eat healthy to stay fit for life
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DESCRIPTIONEat healthy to stay fit for life. April Barabash CBSE 7201T Spring 2013. Table of Contents. Introduction 3-6 Statement of the Problem Literature Review Hypothesis/Participants Method 7 Procedure/Instruments Research Design - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Eat healthy to stay fit for lifeApril BarabashCBSE 7201TSpring 2013
Table of Contents
Introduction 3-6Statement of the ProblemLiterature ReviewHypothesis/Participants Method 7Procedure/InstrumentsResearch DesignThreats to Internal and External Validity 8-10Results 11-18Discussion/ImplicationsReferences 19Appendix 20-27
Statement of the Problem
Some children resist making healthy choices in their food and drink.Parental involvement does not necessarily mean children are making healthy choices.
Review of the literatureMyPlate.gov -created by Michele Obama in 2010. (A brief history of USDA good guides, 2011.)
Changing students eating habits is always a challenge. (Gruber, & Halderman, 2009), and (Watson, et al. 2012).
Performance is only one factor to dictate a persons health. (Monyeki, Neetens, Moss & Twisk, 2012).Nutrition Plate Unveiled, Replacing Food Pyramid
Review of the Literature MyPlate Pro
Easy to understand. (Neuman, 2011),
Green is good. (Weil, 2011).
MyPlate recommends excessive protein consumption (Neuman, 2011).
Wheres my Doritos? (Derocha, 2011).
Hypothesis/Participants Subjects 4th grade of P.S. 235 in BrooklynEat Healthy to Stay FitMyPlate nutritional program5 inter-disciplinary lessonsGoal Test the hypothesisTeaching a unit in nutrition encourages a positive attitudinal change in students and will increase their involvement in food choices.
Research Design- Experimental Design Procedure/ InstrumentsLikert questionnaireTwo and a half week Unit Plan with handoutsMyPlate.govSmart Board
Experimental DesignOne group pre-test- posttest designOXO
Participants 24 SOAR students from P.S. 235 Brooklyn, NY
Threats to Internal Validity History: Cultural prejudices
Maturation: Short unit
Testing/Pre-test Sensitization:Lack of sincerity
Threats to Internal Validity Instrumentation: imperfect testing format
Selection-Maturation Interaction: Cognitive skills varyBehavior problems
Threats to External Validity
Experimenter Effects:Researchers have their own designs to implement instruments
Figure A. Pre test: Family Influence on Students Food Choice
PretestAttitude3.1Involvement2.545455attitude towards food
Results/ Student Survey/QuestionnairePart II Self Attitude Rating ScaleI) PreferencesAttitude Towards Nutrition (X- axis) 16. A meal with vegetables and fruit is important to my family.(1)Strongly disagree (2) disagree (3) agree (4) strongly agree17. My family always gives me treats when I do something good.Strongly agree (2) disagree (3) agree (4) strongly disagree19. I love to eat meals with my family.(1) Strongly disagree (2) disagree (3) agree (4) strongly agree
Results/ Student Survey/QuestionnairePart II Self Attitude Rating ScaleI) PreferencesAttitude Towards Nutrition (Y- axis) 18. Chips, candy and soda make a good meal.(1) Strongly disagree (2) disagree (3) agree (4) strongly disagree20. It is fun to learn about food.(1) Strongly disagree (2) disagree (3) agree (4) strongly disagree
Figure B. Post Test:Family Influence on Students Food choice
Student Survey/QuestionnairePart II Self Attitude Rating ScaleI) Preferences24. School food is a good and healthy to eat.(1) Never (2) 2- 3 days a week (3) 4- 6 days a week (4) always
Figure D: Healthy Eating Decisions
Student Survey/QuestionnairePart II Self Attitude Rating ScaleI) Preferences21. When someone tells me a food I eat or drink is not healthy I stop eating or drinking it. (1) Never (2) 2- 3 days a week (3) 4- 5 days a week (4) always
References A brief history of usda food guides. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.choosemyplate.gov/food-groups/downloads/MyPlate/ABriefHistoryOfUSDAFoodGuides.pdf
Gruber, K. & Halderman, L.(2009). Using the Family to Combat Childhood and Adult Obesity. Preventive Chronic Disease. 6(3):A106. http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2009/
Derocha , G. (2011). Is the new MyPlate food guide effective? dietitians weigh in. A healthier Michigan , Retrieved from http://www.ahealthiermichigan.org/2011/06/09/is-the-new-myplate-food-guide-effective-dietitians-weigh-in/
Monyeki, M., Neetens, R., Moss, S., & Twisk, J. (2012). The relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14 year old adolescents residing within the tlokwe local municipality, south africa: The pahl study. BioMedicalCenter Public Health, 12(374), doi: :10.1186/1471-2458-12-374
