ecosystem services visualized

Download Ecosystem Services Visualized

Post on 25-Jul-2016

215 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Visual representation of the most commonly used Ecosystem Services

TRANSCRIPT

  • ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

    VISUALIZED

    Presented by:

    Carlota Plantier Santos

  • ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

    Ecosystem Services (ES) are the direct or indirect contributions from ecosystems that help support, sustain, and enrich human life (Yoskowitz, et al. 2010).

    Provisioning Services

    Cultural Services

    Regulating Services

    Supportive Services

    USE VALUES PASSIVE USE VALUES

    Existence

    Bequest

    Option

    Direct or indirect use value

    Non Use value

  • Supportive Services Regulating Services

    Nutrient Cycling

    Net Primary Production

    Pollination and Seed Dispersal

    Habitat

    Hydrological Cycle

    Gas Regulation

    Climate Regulation

    Disturbance Regulation

    Biological Control/Regulation

    Water Regulation

    Erosion Control/Soil Retention

    Waste Regulation

    Nutrient Regulation

    Provisioning Services Cultural Services

    Water Supply

    Food

    Raw Materials

    Genetic Resources

    Medicinal Resources

    Ornamental Resources

    Recreation

    Aesthetics

    Science and Education

    Spiritual and Historic

    ECOSYSTEM SERVICESUSE VALUES

    Supportive Services Regulating Services

    Nutrient Cycling Gas Regulation

    Net Primary Production Climate Regulation

    Pollination and Seed Dispersal Disturbance Regulation

    Habitat Biological Control/Regulation

    Hydrological Cycle Water Regulation

    Erosion Control/Soil Retention

    Waste Regulation

    Nutrient Regulation

    Provisioning Services Cultural Services

    Water Supply Recreation

    Food Aesthetics

    Raw Materials Science and Education

    Genetic Resources Cultural, Spiritual and Historic

    Medicinal Resources

    Ornamental Resources

    PASSIVE USE VALUES

    Bequest, Existence, OptionSource: Farber et al., 2006

  • SUPPORTIVE

    SERVICES

    USE VALUES

    Ecological functions or structures necessary for the delivery of other ecosystem services

  • Nutrient CyclingStorage, Processing, and Acquisition of Nutrients Within the Biosphere

    Source: Berry, 2001

    USE VALUES

    SUPPORTIVE SERVICES

  • SUPPORTIVE SERVICES

    Net Primary ProductionConversion of Sunlight into Biomass

    USE VALUES

    Source: Diagram created by C. Santos. Symbols courtesy of the Integration and

    Application Network (ian.umces.edu), University of Maryland Center for Environmental

    Science.

  • SUPPORTIVE SERVICES

    Source: gardening-tips-and-guide.blogspot.com

    USE VALUES

    Pollination and Seed DispersalMovement of Plant Genes

    Source: Pedro Jordano Lab

  • HabitatThe Physical Place Where Organisms Reside

    USE VALUES

    Source: S. FlorySource: L. Hutchison

    SUPPORTIVE SERVICES

  • Hydrological CycleMovement and Storage of Water Through the Biosphere

    USE VALUES

    SUPPORTIVE SERVICES

    Source: Diagram created by C. Santos. Symbols courtesy of the Integration and

    Application Network (ian.umces.edu), University of Maryland Center for Environmental

    Science.

  • REGULATING

    SERVICES

    USE VALUES

    Maintenance of essential ecological processes and life-support systems for human well-being

  • REGULATING SERVICES

    Gas RegulationRegulation of the Chemical Composition of the atmosphere and Oceans

    Source: NOAA

    USE VALUES

    Source: NOAA

  • Climate RegulationRegulation of Local to Global Climate Processes

    USE VALUES

    Source: L. Hutchison

    REGULATING SERVICES

    Source: Diagram created by C. Santos. Symbols courtesy of the Integration and Application Network

    (ian.umces.edu), University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science.

  • Disturbance RegulationDampening of Environmental Fluctuations and Disturbance

    e.g. storm surge protection, flood protection

    USE VALUES

    Source: S. Flory

    REGULATING SERVICES

  • Biological RegulationSpecies Interactions. Control of Pests and Diseases

    USE VALUES

    Source: NOAA

    REGULATING SERVICES

    Source: Diagram created by C. Santos. Symbols courtesy of the

    Integration and Application Network (ian.umces.edu), University of

    Maryland Center for Environmental Science.

  • Water RegulationFlow of Water Across the Planet Surface

    USE VALUES

    Source: C. Santos

    REGULATING SERVICES

    Source: Diagram created by C. Santos. Symbols courtesy of the Integration and Application Network

    (ian.umces.edu), University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science.

