ear training -scales · melodic minor scales were created to “fix” the strange sound of the...

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<- Previous slide Next slide -> <<- First slide Last slide->> Copyright 2019 Barbara Murphy Ear training - Scales Slide 1 of 8 Ear Training - Scales In this presentation, we will learn how to identify scales aurally. It is presumed you already know how to notate major and minor scales.

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  • Copyright 2019 Barbara Murphy

    Ear training - Scales

    Slide 1 of 8

    Ear Training - Scales

    Inthispresentation,wewilllearnhowtoidentifyscalesaurally.Itispresumedyoualreadyknowhowtonotatemajorandminorscales.

  • Copyright 2019 Barbara Murphy Slide 2 of 8

    BelowisaDmajorscale.Listentothescaleafewtimestoknowwhatitsoundslike.

    Major scale

    Majorscaleshavehalfstepsbetweenscaledegrees3-4and7-8.Whentryingtoidentifymajorscalesaurally,listenforthethirdscaledegree(2wholestepsabovetonic)andtheleadingtonetothetonic(scaledegrees7-8).

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

  • Copyright 2019 Barbara Murphy

    NaturalMinorscalesdifferfrommajorscalesinthatscaledegrees3,6,and7areloweredahalfstep.

    Slide 3 of 8

    Natural minor scale

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

    Majorscale:

    Naturalminorscale:

    Listentothesetwoscalesafewtimestohearthedifference.

    Wholestep

    Thenaturalminorscalewillalsohavenohalfstepbetweenscaledegrees7and8.Thisistheonlymajororminorscalewithnoleadingtone.

  • Copyright 2019 Barbara Murphy

    Naturalminorscale:

    Harmonicminorscalesarethesameasanaturalminorscalebuthavearaised7th scaledegree.

    Slide 4 of 8

    Harmonic minor scale

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

    Listentothesetwoscalesafewtimestohearthedifference.

    Halfstep

    Theraisedseventhscaledegreewillcreateahalfstepbetweenscaledegree7-8,makingscaledegree7aleadingtone.Itwillalsocreateafunnysoundinginterval(awhole+halfstep)betweenscaledegrees6and7.

    Harmonicminorscale

    Whole+Halfstep

  • Copyright 2019 Barbara Murphy

    Melodicminorscaleswerecreatedto“fix”thestrangesoundofthewhole+half stepintervalthatoccursintheharmonicminorscale.Themelodicminordiffersfromtheharmonicminorinthatthescaledegree6israised(aswellastheraisedscaledegree7).

    Slide 5 of 8

    Melodic minor scale

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

    Listentothesetwoscalesafewtimestohearthedifference.

    Therefore,thebottompartofthescalewillsoundminor,butthetoppartofthescalewillsoundlikeamajorscalesincetheycontainthesamewholeandhalfstepcontentasthosescales.

    Harmonicminorscale

    Melodicminorscale

    Minorscale- WHW Majorscale- WWH

  • Copyright 2019 Barbara Murphy

    Nowlistentothedifferenttypesofscalesafewtimes:

    Slide 6 of 8

    Ear training – Scales: Review

    Harmonicminorscale

    Melodicminorscale

    Majorscale

    Naturalminor

  • Copyright 2019 Barbara Murphy

    Listen ScaletypeListen Scaletype

    Let’spracticeaurallyidentifyingmajorandminorscales.Theseexamplesusesoundsofdifferentinstruments.Don’tletthatstartleyou.Justlistenthethescale.Listentothescale.Thenclicktoseethecorrectanswer.

    Slide 7 of 8

    Ear training – Scales: Practice

    Harmonicminor

    Major

    Harmonicminor

    Naturalminor

    Melodicminor

    Major

  • Copyright 2019 Barbara Murphy

    Selectoneofthefollowingtoreview:

    Slide 8 of 8

    Ear training – Scales: Review

    Majorscale

    NaturalMinorscale

    HarmonicMinorscale

    Melodicminorscale

    Review

    Practice