educating students with limited english proficiency (lep) and english language learners (ell)
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DESCRIPTIONEducating Students with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) and English Language Learners (ELL). Leonard Shurin, Curriculum and Staff Developer for IU8. ESL Statues and Regulations. 22 Pa Code Chapter 4 §4.26 Basic Education Circular (BEC)—July 1, 2001 Civil Rights Acts of 1964. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Educating Students with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) and English Language Learners (ELL)Leonard Shurin, Curriculum and Staff Developer for IU8
ESL Statues and Regulations22 Pa Code Chapter 44.26Basic Education Circular (BEC)July 1, 2001Civil Rights Acts of 1964
ESL Statues and RegulationsImproving Americas Schools Act (IASA)Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)Equal Education Opportunity Act of 1974
ESL Statues and RegulationsSupreme Court CasesPlyler v. Doe 1982Castaeda v. Pickard 1981Lau v. Nichols 1974
Plyer v. DoeThe 14th Amendment prohibits states from denying a free public education to undocumented immigrant children regardless of their immigrant status.
Castaeda v. PickardThe Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals formulated a test to determine school district compliance with the Equal Educational Opportunities Act of 1974. The three-part test includes theory, practice and results.
Lau v. Nichols 1974Equality of educational opportunity is not achieved by merely providing all students with the same facilities, textbooks, teachers and curriculum; for students who do not understand English are effectively foreclosed from any meaningful education. A school district cannot be allowed to compromise a students right to meaningful education before proficiency in English is obtained.
Out of Compliance?Office of Civil RightsEducation Law Center11 PA school districts sued in courtAll eleven lostAdministrators/teachers loss of credentialsMonetary damages ranging up to millions of dollars3 year daily monitoring by OCR
ESL TermsLEPESL/ESOLELLBilingual Education
School District/Charter School ResponsibilitiesSchool Board Policy StatementRevision of Strategic PlanESL Professional Education PlanHome Language Survey
Components of an ESL Program Compliant with Castaeda TestBased on sound educational and language learning theoryAppropriately prepared personnel and sufficient resourcesPeriodic evaluations
Program PlanningWritten proceduresAssessment proceduresEqual access
ESL Written Procedures
Enrollment requirementsHome Language Survey (HLS)OCRLEP definitionEvery ChildPHLOTEProgram goals
ESL Curriculum and Instruction
Required program for eligible studentsScheduled daily instructional timeLanguage Arts replacementPlacement in content areasAccommodations/grading optionsCollaboration time between ESL and classroom teachersGraduation requirements
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS)Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills are language skills needed in social situations.Day-to-day language needed to interact sociallyELLS employ BIC skills on playground, in lunch room, on school bus, on phoneNot demanding cognitivelyLanguage is not specializedSkills develop within six months
Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP)Academic language acquisition used in listening, speaking, reading, and writing about subject area content material.Essential for success in schoolUsually takes from five to seven years to become proficientContext reducedIncludes skills such as comparing, classifying, synthesizing, evaluating, and inferringNew ideas, concepts and language are presented at the same time
Types of Instruction that DO NOT Replace Basic ESL InstructionTutoringSpeech TherapyReading SpecialistContent Area Instruction by ESL teacher
ESL Teachers ResponsibilityThe ESL teachers responsibility is to teach English, reading, writing, speaking, and listening to students who are not English proficient. ESL is a core subject, the same as English, science, math, etc.It is not the job of the ESL teacher to tutor ESL students in other core subject areas.
Classroom Teachers MUST Adapt Instruction to Meet Student NeedsContent rich instructionRephrasingSimplified language loadIllustrations/picturesIntense vocabulary developmentGroup workCollaboration with ESL teacher
Professional Development/StaffingInstructional I or II certificateAppropriate training to teach ESLAppropriate training for content area teachers
ESL Program SpecialistThe ESL program specialist is a highly skilled and highly trained teacher.By September 1, 2004, every school district in Pennsylvania must have an ESL program specialist on staff.The above requirement must be met whether the district has ELLs or not.Experience as an English or foreign language teacher DOES NOT meet the requirements.
I Cant Speak a Foreign LanguageESL teachers and content area teachers do not need to speak any foreign languages to teach ESL. ESL is designed to be taught to any student who is not proficient in English without resorting to the native language.
Assessment ProceduresENTRYHome Language SurveyEnglish language proficiency (Woodcock Munoz, IDEA Proficiency test)Prior academic achievementAppropriate instructional placement
Assessment ProceduresACHIEVEMENTMultiple measuresformative assessmentsStandardized testingparticipation and accommodationPSSA
Assessment ProceduresEXITEnglish language proficiency (reading, writing, speaking, listening)Academic achievementAppropriate instructional placement
Culture ShockStudents will go through four distinct phases of culture shock.Phase two: Silent period/distressPhase one: EuphoriaPhase three: RecoveryPhase four: Total acculturation
Phase Two Culture ShockMost important phase to teachersMay last one yearStudent reactionsSilent periodPhysical ailmentsMental distressPossible acting out in class
Equal AccessAcademic Opportunities
Equal AccessExtra-curricular activities
Other Student NeedsMigrant EducationSpecial EducationCareer and Technical EducationFederal and other programsLimited Formal Schooling (LFS)
Parent Communication Requirements Translation/interpretation servicesPreferred language of parentRequired Annual Orientation to the Program (OCR)Frequency equal to regular education communications
Parent Communication RequirementsMUST provide information about:Basic school informationRelated issuesProgram descriptionContent area classesAttendance and homework policies
Parent Communication RequirementsMUST provide information about:AssessmentAcademic AchievementSpecial programs
FundingLocal funds for basic ESL instructionSupplemental funding in addition to basic program:Title ITitle VIIOther federal categorical grants
RECOMMENDATION: Districts must budget annually for ESL services whether they have ESL students or not.