  • Soil Retention and Formation/ Erosion Control

    Erosion Control and Sediment Retention

    Source: Marc Ryckaert. Wikimedia Commons

    USE VALUES

    Source: C. Santos

    REGULATING SERVICES

    Mangroves Oysters

  • Waste RegulationRemoval or Breakdown of Non-Nutrient Compounds and Materials

    Source: www.humboldt.edu/arcatamarsh/overview.html

    Source: National Vocational Education and Training E-Learning Strategy

    USE VALUES

    Source: NOAASource: L. Hutchison

    REGULATING SERVICES

  • Nutrient RegulationMaintenance of Major Nutrients Within Acceptable Bounds

    Source: B. Blomberg

    Excessive Amount of NutrientsBalanced Amount of Nutrients

    USE VALUES

    REGULATING SERVICES

    Source: Diagram courtesy of the Integration and Application Network (ian.umces.edu), University of

    Maryland Center for Environmental Science.

  • PROVISIONING

    SERVICES

    USE VALUES

    Products extracted from nature

  • Water SupplyFiltering, Retention, and Storage of water

    USE VALUES

    PROVISIONING SERVICES

  • PROVISIONING SERVICES

    FoodProvisioning of Edible Plants and Animals for Human Consumption

    USE VALUES

    Source: Claude Covo-Farchi. Wikimedia Commons

  • Raw MaterialsProvision of materials for building and manufacturing. Fuel and Energy

    USE VALUES

    PROVISIONING SERVICES

  • Genetic ResourcesGenes to improve crop resistance to pathogens, pests, and other commercial applications

    USE VALUES

    PROVISIONING SERVICES

  • Medicinal ResourcesBiological and Chemical Substances for Use in Drugs and Pharmaceuticals

    USE VALUES

    PROVISIONING SERVICES

  • Ornamental ResourcesResources for fashion, handicraft, decorations, worship, and

    souvenirs

    USE VALUES

    PROVISIONING SERVICES

  • CULTURAL

    SERVICES

    USE VALUES

    Enhance emotional, psychological, and cognitive well-being

  • RecreationOpportunities to Rest, Refreshment, and Recreation

    USE VALUES

    CULTURAL SERVICES

  • CULTURAL SERVICES

    AestheticsSensory Enjoyment of Functioning Ecological Systems

    USE VALUES

    Source: C. Santos Source: C. Santos

  • CULTURAL SERVICES

    Science and EducationUse of Natural Areas for Scientific and Educational Enhancement

    USE VALUES

    Source: HRI Source: HRI

  • Spiritual and HistoricSpiritual or Historic Information

    USE VALUES

    CULTURAL SERVICES

  • PASSIVE USE

    VALUE

    SERVICES

    Valuing an ecosystem service for other reasons that benefiting directly or indirectly from it

  • PASSIVE USE VALUES

    BEQUEST

    OPTION

    EXISTENCE

    The value people place in knowing theyhave the option to use the ecosystem

    The value people place in knowing theecosystem exists

    The value people place in knowing thatupcoming generations will be able to use theecosystem in the future

    PASSIVE USE VALUES

  • Use Values Passive Use Values

    Indirect UseDirect Use Option Existence Bequest

    Provisioning

    Services

    Cultural

    Services

    Supportive

    Services

    Regulating

    Services

    TOTAL ECONOMIC VALUE

  • Thank you!Presentation by: Carlota P SantosScript by: Carlota P. Santos, Lauren HutchisonVoice: Carlota P Santos

    Socio-Economics Group: http://www.harteresearchinstitute.org/research/socio-economics

    Suggested Citation: Plantier Santos, Carlota. 2015. Ecosystem Services Visualized. Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University- Corpus Christi. Available at: www.gecoserv.org

  • REFERENCES

    Berry, D. 2001. What are Ecosystem Services? Ecosystem Services. Available at: http://esystemservices.com/files/Event-summary/01%20Duncan%20Berry%20-Ecosystem%20services%20pictorial%20.ppt.pdf

    Farber, S., Costanza, R., Childers, D.L., Erickson, J., Gross, K., Grove, M., Hopkinson, C.S., Kahn, J., Pincetl, S., Troy, A., Warren, P., Wilson, M. 2006. Linking Ecology and Economics for Ecosystem Management. BioScience 56, 121133.

    Integration and Application Network (IAN). 2013. Integration and Application Network (IAN) Symbols Library. University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. Available at: ian.umces.edu/symbols/

    National Vocational Education and Training E-learning Strategy 2012-2015. Toolboxes: Water treatment. Available at: http://toolboxes.flexiblelearning.net.au/demosites/series11/11_04/toolbox_11_04/uoc4/html/p1samp_loc.htm

    Pedro Jordano Lab. Seed dispersal and gene flow. Available at: http://ebd10.ebd.csic.es/ebd10/Dispersal_and_gene_flow.html

    University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. Teach Ocean Science. What is the Dead Zone?. Available at: http://www.teachoceanscience.net/teaching_resources/education_modules/dead_zones/learn_about/#

    Note: Pictures with no caption were provided by Microsoft Word.

    Visit the Socio-Economics Group at: http://www.harteresearchinstitute.org/research/soc

View more