diosdado macapagal's biography - ppt
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DIOSDADOMACAPAGAL(1910-1997)9th President of the Philippines5th President of the Third Republic2nd President of the 1971 Philippine Constitutional Convention6th Vice-President of the Philippines
Diosdado Macapagal was born on September 28, 1910, in Lubao, Pampanga, the third of four children in a poor family.
His father, Urbano Macapagal, was a poet who wrote in the local Pampangan language, and his mother, Romana Pangan Macapagal, was a schoolteacher who taught catechism.
He is a distant descendant of Don Juan Macapagal, a prince of Tondo, who was a great-grandson of the last reigning Rajah of Selurong, Rajah Lakandula.The family earned extra income by raising pigs and accommodating boarders in their home. Due to his roots in poverty, Macapagal would later become affectionately known as the "Poor boy from Lubao. Diosdado Macapagal was also a reputed poet in the Spanish language although his poet work was eclipsed by his political biography.
Diosdado Macapagal excelled in his studies at local public schools, graduating valedictorian at Lubao Elementary School, and salutatorian at Pampanga High School.
He finished his pre-law course at the University of the Philippines, then enrolled at Philippine Law School in 1932, studying on a scholarship and supporting himself with a part-time job as an accountant. While in law school, he gained prominence as an orator and debater. However, he was forced to quit schooling after two years due to poor health and a lack of money.
His brother-in-law Rogelio de la Rosa, with whom he acted in and produced Tagalog operettas, helped him continue his education. Macapagal raised enough money to continue his studies at the University of Santo Tomas
He also gained the assistance of philanthropist Honorio Ventura, the Secretary of the Interior at the time, who financed his education. After receiving his Bachelor of Laws degree in 1936, he was admitted to the bar, topping the 1936 bar examination with a score of 89.95%. He later returned to his alma mater to take up graduate studies and earn a Master of Laws degree in 1941, a Doctor of Civil Law degree in 1947, and a PhD in Economics in 1957.1957, Diosdado Macapagal was conferred Doctor of Civil Laws and Doctor of Economics. (Taken at UST)
First marriage:In 1938, he married Purita dela Rosa and they had two children namely Arturo Macapagal and Cielo Macapagal-Salgado until Purita's death of malnutrition in 1943.
Second marriage:On May 5, 1946, he married Dr. Evangelina Macaraeg, with whom he had two children, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo who became President of the Philippines and Diosdado Macapagal, Jr.
President Diosdado Macapagal, sharing a light moment with daughter Gloriawhod then become the fourteenth President of the Philippines, and is now the Representative of the Second District of Pampanga.President Macapagal enjoying a well-cooked meal of sinigang by his wife Eva at home.President Diosdado Macapagal and the First Family with Pope John XXIII
Let not the noble race of men of freedom and dignity, which the Filipino people are, ever be traduced and made to kneel before any dictator, foreign or native. Because as a tradition nurtured in their history, freedom is deathless and irrepressible in the soul of the Filipino people.
In the Filipino heart, freedom is an eternal flame that may be dimmed by brutal might but not extinguished, for hope will ever glow for the resurgence of freedom. In the same manner that no matter how long and dark the night may be and how fearful the nightmare, there will surely come the dawn that will change the night into day.(Dec. 30, 1961 Dec. 30, 1965)Diosdado Macapagal- From Democracy in the Philippines by Pres. Diosdado Macapagal
Agricultural Land Reform CodeOne of Diosdado Macapagals greatest achievements.
He instituted a public land clearance program to make new farmlands available for immediate use.
Goal: To establish owner cultivator ship and the economic family size farm as the basis of Philippine agriculture, and as a consequence, divert landlord capital in agriculture to industrial development;
To create a truly viable social and economic structure in agriculture conducive to greater productivity and higher farm incomes;
To provide a more vigorous and systematic land resettlement program and public land distribution;
Change the traditional share tenancy to lease hold system.
The tenant would give 25% of their harvest as payment
The historic signing of the Agricultural Land Reform Codeon August 8, 1963The historic signing of the Agricultural Land Reform Code on August 8, 1963 at the Agrifina Circle in Luneta Manila. Together with the President were Senator Ferdinand Marcos (left) and Speaker Cornelio Villareal (right). The said Code finally abolished the centuries-old institution of tenancy.
Emergency Employment Administration
It was patterned after a similar employment program of United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt during Americas great depression in the 1930s.
Purpose: stated on Section 2 which says It is hereby declared to be the continuing policy and responsibility of the State to utilize every possible means to create maximum employment opportunities for all who are able, willing and seeking to work but cannot find employment, thus increasing mass purchasing power, developing income in rural areas, and stimulating economic activity in general.
What this law basically does is to create and offer job opportunities to Filipinos who are seeking or in need of employment.
Philippine IndustryThe law abolished share tenancy on rice and corn farmlands, and established a leasehold system in which farmers paid fixed rentals to landlords, rather than a percentage of the harvest.SABAHDuring President Diosdado Macapagals administration, the Philippines formally claimed Sabah based on the Sultanate of Sulu heirs claim on the territory. MAPHILINDOAn organization composed of Southeast Asian countries particularly the Malaysia, Philippines, and Indonesia.
Purpose: To boost our countrys trade with our neighbors.
The organization also have way to the making of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations or better known as ASEAN.
Independence DayFrom 1946 to 1962, Philippine independence was celebrated on July 4. It was President Diosdado Macapagal who issued Proclamation No. 28, s. 1962, moving the commemoration of Independence Day to June 12 the date independence from Spain was proclaimed in Emilio Aguinaldos home in Kawit, Cavite.
July 4 is now the Philippine-American Friendship Day.
President Macapagal was particularly proud of restoring Philippine Independence Day to June 12, and was congratulated for it at the Palace by President Aguinaldo.President Macapagal during the Independence Day celebration of 1963.
First State of the Nation Address of President Diosdado Macapagal
Second State of the Nation Address of President Diosdado Macapagal delivered on January 28, 1963.
President Macapagal being carried by female supporters during one of his presidential campaigns.President Macapagal enjoying the experience of planting palay.Vice President Macapagal stopped in a Negros Occidental barrio to swear in Nationalist Party defectionists into the Liberal Party.
President Macapagal waves as he rides a carabao-drawn sled through shallow waters in Linapacan, an island town of Palawan.Vice President Macapagal alights from a banca in Binaungan, Bulacan.
- President Macapagal stretches a long arm to shake the hands of members of the family of a farmer during his visit in Roxas, Mindoro Oriental where he held his "Common Man's Day" reception.Outgoing President Diosdado P. Macapagal and President-elect Ferdinand E. Marcos
The elderly Diosdado Macapagal pensively writing in his study room during the years of struggle against the dictatorship.Diosdado and Evangelina Macapagal in a more recent picture with their children.(from left) Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Diosdado Macapagal, Jr., Cielo Macapagal-Salgado and Arturo Macapagal.
In his retirement, Macapagal devoted much of his time to reading and writing. He published his presidential memoir, authored several books about government and economics, and wrote a weekly column for the Manila Bulletin newspaper.Diosdado Macapagal died of heart failure, pneumonia and renal complications at the Makati Medical Center on April 21, 1997. He is buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.Grave of Diosdado Macapagal at theLibingan ng mga Bayani.
BS BIOLOGY 1A2-1Prepared by:Ballesteros, SharmineNatividad, MicaBeoncio, Catrina CharmaineNabablit, Francis MarvienSanggalang, Syrel