effective design practices

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Effective DESIGN Practices. JHU/SOE Center for Technology in Education Chadia Abras PhD. Objectives. Design Principles Framework Brief Overview of Theories Learner-Centered Design. Design Principles Framework. Learner-Centered Approach. preparation. instruction delivery. instructor - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Effective DESIGN PracticesJHU/SOECenter for Technology in EducationChadia Abras PhDObjectivesDesign Principles Framework

Brief Overview of Theories

Learner-Centered DesignThis presentation highlights the importance of the framework supporting the many design models. The approach to design is first introduced, then we the learner-centered approach to design is analyzed very carefully.

2Design Principles Framework

When talking about education, we usually refer to Learning Theories and their influences on Teaching and Learning. However, instructional design draws on a larger array of theories including Communications in which the importance of message and feedback is key. The Systems Theory is just as important, in it there is a reliance on seeing the big picture in any process. However, Instructional Design, like Teaching and Learning remains heavily grounded in Learning and Instructional Theories. Development Theories and especially the work of Piaget are another key influence on ISD. I will not get into details about these theories, since they were well laid out in your readings. Use this chart when trying to create the concept map, or the visual representation of the theories involved and the importance of each in Instructional Design. 3Learner-Centered Approach

However, regardless of what theory influences the design model, a learner-centered approach is highly recommended. Knowing the learners and their needs will ultimately lead to an effective instructional model. In a Learner-Centered Design, the learner is central when it comes to designing from knowledge, community, and instructor perspectives. 4Instructional Processinstructor trainingcoursemanagementcourse designtechnologyinstructiondeliverypreparationLEARNERNot a traditional learner Self-directiveSelf-motivatedSelf-disciplinedIf we follow the process of a learner-centered design, we then start by assessing the needs of our learners, in higher education we are most likely dealing with a non-traditional learner, who is self-directive, self-motivated, and self-disciplined. 5Instructional Processinstructor trainingcoursemanagementcourse designtechnologyinstructiondeliveryPREPARATIONLEARNERPrepare the learners on the use of technologyAfter assessing the needs of the learner we then prepare them on the use of technology involved in instruction delivery.6Instructional Processinstructor trainingcoursemanagementcourse designtechnologyINSTRUCTIONDELIVERYpreparationLEARNERCollaborative learning Learner-centered approach Constructivist approachWe then decide on instruction delivery, online , or blended, keeping in mind that we will be relying on a collaborative model, using a learner-centered and a constructivist approach. 7Instructional Processinstructor trainingcoursemanagementcourse designTECHNOLOGYinstructiondeliverypreparationLEARNERLMS Synchronous Asynchronous Streaming Presentation Tools Web 2.0 ToolsWe then start planning the technology to best fit the instruction, what LMS to use, synchronous or asynchronous. Whether we want to use media, and any of the web 2.0 tools. 8Instructional Processinstructor trainingcoursemanagementcourse designtechnologyinstructiondeliverypreparationLEARNERDesign for Online / Blended / Web-Enhanced deliveryThen we start the course design using the model chosen for instruction delivery. 9Instructional Processinstructor trainingCOURSEMANAGEMENTcourse designtechnologyinstructiondeliverypreparationLEARNERFeedback Positive reinforcement Assignment managementCourse management is paramount in any instruction delivery, we need to keep in mind that learners need timely feedback, positive reinforcement, and timely and effective feedback on assignments.10Instructional ProcessINSTRUCTOR TRAININGcoursemanagementcourse designtechnologyinstructiondeliverypreparationLEARNERDesign Deliver Manage Use of technology Changing roleTeachers are content experts, they are a bridge between knowledge and practice (Moore, 1997, p. 223)For success in any instruction delivery instructor training is paramount, the instructor needs to be part of the design, need to be trained on the delivery of instruction, course management, and the use of technology. In the new model of instruction, the teachers have a changing role: They are content experts, they are a bridge between knowledge and practice. 11Suggested ActivityCreate a Concept Map

Think of the big picture keep it simple Be creative

As you think about creating your concept map, keep in mind a learner-centered approach to design, then build the theory components around it. Think of the big picture, keep it simple, and be creative. 12