early english migration map
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DESCRIPTIONEarly English Migration Map. New England. Different!. Objective more idealistic Freedom of Worship More faithfully reproduced English life in the New World Social life; town life – more dynamic settlement!. Plymouth Rock - 1620. Plymouth. First permanent colony in the north - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Early English Migration Map
Objective more idealisticFreedom of WorshipMore faithfully reproduced English life in the New WorldSocial life; town life more dynamic settlement!
Plymouth Rock - 1620
PlymouthFirst permanent colony in the northPilgrims religious left-wingersSeparatists fled the country1609 to Holland1620 to AmericasHit the beach at Plymouth RockNot a successful colonyBoston much more so
Boston Massachusetts Bay ColonyMembers were Puritans
The most obvious difference between the Pilgrims and the Puritans is that the Puritans had no intention of breaking with the Anglican church. The Puritans were nonconformists as were the Pilgrims, both of which refusing to accept an authority beyond that of the revealed word. But where with the Pilgrims this had translated into something closer to an egalitarian mode, the Puritans considered religion a very complex, subtle, and highly intellectual affair," and its leaders thus were highly trained scholars, whose education tended to translate into positions that were often authoritarian.
Map early New England Migration
Distinctive New England styleCompact communitiesAdjacent
Land Survey Systems
AnywayLots of 5 to 10 acres house, garden and orchardVery egalatarianAssigned by drawingSome variation - e.g., proprietor go firstTown plots and farm plotsPurpose communities of small landholders
Village GreenCommons (and the tragedy thereof)
Sum advantages:Compactness of settlement social and cultural values could be maintained
Josiah Holland, 1855 in History of Massachusetts
The influence of this policy (community settlement) can only be fully appreciated when standing by the side of the solitary settlers hut in the West, where even an Eastern man has degnerated to a boor in manners, where his children have grown up uneducated, and where the sabbath has become an unknow day, and religion and its obligations have ceased to exercise control upon the heart an life.
Sum - advantagesCompactness of settlementProtection from Indian attackElimination of land speculation played very large role in American frontier historyTradition of community planning carried to much of the west (e.g., Mormon communities)
Sum - negativesClosed societies, once surveyed and settled, proprietors often refused any more newcomersHence, privileged landholding classLater arrivals often laborers and rentersPolitical power landownersAka the Landed Gentry
1680s New EnglandSettlment comparable to that in the south; i.e., the lowland areas all occupied, including coast and fertile interior vallesy; expansion up into the hills, and across the uplands societal differences on less productive land; but then.
1675-77: King Phillips WarThe story: Amazon.comGreat Significance:Coastal indian resistance pretty much eliminated; repopulated French and Indian Wars more in the interior for the next centuryNew institution military town on periphery
Map early colonies
Map Colonies 1660
Map Colonies 1672
Other coloniesNew Netherlands Dutch1621 colony of Dutch West India CompanySettlement policy feudalistic; large tracts of land to prominent investors (patroons) tenant farmers New Amsterdam, at foot of Manhattan, focus of all trade in and out of colony.1664 captured by English and New York
Map USA pre 1763
1770 - Economy
1770 - Immigrants
1770 - Settlement
Map boundaries in new nation
Pilgrims considered Church of England to be so tainted with Roman Catholicism that it was unreasonable to stay within itSeparatists preferred refuge via migration; grant of land from the Virgina Company at mouth of James River; storms took them north; Puritans represented powerful middle class in England; many very well-to-do; discontened members of the Anglican churchPatterns grants to church members desiring to form a settlement in the wilderness; either members in Boston or new arrivals viewers to the site, agree and submit to Massachusetts General CourtGenerally adjacent to existing communities (defense, religion and cultural reasons) sharp contrast with Virginia/MarylandSite for cAny Massachusetts town in 17th century land held in commonCultivation and grazing resource; most of them broken up eventually
Southern settlement dispersed; frontier tyupes, more likely to degenerate socially and culturallyStory son of chief who had saved Plymouth settlers; formed alliance to attack entire New England frontier, Rhode Island to Maine; dozens of towns destroyed and abandoned; depopulated; killed in Great Swamp;l settlement thrown back to coastal regionsFrench and Indian Wars started in 1689 and occurred off and on until 1760sMilitary town inhabitants could not leave without permissionColony interesteed in fur trade and in disrupting spanish activites in the Caribbean; settlment policy turned out to be very feudalistic