differnces between deciduous and permanent teeth


Post on 31-Mar-2015




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Slide 2 Slide 3 DIFFERNCES BETWEEN DECIDUOUS AND PERMANENT TEETH Slide 4 DIFFERENCES OF THE CROWN Primary TeethPermanent Teeth Lighter in colour, bluish white/ milk teeth (R.I. is same as milk i.e. 1) Darker in colour, grayish or yellowish white. Duration: 6 months to 5-6 years Duration: 6 years onwards Number: 20Number: 32 Smaller in dimensionLarger in dimension Slide 5 DIFFERENCES OF THE CROWN Crowns are wider mesiodistally. Crowns are wider cervico incisally Cervical ridges are prominent especially on buccal aspect Cervical ridges are less prominent Narrow occlusal tablesLess convergence of buccal and lingual surfaces Sharp cervical constrictionLess constriction of the neck Slide 6 DIFFERENCES OF THE CROWN Enamel is thinner and uniformly thick(1mm). Enamel is about 2-3 mm thick. Contact areas are broader and flatter and gingival. Contact points are more occlusally situated. Enamel rods at the cervical slopes occlusally from DEJ Enamel rods are oriented gingivally Supplemental grooves are more Supplemental grooves are less Slide 7 DIFFERENCES OF THE CROWN Mammelons absentMammelons are present on newly erupted teeth First molar is smaller in dimension than second molar First molar is larger in dimension than second molar Slide 8 DIFFERENCES OF THE ROOT AND PULP Slide 9 DIFFERENCES OF THE ROOT The roots are larger and slender compared to crown size Roots are more bulbous and shorter in comparison to crown Root trunk is smallerRoot trunk is larger Roots flare outward to accommodate permanent teeth Marked flaring is absent Physiologic resorption during shedding Physiologic resorption is absent Slide 10 DIFFERENCES IN THE PULP Pulp chamber is larger in relation to crown size Pulp chamber is smaller in relation to crown size Pulp horns are more prominent and are closer to the outer surface Pulp horns are comparatively away from the outer surface High degree of cellularity and vascularity in tissue Comparatively less degree of cellularity and vascularity Slide 11 DIFFERENCES IN THE PULP High potential for repairLess potential for repair Greater thickness of dentin over the pulpal wall at the occlusal fossa of molars Comparitively lesser dentin on the occlusal surface Root canals are ribbon like. Radicular pulp is thin, tortuous and branch. Root canals are well defined with less branching. Floor of pulp chamber is porous. Accessory canals are present in good number Floor of pulp chamber does not have any accessory canals. Slide 12 HISTOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES Enlarged apical foramen Abundant blood supply demonstrates typical inflammatory response Foramens are restricted Reduced blood supply favours calcific response Reparative dentin formation is more extensive and irregular Reparative dentin formation is less Density of innervation is less of which primary teeth are less sensitive Density of innervation is more Localisation of infection and inflammation is poorer in pulp Inflammation and infection in pulp is localised. Slide 13 MINERAL CONTENT Enamel and dentin are less mineralized Enamel and dentin are highly mineralized Neonatal lines are presentNeonatal lines seen only in first molar Dentinal tubules are less regular Dentinal tubules are more regular Dentin is less dense. It cuts more easily Dentin is difficult to cut as it more dense. Slide 14 PERIODONTAL DIFFERENCES Cementum is very thin. Secondary cementum is absent The secondary cementum is present Alveolar atrophy is rareAlveolar atrophy occurs Gingivitis is generally absent in healthy child Gingivitis is common in adult. Slide 15 CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS Cavity cutting Root canal treatment. Slide 16 Doubts?? Slide 17