E-participation and civic engagement in Kazakhstan ... and civic engagement in Kazakhstan: incentives, challenges and prospects Maxat Kassen Associate Professor, Docent PhD/CSc in Political Sciences

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<ul><li><p>E-participation and civic engagement in Kazakhstan: incentives, challenges and </p><p>prospects</p><p>Maxat Kassen</p><p>Associate Professor, DocentPhD/CSc in Political SciencesEurasian National University</p><p>Presentation during the 2014 Global e-Government Forum</p></li><li><p>The research objectives</p><p> to analyze the incentives that lie behind the mere desire to better public administration in Kazakhstan through the use of e-participation platforms; </p><p> locate current and future challenges in realization of the civic engagement projects; </p><p> provide some generalizations on prospects of using the innovations and offer ways forward </p></li><li><p>Incentives Global incentives: globalization of the e-participation </p><p>technology (global country PR)</p><p> Political incentives: political reaction to the diffusion of e-democracy tools in non-public sectors </p><p> Economic incentives: prospects to further national competitiveness, battle corruption and save money</p><p> Social incentives: building new channels of communication and easing potential social tensions</p></li><li><p>The pillars of e-participation in Kazakhstan: strong points</p><p> Strong political will and support</p><p> Robust financial basis</p><p> E-government building as a national priority project</p></li><li><p>Current e-participation projects in Kazakhstan</p><p> Internet conferences Public discussion platforms Electronic address platform (tracking) Online appointment to ministers Blog-platforms Officials in social networks project Open Data Portal</p></li><li><p>Classical G2C implementation of e-participation</p></li><li><p>Challenges</p><p> Inertia in public mentality</p><p> Ambiguous legislation </p><p> Paradox of e-Participation</p></li><li><p>Questions:</p><p> What is e-participation: A fancy entourage or tentative touch of a new </p><p>digital democracy?</p><p>What is the difference between e-participation and civic engagement as a phenomenon?</p></li><li><p>E-participation</p></li><li><p>Political networks in traditional e-participation</p><p>Key political nodes:eGov e-government platform as a political super-node;C1 ... 5 citizens; Dyadic relationship:G2C government-to-citizen component</p><p>Features of political communication:Centralism;Bureaucratic top-down implementation;Reactive traditional black box concept.</p><p>Implementation tools: Use of social media, blog -platforms and open data portals;</p></li><li><p>Civic engagement</p></li><li><p>Political networks in civic engagement</p><p>Key political nodes:1 ... 5 citizens; Dyadic and triadic relationship:C2C citizen-to-citizen component. Features of political communication:Decentralization; Anonymity; Proactive mechanism of implementation and political relations Implementation tools: Open data-driven platforms Civic mapping,Wiki technology</p></li><li><p>Generalizations and ways forward</p></li><li><p>Ways forward:</p><p> Focusing on civic engagement Supporting C2C projects Using wiki technologies Embracing open data-driven political </p><p>philosophy where government is more a platform rather than process</p><p> Promoting rise in political culture</p></li><li><p>Hypothetical model of open data civic engagement projects</p></li><li><p>The answer is:</p><p> It is all about changing political communication and traditional mindset</p></li><li><p>My recent publications (to follow up)</p><p>1. Kassen, Maxat. (2013). A promising phenomenon of open data: A case study of the Chicago open data project. Government Information Quarterly, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp.508513. Impact factor 1.910 (USA)</p><p>2. Kassen, Maxat (2010)."E-Government in Kazakhstan: Realization and Prospects". Paper 6. Southern Illinois University Carbondale (USA)</p><p>3. Kassen, Maxat (2012). "Empowering Social Media: Citizens-Source e-Government and Peer-to-Peer Networks. Paper 3. Southern Illinois University Carbondale (USA)</p><p>4. Kassen, Maxat. (2014). Globalization of e-government: open government as a global agenda; benefits, limitations and ways forward. Information Development, 30(1), pp. 51-58. Impact factor 0.375 (UK)</p></li><li><p>Click here to watch the video-presentation of Maxat Kassen during the 2014 Global e-</p><p>Government Forum</p><p>http://youtu.be/vlyASqqPwEo</p></li><li><p>Thank you!</p></li></ul>