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.as the vaccination officer could not enter the house to seethe child. If lie had done so an action for trespass could bebrought against him. Also, if the vaccination was performedby a public vaccination officer, that person was then boundto send in the certificate; if by a private practitioner, it wasleft to the parents to forward. No certificate had beenreceived in this case, and the presumption was that thechild had not been vaccinated. The Bench ruled that theonus rested with the parents of the child, and fined thedefendant twenty shillings and costs.Birmingnam, Oct. 2nd.
NORTHERN COUNTIES NOTES.(From our own Correspondent.)
NEWCASTLE AND GATESHEAD : OPENING OF NEWHOSPITALS.
THE last few days have been remarkable in the north forthe opening of new hospitals. We had first the openingof the Fleming Memorial Hospital for Sick Children,with its sixty-three beds, on Newcastle Town Moor, byLord Armstrong; and, closely following, on Friday we hadthe magnificent Hospital for Fever and Infectious Diseasesopened by the Mayor. Thus the borough hospital is situatedabout three miles from the centre of Newcastle, near theWalker railway station. It has been erected and fitted upat a cost of £18,000. It is supposed to be one of the finestand most complete fever hospitals in the kingdom. Ourmedical officer of health, Mr. H. E. Armstrong, stated, in thecourse of his reply to a compliment paid him on behalf of themeeting by Colonel Crawford, that, complete as the hospitalwa3, it was only a part of a very large scheme of sanitationthat the corporation had in hand. The corporation haddone a great deal, but they had not provided for sanitaryinstruction, not only to the people and the tradesmen, suchas plumbers, but also to the medical profession, andespecially the younger members. He proposed, if all waswell, to teach fever in that place, and that would be thefirst hospital in the kingdom where fever was taught as amatter of constant practice. In the sister borough, Gates-head, the new Children’s Hospital will be opened under themost favourable auspices next week. Sir George Elliott,Bart., has contributed 100 guineas to the institution. Up tothis time, Gateshead, with its population of nearly 70,000, hasbeen without hospital accommodation of its own, so that theChildren’s Hospital may be only the first step in this direction.The administrative portion of the new building will be usedat first as a complete hospital of twenty beds, but when thewhole scheme is carried out there will be four wing wards,each of which will have accommodation for thirty beds. Themedical officers will include Drs. Mearns, Purdie, andBlacklock. The style of architecture is early English; thewalls will have red bricks with stone dressings. The roofhas a span of fifty feet, finished with a flat lead. The outline.of the roof is well broken up by the gables, and, in addition,eight heavy moulded dormer windows give the building apleasant appearance.-A rare occurrence took place atGateshead last week, by which five men nearly lost theirlives. They were repairing a still used in the distillationof coal-tar products, when by some means an escapeof ammonia took place, which rendered them insensiblefor a time; they were, however, subsequently restored,though with some difficulty.
A very important, though informal, meeting of therepresentatives of the various friendly societies took placeat the house of Dr. Barron, of Durham, last week. The
meeting was called to promote the scheme of Dr. W.Robinson, of Stanhope, which he has originated in order toprovide a convalescent home for the north of England, theleading features of which are that it is for the benefit of,and is to be supported and managed by, the societies.Newcastle-on-Tyne, Oct. 2nd.
A WHOLESOME PROVISION. - The Portsmonthboard of guardians have built a swimming-bath, holding20,000 gallons of water, for the use of the pauper children,all of whom are to be taught to swim before they leave- school.
(From our own Correspondent.)
DINNER TO PROFESSOR HARE.
THE return of many of the teaching staff to Edinburghfor the post-graduate course, and the presence of manyyounger graduates. made possible the very large andenthusiastic gathering that met in the Waterloo Hotel onFriday, the 28th ult., to wish Professor Hare success in hisnew and extended sphere of action. There were presentProfessor Sir Douglas Maclagan (in the chair), ProfessorChiene (croupier), Professor Crum-Brown, Dr. Priestley ofManchester, and a large number of colleagues, fellow-
graduates, and old students. In proposing the toast of theevening, Sir Douglas Maclagan referred in warmest termsto Mr. Hare’s abilities as a teacher and qualities as a friendand as a man. He said that, although his Edinburghfriends regretted his departure, Mr. Hare carried withhim the good wishes of all, and their complete confidencethat he would be able to fulfil his duty thoroughlyas a teacher, and at the same time gain the trust andesteem of those who now, not knowing him, could notappreciate him at his proper value. He referred to thespirit of opposition manifested by some to Mr. Hare’sappointment, and said that he was not only not astonishedthat such opposition had showed itself, but that he shouldhave been surprised if it had not been there. It was butnatural-nay, it was a very healthy manifestation in such aschool as Owens College, and it spoke well for its esprit decorps, showing as it did that it had such confidence in itsown alumni. The movement in favour of the home candi-dates certainly argued well for the present vitality andfuture permanence of the Manchester Medical School. Hecould not, therefore, find fault with this young and activeschool, but he thought that in time its members would cometo see that they had done worse than commit a crime; asNapoleon said, they had committed an error, and havingfound that out they would soon profit by their newlyacquired experience. He referred to the distinguishedposition that Mr. Hare held in their University, and alsoin the regard and esteem of teachers, colleagues, andstudents; and after again expressing regret at the loss ofone who would be so greatly missed in debate, and on suchoccasions as that on which they were now present, SirDouglas congratulated him on the prospect of such abrilliant future, and on behalf of all those present wishedhim godspeed.