Neuman, W. (2011, 05 02). Nutrition plate unveiled, replacing food pyramid. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/03/business/03plate.html
OConnor-Petruso, S. (2010). Descriptive Statistics Threats to Validity [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://bbhosted.cuny.edu/webapps/portal/
Trochim, W., & Donnelly , J. (2006). The research methods knowledge base. (3rd ed.). Atomic Dog Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/index.php
Watson, K. Baranowski, T. Thompson, D. (2012). Item response modeling: an evaluation of the children's fruit and vegetable self-efficacy questionnaire. Health Education Research. 21(1); i47-i57. http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?seq_no_115=204945
Weil, A. (2011). Myplate usda food guide has cracks. Retrieved from http://www.drweil.com/drw/u/ART03199/MyPlate-USDA-Food-Guide-Has-Cracks.html
Appendix A - Parent/Guardian Consent FormDear Parent/Guardian, I am currently a graduate student at Brooklyn College. This spring semester I am in the process of completing an action research project as one of the requirements of a Masters degree in Childhood Education. I would like to invite your child to participate in my study called, ow to Exercise and Eat Properly to Stay Fit for Life. It will be completed in ten weeks. I am requesting your permission to gather data and incorporate the information your child provides into my thesis. Your childs name will remain anonymous. If you decide to allow your child to participate, he/she will be required to complete short questionnaires and write short, guided writing assignments. He/She will participate in fitness program called FITNESSGRAM, and learn about healthy foods based on the nutritional program created by Ms. Obama, called MyPlate. They will also learn how to prepare healthy cold food recipes. Your child may be included in observations by other teachers. Through this study, I hope to learn how an atmosphere of enjoyment and non-competitive sports and exercise affects children. If you have any questions or concerns, please feel free to contact me firstname.lastname@example.org. Thank you in advance for your cooperation and support. Sincerely, April S. Barabash X_________________________
Appendix B - Principal/Administration Consent Form Date Dear Administrator/Principal,My action research project is entitled, ow to Exercise and Eat Properly to Stay Fit for Life. The project requires that I work with one class for ten weeks, three times a week, for 45 minute physical education sessions. Before beginning the research I will request parental permission. Names will remain anonymous in my research project.
The class will be given a ten-question pre and post Likert questionnaire that asks their opinions and/or knowledge about exercise and food. Written assignments will be short and guided. The students responses will be analyzed for my project.They will participate in the presidents fitness program called FITNESSGRAM, and learn about healthy foods based on the nutritional program created by Ms. Obama, called MyPlate. They will learn how to prepare a few healthy cold food recipes. Students may be included in observations by other teachers. Through this study, I hope to learn how an atmosphere of enjoyment and non-competitive sports and exercise affects children. This survey will in no way affect my duties as a student teacher. Thank you in advance for your support in this endeavor. Sincerely, April S. Barabash
Iam fully aware that a research project will be conducted within the school. (please print name) X __________________________date ___
(please sign) X _____________________________ date_____
Appendix C- Teacher Consent Form Date Dear Teacher,
My name is April Barabash and I am a Brooklyn College graduate student. I am completing my action research project during the Spring term. The title of my action research project is "How to Exercise and Eat Properly to Stay Fit for Life. " I would greatly appreciate your permission to work with your class, three times a week, over a ten-week time period, for 45 minute sessions. For this unit, I will be providing the class with anonymous pre-test and post-test Likert questionnaires asking their opinion/knowledge about exercise and food. The project uses parts of the FITNESSGRAM and the results will be recorded with their name. No student names will appear in the research project. I will also be teaching mini-lessons about nutrition based on the program created by Ms. Obama called MyPlate. They will learn how to prepare a few healthy cold food recipes. Please sign and return the bottom portion of this letter stating whether you would or would not like your class to be used in this research. Thank you for your time and consideration. Sincerely, April Barabash x____________________________