • But not her maid since she is envious (Literal- act 2. Sc. 2)
  • But soft, what light through yonder window breaks? It is the East, and Juliet is the sun(Figurative- act. 2 sc. 2 )
  • Romeo and Juliet

6. Denotative vs. connotative

  • Exact meaning vs. Suggest, emotional meaning
  • I really love you.Im crazy about you...
  • The doctor was a thin quiet little man who seemed disturbed by the war
  • A Farewell to Arms

7. Objective vs. Subjective

  • Objective : Impersonal and unemotional language
  • Example : The lawn started at the beach and ran toward the front door for a quarter of a mile ( The Great Gatsby,page 6).
  • vs.
  • Subjective : Personal and emotional language
  • Example : There was a slow, pleasant movement in the air, scarcely a wind, promising a cool, lovely day. ( The Great Gatsby,page 152)

8. Active vs. Passive States Action vs. States Being

  • Example of Active Diction fromHard Times , by Charles Dickens: Mr. Gradgrind walked homeward from the school in a state of considerable satisfaction(Pg 8).
  • Example of Passive Diction fromTo Kill a Mocking Birdby Harper Lee:John Hale Finch was ten years younger than my father (Pg 5).

9. Concrete vs. Abstract Tangible, Specific vs. Conceptual Philosophical

  • Example of Concrete Diction fromJane Eyreby Charlotte Bronte:Lady Lynn was a large and stout personage of forty: very erect, very haughty-looking, richly dressed in a satin robe of changeful sheen (Pg 185).
  • Example of Abstract Diction fromPicture Perfect , by Jodi Piccoult:It was the undisguised emotion in his eyes that made Cassie put her fear aside (Pg 341).

10. Hyperbole vs. Understated Deliberate exaggeration of facts vs. Deliberate misinterpretation of less

  • Example of a Hyperbole fromThe Odysseyby Homer:Were men of Atrides Agamemnon, whose fame is the proudest thing on Earth(Pg 245).
  • Example of Understated Diction fromHard Times , by Charles Dickens:He sunk into a chair and moved once all that night(Pg 67).

11. Pedestrian vs. Pedantic Laymans terms vs. Borish inflated language intending to display importance

  • Example of Pedestrian Language fromTo Kill a Mockingbirdby Harper Lee:Aint everybodys daddy the deadest shot in Maycomb County (Pg 112).
  • Example of Pedantic Diction fromJane Eyreby Charlotte Bronte:Madam allow me an instant. You are aware that my plan in bringing up these girls, is not to accustom them to habits of luxury and imdulgence, but to render them hardy, patient, self-denying (Pg 64).

12. Vulgarity

  • This is a type of non standard diction.
  • Vulgarity is language that is deficient in taste and refinement.
  • Example : G******* FBI don't respect nothin (Sonny, inThe Godfather ).

13. Slang

  • Vernacular speech, sometimes humorous
  • Dont play booty with me.
    • Bill Sikes fromOliver Twist
  • Hes game enough now,
  • Ill engage.
    • Toby on Bill Sikes

14. Colloquial

  • Regional/ provincial language
  • Bloody hell!
  • ~Ronald Weasley
  • FromHarry Potter and the Goblet of Fireby J.K. Rowling
  • (statement indigenous to the English)

15. Jargon

  • Language specific to a field or position
  • Late in the second quarter, he decided against a field goal on a fourth-and-one...drove 82 yards for a touchdown and a 20-19 lead at half-time.
  • By Chris Foster, L.A. Times Sports Section
  • (football jargon)

16. Clich

  • Figurative language that has lost its freshness and clarity
  • Everything that has happened for me since moving here has just been icing on the cake.
    • Emeril Lagasse
  • (A trite expression used to show how easily a task can be completed.)

17. Informal/Standard Diction

  • This type of diction is language that is correct but conversational. It is used in casual situations, but still states accurate facts.
  • Example : Weve heard names.Thats Johnny. Those two- theyretwins, Sam n Eric ( Lord of the Flies , page 21).


  • Formal/ Literate Diction
  • This type of diction is the language that is appropriate in more formal occasions.Example : You are all kindness,Madame; but I believe we mustabide by our original plan ( Prideand Prejudice,page 143).

19. Assonance

  • Repetition of similar vowel sounds in closely associated words
  • Example: Through the balmy air ofnightHow they ring out theirdelight !The Bells by Edgar Allen Poe

20. Consonance

  • Repetition of similar consonant sounds in closely associated words.
  • Example : He gives his harness bells ashake To ask if there is somemistake . Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
  • By Robert Frost

21. Alliteration

  • Repetition of initial consonant sounds in closely associated words.
  • Example : I havestood stillandstoppedthesoundof feet
  • Acquainted with the Night by Robert Frost


  • Words whose sounds suggest their meaning.
  • Example:She heard thebuzzingof the bee.

Onomatopoeia 23. Works Cited

  • Austen, Jane.Pride and Prejudice . Minneapolis: Dover Publications, Incorporated, 1995. 143.
  • Fitzgerald, F. Scott.The Great Gatsby . New York: Scribner, 2004. 6.
  • The Godfather . Dir. Francis F. Coppola. Perf. Al Pacino, James Caan, and Marlon Brando. 1972.
  • Golding, William.Lord of the Flies . New York: Perigee Trade, 2001. 21.
  • Bront, Charlotte.Jane Eyre . Ed. David Levithan. New York: Scholastic Paperbacks, 2004.
  • Charles, and Robert D. Spector.Hard Times . New York: Bantam Classics, 1982.
  • Robert, trans.The Odyssey . New York: Penguin Classics, 2006.
  • Lee, Harper.To Kill a Mockingbird . New York: HarperCollins, 2005.
  • Mitchell, Margaret.Gone with the Wind . Grand Rapids: Grand Central, 1993.
  • Picoult, Jodi.Picture Perfect . New York: Berkley Trade, 2002.