HEALTH OF EDINBURGH.
It would greatly delight the heart of Dr. Littlejohn andof every other medical officer of health if, as each weekcame round, he were able to report that the deaths recordedwere equivalent to an annual mortality of only 13 per 1000,as was the case last week. This, coming so shortly afterother weeks, in which the mortality is much the same oreven lower, is a matter for congratulation for the citizensof Edinburgh, as well as for those who have charge of thesanitary department of our city. In Leith, where thesanitary conditions are necessarily not so favourable, thedeaths were equivalent to 18’27 per 1000.
THE MEDICAL SCHOOL.
The regular classes have not yet been opened, but thepractical anatomy rooms in the University, the anatomicaldepartment and the chemical laboratories in the School ofMedicine, are now all thrown open to those students who,tired of a long vacation, or anxious about coming examina-tions, have come back for the work of the winter session.Although there is a new lecturer on anatomy (Dr. T. W.Dewar, who will take charge of the anatomical departmentin which the lady medical students are to work), the in-spector of anatomy will be better able than usual to meetall demands made upon him.
THE HERIOT WATT COLLEGE.
The opening of the new buildings of the Heriot WattCollege, with the splendid class-rooms, workshops, andlaboratories, will mark a new era in the technical andscientific education in Scotland. In the chemical depart-ment alone there are no fewer than three well-ventilatedand completely equipped laboratories, in which Professor
Perkin can carry on the practical instruction of his students.One of these is set apart for elementary work, a second foradvanced study, and a third is one in which purely techno-logical chemistry is carried on. There is, in addition, alarge lecture theatre well adapted for the purpose forwhich it has been constructed. Edinburgh, with all its newlaboratories, bids fair to be as well equipped with facilitiesfor carrying on both teaching and research work as anycity in the kingdom, or even in Europe.Edinburgh, Oct. 3rd.
GLASGOW.(From our own Correspondent.)
POPULATION OF GLASGOW IN 1888.
THE medical officer of health for the city recently pre-sented his annual estimate of the population of Glasgow,based on the number of inhabited houses within the munici-
pality as at June 1st. The number was 114,863, whichmultiplied by 4-745 (the average number of persons perhouse in 1881) gives 545,025 persons ; adding to this 6410,the number of inmates in institutions, the total populationmay be stated as 551,435, an increase of 7440 over last year.This refers of course only to the district included withinthe municipal boundary, and not to the clusters of parasiticburghs which hem in the city on all side ; if these lessdensely built districts were included, their low death-ratewould lessen the apparently high city rate. Dr. Russell’smode of calculating population differs from that of the
Registrar-General, and it is claimed for it that it is morereliable ; it makes the population 25,347 more than thatquoted officially in London, and would make a difference offully 1 per 1000 in the death-rate. In all published statistics,however, Dr. Russell adheres to the Registrar-General’scalculation.
ANDERSON’S COLLEGE MEDICAL SCHOOL.Of the changes impending in the arrangements of the
medical schools in Glasgow, perhaps the most important isthe contemplated migration of that connected with Ander-son’s College from the east to the west end of the city. Thismove has been rendered necessary by various circumstances.The constitution of Anderson’s College has undergonerevision, and since 1884 the institution has been mergedin the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College.The medical school or faculty then became a separate anddistinct institution, and it has been incorporated undermemorandum and articles of association, its title now beingAnderson’s College Medical School. It is controlled bya body of thirty governors, about a third of whom aremedical men. Being thus separated from Anderson’s Col-lege as a whole, the school has to remove from the oldbuildings. In going west and planting itself at the gatesof the overcrowded University School it acts wisely, andwill be in a better position to engage in that honourablerivalry which is the first condition of health in small andlarge schools alike. An excellent site has been obtainedfor the new buildings which it is proposed to erect for theschool, situated in Dumbarton-road, at the gates of theWestern Infirmary and of the University. Plans and
specifications for the buildings have been prepared, andtenders for the work have been obtained; from theseit is clear that the new College is to be constructedon the best modern principles and provided with all theappliances requisite for the conduct and management of afully equipped medical school. It is believed that, when itis finished, Glasgow will possess the largest and best-arranged extramural school in Scotland. The chief diffi-
culty that stands in the way of the realisation of the schemeis want of money. The estimated cost is about £9000, andof that sum about :E4000 is still required. The governorshave issued a circular appealing to the more public-spiritedcitizens for subscriptions. Its numerous students, who arenow to be found in positions of usefulness and honour in allparts of the globe, will be interested to know of this, andwill doubtless feel disposed to give what aid they can inlaunching their alma mater on a new and honourablecareer. The secretary of the school, Mr. J. B. Kidston,91, West Regent-street, Glasgow, will be glad to receive esubscriptions towards the building and furnishing of theschool.
DISPENSARY OF THE SICK CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL.This most necessary adjunct to the hospital has just been
opened. The building, which is artistic in design and mostingenious in plan (the site having presented unusual diffi-culties), is built of red stone, and situated at some littledistance from the hospital in the midst of a crowdeddistrict. In the interior of the building mouldings and pro-jections of all kinds have been avoided, to minimise the-risk of dust, and possibly disease germs, collecting ; andfor the same reason the angles of all the rooms and the
junction of the walls with the floor and ceiling have beenrounded. Heating and ventilation have been carefullyattended to. The opening meeting was presided over bythe Duke of Montrose, who, with the Duchess of Montrose,has been much interested in the hospital from the first. In
moving one of the resolutions, commending the hospital anddispensary to the support of the public, Professor Leishman.emphasised the educational value of such a dispensary, and-deplored the fact that the newly fledged practitioner shouldso usually be found ignorant, and necessarily so, of thediseases of young children.
CHARGE OF MALPRAXIS: BIFORTAXT DECISION.
A ruling of some importance to colliery and club surgeonshas been given in a case raised against Dr. Stiell of Loch-gelly, Fifeshire, in which damages were claimed for allegedunskilful treatment by Mr. Edwards, Dr. Stiell’s assistant,who is unqualified. The sheriff decided in favour of Dr. Steill,as there was nothing to show that Mr. Edwards’s treatmenthad been careless or unskilful. But in giving this judg-ment the sheriff held that, where the services of a collierydoctor are contracted for, a miner, in case of serious acci-dent, is not bound to accept the services of a studentassistant as implementing the contract, and this altogetherirrespective of the question whether the assistant is or is.not practically qualified. The action was not raised, how-ever, on the ground of contract, but on that of unskilfultreatment. As this was not proved, the case was dismissedbut no expenses were given to either party.Glasgow, Oct. 2nd.
(From our own Correspondent.)
THE MEATH HOSPITAL.
THE medical board this year made a change in arrangingfor the delivery of the introductory lecture a month earlierthan usual, and the real clinical work of the session wascommenced yesterday, the 1st inst. Dr. J. W. Moore gavethe inaugural address, and at its termination Dr. Ormsby,on the part of the medical board, said it was his pleasingduty to ask the chairman (the Solicitor-General for Ireland),to call upon Sir George Porter, the senior member of theboard, to unveil a portrait of their old and highly esteemedcolleague, Dr. Wharton. It would, he said, be the firstpiece of furniture which would be placed in their new con-sulting room, and its presence would constantly remindthem of their much-valued colleague. Sir George Porter,amid applause, unveiled the portrait, and said that whenDr. Wharton determined to retire from the hospital theythought that he should not be permitted to leave themwithout having some lasting memorial of him placed in thehospital, and eventually they decided that it should takethe form of a portrait. It would, as Dr. Ormsby had said,be a great pleasure to his colleagues to have the-portrait of one who, in the board-room, gave them goodadvice, and it would remind them of one who had sup-ported and stood by them at all times, and who hadspent the best years of his life in helping to buildup the reputation of the hospital. When the picture-would be shown to visitors at the hospital it would be-pointed out as that of a man who was a great surgeon anda most unswerving friend. Dr. Wharton, in returningthanks, said that the tribute of esteem he had just receivedhe would regard as a higher honour than any he ever-
received before, and as an example of the cordiality andkindness which he had met with from his colleagues for
! many years. The feeling of gratitude would be in him as.lasting as life. The portrait, which is an excellent likeness,